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ကြန္ ျပုျပင္ စီမံ

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  • 1. uGefysLwmjyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif; ESifh pepfpDrHcefUcGJjcif; ,aeUtcsdeftcgwGifuGefysLwmrsm;udk e,fy,ftoD;oD;rSmtaxmuftuljyKtokH;csypönf;tjzpfwGifus,fpGmokH;pGJvmygonf/ Electronic Device wpfckjzpfvdkU csdKU,Gif;rI? ysufpD;rI awGU&rSmjzpfygonf/ tJDvdkjzpf&if okH;pGJoludk,fwdkifppfaq;NyD; jyKjyifEdkifatmif&nf½G,fwmyg/ csdKU,Gif;rIysufpD;rIudk jyKjyifEdkif&ef Computer jzpfwJhtavQmuf Software ydkif;ESifh Hardware ydkif;qdkNyD; avhvm&rSmjzpfygonf/ jyKjyifEdkif&eftwGufjyifr,fh Computer Hardware? Operating System ESifhqufoG,fwyfqiftokH;jyKaewJh tjcm;ypönf;rsm;udkod&Sdxm;&efvdktyfygw,f/ gujyifbdkUpOf;pm;wm/ bmaMumifhDvdkjzpfwmvJ?odxm;&ifa&Smif&Sm;EdkifrSmbJjzpfw,f/ tMurf;zsOf;ypönf;xkwfvkyfol&JUcsKdU,Gif;rI? vQyfppf"gwftm;ydkif;eJU vl&JUayghavsmhrI? ruRrf;usifrIaMumifhqdkNyD;awGU&w,f/ uGefysLwmu vQyfppf "gwftm;wnfNidrfrI&SdbdkUvdktyfw,f/ wufvdkuf^usvdkufjzpfw,fqdk&if Software ydkif;ysufpD;Edkifovdk Mumvm&if Hardware vnf;ysufpD;Edkifygw,f/ rMumcPjywfawmufwmrsKd;qdkvnf; twlwlygbJ/ ckcsdefrSmawmh UPS ( Uninterruptable Power supply) awGokH;vmNyDjzpfygw,f/ rokH;bl;&ifawmhqif0,fNyD;cRef;zdk;ESarsmovdkjzpfaerSmyg/ aemufwpfcsufuawmh rjzpfoifhwJh vl&JUayghavsmhrIbJjzpfygw,f/ Oyrm pufwpfvkH;udktokH;jyKawmhr,fqdk&ifvQyfppfrD;cvkwfudk t&ifzGifh? NyD;&if UPS udkzGifh? aemufqkH;rSuGefysLwmudkzGifh&rSmyg/ pufwpfvkH;udkydwfr,fqdk&if vnf; uGefysLwmudk Shutdown t&ifvkyf? NyD;rS UPS udkydwf? aemufqkH;rSvQyfppf"gwftm;udkydwfrS pepfusrSmjzpfygw,f/ Dvdkr[kwfyJ ayghayghqqNyD;pvG,fjzpfovdkvkyf&if tcefUroifh &if ysufpD;Edkifygw,f/ aemufwpfcsufuawmh vl&JUruRrf;usifrIaMumifhbJjzpfw,f/ omrefokH;pGJol&JUpuf[mcsdKU,Gif;rI r&Sdoavmufjzpfygw,f/ toifhtwifhwwfuRrf;ol&JUpuf[m csdKU,Gif;ysufpD;avh&Sdygw,f/ bmaMumifhjzpfavh&SdvJvdkU avhvmwJhtcg t"duuawmh prf;oyfvdkwmudkawGU&w,f/ Application Program a&m? Windows(Operating System) a&mxdcdkufwmawGU&ygw,f/ trSefuawmhvkyfcsifwmudk wpfckcsif;vkyfoifhNyD; azmfjyvmwJhowif;zwfNyD;rod&if Cancel/No ay;&if&Edkifygw,f/ tJDvdkr[kwfbJ xifwmvkyfvdkUjzpfrvmbJ½IwfaxG;ukef&if b,fujyefp&rSef;rodjzpfwwfygw,f/ Windows(Operating System) ygrwufawmh&ifawmh jyifqifEdkifoludk rDScdk&rSmyg/ Computer wpfvkH;udkjyKjyifr,fqdk&if Hardware ydkif;ESifhSoftware ydkif;qdkif&modoifhwm av;awG pavhvm&rSmyg/Hardware Computer wpfvkH;[m Hardware eJU Software ydkif;qdkNyD;&Sdw,f/ Hardware xJurS SystemUnit udk OD;pm;ay;avhvmoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ System Unit xJrSmpufwpfvkH;armif;ESifbdkU rjzpfraeyg&rSm awGuawmh - - Mother Board with VGA (Video Graphic Array), Sound - CPU ( Central Processing Unit ) with Cooling Fan - RAM ( Random Access Memory ) - HDD ( Hard Disk Drive ) - CD Drive ( Compact Disk) - Floppy Drive (A:) - Casing with Power Supply jzpfw,f/ Multimedia okH;r,fqdk&if Speaker vdkr,f?
