Objectives• 3.4 The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs. Key concepts include: – hibernation, migration, camouflage, mimicry, instinct, and learned behavior.
What is adaptation?• Special features that help an animal to survive in its environment.• Physical adaptation: Bodily structures that help with survival.• Behavioral adaptation: Something that an animal does to survive.
Physical adaptations• Type of body covering: fur, feathers, scales• Color: patterns, match surroundings• Body part: beak, antlers, ears, claws• Defenses: venom, spray, quills
Camouflage• Color or pattern of an animal that helps it to blend in with its surroundings.• Helps the animal to find food or hide from its enemies.
Mimicry• Looking or sounding like another animal or object to help an animal hide.
Behavioral Adaptations• Anything that an animal does in order to survive.• Some behaviors are learned: they must be taught how to do it.• Other behaviors are instinct: they are born knowing how to do it.
Hibernation• Hibernation is an instinctive behavior.• It is a response to cold weather.• Animals go into a sleep state to survive the cold winter.
Migration• Migration is an instinctive behavior.• Migration is travelling from one place to another when the seasons change.• All types of animals migrate!
Time to Find a Buddy!• Grab a partner!• Grab a Venn Diagram• Work together and let me know what you’ve learned today about animal adaptations.