Video in the Classroom
Piret Lehiste
2014
A quick poll
http://strawpoll.me/1551541
Today’s teenagers = screenagers
The average teen spends more than 53 hours a
week in front of a screen (~8 hours every day...
YouTube Statistics
More than 1 billion unique users visit YouTube each month
Over 6 billion hours of video watched each mo...
Why Video?
„A lot of students these days expect
information to be presented
in a flashy, entertaining way,
so videos can h...
People will generally remember:
10% of what they read,
20% of what they hear,
30% of what they see,
50% of what they hear ...
Video is uniquely suited to:
1) take students on impossible field trips – inside the
human body, undersea adventures or of...
Inside the Living Body
http://bit.ly/1beQAat
Types of Video Material
• instructional videos,
• feature films,
• documentaries,
• animated films,
• commercials,
• music...
• One of the most significant factors in the success or
failure of an educational technology is the quality of the
content...
Media rich is not always mind rich ...
Mayer and Moreno (2003) developed a set of
principles to help educators address how...
Red Flags to Look for
Excessive use of talking heads
Over-dramatization of music and soundtrack
Visual doesn’t support nar...
When applied appropriately, videos are powerful
classroom resources.
Students learn best when they are actively
(physicall...
Pre-Viewing Activities
The primary purpose of these is to prepare students for
the actual viewing of a video.
Pre-viewing ...
Pre-Viewing Activities
10 facts about koalas http://bit.ly/1cp5F6T
I KNOW – I’D LIKE TO KNOW – I GOT TO KNOW
Predicting the Content
http://bit.ly/JyBnH9
More Ideas
• Predicting the content of the video by its title,
keywords or with the help of some pictures
• True-false sta...
While-Viewing Activities
While viewing, it is recommended that students
watch carefully, so as not to miss important visua...
While-Viewing Activities
Winnie the Pooh trailer http://bit.ly/1pwJJ2k
Match the characters with their sentences.
Who Said That?
• No, I didn’t! The word is ‘Issue!’ not ‘Achoo!’
• Bloogity-bloo! Whoo-hoo-hoo-hoo!
• Silly old bear.
• I ...
While-Viewing Activities
Underline the sights shown in the video: Vabaduse Square,
Tallinn Town Hall, the Viru Centre, the...
More Ideas
Guessing word meanings
Completing sentences
Matching new words / terms with their meanings /
definitions
Drawin...
Some Techniques
1) Normal viewing
2) Silent viewing
By watching a scene with the sound off, students gain two
major benefi...
Silent Viewing
Guess what is being discussed. http://bit.ly/1pwK30W
Silent Viewing
What is the song about? http://bit.ly/1bktiPl
Some Techniques
3) Sound only
This technique involves listening for aural clues to the
action, e.g., ambulance sirens, car...
Sound Only
Whose voices can you hear? http://bit.ly/NyMXn4
A Useful Tip!
To set a start time to a YouTube video,
add #t=1m10s to the end of the URL.
Or use http://www.tubechop.com/
...
Some Techniques
4) Freeze frame
Press the Pause button so that the picture ‘freezes’ on the
screen.
Use this technique at ...
Freeze Frame
What happens next? http://bit.ly/1ftaNqu
Freeze Frame
What product is being advertised? http://bit.ly/1fKoxS5
Some Techniques
5) Backwards viewing
Choose a short sequence with a lot of action. Movies
are a good source for this sort ...
Backwards Viewing
http://bit.ly/1hjQX5R
Some Techniques
6) Jigsaw viewing
This technique is based on the idea that student
partners will each know different, but ...
Post-Viewing Activities
Post-viewing activities aim at encouraging and stimulating
the use of newly acquired knowledge tha...
Post-Viewing Activities
Explain the phenomenon. http://bit.ly/1ftb4cU
Post-viewing activities
Retell the story in your own words. http://bit.ly/1mEGiUY
Post-Viewing Activities
Create a new ending to the video. http://bit.ly/1caU9l0
More Ideas
Answering comprehension questions
Summarizing information
Creating a title for the video
Discussion, debate
Pre...