  • 2. 2 Hard Copy okH;csif&if Printer vdkrSmjzpfw,f? VoIP okH;r,fqdk&if Head Phone ? WebCam ? VideoCam vdkrSmjzpfw,f/ gawGuawmh Peripheral awGbJjzpfygw,f/ vdktyfrSwyfqif okH;pGJ&r,fh Device awGbJjzpfygw,f/Mother Board Main Board [m Computer wpfckvkH;&Jut"duus System Circuit Board jzpfygw,f/Computer &JU tpdwftydkif;tm;vkH;udk Board ay:rSmwyfqif&wJhtwGuf Mother Board vdkUac:ygw,f/ CPU ? Main Memory eJUtjcm; Connector awGudk Mother Board ay:rSmbJqufoG,f&wmjzpfygw,f/ Disk Drive awGjzpfwJU Floppy ? Compack Disk ? Hard Disk awGudkvnf; Mother Board ay:rSmbJ qufoG,f&wmjzpfygw,f/ Mother Board awGrSm okH;pGJr,fhCPU &JU tjrefESKef; ( Speed ) ay:rlwnfNyD; a½G;cs,f&w,f/ COM Port, Parallal Port awGuygNyD;jzpfw,f/ Dtjyif Sound ? VGA ? NIC ? USB ygwmawGu okH;r,fh vkyfief;tay: tajccHNyD;a½G;cs,f&w,f/ Graphic Design, Video Editing, Game okH;r,fqdk &if 3D Accelerator ygwJh AGP(Accelerator Graphic Port) Graphic Card udkokH;&rSmyg/ Graphic Card Memory 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB,128 MB, 256 MB qdkNyD; xkwfvkyfolrsm;u Brand tpkHxkwfxm;ygw,f/ AGP Card awGrSm 2X ?4X ? 8X qdkNyD;&Sdawmh M/B &JU Slot eJU udkufnDbdkUvdkygw,f/ CMOS( Complementary MetallicOxide Silicon ) Setting uawmh M/B ay:rlwnfNyD;tenf;i,f uGJjym;ayr,fh trsm;tm;jzifhwlnDatmifjyKvkyfxm;ygw,f/ BIOS xJ0if&if rsm;aomtm;jzifh DEL ESdyfNyD;0if&w,f? tcsKdUM/B awGrSmawmh Function Button ( F1, F2, F10) rsm;uae 0if&w,f/ pufrSm System PasswordokH;xm;vdkUrod&if COMS Clear vkyfay;&w,f/ trsm;tm;jzifh COMS CLS qdkNyD; Jummerygavh&SdNyD; Short ay;NyD;jzKwf&w,f/ rygwJh M/B qdk&if Board Battery udk acwÅjzKwfvdkuf&ifCMOS setting jyKwfoGm;rSmjzpfw,f/ grS Board udkudkifvdkU&rSmjzpfygw,f/ rdrdokH;r,fhvkyfief;ay:rlwnfNyD; Mother Board udka½G;cs,foifhw,f/Central Processing Unit ( CPU ) CPU( Microprocessor ) qdkwm Computer wpfvkH;&JU t"dutpdwftydkif;jzpfw,f/ tvG,fwul CPU eJU P2 P3? P4 vdkUajymavh&Sdw,f/ wpfcsdKUu uGefysLwm&JUOD;aESmufvdkUawmifqdkMuw,f/ CPU [m Computer &JU tjrefESKef;(Clock Speed) jzpfNyD; Unit udk HZ eJUowfrSwfw,f/CPU &UJ Type onf Socket 7 ? Socket 370 ? 478 ? 775 qdkNyD; Pins eJU&Sdw,f/ M/BeJUudkvnf; udkufnDatmif a½G;&w,f/ ,cif Intel u 386 KHZ? 486 KHZ qdkNyD;pcJhw,f/Pentium 1 (P1) u 100 to 200 MHz atmuf ? P2 u 200 to 600 MHz atmuf? P3 u 600MHz to 1.2 GHz xd ? P4 u 1.2 txufjzpfNyD; 3.2 GHz a&mufaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ SemiTemporary Memory (Cache) onfvnf; ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ aemufydkif; CPU awGrSm Cache uESpfckygwJh twGuf Data udk Cache wpfck? Instruction Code udk Cache wpfckcGJNyD;tvkyfvkyfay;wm jzpfygw,f/ Intel u xkwfwJh Pentium eJU Celeron rSm Cache uGmNyD;tjrefESKef; ESifh wefzdk; vnf;uGmygw,f/ Internet eJU t"dutvkyfvkyfr,fqdk&ifPentium(Classic) udkbJ a½G;oifhw,f/ Celeron raumif;vdkUr[kwfygbl;/ vkyfief;ay:rlwnfNyD;olUwefzdk;ESifholokH;vdkUaumif;ygw,f/ HT (Hyper-Threading Technology) &wJh CPU qdk&if M/BrSm HT udk Enable ay;&w,f/ grS CPU &JU Capacity tjynfh&rSmjzpfygw,f/ aemufydkif;rSmWritten by Major ToeAung
  • 3. 3enf;ynmjrifhwJh Dual Core CPU awG ay:vmNyDjzpfygw,f/ CPU [m tyl&SdefjrifhwJhypönf;wpfckyg/ CPU Heat Sink ? Cooling Fan ? Seal [m ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ Heat odyfwufae&if pufHang avh&Sdw,f/ jzpfzefrsm;&if CPU ? CPU Socket ? Memory eJU M/B avmifwufw,f/Hardware Sensors Monitor? CPU Cool wdkUvdk Freeware eJUMunfhvdkU&ygw,f? owfrSwftylcsdeftwGuf Warning Sound xnfhxm;vdkU&ygw,f/Random Access Memory ( RAM ) RAM [m Physical Memory jzpfNyD; Byte eJUowfrSwfygw,f/ tvkyfvkyfwJh pm;yGJrsufESmjyifwpfckvdkygbJ/ Memory rsm;&ifrsm;ovdk tvkyfBuD;BuD;vkyfEdkifrSmyg/ odrf;qnf;EdkifwJhDevice jzpfayr,fh tvkyfvkyfaepOf ,m,DbJjzpfygw,f/ tokH;jyKaewJh Application udk SavervkyfbJ Power ydwf^ysufoGm;&if bmrS&SdrSmr[kwfawmhygbl;/EDO(Extended Data Output)? SD-RAM (Synchronized Dynamic)? DDR (Double Data Rate) qdkNyD;xkwfvkyfxm;ygw,f/ EDO awG[m72 Pins SIMM awGjzpfw,f/ DIMM taeeJYvnf;&Sdwwfygw,f/ SD RAM rsm;onf SystemClock ESifh Synchronize vkyfxm;jcif;jzpfygw,f/ 168 Pins DIMM jzpfygw,f/ DDR SD RAMawG[m SD RAM &JU Circle wdkif;udk Process ESpfckvkyfapwmjzpfygw,f/ 184 Pins jzpfNyD;½dk;½dk; SD RAM eJY t&G,fwljzpfygNyD; Slot rwlnDyg/ M/B ay:rlwnfNyD; b,fvdktrsKd;tpm;okH;&r,fqdkwm a½G;cs,fay;&rSmyg/ Card ay:rSm&SdwJU Pins rlwnfNyD; SIMM (Single Inline MemoryModule)? DIMM(Double Inline Memory Module) qdkNyD;vnf; od&rSmjzpfw,f/ Memory udk 4 MB ? 