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Place Typology: section 4 "intro to urban design and placemaking"

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The Place Qualities we appreciate rely on planning and design outcomes at a whole continuum of scale from the building, street and the neighbourhood all the way through to the city and region. We call …

The Place Qualities we appreciate rely on planning and design outcomes at a whole continuum of scale from the building, street and the neighbourhood all the way through to the city and region. We call these ‘Place Typologies’.More information available at http://www.placefocus.com/Place-Typology/place-typology.html
You can buy a copy of our manual or enrol in an on-line course at http://placefocus.com/Shop/placefocus-shop.html

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  • This is a project I led for HASSELL with MKEA, to redesign an ‘old’ new town, south of Darwin. We ran a 3 day design workshop on site with stakeholders to produce a structure plan to guide the location of a new library and recreation centre. We demolished Goyder Hill (built from car bodies with a derelict waterfall – very oz) and converted it into a park. We took the time to convince council to do a back flip and allow streets in the centre – with slow traffic speed. The new buildings reinforced the footpaths with active edges and attracted people into town (they are non-discriminatory uses). We also showed how the shopping centre could expand and deliver an active edge to the new park. Unfortunately, it was not possible to consult with the aboriginal community who use this area.
  • A good technical reference with cross sections and details of some of the best streets in the world. Also a good summary of design principles for streets (consistent with mine).
  • Another movie you will eventually be able to see on www.placefocus.com
  • Another movie you will eventually be able to see on www.placefocus.com