Useful Websites
http://vimeo.com
http://watchknowlearn.org
http://www.neok12.com/
http://ed.ted.com/
http://www.teachertra...
Great content is just a few clicks away!
How would YOU use this video?
http://bit.ly/1hVN4aj
Video in the Classroom
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Video in the Classroom

  1. 1. Video in the Classroom Piret Lehiste 2014
  2. 2. A quick poll http://strawpoll.me/1551541
  3. 3. Today’s teenagers = screenagers The average teen spends more than 53 hours a week in front of a screen (~8 hours every day).
  4. 4. YouTube Statistics More than 1 billion unique users visit YouTube each month Over 6 billion hours of video watched each month 100 hours of video uploaded every minute
  5. 5. Why Video? „A lot of students these days expect information to be presented in a flashy, entertaining way, so videos can help draw them in.“ Larry Sanger (co-founder of Wikipedia, WatchKnowLearn.org)
  6. 6. People will generally remember: 10% of what they read, 20% of what they hear, 30% of what they see, 50% of what they hear and see. Studies show that our minds remember concepts built on images longer and faster than those built on text alone.
  7. 7. Video is uniquely suited to: 1) take students on impossible field trips – inside the human body, undersea adventures or off to Jupiter; 2) take students around the globe, to meet new people and hear their ideas; 3) illustrate complex, abstract concepts through animated 3D images; 4) show experiments that cannot be done in class (rocket launches, flame throwers); 5) bring great literature, plays, music, or important scenes from history into the classroom.
  8. 8. Inside the Living Body http://bit.ly/1beQAat
  9. 9. Types of Video Material • instructional videos, • feature films, • documentaries, • animated films, • commercials, • music videos, • TV shows (news, series), etc.
  10. 10. • One of the most significant factors in the success or failure of an educational technology is the quality of the content, rather than the technology itself. • Selecting a video that has strong, visually-rich educational content is a critical element for maximizing the effectiveness of the video. • Always consider the attention span of your students.
  11. 11. Media rich is not always mind rich ... Mayer and Moreno (2003) developed a set of principles to help educators address how best to utilize multimedia without causing cognitive overload. E.g. Explaining graphics with audio improves learning. Animation and narration are better than animation and on-screen text. Read more: http://bit.ly/1ft81l9
  12. 12. Red Flags to Look for Excessive use of talking heads Over-dramatization of music and soundtrack Visual doesn’t support narration or vice versa Pacing issues Bad sound quality Overuse of special video effects and transitions Illegible and poorly designed titles Lack of curriculum relevancy
  13. 13. When applied appropriately, videos are powerful classroom resources. Students learn best when they are actively (physically and/or intellectually) engaged in the learning activity. In order to exploit videos fully in the classroom, one should integrate pre-viewing, while-viewing and post-viewing activities into the lesson.
  14. 14. Pre-Viewing Activities The primary purpose of these is to prepare students for the actual viewing of a video. Pre-viewing activities are used to tap into the students’ background knowledge, to introduce key vocabulary, to stimulate learners’ imagination, to spark their interest, etc.
  15. 15. Pre-Viewing Activities 10 facts about koalas http://bit.ly/1cp5F6T I KNOW – I’D LIKE TO KNOW – I GOT TO KNOW
  16. 16. Predicting the Content http://bit.ly/JyBnH9
  17. 17. More Ideas • Predicting the content of the video by its title, keywords or with the help of some pictures • True-false statements • Generating questions about the topic – students are asked to write down 3 questions that the video is supposed to answer • Brainstorming
  18. 18. While-Viewing Activities While viewing, it is recommended that students watch carefully, so as not to miss important visual clues. The clip can be played more than once if it is necessary to ensure learners’ understanding.
  19. 19. While-Viewing Activities Winnie the Pooh trailer http://bit.ly/1pwJJ2k Match the characters with their sentences.
  20. 20. Who Said That? • No, I didn’t! The word is ‘Issue!’ not ‘Achoo!’ • Bloogity-bloo! Whoo-hoo-hoo-hoo! • Silly old bear. • I can see you’re going to be rather feisty today. • I’m known for my inspiring rhetoric. • A simple ‘hello’ would do, thank you very much. • We will have a contest to find a new tail for Eeyore! • I’ll probably catch it too.
