01 Why do We Need Government
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01 Why do We Need Government

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2012-13 Academic year, stop at blank slide

2012-13 Academic year, stop at blank slide

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01 Why do We Need Government 01 Why do We Need Government Presentation Transcript

  • Why Do we NEED aGovernment?
  • What do YOU know about government?What is government’s purpose ?
  • Where would YOU like to live? Freeland Lawland • Ruled by elected officials• Total freedom • Government’s job is to• No job or education protect the rights we are born with required • Government taxes your• No rulers income, to use for services to help common• No laws good• Nothing is against the • Government makes laws to protect the common law welfare Josman, D., Roots of american democracy. Retrieved 12/5/08 from www.slideshare.net
  • Let’s Time Travel to get PERSPECTIVE How did WE get HERE?
  • Roots of American Government• John Locke (1632-1704 AD) – English philosopher who was one of the first thinkers to promote the idea that knowledge is determined by existence and experience (not pre-determined); developed social contract theory for how we form governments, and believed that the purpose of government is to protect people’s natural rights.
  • John Locke
  • His ideas lead to……• A comeback for democracy (AKA republican government)• The Enlightenment – mid-late 18th century movement that emphasized justice, science, equality, and human reason over dictatorial rule, superstition, and intolerance..• So…if people could reason, then they could………???
  • Enlightenment• Locke is considered one of the earliest Enlightenment thinkers, other Enlightenment era thinkers include Benjamin Franklin, Sir Isaac Newton, Voltaire, and Baron de Montesquieu
  • The Enlightenment •Condemned tyranny and superstition (like burning witches)other What MOVEMENTS •Challenged traditional social practices • Called for SOCIAL & POLITICAL changed CHANGE SOCIETY? •Valued JUSTICE and EQUALITY for all •Empasized human REASON and SCIENCE as the path to knowledgeJohn Locke Ben Franklin
  • We are all BORN with Natural Rights that CANNOT be given or TAKEN away…
  • LIFE
  • Liberty
  • PROPERT
  • State of Nature• Freeland is just like recess with no teachers or lunch aides• What can you assume a true “state of nature” is?• A “state of nature” is defined as life without government or laws.• Who survives in a state of nature? Josman, D., Roots of american democracy. Retrieved 12/5/08 from www.slideshare.net
  • Imagine… • You are walking down the street and you notice that the doors of a bank are wide open. There are huge piles of money sitting on the floor. No one else is there. No one will ever know whether you go in and take some or all of the money or if you just keep walking. • What will you do?Josman, D., Roots of american democracy. Retrieved 12/5/08 from www.slideshare.net
  • 1. Would you take the money? – Why or why not?2. Based on this scenario, is a government necessary in shaping how people behave?3. What is your view of human nature? (do you think most people would take the money)? – Explain?4. What drives most people? – Selfishness? Guilt? Fear? Greed? Love? Kindness? Compassion? Josman, D., Roots of american democracy. Retrieved 12/5/08 from www.slideshare.net
  • Lord of the Flies & Mufasa’s Death Lord of the Flies Mufasa’s Death SAME DIFFERENT P. #
  • Lord of the Flies & Mufasa’sLord of the Flies Death Mufasa’s Death Write a summary statement for each video clip. SAME DIFFERENT P. #
  • Lord of the Flies & Mufasa’s Death Lord of the Flies Mufasa’s Death SAME DIFFERENT Fill in AFTER we watch BOTH videos. Minimum of 2 bullets P. #
  • RALPHPIGGY
  • RALPHPIGGY
  • JACK
  • Connect the videos to whatyou learned about NaturalRights and a state of nature.Think about the following:1. What does the Conch Shellsymbolize?2. What is happening in eachvideo?