Transcript

  • 1. PROGRAM – SESSION 5 What + Why 1 Urban Design + Placemaking 101 2 Civic Principles 3 Place Qualities 8 Outcomes 4 Place Typology (P50) How + Who 5 Place process 6 Place roles 7 Toolkit - placemaking ideas 9/10 Links+ conclusions Laneway off William St, Northbridge, Perth, WA, AUS
  • 2. 4. URBAN DESIGN AT DIFFERENT SCALES▸ The region: metropolis, city and town▸ The neighbourhood, the district, and the corridor▸ The block, the street, and the building▸ http://www.cnu.org/charter▸ “without design, planning is all talk; without planning, design is arrogance.” Jarvis (1992) Urban design at different scales (Deicke Richards)
  • 3. 4.1 THE REGION▸ Finite boundaries and identifiable centre and edges▸ Infill development▸ A broad spectrum of public and private uses to support a regional economy that benefits people of all incomes▸ A framework of transportation alternatives SEQ Regional Plan – Queensland http://www.dip.qld.gov.au
  • 4. 4.1 THE REGION – MALLS INTO CENTRESSite selection
  • 5. 4.1 THE REGION – MALLS INTO CENTRESSite selection
  • 6. 4.1 THE REGION – MALLS INTO CENTRESSite selection
  • 7. 4.1 THE REGION – MALLS INTO CENTRESSite selection Winter Park Mall - Orlando Ave, Winter Park, Fl Winter Park, Orlando, Florida
  • 8. 4.1 THE REGION
  • 9. 4.1 THE REGION▸ Planning for places: delivering good design through core strategies ▸ understanding of how a place works, what makes it special and the opportunities it offers is critical to developing a core strategy. ▸ Drawing on workshops, it helps planners place good design at the heart of their core strategies. ▸ Urban design principles must be at the highest strategic level and to translate throughout. ▸ Clearly state UD expectations as part of an overall vision for a city. ▸ Judicial language vs wider understanding
  • 10. 4.2 NEIGHBOURHOODS, DISTRICTS, CORRIDORS▸ Identifiable areas - maintenance and evolution.▸ Neighbourhoods - compact, pedestrian friendly and mixed use.▸ Districts emphasise a particular day and night use.▸ Corridors are regional connectors of neighbourhoods and districts; they range from boulevards and rail lines to rivers and parkways.▸ Interconnected networks of streets should be designed to encourage walking. Inner Brisbane (Deicke Richards)
  • 11. 4.2 NEIGHBOURHOODS, DISTRICTS, CORRIDORS▸ Transit corridors, organize metropolitan structure and revitalise urban centres▸ Appropriate building densities and land uses should be within walking distance of transit stops▸ Public, institutional, and commercial activity should be embedded in neighbourhoods and districts▸ Graphic urban design codes - predictable guides for change Inner NE Busway - Brisbane, QLD (BVN Architecture, Department of Transport and Main Roads and Christopher Frederick Jones)
  • 12. 4.2 SUBURBS– NEIL SAVERY
  • 13. 4.2 NEIGHBOURHOODS, DISTRICTS, CORRIDORS▸ A network of open space and recreation areas with planned functions Comberton Loop, Butler, Perth, WA, AUS
  • 14. 4.3 THE BLOCK, STREET + BUILDING▸ A primary task of architecture and landscape design is the physical definition of streets and public spaces▸ The revitalisation of urban places depends on safety and security▸ Accommodate automobiles but respect the pedestrian and the form of public space▸ Streets and squares should be safe, comfortable, and interesting to the pedestrian▸ Built form should grow from local climate, topography, history, and building practice Punkalla - Tilba Rd, Central Tilba, NSW, AUS
  • 15. 4.3 THE BLOCK, STREET + BUILDING▸ Civic buildings and public gathering places require important sites.▸ All buildings should provide their inhabitants with a clear sense of location, weather and time▸ Preservation and renewal of historic buildings, districts, and landscapes affirm the continuity and evolution of urban society▸ Urban design relies on sound planning and design at all scales to create (and manage) the best cities and towns possible Murray St, Perth WA
  • 16. 4.4 URBAN DESIGN AT DIFFERENT SCALES▸ Opportunities to deliver urban design at different scales and planning tool▸ Next Generation Planning – QLD Government ▸ Affordable living ▸ Smart Growth (model code) ▸ Form based code ▸ SEQ Place model▸ Planning Scheme tools▸ National Framework
  • 17. 4.4 URBAN DESIGN AT DIFFERENT SCALES▸ SEQ Place Model (transect) and guidelines
  • 18. 4.4 URBAN DESIGN AT DIFFERENT SCALES▸ Form based codes
  • 19. 4.5 STREETS “People have always lived on streets. They have been the places where children first learned about the world, where neighbours met, the social centres of towns and cities, the rallying points for revolts, the scenes of repression... The street has always been the scene of this conflict, between living and access, between resident and traveller, between street life and the threat of death.” Appleyard, 1981 Roma St, Bne, QLD, AUS
  • 20. 4.5 WHAT MAKES A GOOD STREET?1. Connectivity in the surrounding ▸ Streets as movement network corridors or outdoor rooms?2. Fine grain street system3. Streets with low traffic speed (but not necessarily low volume)4. A street that has an equal interest, activity and buildings on both sides (some exceptions)5. A proportion of street width to building height of 1: 1?6. Width of footpath (as well as the quality of the surface) is relevant (width vs critical mass) Musk Ave - Kelvin Grove Urban Village, Brisbane QLD
  • 21. 4.5 WHAT MAKES A GOOD STREET?7. Points of entry and transparency to buildings and other spaces8. Detailing of shop fronts9. Provide active uses at street level10.Informal spaces including entries11.Shop fronts that open to the street12.Small parks, green patches or landscaped courtyards13.Water14.Seats James St, Brisbane, QLD, AUS
  • 22. 4.5 WHAT MAKES A GOOD STREET? ▸ “Traffic is a civil problem15. Trees and planting not a design problem” David Engwicht16. Protect the pedestrian with awnings17. Variety of uses and activities18. Encourage day and night time activities to extend its active life19. Make sure to cater for children as well as the elderly20. Is there variety and interest in building form21. Coordinated and integrated signage22. Underground powerlines Orion Town Centre – Springfield, QLD, AUS
  • 23. 4.5 WHAT MAKES A GOOD STREET?22. “Rooms within rooms”23. “Make the experience cross the road”24. Engwicht Secret 5 - slow people flow – linger nodes25. Engwicht Secret 6 – cultivate the anchoring presence26. Engwicht Secret 7 – expand the experience envelope ▸ Micro level diversity ▸ Blurred boundaries ▸ Senses ▸ Everchanging places ▸ Street of characters ▸ Welcome mat North Lakes State College, Northlakes, QLD, AUS
  • 24. 4.5 CREATING STREETS Frances Mall, Palmerston, NT, AUS
  • 25. 4.5 CREATING STREETSGovernment as builders of urban environments GWL – Terrein – Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 26. 4.5 CREATING STREETSGovernment as builders of urban environments GWL – Terrein – Amsterdam, Netherlands GWL-Terrein, Amsterdam
  • 27. 4.5 CREATING STREETSGovernment as builders of urban environments Amstelveld St - Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 28. 4.5 GREAT STREETS Hughes Sinuex – York & King St, Sydney, NSW, AUS
  • 29. 4.0 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION▸ (P 66) Policy▸ Protocols, charters, agendas▸ Streets▸ http://www.rudi.net/node/219 28▸ http://www.cabe.org.uk/article s/supermarkets?utm_medium =email&utm_source=Campai gnMonitor&utm_content=589 851692&utm_campaign=CA BENews- May2010&utm_term=Superm arketsmajorplayersinurbangr owth High St, Strathalbyn, SA, AUS
  • 30. 4.0 A VERSATILE STREET?
  • 31. 4.0 STREETS – NEW YORK, NY
  • 32. 4.0 STREETS
  • 33. 4. REFLECTION▸ Individual – group: short answer test p157 4.9 In your job at what scale can you influence quality of place? a. region: metropolis, city, town b. neighbourhood, district, corridor c. block, street and the building 4.10 What could you do differently?▸ Aussie tour of our bonza places George St, Brisbane, QLD, AUS