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Careers in Oil & Gas: What You Didn't Know

Careers in Oil & Gas: What You Didn't Know



A severe labour shortage is looming in Canada’s oil and gas industry. As industry employers face the prospect of hiring thousands of new workers over the next decade, a career in oil and gas is a ...

A severe labour shortage is looming in Canada’s oil and gas industry. As industry employers face the prospect of hiring thousands of new workers over the next decade, a career in oil and gas is a career with a promising future. Get an understanding of Canada’s oil and gas industry, available industry career options, and valuable resources to help effectively job search in the industry.



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  • Often when people think of working oil and gas they think of either working on the rigs, or, perhaps working at a service station. Well, there are a large number of careers in in the oil and gas industry from start to finish. Distribute a few sticky notes to each participant. Ask them to write down one or two burning questions about the oil and gas industry that they would like to have answered. Gather the notes, sort them to fit the workshop agenda and post them on the wall.
  • Often when discussing oil and gas in Canada, we assume everyone already understands what petroleum is and why we should care. Rather than just jumping in and identifying the various careers, first we will de-mystify oil and gas in Canada – THEN we can start to understand the careers that arise from the exploration, development, upgrading, refining and use of oil and gas.
  • The word “Petroleum” literally means ‘rock oil’ Petroleum is the general term for solid, liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are a class of organic compounds consisting only of carbon and hydrogen and which are the basis of oil, natural gas and coal. – Centre for Energy Basically - C’s and H’s in Chemistry class. A very basic example is CH 4 which is methane , or natural gas.
  • Arctic: 16% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; Arctic Islands, Beaufort Sea, Mackenzie Valley Offshore east coast: 18% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; Hibernia, Sable Island, Terra Nova and White Rose Offshore west coast: 4% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves; 1972 moratoria
  • Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) largest basin in North America; 57% of Canada’s original conventional hydrocarbon reserves (87% of gas and 97% of oil production) Now also has oil sands added in (not counted as “conventional”) – crude oil production will almost double by 2025, to reach between 4.3 million barrels per day (2010 about 2.8 million b/d) Canada has 175 billion barrels of oil that can be recovered economically with today’s technology. Of that, 170 billion barrels are located in the oil sands (ERCB & Oil & Gas Journal)
  • Some quick statistics to give you some perspective on Canada’s Oil and Gas industry. Spending & government info (2007 CAPP)
  • These are petroleum sectors that we cover – part of upstream and midstream industry. Approx 17,000 oil and and gas companies representing one or more of these sectors. – Current total industry size is ~170,000 Exploration and production (E&P) : onshore activity for conventional oil and gas reserves and unconventional reserves excluding oil sands. Oil sands : extraction and upgrading of bitumen. Offshore : development drilling, production and servicing of offshore oil and gas projects. Services : contracted exploration, extraction and production services to the E&P and oil sands sectors. Petroleum services includes well services, oilfield construction and maintenance, production and transportation services. Drilling and completions services includes drilling and service rig for onshore activities. Geophysical services (also known as seismic) includes survey, permitting and reclamation, line construction, drilling and data acquisition. Pipeline : mainline transmission for transporting daily crude oil and natural gas production in Canada.
  • The purpose of this slide is to introduce these terms – each will be described in more detail. Note that the word-images appear one-at-a-time on click. “ The oil and gas industry is divided into three distinct segments, often with the term “stream” attached to the title: Upstream references early stages of oil and gas development – mainly finding it, then extracting it from the ground; Midstream references either storing it or moving it from where it’s produced to where it needs to be upgraded into ‘consumer products’, then sold; Downstream references the upgrading, consumer product production and sale.
  • Remind that there is no ‘giant lake/ocean’ of oil and gas underneath western Canada. Oil and natural gas exist in the porous rock found under our feet - in In order to ‘look inside’ the rock scientists must undertake seismic surveys of the land. Once they are (reasonably) sure where the oil and gas is located, then they either drill ‘conventional’ wells, develop oil sands deposits or, in Atlantic Canada, build drilling platforms to extract petroleum from the ocean’s floor. Consider a ‘show and tell’ at this point of the oil sands samples present in the presentation kit.