8MB ? 16 MB ? 32 MB ? 64 MB ? 128 MB ? 256 MB ? 512 MB qdkNyD;awGU&ygw,f/ SD-RAM rSm 256xdawGU&NyD; DDR rSmawmh 128 MB upNyD;txufudkawGU&ygw,f/ aemufydkif; M/B awGrSmEDO-RAM awG rokH;awmhygbl;/ Computer wpf v k H ; ud k Upgrade vk y f r ,f q d k & if Memoryudkxyfwdk;wmtvG,fqkH;enf;yg/ Memory xyfxnfhr,f qdk&if SD-RAM awGrSmt"dutm;jzifh Clock jzpfwJh PC 66 ? 75 ? 83 ? 100 ? PC 133 wlnDatmif a½G;cs,fay;&w,f/ M/B&JU Clock eJYvnf;udkufnD&w,f/ DDR rSmqdk&if PC 1600 (DDR 200)? PC 2100 (DDR 266)? PC2700 (DDR333)? PC 3100 (DDR400) &Sdygw,f/ DDR 200 ? 266 ? 333 ? 400 qdkwm Speed (Hz)jzpfNyD; PC 2700 ? 3100 qdkwm Data Transfer Speed (Byte Per Second) udkazmfjywmjzpfygw,f/ DDR SD RAM &JU Bandwidth u 1 MHz udk 8 Bytes &Sdw,f/ 256 MB ausmfvdkYxyfwdk;wJhtcg wpfcsdKU Crack jzpfwmawGU&w,f/ Clock? Brand wlwmwyfrSaocsmw,f/Board uvnf; Support vkyf&r,f/ Memory udk b,favmuftxdwdk;vdkU&r,fqdkwm M/B ay:rSmrlwnfw,f/Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk(C:) [m Data awGudkodrf;qnf;wJh Permenant Storage Device jzpfygw,f/Computer wpfvkH;rSmr&Sdrjzpf&Sdae&rSmjzpfwJhtwGuf Fix Disk (Non-Removable) vdkUvnf;ac:Muygw,f/ odrf;qnf;EdkifwJhyrmPudk Mega Bytes(106) ? Giga Bytes (109) eJUowfrSwfygw,f/ 10 GB ?20 GB ? 30 GB ? 40 GB ? 60 GB ? 80GB qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/ tckqdk&if 300 GB txufawmifokH;aeNyDjzpfygw,f/ RAM udktvkyfvkyfwJhpm;yGJrsufESmjyifwpfckvdkUowfrSwf&if HDD [m tvkyfu ADdkwpfckyg/ odrf;qnf;EdkifwJhyrmPtjyif HDD &JU vnfywfEdkifwJhESKef; 5400 RPM ? 7200RPM qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/ gu Computer &JUtjrefESKef;twGuf wpfpdwfwpfydkif;qdkifygw,f/Written by Major ToeAung
  • 4. 4gtjyif Data Transfer Rate u Ultra DMA 100 jzpfw,f/ 100 MB/s udkqdkvdkwmyg/ HDD(2)vkH;udk IDE(Integrated Drive Electronic) Cable wpfBudK;xJrSmwJGNyD;wyfr,fqdk&if Master ? Slave ?Cable Select qdkwJh Jumper rsm;rSm wpfckudk Master ? usefwpfckudk Slave rSmxm;NyD;wyfqif&w,f/ omref Computer wpfvkH;rSm Hard Disk (4)vkH; wyfqifEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/wpfu,fvdkU CD Drive eJU wyfqif&if HDD udk Master ? CD udk Slave rSmxm;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ HardDisk BuD;&if Partation cGJxm;oifhygw,f/ aemufydkif;rSmawmh SATA ( Serial ATAttachment ) Cable okH; HDD awGvnf;ay:vmaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ Data Speed eJYqdkifw,f/CD Drive [m Front End User awGtwGufr&SdrjzpfvdktyfwJh Device jzpfygw,f/ Compact Disk DriveCD ROM udk a&;^zwfzdkUjzpfygw,f/ CD awGuawmh Removable Disk awGjzpfygw,f/zwfwmbJaqmif½GufEdkifwJh CD-ROM ( Read Only )? a&;zwfEdkifwJh CD R ( Recordable )qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/ ,ckaemufydkif;rSmokH;wJh Data awGBuD;vmwJh twGuf tvG,fwula½GUajymif;o,f,lEdkifatmif CD-R/W awGbJtokH;rsm;ygw,f/ wefzdk;u vnf;t&rf;oufomaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ aemuf ydkif;rSm Data udk 4 GB txdodrf;EdkifwJh DVD(Digital video Disk) awG&SdvmovdkDVD Drive awGvnf;ay:vmygw,f/ ol[mvnf; Storage Device bJjzpfygw,f/ CD RW ?DVD ROM tm;vkH;yg0ifwJh Combo Drive awGay:aeygNyD/ wefzdk;uvnf; t&rf;oufomygw,f/ DVD Writer awGawmifay:aeygNyD/ aps;uawmhenf;enf;BuD;ao;wmaygh/Floppy Drive(A:) [m ,cifur&SdrjzpfvdktyfwJh Device jzpfygw,f/ tJDwkef;u Floppy Floppy Disk Drivet½G,ftpm;u 5 1/4" &Sdw,f/ tck Floppy u 3 1/2" bJ&Sdawmhw,f/ Capacity uvnf;1.44MB txdwufvmNyDjzpfw,f/ Boot udk Floppy(A:) eJY pwuf&wmyg/ Floppy udka&;zwfvkyfwJh Drive jzpfygw,f/ tcku Windows XP txd Bootable CD awG&Sdvmawmhrvdkawmhbl;aygh/ USB Port rSmwyfokH;wJh Memory Stick ( Thumb Drive) awGay:vmawmh wpfcsKdUUser awG Floppy Drive rwufMuawmhbl;/ Memory Stick uvnf; 64 MB u ae 1 GBxd&Sdawmhydkvnf;qefU? Data Transfer Rate uvnf; USB 2.0 qdk&if 440 Mbps &Sdawmhjrefw,fav/ USB u 12Mbps &Sdw,f/ 5 GB &SdwJh Memory Stick awGokH;aeNyDjzpfygw,f/ Data Traveler bJjzpfygw,f/VGA(Video Graphic Array) Card VGA Card [m Display Adapter wpfckjzpfNyD; Monitor wGifykH&dyfrsm;azmfjy&eftwGufjzpfygw,f/ VGA Card udk PCI ( Peripheral Connectivity Interface ) ESifh AGP (Accelerator GraphicPort) Slot awGrSmwyfqifokH;pGJ&ygw,f/ AGP rSmpdkufr,fqdk&if MB &JU Support ESifhudkufnDatmifa½G;cs,f&ygw,f/ Graphic Card Memory 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB qdkNyD;xkwfvkyfolrsm;u Brand tpkHxkwfxm;ygw,f/ AGP Card awGrSm 2X ? 4X ? 8X qdkNyD;&SdawmhM/B &JU Slot eJU udkufnDbdkUvdkygw,f/ aemufydkif;rSm PCI Express qdkNyD; topfxGufvmygw,f/ Video Card &JUpGrf;aqmif&nfudk Technicians trsm;pk[m 16 bits ? 24 Bits CardvdkYokH;ESKef;avh&Sdygw,f/ guawmh 2 colors = 1 bits (Mono) ? 4 colors = 2 bits ? 16Written by Major ToeAung
