Project partners:                                                                                              Agro Pecuár...
Jatropha Alliance: the worldwide representation       of the Jatropha industryRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo...
Partners for Innovation: supporting biomass and       biofuel plantations and processors • Consultancy firm in Amsterdam s...
Content     1. Why certification? Why capacity building? Why Mozambique?        Why RSB?     2. Toolbox, tools and approac...
Why certification?   To create sustainable value for all involved                                                 Market  ...
Why capacity building? Why Mozambique?     Reasons for the capacity building project:       Fulfilling sustainability crit...
Why RSB?   RSB is the most appropriate for Jatropha Reasons for selection of the RSB:   RSB is a biofuel-specific standard...
We have analysed 44 standards before making      the decision for RSB                      Identifcation and review of 44 ...
Toolbox, tools and approach  Help companies to get ready for certification    Preparation                                 ...
The three involved Jatropha producers:   2 trial scale, 1 full scale               Company                 Province       ...
Gap analysis is leading to a company-specific     roadmap for sustainability certification                                ...
Experience: RSB certification is demanding  and more suitable for bigger operations   RSB focuses on excellence in sustain...
Experience: the 12 RSB principles differ for ease of documentation, assessment and compliance                             ...
Experience: Jatropha has a great potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions                 80%                         ...
Experience: Jatropha has a great potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions                                            3...
Experience: what companies have learned Knowledge elements: • The drivers and benefits for certification • The actions tha...
Experience: recommendations for companies  aiming for sustainability assessment (1/2) 1. In the business set-up and land a...
Experience: recommendations for companies  aiming for sustainability assessment (2/2)   2. In the business operation stage...
Experience: recommendations for RSB        Use clear and internationally accepted definitions on terms as        ‘region o...
Feeding the debate in Mozambique      and worldwideContinuous presentation of the work done in Mozambique to:  Mozambican ...
Examples of projects that we try to develop to  support biomass/biofuel plantations in MOZ People aspects: 1. Capacity bui...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ministry of Energy Mozambique Workshop Sustainability Biofuels Peter Vissers May 2011

809 views

Published on

Presentation in workshop for Mozambican ministries and private actors involved in biofuels. Presentation of the results of capacity building in Mozambique at Jatropha producers on sustainability certification.

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
809
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ministry of Energy Mozambique Workshop Sustainability Biofuels Peter Vissers May 2011