  21. 21. While-Viewing Activities Underline the sights shown in the video: Vabaduse Square, Tallinn Town Hall, the Viru Centre, the Estonia Theatre, the KUMU Art Museum, Kadriorg Palace http://bit.ly/NyMAsE
  22. 22. More Ideas Guessing word meanings Completing sentences Matching new words / terms with their meanings / definitions Drawing up a list (e.g. of arguments for or against something) Writing down keywords Extracting specific information (filling in grids, schedules) Comparing characters Correcting mistakes Reordering activities / sentences
  23. 23. Some Techniques 1) Normal viewing 2) Silent viewing By watching a scene with the sound off, students gain two major benefits: a) time in which to absorb the content of a sequence without the anxiety of having to understand the language; b) a chance to fit the language that they hear on a second viewing into a context.
  24. 24. Silent Viewing Guess what is being discussed. http://bit.ly/1pwK30W
  25. 25. Silent Viewing What is the song about? http://bit.ly/1bktiPl
  26. 26. Some Techniques 3) Sound only This technique involves listening for aural clues to the action, e.g., ambulance sirens, car horns, doors slamming, a baby crying, birds singing, etc. Students listen to the sounds and the accompanying conversation and make predictions about what is happening. Who are the people? Where are they? What are they doing? They can also try to describe a character from listening to his/her voice. Is he/she young or old? Is he/she friendly or unfriendly?
  27. 27. Sound Only Whose voices can you hear? http://bit.ly/NyMXn4
  28. 28. A Useful Tip! To set a start time to a YouTube video, add #t=1m10s to the end of the URL. Or use http://www.tubechop.com/ to chop your videos.
  29. 29. Some Techniques 4) Freeze frame Press the Pause button so that the picture ‘freezes’ on the screen. Use this technique at the point when a character is about to respond to a question, when he/she must make a statement of reaction, or when he/she has an interesting expression on his/her face. Ask the students to guess what he/ she will say or do. Then release the pause and let them compare their answers with what actually happens.
  30. 30. Freeze Frame What happens next? http://bit.ly/1ftaNqu
  31. 31. Freeze Frame What product is being advertised? http://bit.ly/1fKoxS5
  32. 32. Some Techniques 5) Backwards viewing Choose a short sequence with a lot of action. Movies are a good source for this sort of material. Play the sequence backwards to the students, then have them reconstruct the story in chronological order. Then play the sequence normally, so students can compare it with their version.
  33. 33. Backwards Viewing http://bit.ly/1hjQX5R
  34. 34. Some Techniques 6) Jigsaw viewing This technique is based on the idea that student partners will each know different, but incomplete, versions of a story. Half the class watches with no picture, the other half with no sound. In pairs they question each other to recreate the scene.
  35. 35. Post-Viewing Activities Post-viewing activities aim at encouraging and stimulating the use of newly acquired knowledge that came from the video. They provide a nice way to wrap up a video lesson.
  36. 36. Post-Viewing Activities Explain the phenomenon. http://bit.ly/1ftb4cU
  37. 37. Post-viewing activities Retell the story in your own words. http://bit.ly/1mEGiUY
  38. 38. Post-Viewing Activities Create a new ending to the video. http://bit.ly/1caU9l0
  39. 39. More Ideas Answering comprehension questions Summarizing information Creating a title for the video Discussion, debate Predicting future occurrences Roleplaying the scene Creating a concept map Expressing one’s opinion, comparing the video with personal experience Creative writing tasks (students watch the beginning and end of the video and write a story about what happened in the meantime)
  40. 40. Useful Websites http://vimeo.com http://watchknowlearn.org http://www.neok12.com/ http://ed.ted.com/ http://www.teachertrainingvideos.com/ The 100 Best Video Sites for Educators: http://www.edudemic.com/best-video-sites-for-teachers/
  41. 41. Great content is just a few clicks away!
  42. 42. How would YOU use this video? http://bit.ly/1hVN4aj

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