  • 80% office vs 20% on-site (plant, facility – can be remote, but not the same as service field work)
  • There are two different methods of producing oil from the oil sands: open-pit mining and in situ (latin, meaning "in place"). Bitumen that is close to the surface is mined. Bitumen that occurs deep within the ground is produced in situ using specialized extraction techniques. This technique is sometimes misrepresented as the only method of mining oil sands. Just 20 per cent of the oil sands are recoverable through open-pit mining. 8,000 workers in mining. 80 per cent of oil sands reserves (which underly approximately 97 per cent of the oil sands surface area) are recoverable through in situ technology, with limited surface disturbance. 8,000 workers in in-situ.
  • Give examples of Unique to petroleum industry occupations
  • Chart starts from 12:00 and goes from darkest to lightest Majority of these companies require at least a high school diploma
  • Provide examples of unique to petroleum industry occupations
  • Once petroleum has been extracted from the ground, it must be transported from its (usually) remote locations to areas where it can be directly upgraded or refined, or stored until it is ready to be updated or refined. The images here show common methods of transportation and storage – tankership, pipeline, truck and liquefied natural gas (LNG) ports (where natural gas is compressed into liquid form, then sent overseas in ships – upon arrival at ‘customers’, the LNG is converted back into a gaseous state.
  • This slide contains two maps – the first being current oil pipelines across North America, the second being natural gas pipelines across North America. Rather than follow the lines in detail, it is important here to point out the expanse and complication of pipelines across North America. Of note is the confluence of pipelines in and around the Chicago area. Think about the “person power” required to build pipelines that long (not only for pipefitters, welders, etc., but also environmental planners, etc.), to maintain them - fix any problems that can arise, etc.
  • Oil and gas on its own can’t be used for much: • oil pumped from the ground or from the oil sands needs to be refined into the products we understand in our everyday lives – lubricating oil, gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc. • Petrochemicals – Using liquids from natural gas (ethane and propane especially) – polypropylene plastics are produced •  Natural gas is distributed and used in home heating and electricity production (to name but a few uses), but a common location is first required.
  • Oil sands – 4,000 workers in upgrading.
  • Geoscience professionals particularly geologists and geophysicists Experienced engineers for various disciplines: Reservoir/development, production/operations, drilling, completions, pipeline integrity, process and field engineers Completions specialists Certified trades and apprentices: Heavy duty mechanics, welders, pipefitters, machinists, insulators, scaffolders, and instrumentation technicians (field services) Plant operators, SAGD operators, field operators with intermediate- to senior- levels of experience and steam-ticketed operator roles such as chief steam engineers, power engineers, 2nd and 3rd class steam operators Drilling and service rig crews: Experienced derrickhands, rig managers and supervisors, drillers, motorhands, floorhands and leasehands Supervisors in pipeline and facility construction, field operations, seismic, fracturing, coil tubing, slickline and wireline Heavy equipment operators and drivers particularly experienced class 1 and 3 drivers Seismic workers such as line crew helpers, observers, etc. Experienced electric line (or eline) and production testing employees Business and operations support roles such as compensation analysts, document control, specialty IT systems resources, and various roles in quality, health, safety and environment (OHSE) including API-certified inspectors, EH&S specialists and field advisors
  • The website provides job seekers with all the information they need about working in Canada’s oil and gas industry; On average the site welcomes close to 22,000 visitors every month; and New content and resources are being added daily, including Day in the Life career profiles highlighting real people with real jobs in the petroleum sector.
  • Other available information Oil and Gas Locations; Salaries and Benefits; Career Opportunities; and Education, Training & Safety: Education Options; Skills Training; and Safety Training.
  • The type of work; A listing of job titles; Related NOC codes; Education and certification requirements; Working conditions; General characteristics and attributes of work; and References to learn more.