  1. 1. Project partners: Agro Pecuária de Manica Lda Experiences with building up capacity for sustainability certification at selected Jatropha producers in Mozambique Peter Vissers – Partners for Innovation BV, Senior Partner Matthias Spöttle – Jatropha Alliance, Project Manager Workshop organised by Dr António Saíde and Ms Marcelina Mataveia, National Directorate of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Energy, Maputo, 20 May 2011 Project co-financed by:RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 1
  2. 2. Jatropha Alliance: the worldwide representation of the Jatropha industryRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 2/21
  3. 3. Partners for Innovation: supporting biomass and biofuel plantations and processors • Consultancy firm in Amsterdam since 2004 • Experienced staff with many years in international projects • Working for: private sector (Sara Lee, Sita, Desso, DAF, Jatropha Alliance, Green Resources, E+Co etc) and government (EC, Agency NL etc) • Topics: a) renewable energy (sustainability certification, business plan development) b) sustainable innovation and climate issues (carbon footprints) • In Africa: project work done in Mozambique, Madagascar, South-Africa, Niger, Ghana and Uganda • Work always done in partnership with local expertsRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011
  4. 4. Content 1. Why certification? Why capacity building? Why Mozambique? Why RSB? 2. Toolbox, tools and approach towards certification 3. Outcomes and experiences from the conducted sustainability assessments in Mozambique 4. Feeding the debate in Mozambique and worldwide 5. Suggestions for further support to biofuel plantations and producers in MozambiqueRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 4/21
  5. 5. Why certification? To create sustainable value for all involved Market A certificate ensures requirements • Investors Comply (e.g. • Regulators MOZ criteria, or RED for export • Workers to EU) Carbon • Local communities credits Trustworthy producer • Nature Obtain Be and stay certified addit.revenue • Clients against a credible • Country’s economy sustainability standard (Beyond scope pilot) that a company has (In the pilot: RSB) professionally dealt with sustainability aspects (people planet profit)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 5/21
  6. 6. Why capacity building? Why Mozambique? Reasons for the capacity building project: Fulfilling sustainability criteria is a market requirement for biofuels Jatropha industry has little experience with sustainability standards Reasons for Mozambique as focus country : Leading country in terms of biofuels developments in Africa Advanced government policy on biofuels 3 Jatropha Alliance members with operations in Mozambique Suitability of Mozambican situation: soil, climate, population density, availability of unused land suitable to grow JatrophaRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 6/21
  7. 7. Why RSB? RSB is the most appropriate for Jatropha Reasons for selection of the RSB: RSB is a biofuel-specific standard and not biomass-generic like ISCC and NTA8080 RSB is complete in terms of sustainability: social, economic and environmental aspects are covered RSB is a practical standard with extensive guidance and specific, measurable and realistic indicators RSB is a truly global standard that complies with regional rules RSB is a highly credible standard being the fruit of a multi-stakeholder dialogue of all biofuel stakeholders, both north and south, modelled according to FSCRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 7/21
  8. 8. We have analysed 44 standards before making the decision for RSB Identifcation and review of 44 sustainability standards In-depth analysis of 9 pre-selected sustainability standards Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) (Report on standard selection available on www.jatropha-alliance.org)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 8/21
  9. 9. Toolbox, tools and approach Help companies to get ready for certification Preparation Roadmap Certification Toolbox for (self)-assessment: 1. Questions regarding whether RSB Guidance on Guidance on is suitable roadmap steps in the 2. RSB gap analysis questionnaire development certification 3. RSB gap analysis assessment tool and process 4. RSB gap analysis report template assessing 5. Guidance on documentary the costs for evidence required for RSB certification 6. GHG questionaire Approach: questionnaire > 1st field visit > data collection > draft assessment > 2nd field visit > final assessment report > draft roadmap > 3rd field visit > final roadmap (toolbox and tools are available on www.jatropha-alliance.org)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 9/21
  10. 10. The three involved Jatropha producers: 2 trial scale, 1 full scale Company Province Location Actual size Target size Former Land Use (2010) (2015) M1 Elaion Africa Sofala Dondo 65ha 65 ha Bush-Savanna, charcoal Lda production M2 Sun Biofuels Manica Chimoio 2,000 ha 10,000 ha Tobacco Mozambique SA M3 Agro Pecuaria Manica Gondola 40ha 40 ha Farm land, probably de Manica Lda PortugueseRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 10/21
  11. 11. Gap analysis is leading to a company-specific roadmap for sustainability certification P1 Legality 10 P2 Planning, monitoring, cont. Examplary P12 Land rights 8 improvement identified gaps 6 Principle 2: P11 Technology P3 Greenhouse gases EIA conducted but 4 social management 2 plan missing P10 Air 0 P4 Human and labour rights >> 9 points Principle 9: Water management P5 Rural and local P9 Water development plan is missing. >> 6 points RSB compliance level P8 Soil P6 Food security (possible pass) Gap scores against RSB: P7 Conservation Typical Jatropha Company 10: adequate, Mozambique 8: needs improvement 5: needs significant improvement 0: not covered(tool can be used for all crops and all standards (e.g. BSI or MOZ criteria framework) >> see toolbox report available on www.jatropha-alliance.org) RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 11/21
  12. 12. Experience: RSB certification is demanding and more suitable for bigger operations RSB focuses on excellence in sustainability issues, and requires significant efforts. This fits better with larger scale operations, as small scale operations often lack the resources to address all issues. All business activities need to be tracked and precisely documented from day one onwards External experts need to be commissioned to assess social, water and conservation aspects around the project site Inadequate implemented measures risk a future compliance with RSB and need to be redone (e.g. detailed requirements for establishing baselines for ESIA) (for more info: see final report available on www.jatropha-alliance.org)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 12/21
