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Yuk Hui: What is a digital object?

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  • a smaller version of this talk appears in Special Issue: Philoweb: Toward a Philosophy of the Web: Guest Editors: Harry Halpin and Alexandre Monnin, Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 380–395, July 2012 : http://digitalmilieu.net/?p=231
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  • The creation of each 'Owndated Webquantum' by datevaluation is a shift process from analogique money in digital money for the needs of the constitution of Personalized_Webliving_Savings in WebDynamics mode in Economy 4G3W.
    Thank you Yuk Hui and PhiloWeb
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  • Yuk you should add audio.
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    Yuk Hui: What is a digital object? Yuk Hui: What is a digital object? Presentation Transcript

    • What is a digital object? Yuk Hui Goldsmiths University of London
    • Plan
      • Part I: Objects
      • Part II: Relations
      • Remark I
      • Part III: Mind
      • Remark II
      • Part I: Objects
    • Digital Objects
    • Digital Milieu
    • Metadata
      • Example of Friend of a Friend (FOAF)
      • <foaf:Person>
      • <foaf:name>Peter Parker</foaf:name> <foaf:gender>Male</foaf:gender>
      • <foaf:title>Mr</foaf:title>
      • <foaf:givenname>Peter</foaf:givenname> <foaf:family_name>Parker</foaf:family_name> <foaf:mbox_sha1sum>cf2f4bd069302febd8d7c26d803f63fa7f20bd82</foaf:mbox_sha1sum> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource=&quot;http://www.peterparker.com&quot;/>
      • <foaf:weblog rdf:resource=&quot;http://www.peterparker.com/blog/&quot;/>
      • </foaf:Person>
    • Metadata
      • Metadata of a Flickr Photo
      • comments: 1
      • dates:
      • dateuploaded: 8/19/07; 2:44:43 AM
      • lastupdate: 8/19/07; 2:44:43 AM
      • posted: 8/19/07; 2:44:43 AM
      • taken: 8/18/07; 10:44:43 PM
      • takengranularity: 0
      • description: Sent from my iPhone
      • editability:
      • canaddmeta: 0
      • cancomment: 0
      • farm: 2
      • geoperms:
      • iscontact: 0
      • isfamily: 0
      • isfriend: 0
      • ispublic: 1
      • id: 1166257196
      • isfavorite: 0
      • license: 5
      • location:
      • accuracy: 15
      • country: United States
      • county: Santa Clara
      • latitude: 37.444293
      • locality: Palo Alto
      • longitude: -122.160591
      • region: California
      • notes:
      • 72157601607070993:
    • Metadata
      • h: 20
      • id: 72157601607070993
      • title: Blue Chalk Cafe
      • w: 68
      • x: 280
      • y: 14
      • originalformat: jpg
      • originalsecret:
      • location: USA
      • nsid: [email_address]
      • realname: Dave Winer
      • username: scriptingnews
      • rotation: 0
      • secret:
      • server: 1007
      • tags:
      • barcampblock:
      • author: [email_address]
      • id: 380915-1166257196-13743477
      • machine_tag: 0
      • raw: barcampblock
      • heatherharde:
      • author: [email_address]
      • id: 380915-1166257196-2504570
      • machine_tag: 0
      • raw: Heather Harde
      • techcrunch:
      • author: [email_address]
      • id: 380915-1166257196-3057
      • machine_tag: 0
      • raw: TechCrunch
      • title: Heather Harde, TechCrunch CEO
      • photopage: http://www.flickr.com/photos/scriptingnews/1166257196/
      • visibility:
      • isfamily: 0
      • isfriend: 0
      • ispublic: 1
    • Object-Data
      • Object  Data  Object (internet of things)
    • Digital Objects
      • Information Object (embodiment)
      • Perception Data (control)
      • Immaterial relations Material Network (Materialization)
    • Ontologies
      • “ The curious thing about the ontological problem is its simplicity. It can be put in three Anglo-Saxon monosyllables: ‘What is there?’”
