This report considers two potential scenarios:Low Growth: market diversification does not occur and industry growth is driven by North American demand for oil and natural gas from industrial uses, power generation and transportation. Expansion: market diversification occurs and Canadian oil and gas producers supply international markets. Ie. LNG export facilities and associated pipelines. Oil and Gas Services - Employment within the services sector (i.e., drilling and completions, geophysical, and petroleum services) is projected to increase in either scenario. Growing demands for production from oil sands, shale oil and gas and the development of the LNG export sector.Exploration and Production (E&P) - Great opportunities exist around LNG export development, oil sands developments and expanded offshore activities. Project are very expensive and require long lead times, lots of capital investment.Pipelines - Several thousand kilometers of new pipelines are required to reach new markets. Workforce for construction phase of the pipeline expansion might be significant, but not be as intensive as other sectors. Age-related attrition will be a key concern for the sector.
A job for everyone!Key job family = A series of related jobs distinguished by levels of knowledge, skills, abilities and other factors. e.g., field workers, operators, trades, technologists and technicians.Employment over the next decade may increase between nine and 20 per cent respectively, with employment levels reaching 213,500 to as much as 233,900 by 2022.
80% office vs 20% on-site (plant, facility – can be remote, but not the same as service field work)These are the “owners” – ie. Producing companies that put capital investment towards projects
There are two different methods of producing oil from the oil sands: open-pit mining and in situ. Bitumen that is close to the surface is mined. Bitumen that occurs deep within the ground is produced in situ using specialized extraction techniques. Oil sands activity can be broken down into three operation types:Mining – activities to explore and recover oil sands reserves through mining from open pits – use heavy hauler trucks - Initially, bitumen was extracted using huge shovels and trucks and open-pit mining techniques. However, only 20 per cent of Canada’s known oil sands resource is close enough to the surface to be mined.In situ – activities to explore and recover oil sands reserves in place, or “in situ”, by drilling wells – SAGD process - Other 80 per cent of Canada’s oil sands resource is deeper or in situand requires different extraction technologies, such as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), to bring the bitumen to the surface. Steam is used in SAGD to soften the bitumen so it can be pumped to the surface. SAGD is similar to conventional oil production - uses horizontal drilling and wells.Upgrading – process manufacturing operation that converts bitumen into a product similar to light conventional oil. It also produces a number of other useful by-products, such as sulphur which is used in the manufacturing of fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and other products.
22,500 growth + attrition When you add in 3% turn-over: 9,350 + 22,500 = 31,850Power engineers – needed for the oil sands - operators who require power engineering certification or what is also known as a steam ticket. Responsible for the safe and efficient operation and maintenance of industrial equipment such as boilers, steam and gas turbines, generators, gas and diesel internal combustion engines, pumps, condensers, compressors, pressure vessels and related controls. In large industrial or building complexes, they also may be responsible for heating, air-conditioning, ventilation, refrigeration, fire systems and building control systems. (ALIS) Greatest need is for 3rd class power engineers.
Employment Impacts of Oil and Gas Investment and Activities to 2022Between 2013 and 2022, the industry will sustain an average of 213,000 to 224,400 direct jobs each year in exploration and production, oil and gas services and pipeline operations. In addition, between 413,400 and 505,300 indirect jobs will be sustained each year in: construction manufacturing transportation and warehousing professional, scientific and technical services waste management and remediation services financial, insurance, real estate and rental and leasing Finally, an average of 267,700 to 306,400 jobs each year will also be supported or ‘induced’ in the broader economy, largely through a general increase in consumer spending by direct and indirect workers.Simply put:for every direct job created within oil and gas industry operations, three jobs are created outside of the industry.
Net hiring requirements to 2022 for Top 10 Alberta-based oil + gas operations.Net hiring requirements = hiring due to industry activity + age-related attrition (excludes non-retirement turnover)Alberta’s oil and gas industry directly employed close to 160,000 workers in 2012! In addition to the oil and gas field and operations employment across the province, Alberta is also home to the majority of the industry’s head office jobs. Investments and activities of the oil and gas industry, including LNG development on the west coast, offshore oil and gas development on the east coast, and oil sands development in Alberta will continue to benefit all Canadians.
Long-Term Net Hiring Requirements (to 2022) for Top Ten Oil and Gas OccupationsNet hiring requirements = hiring due to industry activity + age-related attrition (excludes non-retirement turnover)For all sectors combined
Occupations with ten-year average projected unemployment rates below the balanced rate (both scenarios):“labour shortages” - lack of workers from an occupational perspective. Some occupations will have enough workers (quantitative balance), but there may be gaps in the skills and experience the oil and gas industry is looking for. This is typically referred to as “skill shortages.” The occupations listed have ten-year average projected unemployment rates that fall below the occupation’s balanced unemployment rate in both scenarios.