Careers in Oil & Gas: What You Didn't Know Careers in Oil & Gas: What You Didn't Know Presentation Transcript

  • January 24, 2012 Breanne O’Reilly, Communications SpecialistPetroleum Human Resources Council of Canada
  • Today we are going to look at careers in… Oil and Gas…and we we‘re not just talking about …or this this
  • But first, some stuff you might not know.• What is petroleum?• Why is it valuable?• How is it found?• What happens to it?
  • What is Petroleum?When we’re talking about petroleum, we’re talking about natural gasand oil. Natural Gas Oil
  • Oil & Gas in Canada Map: Canadian Centre for Energy Information
  • Oil & Gas in Canada Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin Map: Canadian Centre for Energy Information
  • Canada’s Oil & Gas Industry• 3rd largest natural gas producer• 6th largest crude oil producer (rank increasing with oil sands)• Employs about 500,000 people (directly and indirectly)• Energy is now Canada’s largest export sector (took over from automobile industry in 2003)• Industry payments to government: $24 Billion• Capital spending (conventional oil & gas/oil sands): $50 Billion• Long history: first well in Canada was in 1858
  • Petroleum Sectors• Exploration & Production• Oil Sands• Services• Pipeline• Offshore
  • How does the Oil & Gas Industry Work? Upstream Midstream Downstream
  • Upstream• Find it• Extract it
  • What kind of careers are there?• 1,000+ companies Exploration &• Identify drilling prospects Production• Acquire land & mineral rights• Conduct public involvement• Contract service companies
  • What kind of careers are there?• Mining and in-situ development of Oil Sands bitumen in three main areas of Alberta and part of Saskatchewan: – Fort McMurray – Cold Lake – Peace River• Directly employs thousands of Albertans• Indirectly employs thousands across Canada Map: Oil Sands Discovery Centre Photos: Syncrude & Suncor
  • Workforce Composition
  • Workforce Composition
  • What kind of careers are there?• Surveying Services• Drilling and servicing wells• Coiled tubing• Transporting materials• Production testing• Supplying equipment• Manufacturing and repairing machinery• Producing pipe• Safety training• Environmental management• Waste treatment, recycling and disposal Photos: Technicoil & Halliburton
  • Workforce Composition
  • Workforce Composition
  • Midstream• Move it• Store it Photo: Canaport LNG
  • Oil & Gas Pipelines Source: Canadian Energy Pipeline Association
  • Did you know? In Canada there is enough pipeline to circle the earth 17 times if it were joined end to end. There are 700,000km of pipeline!
  • What kind of careers are there?• Construction Pipelines• Testing• Management• Public involvement Photos: Spectra Energy & CEPA
  • Workforce Composition
  • Workforce Composition
  • DownstreamMaking it useful forconsumers•Refineries•Petrochemical companies•Natural gas distribution utilities•Then sell it! Photos: Suncor
  • What kind of careers are there?• Upgrading bitumen Processing• Processing natural gas• Refining crude oil Photos: Altagas & Petro-Canada
  • What is the future of Employment in Oil and Gas?
  • Hot Careers and Lots of Them! Between 9,500 to 15,000 new workers will be needed by 2015!
  • New Technology = More Hot CareersFracturing and in-situ are changing the industry and creating demandfor jobs such as:• Software technologists/developers• Geologists and engineers with knowledge of shale gas and oil reservoirs and well stimulation and completions• Measurement while drilling (MWD) specialists• Fracturing operators• Completions specialists• Class 1 drivers/operators• Water and environmental management technicians and specialists• Logistics specialists• Surface and subsurface engineers• 1st, 2nd and 3rd class steam engineers• Water management technicians and specialists.
  • In-Demand Jobs• Geoscience professionals• Experienced engineers• Completions specialists• Certified trades and apprentices• Operators• Drilling and service rig crews• Supervisors• Heavy equipment operators and drivers• Seismic workers• Experienced electric line (or eline) and production testing employees• Business and operations support roles
  • Resources
  • www.careersinoilandgas.com
  • www.careersinoilandgas.com
  • Occupational Profiles & SummariesOccupational Profiles –detailing the work, educationand career paths for specificoccupations in the petroleumindustry.Available on www.petrohrsc.caOccupational Summaries –providing a snapshot on workconditions, education, skills andminimum qualifications to get acareer started in oil and gas.Available onwww.careersinoilandgas.com
  • Guide for Practitioners • Overview of Canada’s oil and gas industry. • Information and requirements for careers in the industry. • Matrix of careers available in each sector. • Additional references, tools and resources.
  • For more information Visit www.careersinoilandgas.com to sign up for our eNewsletter Follow us @careersinoandg Like us www.facebook.com/careersinoilandgas