Ubiquitous Networking! What is needed for the Future!! by:  Craig K. Harmon President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems
October 4, 2007 <ul><li>The most influential computing hardware from the early days of computing? </li></ul>IBM 360 mainfr...
Sputnik Kaputnik
Craig K. Harmon • President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems  <ul><li>Chair, ISO TC 122/104 JWG - Supply Chain Applications of RFID </...
Universal translation There are fish in the sea better than have ever been caught 이제까지   붙잡는다   더   나은   계속   바다안에   물고기  ...
Is the radio spectrum a scarce resource?  Or is it our inability to manage access to the spectrum with technology?
Dual Frequency for ILT? <ul><li>There are applications where UHF works best and others where HF works  best and the indust...
Novel Antenna Design and  ne X t  G eneration Wireless Networks When it comes to the future, there are three kinds of peop...
Higher Speed Networks <ul><li>Before content becomes richer, users proliferate, and applications more ubiquitous, the need...
Mobile Database JMS  Libraries Client Agent Mobile  Connection Web Services Object Libraries Relational Data Sync Parker I...
Future Power Cells Future Power Sources <ul><li>We continue to want to put more functionality into portable devices </li><...
Wireless Technology <ul><li>In the later part of the 20th century the U.S., Europe, and Japan led in technological develop...
SK Telecom <ul><li>RFID & Mobile telephony </li></ul>SYSTEMS Copyright © 2007 - Q.E.D. Systems
Public policy - Security <ul><li>Need to develop effective countermeasures for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skimming data </li><...
Public policy - Privacy <ul><li>Need to develop guidelines on data privacy (corporate and government databases) more that ...
Public policy - Safety  (JTC 1/SC 31) <ul><li>1.  Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electr...
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 <ul><li>Pretoria Plenary created an ad hoc entitled Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) u...
MIIM - Task Definition <ul><li>The ad hoc group on  Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer appli...
MIIM - Time Frame <ul><li>The ad hoc group on  Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applicatio...
MIIM - Ad Hoc Administration <ul><li>Ad Hoc Group Membership </li></ul><ul><li>The ad hoc group on  Mobile item identifica...
Mobile RFID in ISO <ul><li>Establishment of new work area for mobile item identification </li></ul><ul><li>Includes mobile...
Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul...
Potential Work Items * <ul><li>RFID and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RF profile for mobil...
Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Optically Readable Media and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Sensors and Sensor Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors an...
Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Sensors and Sensor Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical layer – Sensor networks </li></u...
The Future <ul><li>Korea is, without doubt, the leading country for mobile computing, wireless networks, and sensors </li>...
Thank you!!! 너를   감사하십시요 Craig K. Harmon (V):  +1 319/364-0212 (E):  [email_address] (U):  http://www.autoid.org
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  • Quick, what&apos;s the most influential piece of hardware from the early days of computing? The IBM 360 mainframe? The DEC PDP-1 minicomputer? Maybe earlier computers such as Binac, ENIAC or Univac? Or, going way back to the 1800s, is it the Babbage Difference Engine?
  • More likely, it was a 183-pound aluminum sphere called Sputnik, Russian for &amp;quot;traveling companion.&amp;quot; Fifty years ago, on Oct. 4, 1957, radio-transmitted beeps from the first man-made object to orbit the Earth stunned and frightened the U.S., and the country&apos;s reaction to the &amp;quot;October surprise&amp;quot; changed computing forever. Although Sputnik fell from orbit just three months after launch, it marked the beginning of the Space Age, and in the U.S., it produced angst bordering on hysteria. Soon, there was talk of a U.S.-Soviet &amp;quot;missile gap.&amp;quot; Then on Dec. 6, 1957, a Vanguard rocket that was to have carried aloft the first U.S. satellite exploded on the launch pad. The press dubbed the Vanguard &amp;quot;Kaputnik,&amp;quot; and the public demanded that something be done.The most immediate &amp;quot;something&amp;quot; was the creation of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), a freewheeling Pentagon office created by President Eisenhower on Feb. 7, 1958. Its mission was to &amp;quot;prevent technological surprises,&amp;quot; and in those first days, it was heavily weighted toward space programs.
  • A commonly held perception is that spectrum is scarce, and that spectrum access cannot be provided for new applications without reallocating spectrum from existing users. The traditional approach to interference avoidance is through analysis of all “worst case” assumptions, and imposition of regulatory constraints on all users of the spectrum as to power, frequency, directionality, etc. that preclude any “possibility” of interference.
