KAZALO SLOVENIAN DESCRIPTION HISTORICAL DESCRIPTION CULTURAL HERITAGE IN SLOVENIA GEOGRAPHICAL S DESCRIPTION THE CAPITAL OF SLOVENIA HOLIDAYS IN SLOVENIA SLOVENIAN DIALECTS THE OLDEST TOWN IN SLOVENIA NATURAL ATTRACTIONS IN SLOVENIA SLOVENIAN CUISINE
DESCRIPTION OF SLOVENIA
Slovenia (officially the Republic of Slovenia) is a parliamentary republic in the farthern south of Central Europe and in the extreme north of the Mediterranean. Country in bordering on Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, east and south to Croatia. The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana. The official language is Slovenian, in areas with population synthesis naseljenostjo Italian and Hungarian national minorities, the Italian or Hungarian language. Slovenia is divided into communes. It has an area of 20,273 km ².
Located at the intersection of Alpine, Mediterranean, Pannonian and Dinaric worlds. Slovenian Adriatic coast is 46.6 km long. The highest mountain is Triglav (2864 m). Republic of Slovenia is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Union and the Schengen Agreement.
How many people in Slovenia ?
On the first day of this year Slovenia had 2,050,189 inhabitants. This is 0.2% more than a year ago.
CULTURAL HERITAGE IN SLOVENIA
Floating mill on the Mura
Slovenian Museum of Coal Mining
Škofja Loka Castle
Franja Partisan Hospital
Floating mill on the Mura
Coexistence between man and river is on the river Mura floating mills produce the layout in the 4th century. Floating mill means a unique invention, it exploits the natural sound of water supply, agriculture and gives the possibility of getting whole wheat grain mill products. Once on the ground by over 90 Mura floating mills, today it operates only in Veržej - called Babič mill. New acquisitions in the direction of conservation obmurska rich history and cultural heritage of the floating mill Ižakovci.
Slovenian Museum of Coal Mining
Go with the elevator to the underground award-winning museum in Velenje. With the help of lighting and sound effects, real mining snacks, driving the conveyor belt and underground mining and the greeting “Good luck!" you go back far into history and became fully aware of the mining profession. You can enjoy the smell of coal and wood, are amazed by a huge machines and the miners humo u r. The museum is also accessible to disabled persons in wheelchairs, tour guiding is available in Slovenian, German, English, Italian and Croatian. A unique experience in authentic cave environment scale.
The central architectural monument in Koper, which gives the city its distinctive look is the Praetorian Palace. The building was given its present form in the middle of the 15th century, when the main facade in Renaissance vzidali semicircular windows, top of the palace completed nadzidkom gibelinov seabass. The facade of the building that served as worldly urban functions, and later was the seat of Venetian podesta and captains, decorate rating stones, statues and coats of arms.
Škofja Loka Castle
Since 1215 Škofja Loka, location at the confluence of Selška and Poljanska Sora, broods the mighty fortress. The original castle, built by the bishops of Freising, was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1511. After that the castle was carefully restored and the chapel was added to the existing building. Later on a brand-new wing of the hall was built , and stairwell buildings were connected with the monastery. The castle was home of Ursul ine order , it was the girls' school and today the Postal Museum. Loka museum displays collections of historical, art, cultural, ethnological and natural heritage of Škofja Loka area.
Franja Partisan Hospital
Franja Partisan Hospital after the war became a symbol of the partisan movement and its diversified and extremely well-organized health services. The monument was destroyed by heavy floods in September 2007, but is today almost entirely reconstructed. On the basis of previously prepared plans and documentation barracks and auxiliary facilities were restored and replacement items were obtained. When renewing the desire has led to the greatest extent possible to preserve the message of the monument and its symbolic value to the people .
Slovenia is located in Central Europe, which is the intersection of four major European geographic units: the Alps, the Pannonian Basin, the Dinaric Mountains and the Mediterranean, so it can be geographically divided into: Alpine, Pannonian, Dinaric and Mediterranean world and the world into nine specific types of landscape: Alpine mountains, Alpine hills, the alpine plains, hills Pannonian, Pannonian plain, the Dinaric plateaus, valleys and plains Dinaric, Mediterranean Mediterranean hills and plateaus.
History of Slovenia is the history of all inhabitants on the territory of the Republic of Slovenia and in its immediate neighborhood, from prehistoric times until today, although the name of Slovenia does not occur until the year 1834 in a book of Russian historian Yuri Venelina and of today.
Holidays in Slovenia
1st January: (two days) New Year
1st February: Slovenian cultural holiday
27th April: Day of Uprising Against Occupation Reformation
1st May (two days) Labor Day
25th June: National Day
1st November: All Saints Day
26th December: Independence Day
WORK FREE DAYS :
16th April: Easter Monday
15th August: Assumption Day
31st October: Reformation Day
25th December: Christmas
8th March Women's Day
5th March Ecology Day
27th June Theatre Day
7th September sign language Health Day
27th April Tourism Day
12th September Aviation Day
2nd April Music Day
22nd October Planet Earth Day
3rd April Children's Day
8th October Red Cross Day
9th October Victory Day
10th December Human Rights Day
the capital of Slovenia
Ljubljana Slovenia's capital city and seat of the municipality of the same name. The geographical, cultural, scientific, economic, political and administrative center of Slovenia. Through history, it was influenced by several cultures as it was at the crossroads of Germanic, Romance and Slavic peoples, their languages, customs and habits.
