Present Simple Passive• Used for scientific facts, permanent truths• Used for habitual or customary actions• Used for future reference (for timetables)E.g. The biggest eggs in the world are laid bywhale sharks.Tennis is played every Tuesday.French is spoken in Quebec.
Present Simple PassivePositive:Am / is / are + III pf. (past participle)TV is watched.Negative:Am / is / are not + III pf.TV is not watched.Question:Is TV watched?
Present Simple PassiveTime expressions to use with the PresentSimple:always, usually, normally, sometimes, often,every day, every year, seldom, rarely, atweekends, on Saturdays, etc.E.g. Dinner is always served at 7 p.m.The house is usually cleaned atweekends.
Present Continuous Passive• Used for actions happening right now or inprogress at the moment of speakingE.g. This sentence is being read right now.A new supermarket is being built in thecity centre.
Present Continuous PassivePositive:Am / is / are + being + III pf.TV is being watched.Negative:Am / is / are + being + III pf.TV is not being watched.Question:Is TV being watched?
Present Continuous PassiveTime expressions to use with the PresentContinuous:now, at the moment, at present, today, etc.E.g. Grammar is being learnt at themoment.Football is not being played now.My car is being fixed today.
Present Perfect Passive• Used for actions beginning in the past andcontinuing to the present moment• Used for actions which happened at anunspecified time in the past but have presenteffectsE.g. All the food has been eaten. There isnothing left.She has been forgiven by now.
Present Perfect PassivePositive:Have / has + been + III pf.TV has been watched.Negative:Have / has not + been + III pf.TV has not been watched.Question:Has TV been watched?
Present Perfect PassiveTime expressions to use with the PresentPerfect:already, since, just, yet, for 5 years, never, etc.E.g. The kitchen hasn’t been cleaned yet.The bridge has been closed for repairssince last month.
Past Simple Passive• Used to talk about an activity that began andended at a particular time in the pastE.g. The entire world was once ruled by thedinosaurs.The light bulb was invented by Edison.
Past Simple PassivePositive:Was / were + III pf.TV was watched.Negative:Was / were not + III pf.TV was not watched.Question:Was TV watched?
Past Simple PassiveTime expressions to use with the Past Simple:yesterday, last year, in the past, etc.E.g. This novel was written in the 19thcentury.Last night I was woken up by a loudnoise.
Past Continuous Passive• Used to talk about actions in progress in thepast• Used to talk about actions which were inprogress when something else happenedE.g. The room was being cleaned when theyarrived.When I entered, a nice tune was beingplayed.
Past Continuous PassivePositive:Was / were + being + III pf.TV was being watched.Negative:Was / were not + being + III pf.TV was not being watched.Question:Was TV being watched?
Past Continuous PassiveTime expressions to use with the PastContinuous:while, this time yesterday, etc.E.g. Pancakes were being made this timeyesterday.The accident happened when the roomwas being painted.
Past Perfect Passive• Used with reference to ‘an earlier past’, thatis to describe the first of two or more actionsE.g. Dinner had been prepared by the timehe reached home.When all lights had been switched off,she left the office.
Past Perfect PassivePositive:Had + been + III pf.TV had been watched.Negative:Had not + been + III pf.TV had not been watched.Question:Had TV been watched?
Past Perfect PassiveTime expressions to use with the Past Perfect:already, for, since, by the time, after, etc.E.g. Homework had already been finishedbefore I could help.The book hadn’t been translated by itsdeadline.
Future Simple Passive• Used to make predictions about the future orabout people’s plans• Used for promises or on-the-spot decisionsE.g. The story will be told if you want to hearit.The winners will be announced nextweek.
Future Simple PassivePositive:Will + be + III pf.TV will be watched.Negative:Will not + be + III pf.TV will not be watched.Question:Will TV be watched?
Future Simple PassiveTime expressions to use with the FutureSimple:tomorrow, next year, soon, in the future, etc.E.g. Dinner will be served soon.The work will be finished by tomorrow.