Parts of Speech presentationPresentation Transcript
Parts of SpeechByPiret Lehiste
Parts of SpeechMorphology is a field of linguistics focused on thestudy of the forms and formation of words in alanguage.In Greek: ‘morph’ (shape, form) + ‘logos’ (study)Morphology deals with the internal structure of words.A part of speech is a linguistic category of wordssharing syntactic or morphological behaviour andsemantic properties (such as a noun or a verb).Parts of speech describe the job a word does in asentence.
NounsA noun is a word that names a person, place, athing, or an idea.Examples:Person: uncle, baby, JohnThing: car, door, bookIdea: truth, beauty
VerbsA verb is a word that expresses action or a state ofbeing.Examples:The students did their homework.Studying grammar rocks :)I live in Tallinn.
AdjectivesAn adjective is a word that modifies a noun bylimiting its meaning.Examples:romantic storymany ideasScottish wool
AdverbsAn adverb is a word that modifies a verb, anadjective, or another adverb by making its meaningmore specific. Adverbs modify by answering thequestions “when”, “where”, “how”.Examples:She often drinks tea with milk.Jack carefully polished his car.
PronounsA pronoun is a word that can take the place of anoun.Examples:I, me, their, myself,these, each other
PrepositionsA preposition is a word that shows the relationshipof a noun or pronoun to some other word in asentence.Examples:above, behind, during, from, since, through, without
ConjunctionsA conjunction is a word that joins single words orgroups of words.Examples:or, but, because, while, although
InterjectionsAn interjection is a word or phrase that expressesemotion or exclamation.Examples:wow, ouch, hey, hello, oops
ArticlesArticles are used to indicate nouns and to specifytheir application.Examples:a / an – indefinite articlethe – definite articleI bought myself a guitar.He can play the guitar very well.
NumeralsA numeral is a word that represents a number orshows the order of objects through counting.Examples:three, one hundred, fifth
A POEMEvery name is called a noun,As field and fountain, street and town;In place of noun the pronoun standsAs he and she can clap their hands;The adjective describes a thing,As magic wand and bridal ring;The verb means action, something done -To read, to write, to jump, to run;How things are done, the adverbs tell,As quickly, slowly, badly, well;The preposition shows relation,As in the street, or at the station;Conjunctions join, in many ways,Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase;The interjection cries out, ‘Hark!I need an exclamation mark!‘Through poetry, we learn how eachOf these make up the parts of speech
Parts of SpeechIdentify all the parts of speech in the followingsentence:Yesterday we went to the cinema becauseJohn had luckily received two free tickets.
Match the parts of speechwith their examples in the word cloud.