UNIVERSITY OF REGINA CARMELI COLLEGE
                                  City of Malolos
                               GRAD...
2. Which of the preceding areas of professionalism—a defined body of knowledge , control of
licensing and entry, autonomy ...
Education became person-oriented in approach during the Modern Conceptions of
       Education.    Education became an age...
5. What curriculum (the content of education) and what teaching methods were used in the
various historical periods?

    ...
Historical Period             Contents                        Teaching Methods
  Ancient             Ritualistic and pre...
6. How did the ideas of leading educators contribute to modern education?



Answer: A. Many current teaching philosophies...
According to Dr. Shaikh Imran, the teaching methodology in education is a new concept in the
teaching learning process. Ne...
No. 59 s.2002
RULES AND
REGULATIONS ON
THE OPERATION OF
THE PRIVATE
PRESCHOOLS
-Progressivism




No. 55 s.2002
REVITALIZE...
No. 54 s.2002
GUIDELINES ON THE
RECLASSIFICATION OF
DEPARTMENT HEAD
POSITIONS FOR THE
COMPONENT
SUBJECTS OF
MAKABAYAN – So...
No. 49 s.2002
OPERATIONALIZAION
OF THE DEPED AND
JICA COOPERATION
ON "THE
STRENGTHENING OF
CONTINUING SCHOOL
- BASED INSET...
No. 43 s.2002
THE 2002 BASIC
EDUCATION
CURRICULUM -
Progressivism




                 Prepared by:

                 LYDI...
UNIVERSITY OF REGINA CARMELI COLLEGE
                                 City of Malolos
                              GRADUA...
4. How do philosophies and theories of education influence teaching and learning in
   schools? Foe example, how does a te...
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Activity sheet educ 203 -robert

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Activity sheet educ 203 -robert

