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Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
Culture Of Denmark
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Culture Of Denmark

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  • 1. MOTTO OF DENMARK – ”Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke” ” Gods Help, The people love, Denmarks strength” CAPITAL – Copenhagen OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Danish POPULATION – 5,543,453 CURRENCY – Danish Krones DEMONYM – Danish or Danes
  • 2. PREHISTORY – . The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem Interglacial period from 130,000 – 110,000 B.C. . Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 B.C and agriculture has been evident since 3900 B.C. . The Nordic Bronze Age (1800-600 B.C) in Denmark was marked by burial mounds which left abundance of findings including lurs & the sun chariot. THE SUN CHARIOT LURS
  • 3. MIDDLE AGES – . From 8th to 10th century Danes were known as Vikings. . Together with Norwegians & Swedes they colonized , raided & traded in all parts of Europe. . Vikings explorers first discovered Iceland by accident in 9th century , on the way towards Faroe Islands & eventually came across “VINLAND” ( Land Of Wines)also known today as Newfoundland in Canada. . The Danes were christianised & united around 965 A.D. by Herald Bluetooth. .In 11th century Canute The Great won the war and united Denmark , England & Norway for almost 30 years. . In 1397, Denmark entered into a personal union with Norway & Sweden united under Queen Margaret – I. The three countries were to be treated as equals in this union. However even from the start Margaret may not have been so idealistic treating Denmark as a clear senior partner of the union. Thus the rest 125 years of history revolves around this union & Sweden breaking off from this union.
  • 4. VIKINGS HERALD BLUETOOTH CANUTE THE GREAT THE LADBY SHIP QUEEN MARGARET - I
  • 5. EARLY MODERN HISTORY – . After Sweden permanently broke from the union in 1523 , Denmark on two occasion tried to reassert control over Sweden. The first was in the Northern Seven Years War which lasted from 1563 till 1570.The second occasion was Kalmar War when King Christian IV failed to defeat Sweden in the year 1611. . In the Thirty Years War , Christian tried to become the leader of Lutheran States in Germany but suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Lutter. . In the 1645 Treaty Of Bromsebro , Denmark surrendered Halland ,Gotland , the last parts of Danish Estonia & few parts of Norway. . Apart from Nordic colonies , Denmark also ruled over Danish India (Tranquebar) from 1620 – 1869, the Danish Gold Coast (Ghana) from 1658 – 1850 & The Danish West Indies (U.S. Virgin Islands) from 1671 – 1917. KING CHRISTIAN IV
  • 6. . The culture of Denmark while rich in the arts , has some general characteristics associated with Danish society & everyday culture. . Modesty , Punctuality above all Equality are important aspects of Danish way of living. . One of the fundamental aspect of Danish culture is “Hygge” which means relaxing with good friends or loved ones often while enjoying some good food & something to drink or creating a more friendly environment by lighting few candles.
  • 7. . The Danish word for Christmas holiday is “Jul” from the Old Norse jol , the term for “midwinter” , itself cognate with the English word. . Midwinter celebrations were an important part of Scandinavian Culture since prehistoric times & the term was retained to refer to “Christmas” after Christianization. . The most important day for celebrations is Christmas Eve on 24th Dec in Denmark when the family comes together. The morning can be spent in various ways but most often it is the time when preparations are made for the evening. . Juleaften (Danish word for Christmas Eve) starts at 6pm when traditional dinner is served. The menu is : - Flaeskesteg (Danish version of Roast pork) served with red cabbage & sugar browned potatoes. - Ris a‟lamande is served as a dessert . It‟s served cold with hot cherry sauce. . Afterwards the candles on Christmas tree are lit & the family dances around it singing Christmas carols.
  • 8. RIS a „ LAMANDE FLAESKESTEG DANISH CHRISTMAS TREE
  • 9. . Danish folklore is made up of folk tales , legends , songs , music , popular beliefs & traditions. . The traditional dress of Denmark roughly dates back to the year 1750 - 1900 when clothes were often home-made from yarn spun from wool or flax. . Numerous Danish folktales contains mythical figures such as trolls , goblins , elves & wights as well as figures borrowed from Nordic Mythology. . The nisse is a particularly well known legendary figure in Danish folklore. . Traditionally each farm had it‟s own nisse living on the loft or in a stable. Dressed in grey with a pointed red cap , he was no taller than a 10 years taller. The nisse would be helpful if treated properly for instance giving him the bowl of porridge with clump of butter at night , failing such treatment , he could become quite some troublesome.
  • 10. ELF DANISH CLOTHES GOBLIN NISSE PORIDGGE WITH BUTTERTROLLS
  • 11. . Danish meals consists of following traditional dishes : . Smorrebrod – Highly stacked open sandwiches on top of thin rye bread. . Flaeskesteg – Pork roast with crisp skin. . Frikadeller – Pan fried dumpling of minced meat. . Leverpostej – The liver is formed in to paste & spread on dark rye bread. . Akvavit – It‟s a traditionally flavoured spirit. . Aebleskiver – Danish pancakes in a distinctive shape of a sphere.
  • 12. SMORREBROD FRIKADELLER AKVAVIT LEVERPOSTEJ FLAESKESTEG AEBLESKIVER
  • 13. . Most Danes are active cyclists , often using bicycle to commute to work , school or college or to go for off trips on weekends. . With it‟s well – engineered cycling paths Copenhagen is especially suited for city cycling. . Every day 1.3 million km are cycled in the city with 36% of all citizens commuting to school , work or colleges by bicycle . Odense is named as the bicycle city of the year of because of most bicycle lanes in the city.