  • 5. 5colors = 4 bits ? 256 colors = 8 bits ? 64K colors = 16 bits ESifh 16 MB colors = 24bits aMumifhjzpfygw,f/ rdrd&JU Card [m 64K at Colors okH;Edkifw,fqdk&if 16 BitsokH;Edkifw,fvdkUyJajymqdkwmudkqdkvdkwmjzpfygw,f/Sound Card Sound Card [m toHokH;pGJ&eftwGufjzpfygw,f/ Sound Card [m Computer xJuDigital Format eJYodrf;xm;wJh toH File rsm;udk Speaker uae toHtjzpf Outputxkwfay;jcif; ESifh jyifyrStoHrsm;udk Input taygufrSwqifh Digital Format tjzpf ComputertwGif;odrf;qnf;jcif;ponfh tvkyfESpfckvkyfaqmifay;onf/ PC Speaker wyfqif&ef Line Out(Green) ? tjcm; Device rsm;rStoH,l&ef Line In (Blue) ESifh MicroPhone wyfqif&ef MICIn (Pink) wdkY&Sdygw,f/ gtjyif Musical Instruments rsm; ESifh Game Pad ? Joy Stick rsm;wyfqifokH;pGJEdkifwJh 15 Pins Female Port wpfckyg0ifygw,f/ aemufydkif; Main Board rsm;wGifSound Built-In wnfaqmufxm;wmaMumifhoD;oefY Sound Card wyfqif&efrvdktyfwm awGY&rSmjzpfygw,f/Network Card Network Card [m wpfvkH;eJYwpfvkH; uGef,ufcsdwfqufokH;pGJzdkUjzpfygw,f/ ComputerNetwork Interface Card (NIC) vdkYvnf;ac:w,f/ ,cifu Computer rsm;[m Stand AlonetaeeJYomtvkyfvkyfcJhMuayr,fh ,aeYacwfrSm Data Sharing twGuf uGef,ufcsdwfqufokH;pGJaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ uGef,ufcsdwfquftokH;rsm;vmwmaMumifh Mother Board rsm;rSm Built - In ygvmwmawGU&ygw,f/Casing with Power Supply Casing[m r&SdrjzpfvdktyfwJh Device jzpfygw,f/ Casing twGif;rSm Computer &JU tpdwftydkif;tm;vkH;udkxnfhoGif;xm;wJhtwGuf System Unit vdkYvnf;ac:ygw,f/ Compact CasingeJU ( Mini ? Mrdium ? Full )Tower Casing qdkNyD;ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ Computer trsKd;tpm;eJU Casingroufqdkifyg/ rdrdwyfqifvdkonfhtay:rlkwnfNyD; Casing t½G,ftpm;udka½G;cs,f&rSmjzpfygw,f/ Branded PC rsm;wGif Model tvdkuf Casing udkowfrSwfxkwfvkyfwm&Sdygw,f/ PowerSupply rSm AT(Advanced Technology) eJU ATX (Advanced Technology Extension) ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ ATu Main Board ay:u Power BudK;wyf&if Connector &JY teufa&mifESpfckudktv,frSmxm;NyD;wyf&w,f/ ATX awGrSmu Connector eJY Socket udkykHpHusjyKvkyfxm;wJhtwGuf pepfwuswyfqif&ifrSm;p&mr&Sdyg/ Main Board ay: rSmwyfqif&ef Connector ESifh tjcm; Devices awGwyfqif&efConnector rsm;yg0ifygw,f/ t"duvkyfaqmifcsufuawmh AC 220 Volts uae DC ±12 Volts? ±5 Volts xkwfay;wmyg/ rdrdwyfqifwJh Device rsm;aevdkY Connector eJYrvkHavmufcJh&ifSplitter wyfqifokH;pGJ&ygw,f/ Power Supply &JY Watt tm;ay:rlwnfNyD; wyfqifEdkifygw,f/omreftm;jzifh 230 Watts &Sdyg w,f/ System Unit twGuf 150 Watts ? Monitor twGuf 80Watts cefUokH;pGJygw,f/ Power Supply [mtyljrifhwJh Device wpfckjzpfawmh olY&JUaemufbufrSmygwJh Cooling Fan [mvnf;ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ Fan rvnf&ifanmfeHYxGufygw,f/ Mum&ifawmhavmifoGm;rSmyg/ Casing qdk&if Power Supply ygNyD;jzpfw,f/ Casing udka½G;cs,f&ifWritten by Major ToeAung
  • 6. 6udk,fokH;r,fh Main Board Desing eJY udkufnDwmokH;&r,f/ aemufydkif; P4 Casing awGrSm M/BtwGuf ESpfouf&mwyfqifvdkY&atmif Port ae&mtydwf[mt&Sif jzpfNyD; M/B rSmvnf; ol&JUPort Design twdkif;wyfqifzdkU I/O Shield ygvmNyD;jzpfygw,f/ Power Supply udkawmhrdrd&JUpufrSmwyfqifr,fh Device awGay:rlwnfNyD; 250w uae 450W txd&SdwJhtxJu udkufnDwmudka&G;&rSmyg/ rvdktyfyJtm;tBuD;okH;&ifvnf; Power pm;wmomtzwfwifrSmyg/ yg0genf;NyD;okH;wmrsm;&ifvnf; pufu CD Drive rodvdkuf HardDisk rodvdkufeJU bmjzpfrSef;rodjzpfwwfygw,f/ csdefqNyD;okH;wwfbdkUvdkygw,fMonitor Monitor [m Display wpfckjzpfNyD; azmfjyvdkwJhtcsuftvufawGudk Monitor Screen rSmjrifawGU&rSmygw,f/ Monitor rSm CRT ( Cathode Ray Tube ) eJY LCD ( Liquid Crystal Display )qdkNyD; ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ Monitoer t&G,ftpm;udk 14” ? 15” ? 17” ? 19” qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/,cktcsdefrSm Standard taeeJY 15” udkokH;Muygw,f/ CRT Monitor rSm Cathode Ray Tube qdkwJh qvifgykHwpfzufusOf; Main Vacuum Tube wpfckyg0ifygw,f/ usOf;ajrmif;wJhtpGef;[m Phosphor okwfxm;wJh Display eJY uGufwdjzpfygw,f/ usOf;ajrmif;wJh tpGef;wpfzufrSmElectron Guns (3)ck yg0ifygw,f/ Electron Guns rS Electron rsm;udkwpfzufpGef;qDodkY xkwfvTwfygonf/ Yoke ( Electromeagnetic Field ) rsm;onf Electron Beam rsm;tjzpf PhosphorCoating ay:usa&mufNyD; tvif;tjzpfykHazmfay;í tcsuftvufrsm;? ½kyfykHrsm;udk Monitor ay:rSmazmfjyay;jcif;jzpfygonf/KeyBoard onf ñTefMum;csufrsm;ay;&efESifh tcsuftvufrsm;oGif;&eftwGuf okH;pGJaom KeyboardInput Device jzpfygonf/ PC wpfvkH;rSmr&Sdrjzpfvdktyfygw,f/ Keyboard trsKd;tpm;ESpfrsKd;&Sdygonf/ DIM Type ( AT Keyboard )(acgif;tBuD;) ESifh Mini Dim ( PS 2 Keyboard )(acgif;tao;)wdkYjzpfygonf/ Main Board ESifh Keyboard Type rwlnDygu Converter Plug okH;pGJaqmif½GufEdkifonf/Mouse Mouse onf Monitor wGif GUI (Graphical User Interface) jzifhazmfjyaeaomae&mwGiftrdefYay;jcif;rsm;aqmif½Gufjcif;udkokH;onf/ Mouse trsKd;tpm;(3)rsKd; &Sdygonf/ Serial (acgif;tBuD;) ? PS 2 (acgif;tao;) ESifh USB wdkYjzpfygonf/ Main Board ESifh Mouse Type rwlnDygu Converter Plug okH;pGJaqmif½GufEdkifonf/ ===============================================Software Software ydkif;taeeJUu System Software(Operating System) ? eJU Utility qdkNyD; Applicationavhvm&rSmyg/ Operating System udka½G;cs,f&mrSm rdrdpuf&JU Hardware ay:rSmrlwnfygw,f/CPU Speed ? RAM ? HDD Space twGufjzpfygw,f/ Window XP qdk&if CPU 400MHz ? RAM128MB(Recommand) avmufrSNidrfrSmyg/ HDD Space qdk&if 2 GB avmufae&mawmh ApplicationSoftware ae&mtwGuf eJU okH;pGJolvkyfief;ay:rlwnfNyD; 2GB &JU 3^4 q txufawmhtenf;qkH;Written by Major ToeAung
  • 7. 7&Sdoifhygw,f/ Hardware rvdkufEdkifbJ Windows tjrifhwifxm;&if tjynfht0 tvkyfrvkyfEdkifovdk pufvnf;twif;½kef;ae&awmh av;uefaerSmyg/ Operating System rSm Microsoft &JU Windows taeeJUpxGufpOfu Office okH;eJUNetwork okH;qdkNyD; cGJxGufvmwmyg/ Professional version ESifh txuf XP upNyD; oD;oefUr&Sdawmhygbl;/ pOf Office okH; Network okH; 1 MS DOS 2 Windows 3.11 3 Windows 95 Windows NT 4 Windows 98 Windows NT 3 5 Windows 98 SE Windows NT 4 6 Windows ME Windows 2000 7 Windows XP 8 Windows Vista usefwJh Operating System awGuawmh Machantoc ( Apple vdkUvnf;ac:Muw,f/) ? UnixLinux pwmawGbJjzpfygw,f/ Apple uawmh Press orm;awG ? Graphic Professionals awGokH;wmrsm;ygw,f/ Unix uawmh Hardware eJU Software Dedicated jzpfawmh DrSmodyfrokH;Muygbl;/ Software udkrjzpfraeokH;rSyJ okH;wmrsm;ygw,f/ Linux uawmh Open Source Systemjzpfawmh tckaemufydkif;rSmtokH;rsm;vmw,f/ gayr,fh Back End rSmokH;wmrsm;w,f/Security vnf; Windows xuftrsm;BuD;omygw,f/ Front End rSmuawmh Computer okH;pGJrIwGifus,fvmcsdefrSm Window udk ,Ofyg;aeawmh User Friendly jzpfrI r,SOfNydKifEdkifao;ygbl;/OS Softrware rSmvnf; Bootable awG&SdvmygNyD/ Application Software taeeJUrjzpfrae Windows okH;wmqdkawmh Microsoft Office BuD;udkokH;&rSmbJjzpfw,f/ Computer udkokH;rSawmhpmpDpm½kduftenf;qkH;awmhokH;&rSmbJjzpfygw,f/Adobe uqdk&if PageMaker udkokH;&rSmyg/ aemufydkif;rSmqdk&if Indesign aygh/ Graphic udkokH;r,fqdk&if Adobe Photoshop ? Illustrator eJU Corel Photopaint ? CorelDraw awGokH;&rSmyg/Utility uawmh okH;r,fhvkyfief;ay:rlwnfNyD; &Sdxm;oifhw,f/ jrefrm Font CD &Sd&rSmyg/System Management vkyfr,fhol[m tenf;qkH; ckvdk Software awG&Sdxm;oifhygw,f/Installation udk tqifhvdkufpepfwusvkyfaqmifwwfbdkUvdkygw,f/ ==============================================Computer wpf v H k ; wyf q if j cif ;1/ Motherboard udk Casing rSmwyfr,fqdk&if M/B ay:rSm&SdwJh vdktyfwJhae&mawGrSm Clip/ Pin (Plastic) udkOD;pGm wyfyg/2/ CPU udkwyf&if pepfwusvkyf&ygr,f/ trSm;rcHygbl;/ M/B rSm&SdwJh CPU Lock udk 90H axmifyg/Written by Major ToeAung
