The Spanish Armada
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Transcript

  • 1. Bellringer
    • Why do countries fight wars with each other? What is there to gain or lose in a war? What is the difference between a war and a battle?
  • 2. Review
    • In the late 1400’s many countries began to explore.
    • They included Portugal, Spain, France, and England.
    • Exploration could led to new wealth.
    • Under the idea of mercantilism , the more wealth a country possesses the more power it could gain.
    • The power struggle for North American existed between France, Spain, and England.
  • 3. The Spanish Armada SSA532 – Understands the impact of significant events on the eventual development of the United States.
  • 4. Objective
    • Students will categorize the elements of the Spanish Armada by observing a PowerPoint presentation and completing a history frame, as measured by a series of exit questions.
  • 5. History Frame Activity Notes: See insert
  • 6. History is a story…..
    • As we go through the following slides, remember that a story is being told. Try to visual the story as it unfolds.
  • 7. The Key Players…
    • Wanted England to be a Catholic country.
    • Angry at execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
    • Decided to invade England.
    • Ordered a huge fleet of ships (ARMADA) to be built.
    King Philip II of Spain
  • 8. The Key Players…
    • Determined that England would remain a Protestant country.
    • Ordered English ships to attack Spanish ships and take their cargo.
    Queen Elizabeth I of England
  • 9. The Key Players…
    • Very successful sailor.
    • Made the first English voyage around the world.
    • Robbed and destroyed the Spanish ships.
    • Knighted on return.
    Sir Francis Drake of England
  • 10. Sir Frances Drake Cont….
    • As a sailor, Drake's successful battles against the Spanish helped England become very powerful.
    •   The Spanish had conquered much of central and South America by 1550.
    • Their ships carried back large amounts of gold and silver to Spain.
    • Drake’s ships use to attack these treasure ships and steal their goods.
    • Drake's ships captured a huge amount of gold and silver on their trip around the world. When he returned home in 1580 he was knighted.
    What was left?
  • 11. The Causes of Invasion…
    • Many attacks on the Spanish at sea by the English.
    • Queen Elizabeth sent reinforcements to help the Dutch fight the Spanish.
    • Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed – she is next in line to the throne and a Catholic.
    • The Pope agrees that Spain can attack England to restore the Catholic Church.
  • 12. The road to invasion….
    • Philip II of Spain was angry that Queen Elizabeth had not punished Sir Francis Drake for attacking Spanish ships and got together a huge fleet of ships. He sent the armada to fight against the English.
    • A huge fleet, or armada of 130 ships was to sail up the English Channel to the Netherlands. It would be joined by an army of 30,000 men and take them to the English coast. There they would land and invade England returning it to the Catholic religion.
  • 13. The Invasion…..
  • 14. July 21,1588
    • Armada leaves Spain to sail up the English Channel, where an army to invade England is to be waiting.
  • 15. July 30,1588
    • Armada enters English Channel, where they are surprised to find the main English fleet. The Armada adopts a crescent battle formation. After delays, caused by tides and wind, the English fleet sails to meet it.
  • 16. July 31 st - August 1 st 1588
    • English ships attack outermost Spanish vessels with long-range gunfire. Nothing is sunk but San Salvador explodes. Overnight, Drake breaks the line to capture the Spanish ship Rosario . English fleet regroups; The Spanish Armada consolidates the Armada's crescent formation and sends message out to rendezvous at Calais.
  • 17. August 2, 1588
    • The Armada reaches Portland Bill. English and Spanish ships engage in fierce battles. English ships fire heavily on Spanish but do little damage. Their ammunition runs low.
  • 18. August 3-6 1588
    • English fleet divides into four squadrons and stops the Armada from entering Solent. The Armada sails east, and the English fleet follows but has too little ammunition to renew attack. The Armada drops anchors off Calais but discovers the invading army is not ready.
  • 19. August 7-8 1588
    • During the night, English fire ships break the Armada's formation. Battle of Gravelines sees nine hours of close fighting between English and Spanish ships. Many vessels on both sides are damaged. One Spanish ship sinks, and the English fleet, helped by the storm, drives the rest of the Armada into the North Sea.
  • 20. August 13, 1588
    • After being exhausted by English ships and battered by storms, the Armada sails north, intending to round the coast of Scotland and sail south to Spain. Conditions on board the ships are poor.
  • 21. August 24, 1588
    • Storms scattered the Armada off the north coast of Scotland.
  • 22. September - October
    • Fierce storms drive many ships towards the Irish coast. More than 25 ships are wrecked and thousands of crew drown, or are killed by English soldiers when they reach shore. About two-thirds of the Armada eventually escapes bad weather and sail home to Spain.
  • 23. The Result of the Invasion…
    • The Armada is famous because at that time England was a small nation with a small navy and they were facing the greatest power in the world (Spain).  They defeated Spain, with help from a storm.
    • It marked the beginning of England's mastery of the seas.  The great history of the English navy began, as did serious English exploration and colonization.
    • The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the rise of England and the fall of Spain in race for ownership of North America.
  • 24. Let’s not forget….
    • The Spanish had already conquered much of central and South America, which remained in their possession.
  • 25. Final thought…..
    • Although the war between England and Spain continued until 1604, the defeat of the Armada marked the end of Spanish control of the seas, leaving open the opportunity for England to start colonies in North America.
  • 26. The New Situation…. D
  • 27. Recap….. The Spanish Armada Convert England back to the Catholic Religion. Off the coast of England 1588 Spain (King Philip II) England (Queen Elizabeth & Sir France Drake) The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the rise of England and the fall of Spain in race for ownership of North America. If it wasn’t for the defeat of the Spanish Armada, England may have never had the opportunity to colonize in North America. 1. England upsets Spain. 2. The Spanish send an Armada to defeat and covert England back to Catholicism. 3. England, led by Sir Frances Drake and helped by the weather, defeat the Armada in a series of battles.
  • 28. Objective
    • Students will categorize the elements of the Spanish Armada by observing a PowerPoint presentation and completing a history frame, as measured by a series of exit questions.
  • 29. Exit Question #1
    • The Spanish Armada of 1588 was fought between which two countries?
    • A. Italy and Spain
    • B. Scotland and England
    • C. England and Spain
    • D. France and England
  • 30. Exit Question #2
    • Which sea captain helped save England?
    • A. Sir Frances Drake
    • B. Christopher Columbus
    • C. Sir England Brakes
    • D. Leif Erickson
  • 31. Exit Question #3
    • Which country focused strongly on colonization of North America after the Spanish Armada?
    • A. France
    • B. England
    • C. Spain
    • D. All of the above
  • 32. Exit Question #4
    • France’s main focus in North America was establishing trading post.
    • A. True
    • B. False
  • 33. Exit Question #5
    • The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the rise of England and the fall of Spain in race for ownership of North America.
    • A. True
    • B. False
  • 34.
    • Please take a moment a draw
    • a visual representation of what you
    • have learned today.
  • 35. Reflection
    • Have you ever fought with somebody where you lost something of value?