Presentation at Cannexus 2013

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A severe labour shortage is looming in Canada’s oil …

A severe labour shortage is looming in Canada’s oil
and gas industry. As industry employers face the
prospect of hiring thousands of new workers over the
next decade, a career in oil and gas is a career with
a promising future. Career practitioners will leave
this session with an understanding of Canada’s oil
and gas industry, available industry career options,
and knowledge of valuable resources to help their
clients effectively job search in the industry.

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  • Introduction : About me & the Council, www.careersinoilandgas.com Overview of presentation Will be at Careers in Oil + Gas booth
  • Often when people think of working oil and gas they think of either working on the rigs… or working at a service station. However, there are a large number of careers available in the oil and gas industry, from finding it to putting it into your car.
  • The word “Petroleum” literally means ‘rock oil’ or “ crude oil” – including heavy and light oil and bitumen. Petroleum is the general term for solid, liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are a class of organic compounds consisting only of carbon and hydrogen and which are the basis of oil, natural gas and coal. – Centre for Energy Basically - C’s and H’s in Chemistry class. A very basic example is CH 4 which is methane , or natural gas.
  • Some quick statistics to give you some perspective on Canada’s Oil and Gas industry. 3 rd largest natural gas producer following USA and Russia The industry pays royalties, fees and taxes - $18 Billion! - and supports communities across the country (source CAPP) Did you know? - oil was first commercially produced in 1858 in Oil Springs, Ontario There is an oil industry right here in Ontario. There are about 2,500 producing oil and gas wells in Ontario, primarily in the southwestern tip of Ontario in and around Sarnia. Two refineries – Sarnia, Nanticoke – Imperial Oil, Nova Chemicals.
  • Oil & Gas is a national industry – there is oil and gas activity in every province (except Nunavut) Arctic: 16% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; Arctic Islands, Beaufort Sea, Mackenzie Valley Offshore east coast: 18% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; offshore platforms are Hibernia, Sable Island, Terra Nova and White Rose. Shale gas deposits also exist in Quebec and New Brunswick. - Offshore west coast: 4% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; 1972 moratoria on development
  • Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB): is the largest basin in North America and contains one of the world's largest reserves of petroleum and natural gas Includes: southwestern Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan, Alberta, northeastern British Columbia and the southwest corner of the Northwest Territories. 57% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves (87% of gas and 97% of oil production) exist in WCSB Including oil sands (not counted as “conventional”) – crude oil production will almost double by 2025, reaching more than 4.3 million barrels per day (2010 about 2.8 million b/d) Canada has 175 billion barrels of oil that can be recovered economically with today’s technology. Of that, 170 billion barrels are located in the oil sands (ERCB & Oil & Gas Journal) 81% of the oil and gas workforce is in Alberta – 150,513
  • “ The oil and gas industry is divided into three distinct segments, upstream, midstream and downstream: Upstream refers to the early stages of oil and gas development – mainly finding it, then extracting it from the ground; Midstream refers to the storage and movement of oil and gas, from where it’s produced to where it needs to be upgraded into ‘consumer products’, then sold; Downstream refers to the upgrading, production of consumer products and sale.
  • Remind that there is no ‘giant lake/ocean’ of oil and gas underneath western Canada. Oil and natural gas exist in the porous rock found under our feet. In order to ‘look inside’ the rock, scientists must undertake seismic surveys of the land. Once they are (reasonably) sure where the oil and gas is located, then they either drill ‘conventional’ wells, develop oil sands deposits or, in Atlantic Canada, build drilling platforms to extract petroleum from the ocean’s floor.
  • Once petroleum has been extracted from the ground, it must be transported from its (usually) remote locations to areas where it can be directly upgraded or refined, or stored until it is ready to be updated or refined. The images here show common methods of transportation and storage – tankership, pipeline, truck and liquefied natural gas (LNG) ports (where natural gas is compressed into liquid form, then sent overseas in ships – upon arrival at ‘customers’, the LNG is converted back into a gaseous state.
  • Pipelines transport crude oil and raw natural gas over long distances from producing regions of Canada to refineries and processing plants , where these energy sources are converted into useful fuels, such as gasoline, diesel and commercial-grade natural gas. Pipelines are also used to transport these consumer-ready fuels from refineries and gas processing plants to large terminals on the edge of towns and cities, where they can then be distributed to homes and businesses. This is just illustrates the liquids pipelines. Visit cepa.ca for more information on natural gas pipelines. Rather than follow the lines in detail, it is important here to point out the expanse and complication of pipelines across North America. Not just pipe Pipelines consist of pipe, as well as related equipment. Compressors or pumps keep the gases and liquids flowing through pipelines, while valves control the flow and keep things running smoothly. Pipelines are a critical part of Canada’s oil, petroleum products and natural gas delivery network.