  • 8. 8 CPU udkowfrSwfxm;wJh trSwfeJU M/B ay:utrSwfudk tH0ifcGifusMunfhNyD; Pins awGpepfwus0ifatmifwyfyg/ tm;oHk;NyD;rzd&yg/ NyD;aemuf CPU Lock udk pepfwusjyefí Lock vkyfyg/ CPU FAN tm;wyfyg/NyD;rS FAN Power MudK;udkwyfqifyg/3/ RAM udk oufqdkif&m slot wGifwyfqifyg/4/ M/B udk Casing wGifwyfqifyg/5/ HDD , CD Drive, Floppy Drive rsm;udkwyfqifyg/6/ NyD;aemuf IDE Cable , Power MudK;rsm;udk wyfqifyg/ t"dutcsufu Power ? HDD ? Restart pwJh Pin av;awGwyfqif&mrSmrSefuefzdkUygbJ/7/ Graphic Card, NIC, Modem, TV Tuner Card rsm;oHk;pGJrnfqdkygu,if;wdkUudkwyfqifyg/ System wpfcktwGuf Hardware ydkif;qdkif&m Install vkyfNyD;om;jzpfygw,f/ Software ydkif; Install vkyf&efOD;pGm System software (O/S) udkwif&ygonf/,if;odkUaqmif &Guf&ef ( CMOS Setting ) udkodzdkUvdkygw,f/ rjzpfraeodoifhwmu azmfjyay;xm;yg w,f/ rjzpfraeodoifhwm azmfjyay;xm;ygr,f/ Boot Sequence udk CD eJUay;jyD; OD;pGm wyf&ygr,f/ F 10 Save & Exit NyD;&if Win 98 Bootable CD udkxnfhjYyD; pufudkwyfyg/ HDD udk OD;pGmudkif&rSmjzpfygw,f/CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) SETTING BIOS xJ0ifcsif&if pufpzGifhwmeJU DEL ESdyf (wpfcsdKUpufrsm; F1, F2, F10 ponfh FunctionKey rsm;udkESdyf&onf/)/ NyD;&if CMOS udkjyifqif&rSmyg/- STANDARD COMS SETUP - HDD rSm xm; Auto - Floppy – 1.44 MB ajymif; ( Drive A:) - Halt on : ( STOP vdkUt"dyÜg,f&w,f/) All Errors ysufaewm^rawGUwmawG&Sd&if System wpfckvHk;&yfcdkif;wmyg/ (odkUr[kwf) pdwfMudKufajymif;xm;Edkifygonf/BIOS FEATURES SETUP - Virus Warning – Disable vkyfxm;&r,f/ Enable qdk&if tcsKdUpufrsm;rSm Window rwufwm awGU&w,f/ - CPU Internal Cache – Enablexm;&r,f/ Disable qdk&if RAM rSwdkuf½kduf zwf&wJh twGuf pufwufwm? tvkyfvkyfwmMumr,f/ - External Cache – Enable xm;oifhw,f/ tqifrajyrSom Disable xm;oifhw,f/ - Quick Power on Self Test : Enable - Boot Sequence – vdkcsifovdkajymif;xm;Edkifw,f/ Default uawmh Floppy ? HDD? CDROM jzpfygw,f/ Windows udkvkyfr,fh Boot Disk ay:rSmrlwnfrSmbJ jzpfw,f/ tckaemufydkif;uawmh CDROM udkay;ygw,f/ - Swap Floppy Disk – yHkrSef Disable xm;&r,f/ DriveA: ESifhB udk Change csif&if Enable ay;&r,f/ Floppy (2) vHk;&Sd&if Command utqifajyw,f/ - Boot up Num Lock Status – On &r,f/ Off &if Num [m Arrow Key jzpfoGm;r,f/Written by Major ToeAung
  • 9. 9Integrated Peripherals - IDE HDD Block Mode : Enable / Disable - IDE Master/ slave : Auto - On – Chip Primary PCI / IDE : Enable ay;&r,f/ Disable ay;vdkuf&if HDD udk azsmufypfvdkufr,f/ - On – Chip Second IDE : Enable - USB Controller : pdwfMudKuf - On board FDC (Floppy Disk Controller ): - Enable xm;&w,f/ Disable qdk&if Floppy udkrawGUawmhbl;/ - On board Parallel Port : Disable ay;xm;&if Printer xkwfr&awmhwmrsdK;jzpfr,f/ 378/ IRQ 7 wGif yHkrSefxm;&r,f/Superior Password Password vkyfNyD; BIOS Features Setup Pages wGif Security Option wGif Setup / Systemxm;í&onf/ - Setup - CMOS Setup - System – Windows. ============================================HDD wpf v H k ; ud k p ud k i f r ,f q d k & if - pufwpfvkH;rSmvdktyfwJh Hardware ydkif;wyfqifNyD; CMOS jyifqifNyD;&if pufudkEdI;&rSmyg/tJDvdk M/B eJY wyfqifxm;wJh Hardware ydkif;odNyD;&if Harddisk udk Operating System wifzdkYatmufygtwdkif; Primary DOS Partation aqmif½Gufjyifqif&rSmyg/ (1) Partition vkyf&if Fix Disk eJU0if&w,f/ command : fdisk eJU0if&w,f/ (2) MBR (Master Boot Record) (3) FAT (File Allocation Transfer) (4) Directory Area (5) Data Area HDDudkjyif&ef A: rS0ifjcif;onf opfyifwpfyifckwfr,fqdk&if yifpnfrSckwfovdkyg/C: rSjyifjcif;onf opfudkif;ay:rSxdkifckwfjcif;jzpfonf/ Boot Sequence udk CMOS setting rSm A:jyifay;&r,f/ NyD;&if SYS Disk A: Boot able CD tm;xnfhNyD; Computer udkrD;zGifhyg/ A:> ay:vmr,f /FDISK A:> fdisk ↵ ( FAT 16 – 2GB yJ&w,f? FAT 32 rS 2GB above &rSmjzpfw,f/) Fix Disk Option xJa&mufr,f/ tckaemufydkif; Bootable CD awG&Sdvmawmh Boot Sequence udk CMOS setting rSmCDROM jyifay;NyD;0if&if&ygw,f/ 1. Create Dos Partition - aqmufcsif&if Duaeaqmuf&r,f(topf)/ ta[mif;qdk&if (3)eJU zsufNyD;rS(1) ESifhaqmuf&r,f/ 2. Set active Partition 3. Delete partition – Partitionzsufr,f/ 4. Display Partition – Partition tajctaeudkod&r,f/Written by Major ToeAung
  • 10. 10 - Primary ,Extented ,Logical Partition tpOfvdkufaqmuf&r,f/ - Partition zsufcsif&if- Logical , ext , primary tpOfvdkufjyefzsuf&r,f/ - Partition aqmufcsif&if- 1 udkESdyf Maximum (YES) enter ay;jyD; restart jyefvkyf/ - zsuf&iff NTSF qddk&if Non-Dos jzifhzsuf&r,f/ Partition zsuf^aqmufjyD;wdkif; Crtl + Alt + Del jzifh Restart vkyf&r,f/ PartitionESpfpkcGJcsif&if PRI – DOS ESifh EXT – DOS cGJqdkNyD;cJG&r,f/ 3pkcGJcsifvQif PRI –DOS ESifhEXT –DOS cGJ?EXT-DOS tm; 2ckjyefcGJ&r,f/ HDD topfwpfvHk;0,fvm&if yxrOD;qHk; Partition cGJjyD; Formatvkyf&r,f/ HDD wGif Partition r&SdcJhyJpufudk Run &if- - A:> C: Invalid drive specification Error qdkwJh Message