      • W.V.O. Quine, On What There Is
    • Object and Appearance
      • Proposition 1: The core question of object for metaphysicians since Aristotle is becoming the question of appearance
    • Aristotle’s Ontology
      • Being
      • Substance
      • Accidents
      • Quantity, Quality, Relation, Action, Passion, Time, Place, Disposition, Rainment
      • Grammar: Subject – Predicate
    • Hylomorphism
      • “ in speaking here of matter I have in mind, say, the bronze of a statue, while by shape-form I mean the geometry of the object’s appearance and by the composite the statue itself as a whole entity”
      • Aristotle, Metaphysics
    • Hume
      • since no one will “assert, that substance is either a colour, or sound, or a taste”
      • so the “idea of substance must therefore be derived from an impression of reflection, into our passions and emotions”
      • “ none of which [passions and emotions] can possibly represent a substance”
      • “ we have therefore no idea of substance, distinct from that of a collection of particular qualities, nor have we any other meaning when we talk or reason concerning it”
      • David Hume, Treatise on Human Nature
    • Kant
      • Noumena: unknowable (the-thing-in-itself)
      • Phenomena: knowable
      • perception
      • understanding
      • reason
    • Husserl
      • “ how are we to understand the fact that the ‘in itself’ of the objectivity can be thought of by us and moreover ‘apprehended’ in cognition and thus in the end yet become ‘subjective’”
      • Husserl, quoted by Edo Pivčević
      • Husserl and Phenomenology
    • Natural Objects
      • The metaphysical investigation of object has been always centered on its “Eidos”
    • Technical Objects
      • “ is not made of matter and form only. It is made up of technical elements arranged from a certain system of usage and assembled into a stable structure by the manufacturing process”
      • “ There would be no exaggeration in saying that the quality of a simple needle expresses the degree of perfection of a nation’s industry”
      • Gilbert Simondon
      • On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects
      • Part II: Relations
    • Networks
    • Hylomorphism?
      • An architectural rule which the SGML community embraced is the separation of form and content. It is an essential part of Web architecture, making possible the independence of device mentioned above, and greatly aiding the processing and analysis
      • Tim Berners-Lee
      • Web Architecture from 50,000 feet
    • Relations
      • their [Peirce and Schröder] method suffers technically (whether philosophically or not I do not at present discuss) from the fact that they regard a relation essentially as a class of couples, thus requiring elaborate formulae of summation for dealing with single relations. This view is derived, I think, probably unconsciously, from a philosophical error: it has always been customary to suppose relational propositions less ultimate than class-propositions (or subject-predicate propositions, with which class-propositions are habitually confounded), and this has led to a desire to treat relations as a kind of classes
      • Bertrand Russell
      • The principle of Mathematics
    • Relational Calculus
      • xRy
      • x : referents
      • y : relatum
      • R : relata
      • “ we can now develop the whole of mathematics without further assumptions or indefinables”
      • Bertrand Russell, The principle of Mathematics
    • Relational Database
      • Edgar F. Codd, A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks , 1970
      • Tuple Relational Calculus
      • a simple example: consider a company has the following information inside its relational database: EMPLOYEE (SSN, Name, Bdate, Address, Salary, DeptId), and the query of a TRC will be something like this: Find all employees whose salary is greater than 30.000 { t ∣ t∈EMPLOYEE ∧ t. Salary>30. 000}
    • Digital Objects
      • A digital object is defined by relations (not subject-predicate)
      • A digital object’s identity is defined by its being-in-the-milieu
      • All accidents become element of relations
      • Substance is not an engineering question
    • Remarks
      • Remark 1: what we have been talking about are Discursive Relations, which we can actually identify with Hume’s philosophy of relations.
      • Remark 2: there are other type of relations, which I call Existential Relations, Martin Heidegger is a philosopher of existential relations though he refused
      • Part III: Mind
    • Mind
      • Tim Berners-Lee: Global Mind
      • Turing: can machines think?
      • intelligence simulation
      • Can we think with machines?
      • social computing
    • I think
      • Rene Descartes: cogito ergo sum
      • I think= substance
      • “ I think” to Kant is “not something represented, but the formal structure of representing as such, and this formal structure alone makes it possible for anything to have been represented.”
      • Martin Heidegger, Being and Time
    • Kant’s Categories
    • Social Categories
      • At the root of all our judgments there are a certain number of essential ideas which dominate all our intellectual life they are what philosophers since Aristotle have called the categories of understanding: ideas of time, space, class, number, cause, substance, personality, etc. They correspond to the most universal properties of things. They are like the solid frame, which encloses all thought… They are like the framework of the intelligence
      • Durkheim, The Elementary Form of Religious Life, 1915:9
    • Thinking
      • Creation of digital objects through ontologies: a global schema
      • Digital objects as tertiary retention, which conditions I think (Bernard Stiegler)
      • Machine functions intrude into the flux of consciousness
    • Remark
      • Remark 3. Clark and Chalmers’ Extended Mind: cognitive process is outside the skull.
      • Remark 4. Digital Objects as tertiary protention