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Parts of Speech presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Parts of SpeechByPiret Lehiste
  • 2. Parts of SpeechMorphology is a field of linguistics focused on thestudy of the forms and formation of words in alanguage.In Greek: ‘morph’ (shape, form) + ‘logos’ (study)Morphology deals with the internal structure of words.A part of speech is a linguistic category of wordssharing syntactic or morphological behaviour andsemantic properties (such as a noun or a verb).Parts of speech describe the job a word does in asentence.
  • 3. NounsA noun is a word that names a person, place, athing, or an idea.Examples:Person: uncle, baby, JohnThing: car, door, bookIdea: truth, beauty
  • 4. VerbsA verb is a word that expresses action or a state ofbeing.Examples:The students did their homework.Studying grammar rocks :)I live in Tallinn.                              
  • 5. AdjectivesAn adjective is a word that modifies a noun bylimiting its meaning.Examples:romantic storymany ideasScottish wool
  • 6. AdverbsAn adverb is a word that modifies a verb, anadjective, or another adverb by making its meaningmore specific. Adverbs modify by answering thequestions “when”, “where”, “how”.Examples:She often drinks tea with milk.Jack carefully polished his car.           
  • 7. PronounsA pronoun is a word that can take the place of anoun.Examples:I, me, their, myself,these, each other
  • 8. PrepositionsA preposition is a word that shows the relationshipof a noun or pronoun to some other word in asentence.Examples:above, behind, during, from, since, through, without
  • 9. ConjunctionsA conjunction is a word that joins single words orgroups of words.Examples:or, but, because, while, although
  • 10. InterjectionsAn interjection is a word or phrase that expressesemotion or exclamation.Examples:wow, ouch, hey, hello, oops
  • 11. ArticlesArticles are used to indicate nouns and to specifytheir application.Examples:a / an – indefinite articlethe – definite articleI bought myself a guitar.He can play the guitar very well.
  • 12. NumeralsA numeral is a word that represents a number orshows the order of objects through counting.Examples:three, one hundred, fifth
  • 13. A POEMEvery name is called a noun,As field and fountain, street and town;In place of noun the pronoun standsAs he and she can clap their hands;The adjective describes a thing,As magic wand and bridal ring;The verb means action, something done -To read, to write, to jump, to run;How things are done, the adverbs tell,As quickly, slowly, badly, well;The preposition shows relation,As in the street, or at the station;Conjunctions join, in many ways,Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase;The interjection cries out, ‘Hark!I need an exclamation mark!‘Through poetry, we learn how eachOf these make up the parts of speech
  • 14. Parts of SpeechIdentify all the parts of speech in the followingsentence:Yesterday we went to the cinema becauseJohn had luckily received two free tickets. 
  • 15. Match the parts of speechwith their examples in the word cloud.
  • 16. Key 1yesterday - adverbwe - pronounwent - verbto - prepositionthe - articlecinema - nounbecause - conjunctionJohn - nounhad - verbluckily - adverbreceived - verbtwo - numeralfree - adjectivetickets - noun
  • 17. Key 2Noun: cloud, interestVerb: irritate, organiseAdjective: strong, funnyAdverb: seriously, angrilyPreposition: under, duringConjunction: although, ifInterjection: wow, helloNumeral: thirty, fourthPronoun: herselfArticle: the