  • Oil and gas on its own can’t be used for much: • oil pumped from the ground or from the oil sands needs to be refined into the products we understand in our everyday lives – lubricating oil, gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc. • Petrochemicals – Using liquids from natural gas (ethane and propane especially) – polypropylene plastics are produced •  Natural gas is distributed and used in home heating and electricity production (to name but a few uses), but a common location is first required.
  • A minimum of 9,500 jobs! Age-related attrition is the driving force behind a minimum of 9,500 job openings that the industry will need to fill over the next four years. The industry is also grappling with skill and experience shortages as it loses workers due to retirement. This is short-term to 2015 for four major upstream and midstream sectors, including – taken from our LMI data: Oil and gas services Exploration and production (E&P) Oil sands Pipeline
  • This is short-term to 2015 for four major upstream and midstream sectors, including – taken from our LMI data: Oil and gas services Exploration and production (E&P) Oil sands Pipeline
  • These are petroleum sectors that we cover – part of upstream and midstream industries. Approx 17,000 oil and gas companies representing one or more of these sectors. – Current total industry size is ~170,000 workers. E&P: Onshore activity for conventional oil and gas reserves and unconventional reserves excluding oil sands. Oil sands : Extraction and upgrading of bitumen: Oil & Gas Services : contracted exploration, extraction and production services to the E&P and oil sands sectors. Greatest need for workers – approx. 5,500 to 2015 Petroleum services includes well services, oilfield construction and maintenance, production and transportation services. Drilling and completions services includes drilling and service rig for onshore activities. Geophysical services (also known as seismic) includes survey, permitting and reclamation, line construction, drilling and data acquisition. Pipeline : Mainline transmission for transporting daily crude oil and natural gas production in Canada. Offshore : development drilling, production and servicing of offshore oil and gas projects. About 4,000 workers in offshore (included in services & E&P).
  • Nine “key job families” Anticipated labour market demand... The future employment prospects (industry-wide and oil sands) Go into listing of careers
  • 80% office vs 20% on-site (plant, facility – can be remote, but not the same as service field work)
  • Surveying • Use high-tech global positioning systems (GPS) and conventional survey equipment to create maps and design the routes where the seismic survey will be conducted on a prospect (a piece of land under serious consideration). Line Clearing • Clear environmentally sensitive routes and trails in the bush using a variety of techniques such as non-mechanical line cutting methods (hand cutting and limbing) and low ground pressure mechanical cutting methods involving “cats” and mulchers. Seismic Drilling • Use truck-mounted, buggie, track or heli-portable drills to drill holes on flagged shot points (the point at which an explosion originates, generating vibrations in the ground) and plant explosive charges. This work is not required if vibrating equipment is used instead of dynamite. Data Acquisition and Recording • Create artificial sound waves and earthquakes through the use of dynamite explosives and/or vibrating equipment and record characteristics of the underground rock structures.
  • Key difference between drilling rigs and service rigs: Nature of the equipment and the length of time spent on a particular site. You can start entry level and work your way up to a field or corporate management. DRILLING RIG CREWS: Rig crews follow the rig when it moves from job to job. May spend weeks or months drilling a very deep well and once finished, never return to that site. 24/7 operations. Cover your own expenses, but get allowance. Each drilling crew has between 4 and 6 individuals. 3-4 crews are assigned to a rig to maintain its 24/7 operations (7 days AM, 7 days PM, 7 days off) – OR 20 days on/10 days off).The Drilling Crew is made up of both entry-level positions, e.g. Leasehands and Floorhands, and increasingly senior-level positions, e.g. Motorhand, Derrickhand, Driller and Rig Manager. SERVICE RIG CREWS: Service Rig Crews are onsite for a much shorter period of time (days or weeks) and operate during daytime hours . There return regularly to maintain and enhance production of the wells, look after wells in a set area, are smaller than drilling rigs and are mobile , employers cover expenses. are between 4-6 people on the single crew assigned to a service rig. The crew is made up of both entry-level positions, e.g. Floorhands, and increasingly senior-level positions, e.g. Derrickman, Operator and Rig Manager.
