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Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
Where do "ontologies" come from?
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Where do "ontologies" come from?

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Presentation by Aurélien Bénel at PhiloWeb 2012 (WWW 2012), Lyon, France.

Presentation by Aurélien Bénel at PhiloWeb 2012 (WWW 2012), Lyon, France.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. Where do ‘ontologies’ come from? Seeking for the missing link Aurélien Bénel, Web & Philosophy, April 17, 2012
  • 2. “ A program that wants to compare or combine information across (...) two databases has to know that (...) two terms are being used to mean the same thing. (...) Artificial intelligence and Web researchers have co- opted the term [‘ontology’] for their own jargon, and for them an ontology is a document or file that formally defines the relations among terms. (Berners-Lee et al., 2001)
  • 3. Library of CongressD: History (general)DA: Great BritainDB: AustriaDC: FranceDD: GermanyDE: Mediterranean Soviet LibrariesDF: Greece A: Marxism-LeninismDG: Italy A1: Classic works of Marxism-LeninismDH: Low Countries A3: Life and work of C. Marx, F. Engels,V.I. LeninDJ: Netherlands A5: Marxism-Leninism PhilosophyDK: Former Soviet Union A6: Marxist-Leninist Political EconomicsDL: Scandinavia A7/8: Scientific CommunismDP: Iberian PeninsulaDQ: SwitzerlandDR: Balkan PeninsulaDS: AsiaDT: AfricaDU: OceaniaDX: Gypsies As true as thesauri are? (Shirky, 2005)
  • 4. Coherence Correspondence Hypothesis Intersubjectivity190019101920193019401950196019701980 What is truth anyway?
  • 5. ‘Ontologies’400 000 papers in computer science (Gruber, 1991) ??? Vienna Circle
  • 6. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar380285 1930-1939190 Religious studies 95 Philosophy of science 0 1930’s
  • 7. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar15001125 750 1940-1959 Analytical philosophy (Quine) 375 0 1930’s 1940’s 1950’s
  • 8. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar40003000 1960-19692000 Phenomenology1000 Reflections on art 0 1930’s 1940’s 1950’s 1960’s
  • 9. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar60004500 1970-19793000 Analytical philosophy1500 Linguistics 0 1930’s 1940’s 1950’s 1960’s 1970’s
  • 10. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar1500011250 7500 1980-1989 Computational linguistics 3750 0 1930’s 1950’s 1970’s
  • 11. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar700005250035000 1990-1999 Knowledge representation17500 0 1930’s 1950’s 1970’s 1990’s
  • 12. ‘Ontology’ in Google scholar400000300000200000 2000-2009 The Semantic Web100000 0 1930’s 1950’s 1970’s 1990’s
  • 13. The missing linkVienna SemanticCircle Web P. Hayes Quine J. McCarthy
  • 14. Why it matters• Debt to Artificial Intelligence • same people • same technologies • same philosophy
  • 15. Why it matters• Quine, “On what there is” (1948) • existence: neither discovered nor invented • reference: pronouns rather than names • formal logic as an ‘example of language’ truth as coherence
  • 16. http://hypertopic.org/

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