The Olympic Games began 2,788 years ago (in 776 b.c.) in Olympia, in southwest Greece. The Games were part of a religious festival in honour of Zeus and were staged every four years at Olympia. People from all over the Greek world came to watch and take part.
Inside the temple of Zeus there was a enormous statue of the king of the gods, sitting on a throne. People called it one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The statue was covered in gold and ivory, and was six times bigger than a man.
During the ancientgames, only young mencould participate.Running was the onlyevent at the first Games.
Later, they added more events: •Wrestling •Boxing •Long jump •Throwing the javelin •Throwing discus •Chariot racingIn the PENTATHLON, there werefive events: running, wrestling,javelin, discus and long jump.
In Greece, there was nosecond place.Winners were given alaurel wreath for theirhead and a pot containingolive oil.
They ended in 394 a.d.by the RomanEmperor Theodosius,who was a Christian.He considered them“pagan” games
Revived in 1896 in Athens, Greece. In the modern Olympics men and women can take part. Winners receive a medal if they come first, second or third. These medals are gold, silver or bronze.
The Olympic Rings stand for the five original continents: Africa, America, Asia, Australia, and Europe. The colours of the rings are blue, yellow, black, green, and red.
The motto of the Olympic Games is Faster, Higher, Stronger. Stronger To understand the motto, we can compare it with this phrase: The most important thing is not to win but to take part !
The lighting The flame is lit in Olympia, Greece, some months before the opening of the Games.The relay routeThe torch is carried by relay from Olympia to the host city ofthe Games.
Arrival at the stadium The day of the opening of the Games, the flame enters the stadium. The flame is transferred from the torch to the cauldron. The flame is extinguished on the final day of the Games at the closing ceremony.