  1. 1. UNIVERSITY OF REGINA CARMELI COLLEGE City of Malolos GRADUATE SCHOOL EDUC 203 NAME: ROBERT S. LOVENDINO ACTIVITY SHEET/RESEARCH ACTIVITY 1: HISTORICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION 1. Do you believe that the trends in teacher education are desirable? Do you think they will result in improved education in the schools? What conditions are necessary to make them effective? Answer: The trend in teachers’ education is desirable; it will help our countries dilemmas on brain drain in education because many effective and efficient teachers choose to go abroad for good and high compensation. On the other hand, not all students taking up education course have a potential to become teachers, some believes that teaching is an easy employment after graduation they can teach and earned money easily that is why in my own opinion this is not a reason to improved education quality in schools. Furthermore, to make them efficient and effective educators the only condition is to like, love and study wholeheartedly because teaching profession is a vocation. We will learn here the true meaning of service to our clientele. Through this they will become effective and efficient educators that facilitate proper and up to date learning experiences to the learners.
  2. 2. 2. Which of the preceding areas of professionalism—a defined body of knowledge , control of licensing and entry, autonomy in decision making, or high prestige and economic standing—is most important to your personal definition of a profession? Is it important to you that teaching seems to lag behind other professions in these areas? Why or why not? Answer: Our profession should not stay behind other profession in the areas of professionalism sited, why because without teachers there were no other professions. The profession is also a vocation. The possibility is that you may find many teachers regretting that they had decided to become teachers. But the reason is not the profession nor is it the working environment. It is the low earnings of the teacher. Teachers truly feel that they shape the future of their countries. Preparing the students for the challenges of life, teaching them the methods of interacting, researching, discussing, agreeing and disagreeing, they prepare their students for life. However, if this type of education is interrupted by any biases or personal beliefs, much harm is being done. I have been teaching since 2002 and I am proud of my profession and the advances I have made in my qualification. It has been a continuous trip of learning and I am still learning. 3. How were knowledge, education, schooling, teaching, and learning defined in the major historical periods? Answer: During the Ancient periods, culture was passed on and preserved for generation, tribal people were able to adjust and adapt to political and social life, liberal education was integrated in the curriculum, The complimentary development of the person become vital for his cultural development and social transformation of the State and the concept of education ladder was introduce. In Medieval Conception of Education, Equality before God was expounded in Education; Society became revolutionalized through a system of morality with fuller recognition of the integrity of the human personality, and the individual formed bondage to authorities and concentions of the church.
  3. 3. Education became person-oriented in approach during the Modern Conceptions of Education. Education became an agency for citizenship involvement for national development and progress, more sciences were included in the curriculum, to determine the suitability and effectiveness of the curriculum materials, systematic and objective analysis was done, learners were trained to make intelligent choices by finding all available facts and the reasoning power to solve life problems. 4. How did racial, gender, and socio-economic factors limit educational opportunities in the past? Answer: During the early education, they were limited number of individuals was hired to be trained in its reading and writing. Only royal offspring and sons of the rich and professionals such as scribes, physicians, and temple administrators, went to school. Most boys were taught their father's trade or were apprenticed out to learn a trade. Girls had to stay home with their mothers to learn housekeeping and cooking, and to look after the younger children. Girls were not provided with formal education. They were required to know a large part of the subject areas to prepare them to maintain the home after marriage, and to educate the children before the age of seven. Despite this schooling system, it would seem that many children did not learn to read and write. To synthesized, during the early age in education there is no equal opportunities between man and woman.
  4. 4. 5. What curriculum (the content of education) and what teaching methods were used in the various historical periods? Answer:
  5. 5. Historical Period Contents Teaching Methods  Ancient  Ritualistic and prescriptive  Tell me and show me Period  Language, literature,  Trial and error religious beliefs  Enculturalization  Gymnastics, paramilitary  Indoctrination exercises,3R’s education  Organic education  Cultural, professional and  Dictation Twelve Tables  Memorization  Conscious imitation  Harsh discipline  Principles of Individual Differences (Athenian)  Exercises in good literary  Intensive drill on parts of speech/grammatical elements  Medieval  Human conduct  Parable method Conception  Fundamental universal  Practical, familiar practices truths in social life and nature  7 liberal arts(grammar,  Language understood by all rhetoric, dialectic,  Uses allusions arithmetic, geometry,  Question and answer astronomy and music)  Reflection  Theology, Religious and  Logical Analysis Philosophy  Example and practice of  7 free arts discipline  3R’s Sciences, literature,  Memorization logic and Arabic language  Repetition and drill  4 R’s  Observation and experimentation  Modern  3 things of the world  Text study to replace lecture Conceptions (World of the past,  Ciceronianism Subjective world of  Prelection emotion, grammar,  Phonetic teaching the rhetoric and mathematics reading of vernacular and Biblical literature)  Direct Social Contacts  Bible, religion, singing,  Understanding and trades and crafts, Judgment household duties, history,  Inductive Methods 3R’s, Logic rhetoric and  Law of habit formation eloquence  Sensationalism and  Encyclopedic disciplinism and critical  History analysis  Philosophy  Modern principles of  Language teaching  Comprehensive  Principles of pupils activity Curriculum  Experimental problem  Drill, spelling, arithmetic solving and grammar  Scientific method and  Philosophy, sciences, art, research social refinement, Ethics  Social communication, and morality cooperation and service  Nature phenomena  Social guidance, recognition
  6. 6. 6. How did the ideas of leading educators contribute to modern education? Answer: A. Many current teaching philosophies are aimed at fulfilling the precepts of a curriculum based on Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE). Arguably the qualities of a SDAIE curriculum are as effective if not more so for all 'regular' classrooms. Some critical ideas in today's education environment include: • Instructional scaffolding • Graphic organizers • Standardized testing
  7. 7. According to Dr. Shaikh Imran, the teaching methodology in education is a new concept in the teaching learning process. New methods involved in the teaching learning process are television, radio, computer, etc. Other educators believe that the use of technology, while facilitating learning to some degree, is not a substitute for educational method that brings out critical thinking and a desire to learn. Another modern teaching method is inquiry learning and the related inquiry-based science, as well as learning based on the psychological framework of Multiple Natures. Elvis H. Bostwick recently concluded Dr. Cherry's quantitative study "The Interdisciplinary Effect of Hands On Science", a three-year study of 3920 middle school students and their Tennessee State Achievement scores in Math, Science, Reading and Social Studies. Metropolitan Nashville Public School is considered urban demographically and can be compared to many of urban schools nationally and internationally. This study divided students on the basis of whether they had hands on trained teachers over the three-year period addressed by the study. Students who had a hands-on trained science teacher for one or more years had statistically higher standardized test scores in science, math and social studies. For each additional year of being taught by a hands-on trained teacher, the student's grades increased. B. The ideas of leading educators help the Department of Education in constructing Rules, Programs and Laws in teaching and Learning Process. Following are the up to date examples:
  8. 8. No. 59 s.2002 RULES AND REGULATIONS ON THE OPERATION OF THE PRIVATE PRESCHOOLS -Progressivism No. 55 s.2002 REVITALIZED YOUTH ENTREPRENUERSHIP AND COOPERATIVISM IN SCHOOLS (YECS) PROGRAM – Progressivism/Social Reconstructionalism
  9. 9. No. 54 s.2002 GUIDELINES ON THE RECLASSIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT HEAD POSITIONS FOR THE COMPONENT SUBJECTS OF MAKABAYAN – Social Recontructionism No. 51 s.2002 POLICY ON EDUCATIONAL FIELD TRIPS - Progressivism
  10. 10. No. 49 s.2002 OPERATIONALIZAION OF THE DEPED AND JICA COOPERATION ON "THE STRENGTHENING OF CONTINUING SCHOOL - BASED INSET FOR SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS TEACHERS" - Idealism No. 45 s.2002 READING LITERACY PROGRAM IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS - Idealism
  11. 11. No. 43 s.2002 THE 2002 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM - Progressivism Prepared by: LYDIA ROQUE CRUZ Professorial Lecturer
  12. 12. UNIVERSITY OF REGINA CARMELI COLLEGE City of Malolos GRADUATE SCHOOL EDUC 203 NAME ________________________________________________ ACTIVITY SHEET/RESEARCH ACTIVITY 2: PHILOSOPHICAL ROOTS OF EDUCATION 1. What are the subdivisions of philosophy, how are they defined, and what are your beliefs about them? 2. What are the leading philosophies of education? Are certain philosophies present in your educational experiences? DO these philosophies help you examine and reflect on your beliefs, and practices in educations? 3. What theories guide educational practice—curriculum, teaching, and learning? Are these theories present in your educational experiences? Do these theories help you in your beliefs and practices in education?
  13. 13. 4. How do philosophies and theories of education influence teaching and learning in schools? Foe example, how does a teacher’s relationship to students exemplify her or his beliefs, and values? 5. How does a teacher’s method of instruction reflect a particular theory of knowledge acquisition and learning? How does a teacher’s attitude to cultural diversity exemplify her or his conception of a just society? Prepared by: LYDIA ROQUE CRUZ Professorial Lecturer

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