Propp’s Character Theory
By Chloe Abraham
Hero
Traditionally the hero is a male
protagonist whose role it is to restore
normality or equilibrium. He does this by
de...
Villain
The villain is the cause of the disruption
and the enemy of the hero. The villain
may also be a threat to the safe...
Dispatcher
The dispatcher sends the hero on a
journey to restore equilibrium. The
dispatcher may also be the father or a
f...
Donor
The donor gives the hero something to
help him along his journey. This gift may
be a piece of advice, a skill or an ...
Helper
The helper assists the hero in restoring
equilibrium. The helper may be a
sidekick, with the hero throughout, or
so...
Heroine
The heroine is usually a passive and
vulnerable character, threatened by the
villain and needing rescuing by the
h...
False Hero
The false hero is a character who
initially seems to be on the side of the
hero but who turns against him or
de...
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Propp’s character theory

  1. 1. Propp’s Character Theory By Chloe Abraham
  2. 2. Hero Traditionally the hero is a male protagonist whose role it is to restore normality or equilibrium. He does this by defeating the villain(s) and winning the love of the heroine.
  3. 3. Villain The villain is the cause of the disruption and the enemy of the hero. The villain may also be a threat to the safety and the well being of the heroine.
  4. 4. Dispatcher The dispatcher sends the hero on a journey to restore equilibrium. The dispatcher may also be the father or a father figure of the heroine, sending the hero on a quest to see if he is worthy of his daughter.
  5. 5. Donor The donor gives the hero something to help him along his journey. This gift may be a piece of advice, a skill or an object such as a weapon.
  6. 6. Helper The helper assists the hero in restoring equilibrium. The helper may be a sidekick, with the hero throughout, or someone he meets along the way.
  7. 7. Heroine The heroine is usually a passive and vulnerable character, threatened by the villain and needing rescuing by the hero.
  8. 8. False Hero The false hero is a character who initially seems to be on the side of the hero but who turns against him or deceives.
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