  • Services/supply and manufacturers - Provide the specialized services and equipment needed for preparing, completing, testing, maintaining and reclaiming crude oil and natural gas wells. Cementing Helpers – part of a crew that maintains and operates high-pressure mixing and pumping systems for placement of cements and fluids into wells Fracturing Operator – operate equipment to create hydraulic fracturing around the formation surrounding the well; maintain stimulation equipment; operate pump equipment. Rigger – attach slings to loads which must be winched or boomed on and off flatbed trailers; signals driver during loading/unloading/backing up; loads and unloads drill pipe. Snubber – requires working with a well under pressure; insertion and removal of drill pipe, tubing or specialized equipment into or from a well. Well Testing Assistant – operates temporary surface production well-testing equipment to record surface pressures and gas and liquid rates to determine a well’s production viability; maintain and service equipment; “rig-in” and “rig-out” equipment; data collection. Wireline Operator – operates wireline or cable (slickline) to lower objects or downhole equpment and tools into a well
  • Think about the “person power” required to build pipelines that long (not only for pipefitters, welders, etc., but also environmental planners, etc.), to maintain them - fix any problems that can arise, etc.
  • Oil sands are a mixture of sand, water, clay and bitumen (oil). By 2020, more than 80% of Canada's future oil production is expected to come from the oil sands. The oil sands in Canada are found in Alberta - in the Athabasca, Peace River and Cold Lake regions - covering nearly 140,200* square kilometres. Oil sands sector is involved in the extraction, production and upgrading of bitumen. Oil sands activity can be broken down into three operation types: Mining – activities to explore and recover oil sands reserves through mining from open pits In situ – activities to explore and recover oil sands reserves in place, or “in situ”, by drilling wells Upgrading – converting bitumen into a product with a lower density and viscosity There are two different methods of producing oil from the oil sands: open-pit mining and in situ. Bitumen that is close to the surface is mined. Bitumen that occurs deep within the ground is produced in situ using specialized extraction techniques. Oil Sands - Exploration + Production Shallow oil sand deposits (up to 75 metres deep) make up about 20% of the reserves. They are accessed via open mines. Many heavy equipment operators are needed to operate the shovels that collect the oil sands and drive the enormous oil sands trucks from the mine site to the processing facility. Close to 80% of oil sands reserves are located too far below the surface for mining. Wells are drilled for this oil, just like wells in the conventional oil industry, but more help is needed to get the bitumen to flow up the wellbore. Because the oil is so thick, sophisticated technologies, like Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD), are used to help the oil flow to the surface.
  • The Canadian oil sands region is home to an estimated 173 billion barrels of oil, or about 97% of Canada's total oil reserves. By 2021: In Situ operations will employ almost half (48 per cent) of the oil sands workforce Mining operations will remain a key employer in the sector, accounting for 38 per cent of the workforce Upgrading will employ 14 per cent of the workforce In 2011, Canada’s oil sands sector directly employed 20,304 workers. This included: 8,217 jobs in in situ operations 8,110 jobs in mining operations 3,977 jobs in upgrading As conventional sources of energy begin to decline, the Canadian oil sands will become a significant source of global energy for future generations.
  • Tradespersons account for 18.6% of all workers in Alberta. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 282-0063) Statistics Canada reports tradespersons in the oil and gas industry in the same category as transport and equipment operators.
  • Careers in Oil + Gas has provides educators, career and employment counselors, and parents with information and materials about: Canada’s oil and gas industry Working conditions Education requirements Career paths Much, much more!
  • Job Board, sign-up as a job seeker and receive career alerts.
  • Provides an overview of Canada’s oil and gas industry and information on the careers available by job family. Includes: an overview of the type of work a listing of job titles and related National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes education and certification requirements working conditions general characteristics and attributes of the work suggestions for learning more about the industry and job opportunities
  • Created by the Council and detail everything you need to know about work, education and career paths for specific occupations in oil and gas. Detailed documents designed to meet the unique needs of career counselors, consultants and practitioners.
  • Day in the Life profiles directly from people who work in the field, who tell about their typical days on the job.
  • Receive our e-news – we can scan you. We’ll make this presentation available on slideshare. Visit us at booth #3207!

Transcript

  • 1. January 29, 2013 Clayton Filkohazy John Santos Communications & MarketingPetroleum Human Resources Council of Canada
  • 2. Today we are going to look at careers in… Oil and Gas…and we we‘re not just talking about …or this this
  • 3. What is Petroleum?When we’re talking about petroleum, we’re talking about natural gasand oil. Natural Gas Oil
  • 4. Canada’s Oil & Gas Industry• 3rd largest natural gas producer• 6th largest crude oil producer (rank increasing with oil sands)• Employs about 550,000 people in Canada (directly and indirectly)• Energy is now Canada’s largest export sector (took over from automobile industry in 2003)• Industry payments to governments: $18 Billion• Over 3,000 products we use everyday are made from petroleum• Long history: first well in Canada was in 1858
  • 5. Oil & Gas in Canada Map: Canadian Centre for Energy Information
  • 6. Oil & Gas in Canada Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin Map: Canadian Centre for Energy Information
  • 7. How does the Oil & Gas Industry Work? Upstream Midstream Downstream
  • 8. Upstream• Find it• Extract it
  • 9. Midstream• Move it• Store it Photo: Canaport LNG
  • 10. Oil & Gas Pipelines Source: Canadian Energy Pipeline Association
  • 11. Did you know? Canada has more than 825,000 kilometres of pipeline. If laid end to end these could circle the earth 20 times!
