RFID_USN_2007_T4_S1_ckh_r1.ppt

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  • Most industrial and commercial manufacturers have catalog or part numbers already assigned to their products. They often question the need for an additional number, thinking that their distributors and/or end customers should use their supplier assigned catalog or part numbers. Following are some of the reasons why UPC numbers are needed: UCC.QED.I.10
  • This is a recent example of RFID Safety and Health recommendations that will soon be included in all SC 31 standards, and hopefully other standards of RF emitting equipment.
  • Historically, there has been limited attention paid to the world of mobile RFID though numerous organizations, including this one, have expressed an interest in expanding the scope beyond what is currently defined by the NFC Forum. Let me now explain some of the work going on within SC 31 in this area.
  • The first meeting of the ad hoc will take place in Seoul on October 30th and 31st. By the end of this meeting I will hopefully be able to provide to you a draft agenda.
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • We believe that we are attempting to actualize what JCA-NID has been recommending in the areas of mobile RFID, optically readable web based services, and sensor networks We will also be recommending the formation of a Joint Working Group (JWG) between JTC 1/SC 31, JTC 1/SC 6, and ITU-T for areas of overlapping scopes
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”

Transcript

  • 1. Mobile RFID/USN Standardization By: Craig K. Harmon President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems Chairman, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc Mobile Item Management & Identification
  • 2. Craig K. Harmon • President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems http://www.autoid.org
    • Chair, JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM)
    • Chair, ISO TC 122/104 JWG - Supply Chain Applications of RFID
    • Chair, RFID Experts Group (REG)
    • Chair, U.S. TAG to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID)
    • Senior Project Editor ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID)
    • Chair, ISO TC 122/WG 4 (Shipping Labels) & ISO TC 122/WG 7 (Product Packaging)
    • Vice-chair, ASC MH 10 and U.S. TAG to ISO TC 122 (Packaging)
    • Project Editor, ISO 18185-5 (Electronic Container Seal - Physical Layer)
    • AIAG Bar Code, Applications, 2D, Tire, Returnables, & RFID Committees
    • Member, EPCglobal HAG (UHFGen2), FMCG BAG, HLS BAG, SAG, TLS, TDS, AIWG, SBAC
    • JTC 1 & TC 104 Liaison Officer to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU-R & ITU-T)
    • Past Chair, ASC INCITS T6 (RFID) - ANS INCITS 256:1999, 2001
    • ASC MH 10/SC 8 Liaison Universal Postal Union (UPU) Physical Encoding Group (PEG)
    • Advisor and Member of USPS Strategic Technology Council
    • ISO TC 104 & 122 (Freight Containers / Packaging) Liaison Officer to JTC 1/SC 31
    • Chairman & Project Editor, ANS MH10.8.2 (Data Application Identifiers)
    • Project Editor, EIA Shipping Label, Product, Product Package, & Component Marking
    • Original Project Editor, NATO STANAG 2233 (RFID for NATO Asset Tracking)
    • Vocabulary Rapporteur to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, ISO/IEC 19762 - Harmonized vocabulary
    • CompTIA RFID Subject Matter Expert and RFID Certified Professional (CRCP) - RFID+
    • Recipient of the 2004 Richard Dilling Award
    This presentation posted at http://www.autoid.org/presentations/presentations.htm
  • 3. Standards Organizations International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) IEEE INCITS International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Telecommunications Union (ITU) (United Nations) TC 122/104 JWG SC Apps RFID TC 8 Ships & Marine Tech SC 31 Automatic Data Capture ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) ITU-T (fka CCITT) Telecommunications ITU-R (fka CCIR & IFBR) Radio-frequency Issues ITU-D (fka BDT) Telecommunications Development ECMA Comité Européen Normalisation (CEN) Comité Européen Normalisation Electrotechnique (CENELEC) Comité Européen Postal & Telegraph (CEPT) TC 104 Freight Containers International Regional National Standards Assoc of China (SAC) AFNOR Deutches Institut fur Normung (DIN) JISC ANSI British Standards Institution (BSI) AIM MHI GS 1 CEA Industry Other DoD ATA CEA AIA HIBCC AIAG GS 1 Other WG 1 - Symbology WG 2 - Data Content WG 3 - Conformance WG 4 - RFID Universal Postal Union (UPU) (United Nations) T6 B10 SC 17 IC Cards VDA ODETTE WG 5 - RTLS TC 122 Packaging SC 6 Telcom & info exch btwn systems EPCglobal
  • 4. Types of Standards
    • Technology
      • Symbology, RFID, I.C. Card, Sensors, RTLS, GPS
    • Data Content
      • Semantics (DIs or AIs), Syntax
    • Conformance
      • Print Quality, Test Specifications, Conformance to Air Interface
    • Network
      • Object-to-object communications
    • Application Standards
      • Freight container, RTI, Ship Label, Product Package, Product Mark/Tag, eSeal
  • 5. RFID Experts Group (REG)
  • 6. AIM Global RFID Experts Group (REG) Guidelines
    • WG 5-I: Interrogator System Implementation & Operations
    • WG 5-B: Back-up
    • WG 5-L: Enabled Labels & Packaging
    • WG 5-R: Recyclability
    • WG 5-Q: Tag Quality
    • WG 5-E: Education & Certification
    • WG 5-G: Global Operation (Regulatory Database)
    • WG 5-P: Privacy (Public Policy)
    • WG 5-F: Safety (Public Policy)
    • WG 5-C: Security (Public Policy)
    • WG 5-T: Sensors and Transducers
    • WG 5-S: Technology Selection
    • WG 5-M: Software & Middleware
    • AIM Global RFID Emblem
  • 7. RFID Safety & Health Care Recommendations
    • Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic)
      • ISO/IEC/JTC 1/SC 31 requests that JTC 1 should immediately require that all conformance standards for devices emitting RF energy (both electrical and magnetic) include a conformance clause noting: “Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions do not exceed the maximum permitted exposure limits recommended by either IEEE C95.1:2005 or ICNIRP according to IEC 62369-1. If a device manufacturer is unsure as to which recommendation to be cited for compliance the manufacturer shall self-certify to ICNIRP limits.”
    • Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic) in a health care setting
      • ISO/IEC/JTC 1/SC 31 requests that JTC 1 should immediately require that all conformance standards for devices emitting RF energy (both electrical and magnetic), that may be used in a health care setting, include a conformance clause noting: “Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions and susceptibility comply with IEC 60601-1-2.”
  • 8. ITU-T International Telecommunications Union - Technology
  • 9. The standardization work of ITU-T is carried out by the technical Study Groups(SGs) in which representatives of the ITU-T membership develop Recommendations (standards) for the various fields of international telecommunications. The SGs drive their work primarily in the form of study Questions. Each of these addresses technical studies in a particular area of telecommunication standardization. Each SG has a SG Chairman and a number of vice-chairmen appointed by the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA ).
    • Study Group 2 - Operational aspects of service provision, networks and performance
      • Lead Study Group on Service definition, Numbering and Routing.
      • Lead Study Group for Telecommunication for Disaster Relief/Early Warning .
    • Study Group 3 - Tariff and accounting principles including related telecommunication economic and policy issues
    • Study Group 4 - Telecommunication management
      • Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Management .
    • Study Group 5 - Protection against electromagnetic environment effects
    • Study Group 6 - Outside plant and related indoor installations
    • Study Group 9 - Integrated broadband cable networks and television and sound transmission
      • Lead Study Group on integrated broadband cable and television networks.
    • Study Group 11 - Signalling requirements and protocols
      • Lead Study Group on signalling and protocols
      • Lead Study Group on intelligent networks
    • Study Group 12 - Performance and quality of service
    • Lead Study Group on Quality of Service and performance
    • Study Group 13 - Next Generation Networks
      • Lead study group for NGN and satellite matters.
    • Study Group 15 - Optical and other transport network infrastructures
      • Lead Study Group on Access Network Transport and on Optical Technology .
    • Study Group 16 - Multimedia terminals, systems and applications
      • Lead Study Group on multimedia terminals, systems and applications.
      • Lead Study Group on ubiquitous applications (“e-everything”, such as e-health and e-business ).
    • Study Group 17 - Security, languages and telecommunication software
      • Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Security.
      • Lead Study Group on Languages and Description Techniques.
    • Study Group 19 - Mobile telecommunication networks
      • Lead Study Group on mobile telecommunication networks and for mobility.
    • Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group (TSAG)
      • TSAG reviews priorities, programmes, operations, financial matters and strategies for the Sector, follows up on the accomplishment of the work programme, restructures and establishes ITU-T Study Groups, provides guidelines to the Study Groups, advises the Director of TSB, elaborates A-series Recommendations on organization and working procedures .
    ITU-T
  • 10. JCA-NID
    • Joint Coordinating Activity - Network ID, including RFID
    • Establishing liaisons with numerous other TCs and SCs
    • Last meeting 2007-09-18
    • Next meeting 2008-01-23
  • 11. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 (Automatic Identification & Data Capture Techniques)
  • 12. AIDC Focused ISO Standards International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) - IT ISO/IEC JTC 1 Subcommittee 31 WG 1 Data Carrier Secretariat GS1 US Technical Committee (TC) 122 (Packaging) WG 4 (Transport Labels) National Body (NB) Technical Advisory Groups (TAG) U.S. TAG Administrator MHI Shipping Labels Product Package Marking Dimensions & Layout Symbology Use (Linear & 2D) Print Quality Level Label Materials License Plate Recommendations Database / EDI Issues WG 2 Data Structure WG 3 Conformance Convener S. Ackley (US) Convener T. Yoshioka (JP) Convener T. Barkan (US) Code 39 ITF MaxiCode Data Matrix EAN/U.P.C. Code 128 PDF417 DAI Data Syntax Symbology Identifiers Linear Print Quality 2D Print Quality Printing Specs Test Specs BC Printers Test Specs BC Readers Test Specs BC Verifiers WG 4 RF Tags Convener H. Barthel Unique ID Supply Chain Applications of RFID (122/104 JWG) Air Interface Unique RF Tag ID Defs. Logical Mem Map Encoding Rules Application Interface QR Code WG 7 (Package Labels) RFID Performance RFID Conformance Technical Committee (TC) 104 (Freight Containers) WG 5 RTLS Convener M. Harmon API 2450 MHz RFID Quality
  • 13. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31
    • Pretoria Plenary created an ad hoc entitled Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) under document 31n2305
  • 14. MIIM - Task Definition
    • The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications shall coordinate those work items assigned by the SC 31 secretariat with regard to new standardization activities in the field of mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications providing item identification management web services through use of portable consumer devices, by embedding mobile RFID interrogators and optically readable media (ORM) readers into portable consumer devices and providing standards for interoperability of ubiquitous sensor networks.