  • The NeXt Generation (XG) program challenges these assumptions and approaches based on the premise that the critical issue is not extensive spectrum usage, but limitations in the ability of current technologies to access spectrum in an interference controlling manner. The XG program is developing the enabling technology to dynamically manage spectrum while avoiding interfering conditions. Much of this has to do with the spatial and temporal characteristics of spectrum. When we first started managing spectrum, we had relatively long range transmissions, and we had essentially continuous broadcasting operations. Clearly, these conditions are true for only a small subset of today’s radio applications. As we move up in frequency, we tend to have very localized effects due to physics of propagation, and our current, &amp;quot;bandwidth on demand&amp;quot; services are highly variable in their operational tempo, and thus their temporal characteristics. It is not surprising that a centralized, and long duration planning process is not effective in achieving the maximum spectrum loading. We should view these newly arising characteristics as opportunities to provide different, and more aggressive spectrum management. However, exploiting these characteristics can only be performed locally and on an instant-by-instant basis. The RF environment at 1 MHz will be the same over a very large region, but the environment at 1 GHz is much more localized, and may be far different on either side of even a small hill. At 10 GHz it varies over the range of tens of meters. From an engineering perspective, it is not a break from how interference has always been analyzed; the change is that this management is now placed in each radio, where it can assess the actual situation at each instant in time, rather than have to be deconflicted, in advance, for any possible situation of time, position, signal, propagation, etc. Only a few of these driving, or constraining conditions will be present at any one time, and these are the only ones that need be considered in developing an interference avoidance tactics. The radio itself is most aware of these conditions. This is not to trivialize the problems of very rapidly sensing and characterizing the environment, and then developing, distributing and updating frequency planning across a network. Each of these problems has been solved for other applications, so we are confident we can solve them for spectrum management. In fact, we are so convinced that there are probably many good ways to perform some or all of these functions that we are ensuring that our strategies are flexible enough to allow for multiple instantiations of the core processes, within a single abstraction of how XG should operate. Perhaps the greatest challenge is ensuring that our approach is not unduly influenced by how we plan to implement the solution today, and is instead a flexible framework that can be used for decades after the XG project is completed.
  • Note: the requirement for a Web application server (WebSphere 6.1) and Oracle database (10gR2) necessitates Solaris 10 is the operating system
  • We believe that we are attempting to actualize what JCA-NID has been recommending in the areas of mobile RFID, optically readable web based services, and sensor networks We will also be recommending the formation of a Joint Working Group (JWG) between JTC 1/SC 31, JTC 1/SC 6, and ITU-T for areas of overlapping scopes
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • The second sub-group might be one on “RFID and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Yet a third on on “Optically Readable Media and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • . . . and finally a fourth on sensors and sensor networks
  • We want to underscore that we are not attempting to usurp any other SDO’s work items. The term “sensor” appears in no other relevant SDO’s current scope. We acknowledge that there may be overlapping scopes between this effort and the intent of JTC 1/SC 6 and ITU-T, specifically Study Groups 16 and 19. This is why we are calling for a Joint Working Group between JTC 1/SC 6, ITU-T, and JTC 1/SC 31 to address these areas of overlapping scopes. We invite you here to attend the Seoul Ad Hoc and will be providing formal invitations shortly.
  • SYSTEMS Copyright © 2007 - Q.E.D. Systems

    1. 1. Ubiquitous Networking! What is needed for the Future!! by: Craig K. Harmon President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems
    2. 2. October 4, 2007 <ul><li>The most influential computing hardware from the early days of computing? </li></ul>IBM 360 mainframe DEC PDP-1 Minicomputer ENIAC Babbage Difference Engine
    3. 3. Sputnik Kaputnik
    4. 4. Craig K. Harmon • President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems <ul><li>Chair, ISO TC 122/104 JWG - Supply Chain Applications of RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Chair, RFID Experts Group (REG) </li></ul><ul><li>Founder, JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc Chair, Mobile Item Identification and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Project Editor ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Chair, ISO TC 122/WG 4 (Shipping Labels) & ISO TC 122/WG 7 (Product Packaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-chair, ASC MH 10 and U.S. TAG to ISO TC 122 (Packaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Editor, ISO 18185-5 (Electronic Container Seal - Physical Layer) </li></ul><ul><li>AIAG Bar Code, Applications, 2D, Tire, Returnables, & RFID Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Member, EPCglobal HAG (UHFGen2), FMCG BAG, HLS BAG, SAG, TLS, TDS, AIWG, SBAC </li></ul><ul><li>JTC 1 & TC 104 Liaison Officer to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU-R & ITU-T) </li></ul><ul><li>Past Chair, U.S. TAG to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Past Chair, ASC INCITS T6 (RFID) - ANS INCITS 256:1999, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor and Member of USPS Strategic Technology Council </li></ul><ul><li>ISO TC 104 & 122 (Freight Containers / Packaging) Liaison Officer to JTC 1/SC 31 </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman & Project Editor, ANS MH10.8.2 (Data Application Identifiers) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Editor, EIA Shipping Label, Product, Product Package, & Component Marking </li></ul><ul><li>Original Project Editor, NATO STANAG 2233 (RFID for NATO Asset Tracking) </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Rapporteur to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, ISO/IEC 19762 - Harmonized vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>CompTIA RFID Subject Matter Expert and RFID Certified Professional (CRCP) - RFID+ </li></ul><ul><li>Recipient of the 2004 Richard Dilling Award </li></ul>This presentation posted at: http://www.autoid.org/presentations/presentations.htm
    5. 5. Universal translation There are fish in the sea better than have ever been caught 이제까지 붙잡는다 더 나은 계속 바다안에 물고기 있는다 Будут рыбы в море более лучшем чем всегда улавливайте
    6. 6. Is the radio spectrum a scarce resource? Or is it our inability to manage access to the spectrum with technology?
