The Arrival Of Industry
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The Arrival Of Industry

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Expansion and Reform Unit

Expansion and Reform Unit

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  • Pictured in the background is Samuel Slater’s mill; opened in 1793; considered first industrial facility in United States
  • Why would the Industrial Revolution be such a revolution? What changes would occur as a result?
  • Why is there not a more specific date (or dates) for this revolution? How is this revolution different from the American Revolution we learned about? Note to teacher: emphasize to students the fact that political revolutions tend to have more specific dates, whereas most economic revolutions are less specific
  • Prediction with an illustration: Draw a picture to illustrate one major effect that would result from the rise of the Industrial Revolution.
  • The cotton gin easily separates cotton fibers from the seeds; this greatly increased cotton production in the South; what else would increase?
  • What are some recent inventions have had major changes in society?

The Arrival Of Industry The Arrival Of Industry Presentation Transcript

  • The Arrival of Industry 1793-1850s
  • The Way Things Were Made
    • Prior to the Industrial Revolution, most basic goods in the world (like chairs, plates) were made whole in shops or were homespun by American families (clothes)
  • Where? When?
    • The Industrial Revolution began in the late 18 th century (1700s), and occurred throughout the early 19 th century (1800s)
    • Most historians acknowledge that it began in Great Britain, and quickly spread throughout other parts of the world
  • So what? What changed?
    • Industrial Revolution involved major changes in mining, agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation
    • Basically changes were from man-based labor to machine-based labor
      • Began with using machines to make textiles (clothes)
  • When did it happen here?
    • The Industrial Revolution began in the U.S. in 1793 with the opening of Samuel Slater’s water-powered textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
      • Slater is referred to by many historians as the “Father of the American Industrial Revolution”
  • Inventions!! Inventions!!
    • Many new inventions created new advances in industry; this created many more changes in the way work was done
    • Examples include……….
  • Cotton Gin (1793)
    • Invented by Eli Whitney
  • Steel Plow (1837)
    • Invented by John Deere
  • Steamboat (1807)
    • Invented by Robert Fulton
  • Vulcanized Rubber
    • Invented by Charles Goodyear
  • Electric telegraph (1847)
    • Invented by Samuel Morse