3 Worlds Meet[1]
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3 Worlds Meet[1]

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Many worlds Meet

Many worlds Meet

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  • How did the Sahara affect trade and travel to South and Central Africa? How do you think Islam spread through Africa?
  • How would African kings benefit from warfare with other kingdoms?
  • Starving irish family How could these catastrophes affect European society?
  • Hundreds of battles and uneasy peace; France eventually expelled England from Aquitane but England had won many battles. How does war affect society?How has the war in Iraq affected Americans, Iraqis, the world? Explain.
  • Why do you think Renaissance writers and artists valued classical art, architecture, etc? Why did people start to question the Catholic Church? Do people question religious organizations today?
  • How did the printing press change Europe? What books have made you curious about the world, your community, learning, etc?
  • Was ocean travel dangerous? Explain.

3 Worlds Meet[1] 3 Worlds Meet[1] Presentation Transcript

  • 3 Worlds Meet Africa Europe The Americas
  • 1 2 3 4
  • Rainforests (near the equator in Central and West Africa): tall forests that grow in moist, hot climates Sahara (North): largest desert in the world Savanna (North & South of rainforests): long, flat grassland with abundant wildlife, thorny bushes & scattered trees (I.e., Kalahari)
    • How does geography affect a culture?
  • Africa in the North ECONOMY: People used trade routes on Mediterranean Sea; Sahara limited trade and travel to Central & South Africa SOCIETY: Life in Sahara = isolated Religion: Islam brought by Arab merchants Muslims: people who follow Islam
  • Mansa Musa: Mali’s Leader; devout Muslim
  • West Africa ECONOMY: centered on the Niger, Volta, & Senegal Rivers & transported crops to Atlantic; soil was rich for farming POLITICAL: 2 kingdoms: Ghana & Mali; Controlled trade routes for salt & gold
    • Slavery
    • Most kingdoms fought one another for crops, land, & trade goods. African kings captured and enslaved enemies. Europeans arrive in 1480s- establishing the profitable slave trade
    • 3 goals of slavery
        • Strong men
        • Destroy enemy’s military strength
        • Slave trade in return for crops, weapons, & gold
  • Europe
  • The Black Death: one of Europe’s catastrophes during the 14 th -15 th c; killed millions
  • Great Famine: 13 th century; widespread food shortage
  • Hundred Years War: fought between Britain and France
  • European Society - 14 th -16 th century Renaissance (rebirth): widespread cultural revival of classical art, architecture, learning & literature Reformation: people started to question the role of church in society & the corruption of the clergy (I.e., sale of indulgences) Catholics vs. Protestants (to protest)
  • Martin Luther
  • Printing Press (1440) invented by Johannes Gutenberg enabled common people to learn to read which led to curiosity about the world
    • What impact did the printing press have on the spread of information? Can you compare it to any other modern invention (with respect to spreading information)?
  • Johannes Gutenberg
      • But…wind & currents controlled ocean travel
      • Horse latitudes: (30 to 35 degrees latitude north & south) weak currents/winds failed to move sailing vessels, thus horses & other livestock were dumped overboard to decrease the ship’s weight
      • BUILDING AN EMPIRE…Monarchs wanted new trade routes to Europe and Asia
    • How were the cultures of Africa and Europe different (pre-1492)? How were they similar?