  • 12. DownstreamMaking it useful forconsumers•Refineries•Petrochemical companies•Natural gas distribution utilities•Then sell it! Photos: Suncor
  • 13. What is the future of Employment in Oil and Gas?
  • 14. Hot Careers and Lots of Them! Over 9,500 new workers will be needed by 2015!
  • 15. Hot Jobs in the Petroleum Industry• Field workers, labourers and operators• Supervisors, drilling and service• Chemical/mechanical/petroleum engineers• Non-steam ticketed operators• Heavy equipment operators• Drilling coordinators/primary production managers• Truck drivers• Millwrights and machinists• Geologists and geophysicists• Steam-ticketed operators
  • 16. Petroleum Sectors Current Oil & Gas Workforce (2011)• Exploration & Production (E&P)• Oil Sands• Oil & Gas Services• Pipeline• Offshore
  • 17. Career Options
  • 18. What kind of careers are there?• 1,000+ companies Exploration &• Identify drilling prospects Production• Acquire land & mineral rights• Conduct public involvement• Contract service companies
  • 19. What kind of careers are there?Seismic Careers Services• Surveyors• Line Clearers• Seismic Drilling Crews• Data Acquisition & RecordingResource:• Canadian Association of Geophysical Contractors (CAGC) – www.cagc.ca Photos: Technicoil & Halliburton
  • 20. What kind of careers are there?Drilling & Completions Careers Services• Drilling Rig Crews – Leasehands (Roustabout), Floorhands (Roughnecks) – Rig Technicians, Motorhands, Derrickhand, Driller – Rig Managers – www.rigtech.ca• Service Rig Crews - Floorhands (Roughnecks), Derrickhand - Operators (Driller) - Rig Managers - www.servicerigdrive.ca • Resources: - Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors (CAODC) - www.caodc.ca Photos: Technicoil & Halliburton
  • 21. What kind of careers are there?Petroleum Services Careers• Cementing Helper Services• Truck Driver• Fracturing Operator• Rigger• Snubber• Well Testing Assistant• Wireline Operator• Safety trainer• Environmental management• Waste treatment, recycling and disposal• Resources:- Petroleum Services Association of Canada www.psac.ca Photos: Technicoil & Halliburton
  • 22. What kind of careers are there?• Construction Pipelines• Testing• Management• Public involvement Photos: Spectra Energy & CEPA
  • 23. What kind of careers are there?• Upgrading bitumen Processing• Processing natural gas• Refining crude oil Photos: Altagas & Petro-Canada
  • 24. What kind of careers are there?• Mining, extraction and upgrading of Oil Sands bitumen in three main areas of Alberta: – Athabasca – Peace River – Cold Lake Map: Oil Sands Discovery Centre Photos: Syncrude & Suncor
  • 25. Hot Careers and Lots of Them! Between 2012 and 2021, the overall number of jobs in the oil sands sector will increase to approximately 35,000!
  • 26. Hot Jobs in the Oil Sands• Steam-ticketed operators• Heavy equipment operators• Heavy-duty equipment mechanics• Facility operation and maintenance managers• Engineering managers• Petroleum engineers• Mechanical engineers• Primary production managers• Industrial electricians• Millwrights and machinists
  • 27. Workforce Composition by Occupation Type –E&P and Oil Sands
  • 28. Workforce Composition by Occupation Type - Services
  • 29. Workforce Composition by Occupation Type - Pipelines
  • 30. Tips for Job Seeker Asking Your AdviceTips for job seekers interested in the oil and gas industry:•Understand the industry and the different sectors•Research oil and gas careers•Get your resume and cover letter ready•Practice your interviewing skills•Understand your transferrable skills•Research companies in advance•Be willing to re-locate
  • 31. Resources
  • 32. www.careersinoilandgas.com
  • 33. Careers in Oil + Gas: Rich with Potential
  • 34. Occupational Profiles
  • 35. www.careersinoilandgas.com
  • 36. Day in the Life
  • 37. Occupational Summaries
  • 38. Labour Market Information
  • 39. For more information Visit www.careersinoilandgas.com to sign up for our e-Newsletter Follow us @careersinoandg Like us www.facebook.com/careersinoilandgas www.slideshare.net/PetroHRCouncil