Sexually transmitted infections gonorrhoea

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Sexually transmitted infections gonorrhoea

  1. 1. Malogae Badiekang Samuel IE&C Coordinator Asutifi-North 22nd June, 2013 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs)
  2. 2. • Define STIs • Overview of STIs • Common STIs • Gonorrhoea, agent, incubation period • How common is Gonorrhoea • Clinical features of Gonorrhoea • Mode of transmission • Complications of untreated & poorly treated Gonorrhoea Outline
  3. 3. Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases caused by one or more microorganisms that are mainly transmitted from one infected person to another during unprotected sexual intercourse. What are STIs?
  4. 4. According to WHO an estimate of 340 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections occur throughout the world every year, up to 4000 newborn babies become blind every year because of eye infections attributable to untreated maternal gonococcal and chlamydial infections. Overview
  5. 5. Common STIs •HIV/AIDS •Genital Herpes •Genital Warts •Chlamydia •Chancroid •Gonorrhoea •Hepatitis B •Trichomoniasis •Syphillis •Ringworm
  6. 6. Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a bacterium. Gonorrhea can grow easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (urine canal) in women and men. The bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus. What is Gonorrhoea?
  7. 7. The exact time when gonorrhea started cannot be ascertained. Earliest records of the disease are found from 1161 when the English parliament enacted a law to ensure that the spread of the infection is decreased and curbed. This was followed by a similar law in 1256 in France during the reign of Louis IX. History of Gonorrhoea
  8. 8. In 1879 Neisser discovered the gonococcus or Neisseria gonorrhoeae and it was soon proven to be the causative agent of gonorrhoea. He demonstrated its presence consistently in patients with symptoms. In addition, when discharge and cultures of gonococci was introduced into the urethra of healthy men, it caused the disease History of Gonorrhoea
  9. 9. Distribution of Gonorrhoea in Asutifi-North It is predominantly among people aged 20-34, 35-49, 18-19 years of age. How common is Gonorrhoea? Condition Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Gonorrhoea 477 407 575 741 638 176 RT Discharges 1,918 1,814 1,792 2,139 1,032 247 Total 2,395 2,221 2,367 2,880 1,670 423
  10. 10. A gram-negative bacteria called “Neisseria gonorrhoea” What is the organisms that causes Gonorrhoea?
  11. 11. Incubation period: 2-7 days of unprotected sexual contact with an infected person What is the Incubation period of Gonorrhoea?
  12. 12. Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, common symptoms in men include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis that usually appears 1 to 14 days after infection. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. What are the symptoms of Gonorrhoea?
  13. 13. Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. The initial symptoms in women can include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if symptoms are not present or are mild. Symptoms in Women
  14. 14. Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. Rectal infections may also cause no symptoms. Infections in the throat may cause a sore throat, but usually cause no symptoms. Both Sexes
  15. 15. People get gonorrhea by having unprotected sex with someone who has the disease. “Having sex” means anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Gonorrhea can still be transmitted via fluids even if a man does not ejaculate. Gonorrhea can also be spread from an untreated mother to her baby during childbirth. How do people get Gonorrhoea? (mode of transmission)
  16. 16. Any sexually active person can be infected with gonorrhea. It is a very common STD. In the Asutifi-North District, it is common among people aged: 20-34, 35-49, and 18-19 years Who is at risk for gonorrhea?
  17. 17. Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men. • Death • Infertility • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease • Ectopic pregnancies • Blindness in new born babies What are the complications of gonorrhea?
  18. 18. •Infection •Sore throat •Difficulty Urinating •Heart Failure •Painful joints •Abortion (septic abortion) Complications con’td
  19. 19. If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea, she may give the infection to her baby as the baby passes through the birth canal during delivery. This can cause serious health problems for the baby. How does gonorrhea affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
  20. 20. Treating gonorrhea as soon as it is detected in pregnant women will make these health outcomes less likely. Pregnant women should consult a health care provider for appropriate examination, testing, and treatment, as necessary. How does gonorrhoea affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
  21. 21. Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of getting or giving gonorrhea. The most certain way to avoid gonorrhea is to not have sex or to be in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected. How can gonorrhea be prevented?
  22. 22. • Anyone with genital symptoms such as discharge, burning during urination, unusual sores, or rash should stop having sex and see a health care provider immediately. • Also, anyone with an oral, anal, or vaginal sex partner who has been recently diagnosed with an STD should see a health care provider for evaluation. Recommendations
  23. 23. • If a person has been diagnosed and treated for gonorrhea, he or she should tell all recent anal, vaginal, or oral sex partners so they can see a health care provider and be treated. • Avoid self-medication because, it causes development of resistance • Seek early treatment • Follow treatment protocol as prescribed your health care provider Recommendations
  24. 24. What is gonorrhea? How common is gonorrhea? How do people get gonorrhea? Who is at risk for gonorrhea? What are the symptoms of gonorrhea? What are the complications of gonorrhea? What about Gonorrhea and HIV? How does gonorrhea affect a pregnant woman and her baby? Who should be tested for gonorrhea? What about partners? How can gonorrhea be prevented? Where can I get more information? FAQ on Gonorrhoea
  25. 25. THANK YOU!!!

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