    7. 7. Dual Frequency for ILT? <ul><li>There are applications where UHF works best and others where HF works best and the industry should resist attempts to force a one-size-fits-all solution. </li></ul><ul><li>The choice of technologies should not be based upon the product type submitted to the reader, not by application; the same receiving line will most likely not receive both pharmaceuticals (HF) and tires (UHF). </li></ul><ul><li>Dual tagging of items is NOT an option! </li></ul><ul><li>Novel antenna concepts, e.g. fractal antennas, may permit multi-frequency tags </li></ul>
    8. 8. Novel Antenna Design and ne X t G eneration Wireless Networks When it comes to the future, there are three kinds of people: those who let it happen, those who make it happen, and those who wonder what happened. 그것이 미래에 올 때 , 사람의 3 개의 종류 있는다 : 그것을 일어나는 시키는 그들 , 그것을 일어난 그들 , 및 일어난 것이 경이하는 그들을 .
    9. 9. Higher Speed Networks <ul><li>Before content becomes richer, users proliferate, and applications more ubiquitous, the need exists for networks to be beyond the speed of 6 mb/s or even 12 mb/s. </li></ul><ul><li>The network must enable the applications. </li></ul>As for the future, your task is not to foresee it, but to enable it. 미래에 관해서는 , 너의 업무는 그것을 예견하고는 , 그러나 가능하게 하는 .
    10. 10. Mobile Database JMS Libraries Client Agent Mobile Connection Web Services Object Libraries Relational Data Sync Parker IV, Christopher J. Air Force Armed Forces of the United States Geneva Conventions Identification Card Active Duty Pay Grade O5 Rank LTCOL Issue Date 2000APR17 Expiration Date 2004APR17 Business Processing SYSTEMS Copyright © 2007 - Q.E.D. Systems
    11. 11. Future Power Cells Future Power Sources <ul><li>We continue to want to put more functionality into portable devices </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the functions that we want to enable require faster processing, which in turn requires additional power (Dilithium Crystals?) </li></ul><ul><li>We will continue to improve power cells until we are able to harvest power from the environment </li></ul>
    12. 12. Wireless Technology <ul><li>In the later part of the 20th century the U.S., Europe, and Japan led in technological development </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Korea is, without a doubt, the leading visionary nation with regards to wireless technology. Catch-up and run ahead. </li></ul><ul><li>There is, however, an elephant in the room and we cannot ignore her for much longer. China is not content to only provide low cost labor, they want technology; and wireless technology is among what they want most. </li></ul>
    13. 13. SK Telecom <ul><li>RFID & Mobile telephony </li></ul>SYSTEMS Copyright © 2007 - Q.E.D. Systems
    14. 14. Public policy - Security <ul><li>Need to develop effective countermeasures for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skimming data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Eavesdropping&quot; or “sniffing” on transmission between tag and reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoofing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data tampering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malicious code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denial of access / service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unauthorized killing the tag (electronic or mechanical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jamming / Shielding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ITU-T/SG 17 (Q.9/17), REG (ToR 5C), and SC 31/WG 4/SG 5 (ISO/IEC 24729-4) actively pursuing security issues </li></ul>
    15. 15. Public policy - Privacy <ul><li>Need to develop guidelines on data privacy (corporate and government databases) more that concern for the technology </li></ul><ul><li>A careful balance needs to be struck between the needs for individual privacy and the benefits available from technology. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Public policy - Safety (JTC 1/SC 31) <ul><li>1. Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic) </li></ul><ul><li>All conformance standards for devices emitting RF energy (both electrical and magnetic) include a conformance clause noting: “Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions do not exceed the maximum permitted exposure limits recommended by either IEEE C95.1:2005 or ICNIRP according to IEC 62369-1. If a device manufacturer is unsure as to which recommendation to be cited for compliance the manufacturer shall self-certify to ICNIRP limits.” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic) in a health care setting </li></ul><ul><li>All conformance standards for devices emitting RF energy (both electrical and magnetic), that may be used in a health care setting, include a conformance clause noting: “Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions and susceptibility comply with IEC 60601-1-2.” </li></ul>
    17. 17. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 <ul><li>Pretoria Plenary created an ad hoc entitled Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) under document 31n2305 </li></ul>
    18. 18. MIIM - Task Definition <ul><li>The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications shall coordinate those work items assigned by the SC 31 secretariat with regard to new standardization activities in the field of mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications providing item identification management web services through use of portable consumer devices, by embedding mobile RFID interrogators and optically readable media (ORM) readers into portable consumer devices and providing standards for interoperability of ubiquitous sensor networks. </li></ul>
    19. 19. MIIM - Time Frame <ul><li>The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications will perform such tasks as defined above, until the ad hoc is reorganized or until the next SC 31 Plenary, whichever occurs first. </li></ul>
