Introduction to Similes And Metaphors


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Just a brief introduction to what similes and metaphors are.

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Introduction to Similes And Metaphors

  1. 1. Poetic Devices Similes & Metaphors
  2. 2. Playing with Words <ul><li>Believe it or not, you use metaphors and similes every day of your life! Some words are metaphors all by themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>She was a bright student. </li></ul><ul><li>We all know that “bright” refers to light. But in this sentence we are comparing intelligence to light. It’s a metaphor! </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a metaphor? <ul><li>A metaphor is a comparison between two things, where one is said to be the other . </li></ul><ul><li>Example : Her mind is a sponge that absorbs all the details. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Like a simile, a metaphor makes a comparison between one thing and another. However, rather than saying that something is like another, a metaphor says it actually is that thing. Some metaphors are easy to identify, while others are so subtle that you will need to analyse the text carefully to find them. Metaphors can create a far more powerful effect than similes, because they are so definite in their comparison. As we try to picture the image in our minds, a good metaphor makes a connection that allows us to see something in a new way.
  5. 5. More metaphors… <ul><li>The crowd was an angry beast . </li></ul><ul><li>She was the sunshine . </li></ul><ul><li>He was a tornado of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Silence is golden </li></ul><ul><li>My memory is foggy . </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is a simile? <ul><li>A simile is a comparison between two things, using the words “ like ” or “ as … as a … ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : Her mind is like a sponge, absorbing all of the details. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A simile is a type of imagery that makes a comparison between one thing and another, to strengthen the ‘word picture’ in the reader’s mind. There are two types of simile: 1. Where one thing is said to be like another, for instance: “ The sun looked like a golden coin in the sky.” In this example, the sun is being compared to something that looks similar, i.e. the golden coin.
  8. 8. 2. Where one thing is said to be as … as a …, for instance: “ The moon shone as brightly as the stars.” This type of simile gives a slightly more definite feeling. Here, the light of the moon is being compared to that of the stars.
  9. 9. Quick as a Wink <ul><li>Lots of clichés are similes. They are fun to use, but don’t overuse them in your writing! </li></ul><ul><li>Even if you are busy as a beaver , it’s not as cute as a button or as American as apple pie to overuse clichés. It should be as plain as the nose on your face! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Examples of Similes <ul><li>“ two sparrows in a hurricane” </li></ul><ul><li>“… as cold as ice” </li></ul><ul><li>“ a rolling stone” </li></ul><ul><li>“ ...whose fleece was white as snow” </li></ul><ul><li>“ a bird up in the sky” </li></ul><ul><li>“… like a bird in a cage” </li></ul>
  11. 11. The following slides contain materials you are to use in order to answer the questions for Task Two.
  12. 12. (for question 3): 1 st poem about a cat <ul><li>Poem 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Pet cat, </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes as blue as the sky, </li></ul><ul><li>Ears as alert as a guard’s, </li></ul><ul><li>Claws as sharp as needles, </li></ul><ul><li>Nose as pink as a rose, </li></ul><ul><li>Fur as white as snow, </li></ul><ul><li>Whiskers like an airforce moustache, </li></ul><ul><li>Purr as soothing as music. </li></ul>
  13. 13. (for question 3): 2nd poem about a cat <ul><li>Poem 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Pet cat, </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes are pure blue sky, </li></ul><ul><li>Ears of a guard, </li></ul><ul><li>Claws are sharp needles, </li></ul><ul><li>Rose pink nose, </li></ul><ul><li>Fur of white snow, </li></ul><ul><li>Whiskery white airforce moustache, </li></ul><ul><li>Music for a purr. </li></ul>
  14. 14. For questions 6 & 7: <ul><li>Listen to the following song ‘Inconsolable’by Backstreet Boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Access the URL below to listen to the song: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. For questions 8 & 9: <ul><li>Listen to the following song ‘Dust in the Wind’by Kansas. </li></ul><ul><li>Access the URL below to listen to the song: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>I close my eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Only for a moment </li></ul><ul><li>And the moment's gone </li></ul><ul><li>All my dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Pass before my eyes a curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Dust in the wind </li></ul><ul><li>All we are is dust in the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Same old song </li></ul><ul><li>Just a drop of water </li></ul><ul><li>In an endless sea </li></ul><ul><li>All we do </li></ul><ul><li>Crumbles to the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Though we refuse to see </li></ul><ul><li>Dust in the wind </li></ul><ul><li>All we are is dust in the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Now, don't hang on </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing last forever, </li></ul><ul><li>But the earth and sky, </li></ul><ul><li>It slips away </li></ul><ul><li>And all your money </li></ul><ul><li>Won't another minute buy </li></ul><ul><li>Dust in the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is dust in the wind. </li></ul>‘ Dust in the Wind’ by Kansas
  17. 17. (for question 10): An example of a 5-line ‘simile’ & ‘metaphor’ type poem <ul><li>A spider is a </li></ul><ul><li>Black dark midnight sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Its web is a Ferris wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>It has a fat moon body and legs of dangling string. </li></ul><ul><li>Its eyes are like little match ends. </li></ul><ul><li>By Joe, a student of Sir Robert Hitcham's Primary School </li></ul>