1. PAET 4101 SOCIOLOGY OF SCHOOLINGLecturer : Dr. Abd Razak Bin ZakariaGroup Member : Amy Yu Shi Chia (PET080001) Chui Jun Hui (PET080003) Zhao Cai Ling (PET080736)
2. The relationship between school and community structure, differences in socioeconomic status. School Community Structure + Differences In Socioeconomic Status
3. The Relationship Between School And Community Structure
4. What’s a Community?• A social structure that shares personal values, cultural values, business goals, attitudes, or a world view.• What binds it is a community culture of social rules and group dynamics that identify members. (Strauss, 2009)
5. Why educators “dislike” community engagement?• Time commitment• Do not understand enough about the problems that educators face (Jennings, 1997)• Worried that public will want to become involved in decisions that are best left in the hands of school faculty or staff.• Fear any loss in power.
6. BUT!!!!!Michael Fullan (2000, p.159) advises:Respect those you want to silence!!!
7. A more engaged community improved teaching and learning• Numerous educational researches over the past 30 years provided support for the claim that family and community involvement in schools has a positive impact on student achievement (Henderson & Berla, 1994; Henderson & Mapp, 2002; US Department of Education, 1994).
8. How the community participatesFormal Participation:a) Parent-Teachers Associationb) School-sponsored citizens advisory committeesc) Alumni Associationsd) Individual – School VoteInformal Participation:a) School Caucusb) Individual – members of organization/ complain letter
9. Types of participation• In planning• In policy making• In communication• In problem solving• In developing program• In financing• In evaluation
10. LEVELS OF CITIZEN PARTICIPATION Making judgments and developing recommendations (3rd Level) Classifying and interpreting data (2nd Level) Collecting and assembling information (1st Level)
11. The Outcomes- More support for out-of-school-learning- Greater levels of community trust in schools- Better attendance at school conferences- More volunteering and support for all aspects of a school function- The development of a better policy and legislation.
12. The Relationship Between School And Socioeconomic Status
13. Socioeconomic StatusAn individual’s or a group’s position within ahierachical social structure. (The American Heritage® NewDictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition)A familys socioeconomic status is based on- family income- parental education level- parental occupation- social status in the community
14. High socioeconomic status families will bemore success in preparing young childrenfor school• wide range of resources• high-quality child care• books• toys to encourage learning activities• childrens health• social, emotional, and cognitive development.• parents lack the time and energy
15. Low socioeconomic status families facemore formidable challenges in preparingyoung children for school.• lack of financial support• lack of educational supports• parents may not have the time, energy, or knowledge.
16. How to help students from low socioeconomic status familySchool• Maximize time on task• Hold high expectations• Establish a school climate that is supportive of academic learning.Family• Strengthen parental involvement and support.Government• Policies and legislation- Free education- Free text books- Voucher for stationary and reading material.
17. Bottom Line • No man is an island• All For One, One For All Thank You!