wufvmrSmbJjzpfygw,f/gqdk&if Partition aqmuf&r,f/ - A:> F disk Enter F disk Option xJa&mufr,f Partition aqmufr,f ESC vkyfNyD; Restart vkyfr,f A:>ay:vmr,f/ - A:> C Enter – C:> Dir Enter Invalid Media type Reading Drive C: qdkwJh Message wufvmrSmjzpfygw,f/gqdk&if HardDisk udk Format cs&rSmbJjzpfygw,f/ - C:> A: Enter - A:> Format C: Enterqdk&if Data awGtm;vkH;udkzsufr,fqdkwJh MessagewufvmrSmyg/ Format csr,fqdkawmh YES udka½G;cs,fNyD; Enter acgufygu Format vkyfrSmjzpfygw,f/ Format vkyfNyD;&if - - A:> Dir C: Enter - Volume In drive C: - File not Found qdkw,fh Message ay:vmr,f/ NyD;&iff A: udkxkwfNyD; Restart vkyfInvalid System Disk qdkNyD;ay:vmr,f A: xnfhNyD; Enter acgufr,f A:> ay:vmr,f/ - A:> Sys C: Enter - System Transferred ay:vmr,f/ - C:> Dir --- Enter qdk&if File awGUr,f / - C:> Dir / ah ----- Enter qdk&if Hidden File ygawGUr,f/ A: udkxkwfNyD; Restart vkyf&ifC: > ay:vm&if HDD tqifoifhjzpfNyD C:> A: Enter - A: > F Disk Enter – F disk Option xJrS(4) qdk&if Partition Information ay:vmr,f/ - Format C: tpm; Format C: / S qdkNyD; Short Cut oHk;NyD;&if Format a&m System a&mTransferred vkyfoGm;rSmjzpfw,f/ gqdk&if HardDisk wpfvkH;twGuf Primary Dos PartationaqmufNyD;jzpfvdkY Operating System (Windows) wpfckwif&ef toifhjzpfygw,f/ gutopfudkvkyfaqmifcsufqdkayr,fh ta[mif;udk udkif&ifvnf; Dtqifhtwdkif;bJjzpfygw,f/ ta[mif;qdk&if vdktyf&if Scan Disk eJY Bad Sector ppfaq;ay;NyD;rS vkyfaqmifoifhygw,f/Written by Major ToeAung
  • 11. 11 ? Windows ME [m File system FAT 32 jzpfNyD; Windows 2000 ESifh XP [m NTFS Windows 98jzpfygw,f/ FAT 32 udk NTFS wifr,fqdk&if vG,fulayr,fh NTFS udk FAT 32 wifr,fqdk&ifawmhFile System rwlnDwJhtwGuf Format csNyD;rSomaqmif½GufEdkifrSmbJjzpfygw,f/ ============================================PC Casing udkzGifhr,fqdk&if--- PC Casing udkzGifhNyD; jyKjyifr,f? Device wpfckck Install vkyfr,fqdk&if Power BudK; Plugukdt&ifjzKwf&w,f/ Mother Board &SdwJhbufudk atmufbufxm;NyD; vSJNyD;udkif&w,f/ tpdwftydkif;wpfckckudk jzKwfr,fqdk&if AGP ? PCI ? ISA ? Memory ay:rSm&Sdwmqdk&if rvdkayr,fh usefDevice( HDD? CD Drive? Floppy ? CPU ) qdk&if Power? Data Cable rsm;udk t&ifjzKwf&w,f/NyD;rS ,if;wdkUESifhoufqdkifaom Screw rsm;udkjzKwf&w,f/ Device wpfckudk Install vkyfr,fqdk&if Screw udktNyD;wdkif rMuyfao;yJ xdef;½kHwufNyD; Power ay;NyD; PC udkzGifhyg/ vdktyf&ifoleJUqdkifwJh Driver wifay;&w,f/ rdrdpufrSm xyfrHwyfqifvdkufwJh Device tqifajyNyDqdkrSPower ydwfNyD; tNyD;owfaqmif½Guf&w,f/ tqifrajyvdkU jzKwf^wyf aqmif½GufwJh tcgrSmvG,fulrSmjzpfygw,f/ aqmif&Gufonfrsm;NyD;pD;ygu Casing udkpepfwusjyefydwfNyD; vdktyfwJhPower BudK;udk jyefwyfygu Computer udkokH;EdkifwJhtqifh jzpfygw,f/ Plug udkrjzKwfyJjzKwf^wyfvkyf&if Ground usNyD;usif½kHavmufvQyfppful;wwfygw,f/ udkifaewkef; wGefUoGm;awmh tda`E´ysufwmaygh/ ============================================pufrwuf&if-- Computer wpfvkH; bmrSrwufvmbl;qdk&if bmjzpfw,fqdkwm wpfckNyD;wpfck ppfaq;NyD; wpfenf;enf;eJUjyif&rSmyg/ pufjyifqifxdef;odrf;oltwGuf ydkifEdkif&r,fhjzpfEdkifwmawGudktvG,fulqkH;jzpfatmif pma&;oltawGUtBuHKay: rlwnfazmfjyxm;wmyg/ jyifr,fh Computer&JU Hardware ? Operating System ESifh qufpyftokH;jyKaewJh ypönf;awGudkodxm;&r,f/ BoardCD? Device Driver CD awG&Sdae&rSm yg/ grS VGA? Sound? NIC awGudkodNyD; Driver awGInstall vkyfay;EdkifrSmjzpfw,f/ Mother Board ta[mif;awGqdk&if Board CD r&Sdwmrsm;awmhVGA awG? Sound awGku©ay;wwf w,f/ wGJzufokH;wJhypönf;awG (Printer ? Scanner ? Modem ?NIC? WebCam )twGuf Driver CD u awmh&Sd&rSmbJjzpfygw,f/ Windows XP vdk OperatingSystem wif&if tawmfrsm;rsm;ypönf;awG twGuf Driver Built-in yg/ gayr,fh vufxJrSm&Sdxm;&if pdwfcs&wmaygh/ pufa[mif;wm? Windows edrfhwmudkifav Driver CD jynfhpkHbdkUvdkavygbJ/1/ okH;NyD;pufydwfw,f? NyD;awmhjyefzGifhw,frwufawmhbl;qdk&if jzpfavhjzpfx&Sdwm RAM ?VGA Card aMumifhyg/ toH j rnf a ew,f q d k & i f System Speaker uaetoHeJU Error udkajymaewmyg/ jzpfavh&Sdwmuawmh VGA eJU Sound &JUcsdKU,Gif;csufjzpfygw,f/ Mother Board ay:rlwnfNyD;toHuGJjym;ygw,f/ wpfcgwpf&Hysufwmr[kwfyJ Loose Connection ^ Corrosion jzpfwmyg/ pufrSmtylxdef;zdkU wyfqifxm;wJh Fan awGu zkefrIefUudkrIwfxkwfw,f/ puf tyl^tat;? &moDOwk tyl^tat;? tcef;tylcsdefaMumifh Board ? Card awGrSm Moisturewufaeavh&Sdw,f/ tJDESpfckaygif;vdkufawmh Corrosion (Oxidization) jzpfwmaygh/ tJDrSmokH;Written by Major ToeAung
