Present Simple• Used for scientific facts, permanent truths• Used for habitual or customary actions• Used for future reference (for timetables)E.g. Water boils at 100 degrees by Celsius.I play tennis every Tuesday.The plane leaves at 14:00 tomorrow.
Present SimplePositive:I, you, we, they watch TVHe, she, it watches TVNegative:I, you, we, they do not (don’t) watch TVHe, she, it does not (doesn’t) watch TVQuestion:Do you watch TV?Does he watch TV?
Present SimpleTime expressions to use with the PresentSimple:always, usually, normally, sometimes, often,every day, every year, seldom, rarely, atweekends, on Saturdays, etc.E.g. John tries to exercise every day.I don’t normally drink tea with milk.Does she work on Sundays?
Present Continuous• Used for actions happening right now or inprogress at the moment of speaking• Used for planned actions in the futureE.g. You are reading this sentence right now.I’m taking English grammar this term.I’m meeting my friends tonight.
Present ContinuousPositive:I am watching TVHe, she, it is watching TVWe, you, they are watching TVNegative:I am not watching TVHe, she, it is not watching TVWe, you, they are not watching TVQuestion:Am I watching TV?Is he watching TV?Are you watching TV?
Present ContinuousTime expressions to use with the PresentContinuous:now, at the moment, at present, today, etc.E.g. I’m working on my essay today.Listen! They are singing out nationalanthem now.It isn’t raining at the moment.
Present Perfect• Used for actions beginning in the past andcontinuing to the present moment• Used for actions which happened at anunspecified time in the past but have presenteffectsE.g. He has written five novels so far.I have lost my keys. I cannot get intothe house.
Present PerfectPositive:I, we, you, they have + watched (III pf.) TVHe, she, it has + watched (III pf.) TVNegative:I, we, you, they have not (haven’t) + watchedHe, she, it has not (hasn’t) + watchedQuestion:Have you watched TV?Has he watched TV?
Present PerfectTime expressions to use with the PresentPerfect:already, since, just, yet, for 5 years, never, etc.E.g. I have just eaten breakfast.She has never been to England.We haven’t packed our bags yet.
Past Simple• Used to talk about an activity that began andended at a particular time in the pastE.g. I saw a really good film yesterday.I learnt to swim when I was young.She graduated from university in 2008.
Past SimplePositive:I, you, he, she, it, we, they watched TVII pf.Negative:I, you, he, she, it, we, they did not (didn’t) +watch TVQuestion:Did you watch TV?
Past SimpleTime expressions to use with the Past Simple:yesterday, last week, two minutes ago, etc.E.g. My sister reached home two hours ago.I finished school last summer.He didn’t call me last night.
Past Continuous• Used to talk about actions in progress in thepast• Used to talk about actions which were inprogress when something else happenedE.g. We were playing tennis at 7 p.m. lastnight.He was driving very fast when theaccident happened.
Past ContinuousPositive:I, he, she, it was watching TVWe, you, they were watching TVNegative:I, he, she, it was not watching TVWe, you, they were not watching TVQuestion:Was he watching TV?Were you watching TV?
Past ContinuousTime expressions to use with the PastContinuous:while, this time yesterday, etc.E.g. The accident happened while he wasdriving home.This time yesterday I was havingbreakfast.I wasn’t sleeping when you called.
Past Perfect• Used with reference to ‘an earlier past’, thatis to describe the first of two or more actionsE.g. She suddenly realized that she had lefther textbook home.He got a bad grade because he hadmade too many mistakes in the test.
Past PerfectPositive:I, he, she, it, we, you, they had + watched TV(III pf.)Negative:I, he, she, it, we, you, they had not (hadn’t) +watched TVQuestion:Had she watched TV?
Past PerfectTime expressions to use with the Past Perfect:already, for, since, by the time, after, etc.E.g. By the time we arrived, the meeting hadended.When I reached home, my brother hadalready left.After she had finished her work, shewent out.
Future Simple• Used to make predictions about the future orabout people’s plans• Used for promises or on-the-spot decisionsE.g. The weather will probably be sunnytomorrow.Mum, we haven’t got any milk. – Alright,I will go and buy some.
Future SimplePositive:I, you, he, she, it, we, they will watch TVNegative:I, you, he, she, it, we, they will not (won’t) +watch TVQuestion:Will you watch TV?
Future SimpleTime expressions to use with the FutureSimple:tomorrow, next year, soon, in the future, etc.E.g. Do you think it will rain tomorrow?You will be a great musician one day.I promise I will be back soon.
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