  • 15. MIIM - Time Frame
    • The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications will perform such tasks as defined above, until the ad hoc is reorganized or until the next SC 31 Plenary, whichever occurs first.
  • 16. MIIM - Ad Hoc Administration
    • Ad Hoc Group Membership
    • The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications will consist of those members of SC 31 National Bodies and liaisons having identified themselves to the Ad Hoc Convener no later than 1 August 2007.
    • Ad Hoc Group Convener
    • The ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall be Craig K. Harmon, Q.E.D. Systems, U.S. National Body.
    • Ad Hoc Administrative Support
    • Administrative support for the ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall be provided by Q.E.D. Systems, U.S. National Body and the ad hoc secretariat, Se-Won Oh, ETRI, Korea National Body.
    • Meeting arrangements for the first meeting of the Ad Hoc
    • In recognition of the requirement for a four month meeting notice the first meeting of the the ad hoc group on Mobile item identification and management in support of consumer applications convener shall occur in Seoul, Korea on 30-31 October 2007. The convener and ETRI shall coordinate the logistics of the meeting, to be provided with a draft agenda no later than 5 July 2007.
  • 17. Today (Mobile RFID)
    • Mobile RFID has been standardized within the Near Field Communications (NFC) Forum at 13.56 MHz
    • Numerous organizations have expressed expanding the scope of mobile RFID, including:
      • NFC Forum/ECMA (ISO/IEC 18092, 22536, 21481, 28361)
      • ITU-T (Joint Coordinating Activity - Network ID, including RFID)
      • SC 31/WG 6 (Ad Hoc Formed)
  • 18. Meeting Results of the MIIM Ad Hoc 30-31 October 2007
    • Scope
    • The work on Mobile item identification and management should be conducted within a new Working Group of JTC 1/SC 31, entitled ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6 – Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM).
    • The scope of SC 31/WG 6 should be “Standardization of automatic identification and data collection techniques that are anticipated to be connected to wired or wireless networks. Excluded is the work of JTC 1/SC 31/WG 1, JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4, JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5, and JTC 1/SC 6.
    • Liaisons
    • SC 31/WG 6 seeks liaisons with
    • JTC 1/SC 31/WG 1 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 2 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3
    • JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3/SG 1
    • JTC 1/SC 6 JTC 1/SC 27 ITU-T JCA-NID
    • ITU-T SG 16 ITU-T SG 17 ITU-R
    • IEEE IETF ETSI
    • Convener
    • The JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc on MIIM recommends Mr. Craig K. Harmon as convener of SC 31/WG 6
    • Secretary
    • The JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc on MIIM recommends Mr. Se Won Oh as secretary of SC 31/WG 6
    • — Unanimous
  • 19. Work Items
    • Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Air interface specification for Mobile RFID interrogator (31n2336)
      • Limiting the maximum EIRP and alleviating the spectrum mask of ISO/IEC 18000-6C
      • Air interface for Mobile RFID interrogators, including data rates, modulation/demodulation format, data encoding/decoding, spectrum mask, and commands.
      • May include basic requirements and technical norms for air-interface physical specifications for a Mobile RFID. Analysis and guidelines for Mobile RFID environment will be informed in this work item including channel spacing, channel access schemes.
  • 20. Work Items - Mobile RFID
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Data interface protocol between phone and interrogator
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Application interface standard for Mobile RFID services
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - RFID ODS (Object Directory Service) for Mobile RFID services
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - ID scheme and encoding format for Mobile RFID services
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Application data types and format for Mobile RFID services
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Multiple ID resolution service
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Service broker for Mobile Item Identifier (MII) services
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Security and privacy protection for Mobile RFID services
  • 21. Work Items - Mobile ORM
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Implementation guidance for Optically Readable Media (ORM) reader
  • 22. Work Items - Sensors
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Common Functions, Communication Protocols, and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) information model
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Transducer to microprocessor communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Digital communication and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats for distributed multi-drop systems
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Mixed-mode communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats
    • Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Wireless communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats
  • 23. