Coldwarbegins

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Coldwarbegins

  1. 1. The Cold War begins 1945 -1948 <ul><li>Key issue: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the wartime alliance fall apart? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the major points of difference </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of Yalta and Potsdam conferences </li></ul><ul><li>The roles of Stalin and Truman </li></ul>By Mr Crowe www.SchoolHistory.co.uk
  2. 2. The chronology and narrative <ul><li>Major point: The USSR lost around 20 million people in WW2 </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin was determined to make the USSR secure in the future </li></ul><ul><li>By contrast GB lost around 370,000 and the USA lost 297,000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>KEEP THIS IN MIND </li></ul>
  3. 3. The rise of the superpowers <ul><li>Before WW2 there were a number of countries which could have claimed to be superpowers – USA, USSR,GB, France, Japan, Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>The damage caused by the war to these countries left only two countries with the military strength and resources to be called superpowers….USA and USSR. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What they believed <ul><li>Don’t forget USA was capitalist and USSR was communism </li></ul><ul><li>They were complete opposites </li></ul><ul><li>They had allied against Fascism ….. Now the common enemy had been defeated the reason for co-operation was gone </li></ul><ul><li>Differences soon emerged </li></ul>
  5. 5. Europe at the end of WW2 <ul><li>After the war who would lead the countries and form new governments </li></ul><ul><li>The USSR favoured the communist groups, the USA favoured the non-communists </li></ul><ul><li>Examples would be Greece and Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>This was one cause of tension between the superpowers </li></ul>
  6. 6. TASK <ul><li>Two conferences were held in 1945 at Yalta and Potsdam </li></ul><ul><li>The aim was to discuss the future especially </li></ul><ul><li>What to do with Germany’s leaders after the war </li></ul><ul><li>What would happen to the occupied countries after liberation, especially those of Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>How to end the war with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>How to build a lasting peace. </li></ul>

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