Philip II of Spain was angry that Queen Elizabeth had not punished Sir Francis Drake for attacking Spanish ships and got together a huge fleet of ships. He sent the armada to fight against the English.
A huge fleet, or armada of 130 ships was to sail up the English Channel to the Netherlands. It would be joined by an army of 30,000 men and take them to the English coast. There they would land and invade England returning it to the Catholic religion.
Armada enters English Channel, where they are surprised to find the main English fleet. The Armada adopts a crescent battle formation. After delays, caused by tides and wind, the English fleet sails to meet it.
English ships attack outermost Spanish vessels with long-range gunfire. Nothing is sunk but San Salvador explodes. Overnight, Drake breaks the line to capture the Spanish ship Rosario . English fleet regroups; The Spanish Armada consolidates the Armada's crescent formation and sends message out to rendezvous at Calais.
English fleet divides into four squadrons and stops the Armada from entering Solent. The Armada sails east, and the English fleet follows but has too little ammunition to renew attack. The Armada drops anchors off Calais but discovers the invading army is not ready.
During the night, English fire ships break the Armada's formation. Battle of Gravelines sees nine hours of close fighting between English and Spanish ships. Many vessels on both sides are damaged. One Spanish ship sinks, and the English fleet, helped by the storm, drives the rest of the Armada into the North Sea.
Fierce storms drive many ships towards the Irish coast. More than 25 ships are wrecked and thousands of crew drown, or are killed by English soldiers when they reach shore. About two-thirds of the Armada eventually escapes bad weather and sail home to Spain.
Although the war between England and Spain continued until 1604, the defeat of the Armada marked the end of Spanish control of the seas, leaving open the opportunity for England to start colonies in North America.
Recap….. The Spanish Armada Convert England back to the Catholic Religion. Off the coast of England 1588 Spain (King Philip II) England (Queen Elizabeth & Sir France Drake) The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the rise of England and the fall of Spain in race for ownership of North America. If it wasn’t for the defeat of the Spanish Armada, England may have never had the opportunity to colonize in North America. 1. England upsets Spain. 2. The Spanish send an Armada to defeat and covert England back to Catholicism. 3. England, led by Sir Frances Drake and helped by the weather, defeat the Armada in a series of battles.