Careers in Oil + Gas.com has plenty of information and resources about working in the Canadian oil and gas industry. If you are looking for employment, you can: • Search for job postings in Canada’s oil and gas industry• Sign up for a job seeker account to receive career alerts• Click on the Employer ads featured on the left side of this website• Check out our Featured Employers page where you'll find a listing of companies• Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter for the latest info • Sign-up for our Careers in Oil + Gas e-Newsletter for news about the industry, job search tips, etc. • Take our Career Quiz to learn about careers that fit your preferences• Check out our Job Seeker Tools page and FAQ page for job search tips and resources• Find out what the hiring trends are and in-demand jobs in the oil and gas industry
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to have a career in oil and gas? Day in the Life profiles are exactly that, profiles of real people that have a career in oil and gas. Get the whole story from the people in the field, as they tell you about their typical days on the job, what they love about their career and how they got started.
Don’t know where you fit in a career in oil and gas? Our occupational summaries are everything you need to know about work, education and career paths for specific occupations in oil and gas.
June 12 & 13, 2013Rowena SampangSenior Advisor, Marketing & CommunicationsPetroleum Human Resources Council of Canada (now part of Enform)
Today we are going to look at careers in…Oil and Gas…and we we‘re not just talking aboutthis…or this
What is Petroleum?Natural Gas OilWhen we’re talking about petroleum, we’re talking about natural gas and oil.
Canada’s Oil & Gas Industry• 3rd largest natural gas producer• 6th largest crude oil producer (rank increasing with oil sands)• Employs about 550,000 people in Canada (directly and indirectly)• Energy is now Canada’s largest export sector (took over fromautomobile industry in 2003)• Industry payments to governments: $18 Billion• Over 3,000 products we use everyday are made from petroleum• Long history: first well in Canada was in 1858
Oil & Gas in CanadaMap: Canadian Centre for Energy InformationWestern CanadianSedimentary Basin
How does the Oil & Gas Industry Work?UpstreamMidstreamDownstream
What kind of careers are there?• 1,000+ companies• Identify drilling prospects• Acquire land & mineral rights• Conduct public involvement• Contract service companiesExploration &Production
Seismic Careers• Surveyors• Line Clearers• Seismic Drilling Crews• Data Acquisition & RecordingResource:• Canadian Association of GeophysicalContractors (CAGC) – www.cagc.caWhat kind of careers are there?ServicesPhotos: Technicoil & Halliburton
Drilling & Completions Careers• Drilling Rig Crews– Leasehands (Roustabout), Floorhands (Roughnecks)– Rig Technicians, Motorhands, Derrickhand, Driller– Rig Managers– www.rigtech.ca• Service Rig Crews- Floorhands (Roughnecks), Derrickhand- Operators (Driller)- Rig Managers- www.servicerigdrive.ca• Resources:- Canadian Association of Oilwell DrillingContractors (CAODC) - www.caodc.caWhat kind of careers are there?ServicesPhotos: Technicoil & Halliburton
Petroleum Services Careers• Cementing Helper• Truck Driver• Fracturing Operator• Rigger• Snubber• Well Testing Assistant• Wireline Operator• Safety trainer• Environmental management• Waste treatment, recycling and disposal• Resources:- Petroleum Services Association of Canadawww.psac.caWhat kind of careers are there?ServicesPhotos: Technicoil & Halliburton
A Closer Look at the Oil Sands SectorOil sands operations sector:Extraction, production and upgrading ofbitumenBitumen:Heavy, viscous form of crude oil, oftenfound in oil sand deposits
Occupational Labour Shortages• Chemical engineering technologists• Chemical engineers• Civil engineers• Crane operators• Drafting technologists and technicians• Drilling coordinators/production managers• Electrical/instrumentation engineers• Environmental technicians• Geologists and geophysicists• Heavy equipment operators• Heavy-duty equipment mechanics• Industrial electricians• Industrial engineering and manufacturingtechnologists and technicians• Inspectors in public and environmental healthand safety• Instrumentation engineering technologists• Instrumentation technicians• Insulators• Mechanical engineering technologists• Mechanical engineers• Millwrights and machinists• Mining engineers• Non-destructive testers and inspectiontechnicians• Oil and gas drilling, servicing, and relatedlabourers• Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers, andrelated workers• Oil and gas well drilling workers and serviceoperators• Petroleum engineers• Petroleum/mining/geological engineeringtechnologists• Power engineers (steam-ticket required)• Project engineers• Purchasing agents and officers• Steamfitters and pipefitters• Supervisors, oil and gas drilling and service• Truck drivers• Welders
So How Do I Get a Job in Oil and Gas?Just like preparing for any real job hunt:• Understand the industry and the different sectors• Research oil and gas careers• Get your resume and cover letter ready• Practice your interviewing skills• Understand your transferrable skills• Talk to a Career Advisor/Counselor• Research companies in advance• Be willing to re-locate• Network and talk to people that work in oil and gas
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