  13. 13. Experience: the 12 RSB principles differ for ease of documentation, assessment and compliance Ease of Providing Conducting Gaining RSB Principle Documentation assessment compliance 8. Soil + + + 10. Air 0 + + 1. Legality 0 0 + 12. Land rights 0 0 + 2. Planning monitoring, cont. improvement 0 0 0 4. Human and labour rights 0 0 0 5. Rural and local development 0 0 0 6. Food security 0 0 0 9. Water 0 0 0 7. Conservation - 0 0 3. Greenhouse gases - + - 11. Technology - 0 - - =difficult to fulfill; 0 = requires significant effort to fulfill ; + = easy to fulfill (for details: see final report)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 13/21
  14. 14. Experience: Jatropha has a great potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80% 73% Assumptions base case 70% 65% 60% Scenario: 55% Biodiesel use in 48% MozambiqueGHG saving (%) 50% 40% Oil yield: 0.24 t oil/t seeds 30% Seed yield: 20% 3 t/ha/yr 10% Nitrogen fertiliser: 0% 44.2kg N/ha/yr Base case SC1 High oil yield (0.3 t High seed yield (6.0 No N input (0 kg oil/t seeds) t/ha/yr) N/ha/yr) (for details: see GHG calculation report available on www.jatropha-alliance.org)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 14/21
  15. 15. Experience: Jatropha has a great potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 380% 400% 200% 141% 48% 0% -59% -184% No land use Cropland Grassland Forest (canopy GHG saving (%) -200% change Tobacco > Savannah > Forest (canopy Scrubland > cover >30%) > assumed Perennial Perennial cover <30%) > Perennial Perennial Jatropha Jatropha Perennial Jatropha Jatropha -400% Jatropha -600% -800% -1000% -1200% -1142% >> Land use change calculations based on EC default values. For details: see GHG reportRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 15/21
  16. 16. Experience: what companies have learned Knowledge elements: • The drivers and benefits for certification • The actions that are expected from a sustainable biofuel plantation • Whether certification is appropriate for their organisation Results: • One company is eager to go ahead and currently develops a roadmap for certification for informed decision making • For the two smaller companies is at this moment too demanding and not appropriate • All 3 companies stressed that they gained great knowledge on all elements of sustainability: people planet profitRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 16/21
  17. 17. Experience: recommendations for companies aiming for sustainability assessment (1/2) 1. In the business set-up and land acquisition stage Decide early whether to go for RSB or not, to avoid “failures” from the beginning, which will impede future compliance: I. Take care that all measures are in line with RSB II. Document every activity III. Use Free Prior Informed Consent in negotiations with local population IV. Make baselines on social aspects, nature, carbon, water V. Do not plant on forest or dense scrubland Assess your GHG impact right from the startRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 17/21
  18. 18. Experience: recommendations for companies aiming for sustainability assessment (2/2) 2. In the business operation stage: Plan your moment of certification. Before a significant amount of oil is produced. Or before a new fund raising action. Ideally from the very beginning. Set up and maintain a filing system to gather and track all activities and documents Put in place a sustainability manager ensuring that RSB requirements are implemented Develop a certification roadmap in order to avoid last minute surprises and badly-informed decision makingRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 18/21
  19. 19. Experience: recommendations for RSB Use clear and internationally accepted definitions on terms as ‘region of poverty’ and ‘food insecure regions’ Be clear about which evidence is sufficient for RSB (e.g. FEWS NET information on food security) Be clear how national circumstances must be taken into consideration (e.g. if there is no public waste infrastructure in place for certain waste streams). Advice on alternatives. Be clear about dealing with conflicting issues, e.g. customary practise counteracting conservation (machambas in riparian zones) Provide info on the cost of RSB certification and compliance. This is key for companies for informed decision making.RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 19/21
  20. 20. Feeding the debate in Mozambique and worldwideContinuous presentation of the work done in Mozambique to: Mozambican institutions and stakeholders: Ministries of Energy Agriculture, Environment, CEPAGRI, WWF, CONDES, Petromoc Biofuel industry worldwide: presentations at major biofuel events around the world (2010-2011) and some additional events Biofuel stakeholders worldwide: Boeing, Airbus, Lufthansa, KLM, investors, Dutch government, Dutch Embassy, Agency NL etc Certification standards worldwide: RSB, BSI, ISCC, NTA8080, etc Certification bodies worldwide: Control Union, Inspectorate, Intertek, SGS, TÜV Süd, etc. Full transparency: all reports on the InternetRSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011 20/21
  21. 21. Examples of projects that we try to develop to support biomass/biofuel plantations in MOZ People aspects: 1. Capacity building of biofuel plantations and their experts (all crops, more companies, mixed teams) in MOZ about complying with INT and MOZ sustainability standards (with GEXSI) 2. NL/EU MOZ bio-energy academy (with AgroNovas Energia Lda) 3. Creation of a MOZ biomass/biofuel association to exchange good practices and to represent the industry towards professionalization and scaling up Financial aspects: 1. One of our clients asked us to help identifying investment opportunities in professional companies / start-ups in energy projects in MOZ. Typical investment: > 500k€ (2012) 2. REDD and CDM support to the Mozambican government and to project developers with operations in Mozambique (with Jos Cozijnsen) 3. Dutch investors mission on renewable energy to Mozambique and South-Africa (with SANEC and NL renewable energy association, 2012?)RSB Side Event, World Biofuels MarketsMaputo,March 2011, Rotterdam © Jatropha Alliance 2011 Workshop Ministry of Energy, 2011, 23 20 May 2011

×