    20. 20. MIIM - Ad Hoc Administration <ul><li>Ad Hoc Group Membership </li></ul><ul><li>The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications will consist of those members of SC 31 National Bodies and liaisons having identified themselves to the Ad Hoc Convener no later than 1 August 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Ad Hoc Group Convener </li></ul><ul><li>The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall be Craig K. Harmon, Q.E.D. Systems, U.S. National Body. </li></ul><ul><li>Ad Hoc Administrative Support </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative support for the ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall be provided by Q.E.D. Systems, U.S. National Body and the ad hoc secretariat, Se-Won Oh, ETRI, Korea National Body. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting arrangements for the first meeting of the Ad Hoc </li></ul><ul><li>In recognition of the requirement for a four month meeting notice the first meeting of the the ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall occur in Seoul, Korea on 30-31 October 2007. The convener and ETRI shall coordinate the logistics of the meeting, to be provided with a draft agenda no later than 5 July 2007. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Mobile RFID in ISO <ul><li>Establishment of new work area for mobile item identification </li></ul><ul><li>Includes mobile RFID, optically readable web based services, and sensor networks </li></ul><ul><li>Will recommend the formation of a Joint Working Group (JWG) between JTC 1/SC 31, JTC 1/SC 6, and ITU-T for areas having the interest of multiple SDOs </li></ul>
    22. 22. Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniform identifier naming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encoding format for application user data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer application models and scenarios for mobile item management services </li></ul></ul>* The potential work items identified herein have not been approved, nor even yet submitted for consideration. These work items are illustrative only.
    23. 23. Potential Work Items * <ul><li>RFID and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RF profile for mobile RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile RFID service models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air interface for Mobile RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader interface to mobile handsets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security and privacy and protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformance test specifications </li></ul></ul>* The potential work items identified herein have not been approved, nor even yet submitted for consideration. These work items are illustrative only.
    24. 24. Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Optically Readable Media and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Profile for mobile ORM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader interface to mobile handsets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformance test specifications </li></ul></ul>* The potential work items identified herein have not been approved, nor even yet submitted for consideration. These work items are illustrative only.
    25. 25. Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Sensors and Sensor Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators – Functions, Communications Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) Information Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Transducer to Microprocessor Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators—Digital Communication and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats for Distributed Multidrop Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators — Mixed-Mode Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators – Wireless Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - A High-speed CANopen-based Transducer Network Interface for Intrinsically Safe and Non-intrinsically Safe Applications </li></ul></ul>* The potential work items identified herein have not been approved, nor even yet submitted for consideration. These work items are illustrative only.
    26. 26. Potential Work Items * <ul><li>Sensors and Sensor Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical layer – Sensor networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensor-field to sink communications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAC layer – Sensor networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-collision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fault tolerance to sustain sensor network functionalities without any interruption due to sensor node failures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport layer – Sensor networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformance test specifications </li></ul></ul>* The potential work items identified herein have not been approved, nor even yet submitted for consideration. These work items are illustrative only.
    27. 27. The Future <ul><li>Korea is, without doubt, the leading country for mobile computing, wireless networks, and sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Korea’s work is being taken into the international community through SC 31 and ITU-T </li></ul><ul><li>Korean ingenuity to solve the challenges yet facing ubiquitous network computing has the world waiting </li></ul>The future is not a result of choices among alternative paths offered by the present, but a place that is created--created first in the mind and will, created next in activity. The future is not some place we are going to, but one we are creating. 미래는 현재에의해 제안되는 양자택일 경로사이에 선택의 아니다 결과 , 그러나 -- 첫째로 활동안에 다음 만들는 마음 및 의지안에 만들어 만들는 장소 이다 . 미래는 우리가에 가고 있는 어떤 장소가 아니다 , 그러나 우리가 만들고 있는 것 .
    28. 28. Thank you!!! 너를 감사하십시요 Craig K. Harmon (V): +1 319/364-0212 (E): [email_address] (U): http://www.autoid.org

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