The Constitution   7 ARTICLES  Lazy:  Legislative   Elephants:  Executive Jump:  Judicial  Slowly:  States   And:  Amendin...
Separation of Powers
Balance of Power <ul><li>Montesquieu,  a French </li></ul><ul><li>philosopher, wrote that </li></ul><ul><li>the best way t...
Legislative Branch Makes THE Laws Census:  population count taken every 10 years since 1790 Quorum:  minimum amount of mem...
Term of Office Officers Congress President : VP (only votes in the event of a tie) President Pro Tempore: president in the...
Executive Branch ENFORCES THE LAWS <ul><li>QUALIFICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen </li></ul><ul><li>35 year...
Judicial Branch (Interprets Laws) <ul><li>QUALIFICATIONS FOR SUPREME CT </li></ul><ul><li>NONE! </li></ul><ul><li>TERM OF ...
SCOTUS Thomas Ginsberg Chief Justice Roberts Scalia Kennedy Alito Stevens Souter Breyer
The Three Branches and  Levels of Government menedez lautenberg Corzine Municipal Court Municipal Court Judge Mayor:  Rand...
Checks and Balances Checks & Balances
Article IV:  States <ul><li>Citizens are entitled to all the privileges in each state (I.e., driving, marriage, etc) </li>...
Article V:  Amending the Constitution <ul><li>“ living, breathing, document” that can be amended </li></ul><ul><li>Amendme...
Article VI: Supremacy of National Govt <ul><li>The Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land” </li></ul><ul><li>Article...
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Constitution

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Constitution

  1. 1. The Constitution 7 ARTICLES Lazy: Legislative Elephants: Executive Jump: Judicial Slowly: States And: Amending Sleep: Supremacy Clause Regularly: Ratification
  2. 2. Separation of Powers
  3. 3. Balance of Power <ul><li>Montesquieu, a French </li></ul><ul><li>philosopher, wrote that </li></ul><ul><li>the best way to make </li></ul><ul><li>sure a government would </li></ul><ul><li>serve the people would </li></ul><ul><li>be to separate and </li></ul><ul><li>balance the different </li></ul><ul><li>branches (parts) </li></ul><ul><li>of that government. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Legislative Branch Makes THE Laws Census: population count taken every 10 years since 1790 Quorum: minimum amount of members needed to be present in order to conduct business Congress CANNOT suspend a Writ of habeas corpus: “you may have the body” – right to be brought before a court (protect against unlawful imprisonment) Congress CANNOT pass ex post facto laws : makes criminal acts that were legal when committed “after the fact”
  5. 5. Term of Office Officers Congress President : VP (only votes in the event of a tie) President Pro Tempore: president in the absence of the VP Speaker of the House: chosen head officer 6 years 2 years 30 years old Citizen for 9 years Inhabitant of that state 25 years old Citizen for 7 years Inhabitant of that state Qualifications Senate 100 members House of Representatives 435 members
  6. 6. Executive Branch ENFORCES THE LAWS <ul><li>QUALIFICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen </li></ul><ul><li>35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Resident for 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>TERM OF OFFICE </li></ul><ul><li>4 years (2 term limit: 22 nd amendment) </li></ul><ul><li>Elected by: </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>Advisors = Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Succession (25 th amendment): </li></ul><ul><li>VP>Speaker of the House>Pro Tempore>Cabinet… </li></ul><ul><li>A nice house! </li></ul><ul><li>Salary of $400,000 per year (taxable) </li></ul><ul><li>Expense account of $50,000 per year (taxable) </li></ul><ul><li>Travel expenses of $100,000 per year (tax-free) </li></ul><ul><li>Pension </li></ul><ul><li>A personal airplane - Air Force One </li></ul><ul><li>A place in the country - Camp David </li></ul><ul><li>A fine chef </li></ul>Benefits
  7. 7. Judicial Branch (Interprets Laws) <ul><li>QUALIFICATIONS FOR SUPREME CT </li></ul><ul><li>NONE! </li></ul><ul><li>TERM OF OFFICE </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE! </li></ul><ul><li>Only crime mentioned in Constitution… </li></ul><ul><li>Treason: levying war, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid or comfort. This offence is punished with death. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. </li></ul>
  8. 8. SCOTUS Thomas Ginsberg Chief Justice Roberts Scalia Kennedy Alito Stevens Souter Breyer
  9. 9. The Three Branches and Levels of Government menedez lautenberg Corzine Municipal Court Municipal Court Judge Mayor: Randy Brown Deputy Mayor: Mike Schmidt Town Council Debbie Sarcone, John McKenna, Chris Brown Local Evesham Township Supreme Court (7) 1 Chief Justice 6 Associate Justices Governor: John Corzine Cabinet (22) Legislature General Assembly (80) Senate (40) State New Jersey Supreme Court (9) 1 Chief Justice 8 Associate Justices Circuit Courts of Appeal (13) President Vice-President/Cabinet Commander-in-Chief of armed forces. Congress House of Representatives (435) Senate (100) Federal Judicial (Interprets Laws) Executive (Enforces Laws) Legislative (Makes Laws)                                                    
  10. 10. Checks and Balances Checks & Balances
  11. 11. Article IV: States <ul><li>Citizens are entitled to all the privileges in each state (I.e., driving, marriage, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Extradition: cannot escape punishment by fleeing to another state; must be returned to the 1 st state to stand trial </li></ul>
  12. 12. Article V: Amending the Constitution <ul><li>“ living, breathing, document” that can be amended </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment: addition to, deletion from or change </li></ul>
  13. 13. Article VI: Supremacy of National Govt <ul><li>The Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land” </li></ul><ul><li>Article VII:Ratification </li></ul><ul><li>9 out of 13 states needed to ratify (confirm) </li></ul>

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