Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Presentation:
Chapter 12
Phil Traini
Medical terminology
• Medical terminology is a language of its own. This
language helps professionals accurately describe
...
Suffix Defined
• What is a suffix?
• A suffix is placed at the end of the root word in order to
add meaning in terms of co...
Suffix -Plegia relating to
nervous system
• In the nervous system chapter of our textbook
there are two disorders referrin...
Quadriplegia
• Quadriplegia occurs when paralysis takes place in all
four limbs.
• This can be caused by spinal trauma aff...
Paraplegia
• Paraplegia is defined as paralysis
of the legs and lower body,
typically caused by spinal injury or
disease.
...
Suffix -phasia relating to
nervous system
• In the nervous system chapter of our textbook two
disorders a mentions that ha...
Aphasia
• This disorder refers to the complete inability to communicate verbally or
in writing.
• A breakdown of this work...
Dysphasia
• When broken down (dys- means abnormal, difficult -phasia
speech).
• Dysphasia is difficulty verbally communica...
References
• Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical
Terminology: A Living Language. Boston: Pearson, 2013. Pri...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Phil traini presentation chapter 12

44

Published on

Medical Terminology Chapter 12 Presentation

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
44
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Phil traini presentation chapter 12"

  1. 1. Presentation: Chapter 12 Phil Traini
  2. 2. Medical terminology • Medical terminology is a language of its own. This language helps professionals accurately describe the human body along with any conditions associated with it in a scientific manner. • There are 3 parts when considering the systematic approach of creating a word: prefixes, word roots, and suffixes. • So these parts of words help
  3. 3. Suffix Defined • What is a suffix? • A suffix is placed at the end of the root word in order to add meaning in terms of condition, disease, and/or procedure. • Examples: • One suffix example is -plegia. -Plegia means paralysis and can help identify the condition and individual is suffering from after properly identifying the root word. • A second example is -phasia. -Phasia means speech. •
  4. 4. Suffix -Plegia relating to nervous system • In the nervous system chapter of our textbook there are two disorders referring to -plegia: quadriplegia and paraplegia. Both of these disorders relate to paralysis within the human body.
  5. 5. Quadriplegia • Quadriplegia occurs when paralysis takes place in all four limbs. • This can be caused by spinal trauma affecting the cervical part of the spine C1-C7 and also inflammation or tumor growth in this location. • Diseases that can cause quadriplegia such as multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis, and polio. • Disorders such as muscular dystrophy and spastic cerebral palsy can also cause quadriplegia.
  6. 6. Paraplegia • Paraplegia is defined as paralysis of the legs and lower body, typically caused by spinal injury or disease. • It usually occurs form trauma, inflammation(through infection or trauma), or tumor growth on the lumbar region of the spine L1-L5. • Autoimmune disorders, hereditary spastic paraplegia, syrinx, multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, and other disorders.
  7. 7. Suffix -phasia relating to nervous system • In the nervous system chapter of our textbook two disorders a mentions that have the suffix -phasia. They are aphasia and dysphasia. Both of these disorders affect speech. • Both of these disorders are related to issue with the Broca and Wernicke areas of the brain.
  8. 8. Aphasia • This disorder refers to the complete inability to communicate verbally or in writing. • A breakdown of this work (a- without, phasia-speech) • Causes of this disorder can result from traumatic damage to the Broca's and Wernicke's regions of the brain or the neural pathways between them. • Brain tumors and disorders such a Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease can also cause aphasia. • Herpesviral encephalitis can cause aphasia. • Epilepsy and severe migraines can sometimes cause episodic aphasia.
  9. 9. Dysphasia • When broken down (dys- means abnormal, difficult -phasia speech). • Dysphasia is difficulty verbally communicating and also writing. • Although it is different than aphasia sometimes the two are used interchangeably. • The most common cause of dysphasia is a stroke. • It can also be caused by trauma, infection, and tumor growth in the Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas of the brain.
  10. 10. References • Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: A Living Language. Boston: Pearson, 2013. Print. • MayoClinic- Spinal cord injury-Diseases and conditions (http://www.mayoclinic.org/) • NYU Langone Medical Center- Pediatrics department- paraplegia (http://pediatrics.med.nyu.edu/) • thefreedictionary.com-Medical Dictionary- Dysphasia • WebMd- Paraplegia, Quadriplegia, Aphasia, and Dysphasia (www.webmd.com)
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×