The first settlement of the today’s location of Ljubljana, was according to legend, founded by the Argonauts, or the ancient Greek hero Jason who has solen the Golden Fleece, in order to be the king Aitesu and then with the companions he fled from pursuers on the ship Argo, traveled across the Black Sea and then across the Danube and Sava came up Ljubljanica. Here, the Argonauts ship dismantled by land between two waterways, and in this way arrived all the way to the Adriatic Sea. On the way to the sea, at the spring of Ljubljanica, they stopped at a big lake in the marsh, where the monster lived. Jason has grappled with her, beat her and kill her. This monster was the Ljubljana dragon, which today is a recognizable symbol of the city and also occurs in Ljubljana's city emblem.
Natural Attractions in Slovenia
Wolf Brook Arboretum
Glacially modified valley of the upper stream Savinja is one of the most beautiful alpine valleys in Europe. From rock thresholds are tuned to the flat bottom of the waterfalls flow into streams, the valley floor has been revealed in a meadow green carpet over the border of dark green forests and peaks rising Alps. In the gable of the valley below the boiling Krnica Okrešelj Savinja at which a waterfall descends into the valley ring and starts her eventful journey. Besides hiking and mountain climbing Logar Valley offers ski touring, a small ski slope, ski runs for cross country skiing, paragliding, mountain biking and many beautiful corners of the Logarska Valley Regional Park.
Cerknica famous box with the intermittent lake changes its skin in any season: once a skating rink, sometimes it can chase the fish, then again, only an endless lawn. During each visit, a visitor becomes familiar with a different image. Because of its unusual phenomena it has been written about it a lot, but fame is due to Valvasor descriptions and explanations of complex fading. This world-famous phenomenon of the disappearing lake is the largest in Europe, in addition to interesting forms of karst hydrology, the habitat for numerous plant and animal species. Lake temple in the museum represent a living model of the lake water and drying system, interpretation is enriched with multimedia projection on the lake and the ethnological collection.
Such beauty, which nature has created over millions of years from drop to drop, is revealed in the realm of the underground caves of Postojna. Water has formed shapes that take your breath away, a giant concert hall with great acoustics, the clear water lakes and underground mountains are just some forms of this jewel. The spraying droplets of water streaming live eternal darkness and the greatest treasure of Postojna cave – the human fish. This underground world of beauty, visitors can visit on the route with the cave train.
Wolf Brook Arboretum
Wolf Brook Arboretum is a popular tourist destination near Kamnik. Park was created at the former Castle on the northeastern edge of the Kamnik field. It is now collected around 3,500 domestic and foreign plant species, seasonal produce as well as exhibitions of flowers, which are particularly popular. Gallery Arboretum garden pavilion in the park hosts a permanent exhibition of sculptures by sculptor John Boljka.
Triglav mountain range with its highest peak Slovenian Triglav (2864 m), the Slovenian mountaineers have the end 19th century equipped with mountain trails and mountain huts erected here, the first in 1895 in the neck. For the history of Slovenian mountaineering important and still the most popular and frequently visited the North wall of Triglav. Applies to Alpine mightiest walls, the maximum height difference is about 1200 meters. In its western part is more steep and technically more difficult – it is known among climbers as the Sphinx. For the ascent of Mount Triglav, it is possible to choose different starting points, all roads are properly marked and secured.
the oldest town in Slovenia
Ptuj (German Pettau, Latin Poetovio) is a city and the center of the town municipality. It is the oldest town on Slovenian territory. The area of the city was already inhabited in the Neolithic period, in antiquity, was developed from a military camp Poetovio.Medieval part of the city was leaning against the foot of Castle Hill. It is one of the 11th Municipalities in the Republic of Slovenia. Areas of the city is 66.7 square kilometers and lies at an altitude of 232 m. Situated in the northeast of Slovenia (the Pannonian world). Surrounded by hills and Haloze Slovenian Drava and Ptuj and fields. By the town of Ptuj there is also historically important crossing over the river Drava, where it took place in prehistoric trade route between the Baltic and the Adriatic Sea.
Koroška dialect group
Pannonian dialect group
Gorenjska dialect group
Štajerska dialect group
Dolenjska dialect group
Primorska dialect group
Rovtarska dialect group
each of the groups connects many different dialects of the same region
Gorenjska Costume Gorenjska version pražnje folk has established itself as a national costume, so this is definitely the most used costume - wear it as members of various folk ensembles and wind bands, as well as tourist souvenirs is more than just dolls dressed in costumes Gorenjska.
littoral Costume Slovenian Istria folk costume (festive): Mediterranean type of costumes 2nd half of the 19th century. .
Slovenian wine country:
Slovenia is divided into three wine-growing region and the fourteen districts. Wine region is distinguished by the history of wine, wine culture, traditions, varietal composition, climatic and soil conditions, etc..
Culinary Slovenia :
Slovenian cuisine is a true culinary kaleidoscope. On the one hand, the diversity of its subject to Slovenia's position, which, with its geographical, historical, social and other components trapped in the space between the Alps and the Pannonian Plain and the Adriatic Sea, on the other hand, you enrich the established four national cuisine: Italian, Austrian, Hungary and Croatia. Slovenian cuisine is a mix of kitchens belonging to various social and occupational groups: middle-class, gruntarske, castle, monastery, iron, rafting, mine.