  • 14. . Danish paintings goes back hundred of years. Earlier work is often manifested in church , for example in the form of the Frescos those from 16th century. . The beginning of 19th century was the Golden Age Of Danish Painting. . Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg was an important influence on the following generation‟s study of nature , in which landscape painting came to the fore. . He had many successful students , including Wilhelm Bendz , Christen Kobke , Martinus Rorbye , Constantin Hansen etc. . Some years later , a number of painters including P.S. Kroyer & Michael & Anna Archer moved to Skagen moved to Jutland to paint the natural surroundings & people. . The National Museum Of Art & the Glyptotek , both in Copenhagen contains treasures of Danish & international art.
  • 15. VESTERO:THE THREE KINGS WILHELM ECKERSBERG THORVALDSEN WILHELM BENDZ P.S. KROYER GLYPTOTEK
  • 16. . The principal contributors to the Danish literature are undoubtedly Hans Christian Andersen with his fairy tales , the philosopher Soron Kierkegaard , storyteller Karen Blixen & playwright Ludvig Holberg . . Some of the fairy tales written by Hans Christian Andersen wrote are: The Ugly Duckling , Thumbelina , The Little Mermaid , The Little Match Girl etc . HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN THUMBELINA SORON KIERKEGAARD LUDVIG HOLBERG
  • 17. .The architecture of Denmark has it‟s origin in the Viking period but became recognizable in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque church sprang throughout the country. . Neoclassicism came to Denmark from France & in 19th century slowly merged into National Romantic Style when Danish designers came to in there own. . In later of half of 20th century Danish architects entered the world scene with their highly successful Functionalism. . Internationally , perhaps the most celebrated of all is the architect who designed the iconic Sydney Opera House , Jorn Utzon . . But within the Danish borders it‟s the architect Arne Jacobson who is perhaps held in the highest esteem for developing the Danish Modern style & furniture. The world famous and much sorted Swan & Egg chairs was developed by him .
  • 18. ROMANESQUE NATIONAL ROMANTIC STYLE JORN ULTZON SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE ARNE JACOBSON EGG CHAIR
  • 19. . Denmark‟s most famous composer is Carl Nielsen who is best known outside of Denmark for his Six Symphonies , but whose melodies for popular songs are cherished among Danes. . The Royal Danish Ballet specializes in the work of Danish choreographer August Bournonville. . Hans Abrahamsen , Per Norgard & Poul Ruders are successful composers of contemporary classical music. . Danish interest in classical music is exemplified by the prestigious Opera House completed in 2000. . The Copenhagen Jazz Festival has acquired an international reputation. . The modern pop – rock scene has produced some bands of notes for example Laid Back , MLTR , Kashmir etc . . Lars Ulrich of Metallica is the first Dane in the Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame.
  • 20. CARL NIELSEN AUGUST BOURNONVILLE THE ROYAL DANISH THEATER COPENHAGEN OPERA HOUSE COPENHAGEN JAZZ FESTIVAL LARS ULRICH
  • 21. . The theatre in Denmark continues to thrive thanks to the many theatres in Copenhagen and across the country which put on a wide variety of Danish and foreign performances. The flagship Royal Danish Theatre presents drama, opera, ballet and music. Since the 18th century, Danish playwrights have been successful in attracting wide public interest. . Ludvig Holber: is considered by many to be the founder of the Danish theatre. Satirical comedies such as Jean de France and Jeppe of the Hill are still performed today. . Adam Oehlenschläger: introduced romanticism to the Danish theatre. Especially successful was his Earl Hakon the Mighty, premiered in 1808. . The Norwegian Henrik Ibsen: also travelled to Copenhagen where he produced numerous plays such as A Doll‟s House (1879). . Another popular Danish theatrical tradition is the revue which has been thriving since the mid 19th century. Today revues are performed every summer to full houses in theatres across Denmark, poking fun at the politics of the day and even the monarchy. Among the most popular are Circusrevyen in Copenhagen with Lisbet Dahl, and the Nykøbing Revy directed by Flemming Krøll in Nykøbing Falster.
  • 22. ROYAL PLAYHOUSE ADAM OEHLENSCHLÄGER HENRIK IBSEN
  • 23. COPENHAGEN :
  • 24. TIVOLI GARDENS: . 2nd oldest Amusement part in the world - opened on 15 August 1843 – The oldest is a smaller park just 20 miles north – also in Denmark
  • 25. AMALEINBORG – ROYAL PALACE : . Residence of the Royal Family, Queen and Prince, The crown prince and his wife.
  • 26. KRONBORG CASTLE : . Was used to guard the access to the baltic see. Was the scene of Shakespeare‟s Hamlet.
  • 27. LEGOLAND : . Lego‟s are from Denmark and the first Legoland ever was created in Billund, Denmark where Lego‟s are made.
  • 28. THE OLD TOWN IN AARHUS : . Was founded in 1909 as the world's first open-air museum of urban history and culture.
  • 29. VIKING‟S SHIP MUSEUM : . The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde is the Danish museum for ships, seafaring and boatbuilding culture in ancient and medieval times.

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