  • 12. 12wkH;u taumif; pufydwfNyD;jyefzGifawmhhr&wmrsKd;? &vdkuf^r&vdkufjzpfwmwdkU (aemufqkH; udkifwG,foluawmh w&m;cHjzpfaeavh&Sdw,f? tenf;qkH;awmh tqlcH&rSmaocsmw,f? uHraumif;&ifjyifc avsmfay;&rSmaocsmw,f? tJDrSmaMumufNyD; pufrudkif&J? rudkifcsif jzpfwwfw,f/)?Card pdkufwmawGrSmjzpfavh&Sdygw,f/ jzKwfNyD; t0wfEkEkudk t&ufysHqGwfNyD; (bmrSrSmr&wJhae&mrSm t0wfMurf;Murf;eJUaumfywfpm;ovdk wdkufNyD; oefY&Sif;a&;vkyfay;ygw,f/) Card ay:u Slot rSmpdkufwJhae&mudk oefU&Sif;ajymifaeatmifwdkufNyD; pepfwusjyefwyfyg/ grSr&&ifComputer tydk&Sdae&if tJD Card awGudk wpfckcsif;vJvS,f? pdkufMunfhNyD; ysuf^rysuf prf;oyfEdkifygw,f/ taumif;prf;oyf&ef Card rsm;&Sdyguvnf; wpfckcsif;vJvS,f? pdkufMunfhNyD;prf;oyfEdkifygw,f/ Sound Card wdkY? NIC wdkYaMumifhcsKd,Gif;rIqdk&if jzKwfxm;NyD; pufjyefwufwmeJYvnf; aumif;avh&Sdygw,f/ rygvnf;okH;&wmudk;/ grSr[kwf&if topfpdkuf&rSmyg/jrnfaewJhtoHu qufwdkufjrnfaeNyD; Computer bufubmrSvnf;rjybJ System ydwfrS&yfoGm;wmrsKd;qdk&ifawmh CPU csdKU,Gif;wmjzpfygw,f/ Memory vnf;jzpfEdkifao;ygw,f/2/ pufawmhwufw,f? Windows rwufjzpfae&if pufpzGifhwmeJY F8 udkESdyfyg/ WindowsCrash jzpfwmr[kwf&if Safe Mode? Normal Windows ? Step by Step awGeJYwufzdkY Massageay:vmrSmyg/ Safe Mode eJY Windows t&ifwufyg? NyD;awmh Restart jyefvkyfygu NormalWindows eJYwufvmrSmyg/ t"dyÜg,fuawmh aemufqkH;pufwufcJhwJh taumif;qkH;tajctaejyefa&mufatmifvkyfwJhoabmyg/ r&cJh&if Safe Mode rSm Graphic Drive Installation udk Checkvkyf?tukef Uninstall vkyfNyD;pufjyefwufwmeJY Windows wufrSmyg/ Graphic Driver ½IwfaxG;NyD; pufrwufEdkifwmyg/ tJDvdkrSrwufao;&if uRrf;usifoltqifhqdk&if Step by StepConfiguration eJY vdkwmudk YES ? rvdkwmudk NO ay;NyD;&ifvnf; wufoGm;rSmyg/ olay;wJhMessage udkodrS&rSmyg/ wpfcgwpf&HrSm Last known good configuration ESifhwufvdkuf&ifvnf;Windows aemufqkH;wuff xm;wJhtajctaeeJUjyefwufay;rSmjzpfygw,f/ jzpfEdkifwmaemufwpfckuawmh Windows udkydwfpOfpepfwus Shut Down rvkyfjcif;? rD;jywfawmufoGm;wmrskKd;jzpf&ifpufjyefzGifhvdkY POST ( Power On Self Test ) vkyfpOf Hard Disk udkrawGYwmrsKd;? rodwmrsKd;jzpfNyD; Windows rwufwmvnf;jzpfEdkifygw,f/ grsKd;jzpf&ifawmhyxrtqifhtaeeJU CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) Setting xJ0ifNyD; Hard Disk Drive &JUtajctaeudkppfaq;&rSmyg/ Auto Detect vkyfvdkY&&ifawmh txufuazmfjycJhovdkaqmif½Guf&rSmyg/ r&&ifawmh Casing udkzGifhNyD; HDD &JU Connector eJU Power Cable udkppfaq;&rSmyg/ IDE Cableraumif;jcif;? Power Cable raumif;jcif;rsm;jzpfEdkifygw,f/ NyD;&ifpufjyefwufygu HDDawGUNyD; Windows wufvmrSmjzpfygw,f/ r&&if Hard Disk udk ppfaq;&rSm jzpfygw,f/3/ Hardware ydkif;u csdKU,Gif;w,fqdk&ifawmh oleJUwlnDNyD;aumif;aewJhpuf&Sd&if wpfckcsif;jzKwf^wyf prf;oyf&if Memory ? Graphic Card ? Sound Card ? Modem Card ? Power Supply ? CPUb,f[mysufw,fqdkwm tvG,fwulod&rSmyg/ bmrSvkyfr&&ifawmh Mother Board ysufw,fqdkwmprf;oyfawGU&rSmbJjzpfygw,f/ ,cktcgrSm PCI rSm pdkufNyD; pufb,ftqifhrSm csKdU,Gif;Board Analyzer awGay:aeNyDjzpfygw,f/4/ Hard Disk rSm Bad Sector &SdaevdkU Windows aumif;aumif;rwufEdkifwmqdk&if Bad Sectorrsm;aewJhtydkif;udk ydwfNyD; Windows wifvdkuf&ifaumif;oGm;wmrsKd;vnf;&Sdw,f/ Windows XP rSvkyfvdkU&ygw,f/ Partation Magic vdkrsKd; Third Party Software okH;&ifawmh Hard Disk udk udkif&wmWritten by Major ToeAung
  • 13. 13ydkvG,fwmaygh/ IDE Cable eJUcsdwfNyD;vkyfvkyf? grSr[kwf IDE to USB eJUvkyfvkyf&ygw,f/ IDE toUSB eJUvkyf&ifawmh vG,fvG,fudkifwG,fEdkifwmaygh/5/ =============================================CD Drive rzwf & if -- CD Drive &JU Mechanism ydkif;? Electronic ydkif; ykHrSeftvkyfvkyfaeNyD; CD Rom udkzwfvdkufrzwfvdkuf grSr[kwfvkH;0rzwfEdkifjzpfae&if LENS udkoefU&Sif;a&;vkyfay;&if ykHrSefjyeftvkyfvkyfavh&Sdygw,f/ CD Drive udkzGifhNyD;aqmif½Guf&rSmyg/ CD &JU txdef; Screw awGudkOD;pGmjzKwfyg/ CD Drive udkzGifh&if rsufESmjyif rSm&SdwJh taygufav;u Tray Lock udkjzKwfwmjzpfygw,f/ t&G,fawmfwJhoHacsmif;i,fudk taygufxJxdk;NyD; tomt,mwGef;vdkufygu TrayxGufvmrSmyg/ udk,fxnf Cover udk tvdkufoifhtvG,fwuIjzKwfyg/ CD zwfwJh LENS udkawGU&rSmjzpfw,f/ oefY&Sif;NyD; El;nHhwJht0wfpEkEk eJY rsufESmjyifudk oefU&Sif;a&;vkyfay;&r,f/LENS &JUtaetxm;rysufatmif*½kwpdkufvkyf&w,f/ jzKwfcJhwJhtqifhtwdkif;pepfwusjyefvnfwyfqifyg/ CD Rom awGzwfwmrsm;&ifjzpfavh&Sdygw,f/Written by Major ToeAung