July 26, 1894 in Godalming, Surrey, English novelist and critic Aldous Leonard Huxley was born.
Despite having his mother die (1908) and suffering temporary blindness for 18 months, Huxley was able to earn his B.A. in English from Balliol College, Oxford.
Publishing a dozen books through the 1920s, he quickly became a influential literacy figure.
Brave New World (1932), which was a fictional book about futuristic society.
Brave New World Revisited (1958) was written to show Huxley’s opinion on the masterwork (Brave New World) and reflect on the fact that his assumptions of the future were coming due to Hitler’s Reich.
Island (1962) is a return to the a utopia first visited in the novel Brave New World, but not the same futuristic land, instead it is a fabled island called Pala that explores what it would be like from an outsiders point of view coming into such a content land.
Huxley was born into a prestigious family. his grandfather Thomas Henry Huxley, whom was an advocate of Charles Darwin’s book The Origin of Species and much of prestige came from strong debates against religious forms of evolution. Huxley was first seen as a literary figure in London when he wrote Crome Yellow (1921) In 1937 he moved to California, where he took LSD and mescaline. In 1954 Huxley wrote The Doors of Perception, which made him a guru to the Californian Hippies of the time. Reputation
Aldous Huxley is a critic, he wrote about how society was wrong, and brought about new ways of thinking of ourselves not as a human, but the human spirit.
“There's only one corner of the universe you can be certain of improvin, and that's your own self.” During the 1930s all eyes were on Germany, where Hitler was taking over the government. Huxley wanted to show people that your body may be constricted and warped, but your spirit (beliefs and values) can not be harmed if you do not allow it. Contributions
Brave New World Insight Brave New World was published in 1932, one year before Hitler rose to power with his fascist government. The reason this is relevant is because Hitler’s Third Reich was a state controlled government, where religion, wage, occupation, possessions, etc. were all controlled by the government. In Huxley’s Brave New World, the society is run by the government much like Hitler wanted, but it is to the extent even reproduction is selective and controlled.
Huxley encouraged a new way of thinking by writing about societies wrongs through the mid 1900s, using sharp dialogue and social criticism. He made people aware that pushing a society and individuals to become fully controlled and polluted by external influences would create a dystopia. Huxley was categorized as a literary genius in the early 1920s, and continued to produce essays, poems, and novels until his death in 1963. Social Relevence
Bibliography Answers Corporation. (2009). Aldous Huxley. Retrieved September 9, 2009, from Answers: http://www.answers.com/topic/aldous- huxley Fielding J., M. C. (2009). Perspectives on Ideology. Ontario: Oxford University Press. Jalic Inc. (2009). Aldous Huxley. Retrieved September 9-10, 2009, from The Literature Network: http://www.online-l iterature.com/aldous_huxley/ Kjos Ministries. (2009). Brave New World Revisted . Retrieved September 9, 2009, from Kjos Ministries: http://crossroad.to/Excerpts/books/transformation/brave- revisited.htm M., M. (2009). Quote Details. Retrieved September 9, 2009, from The Quotations Page: http://www.quotationspage.com/quote/31030.html United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (2009). Third Reich: overview. Retrieved September 9, 2009, from USHMM: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId= 10005141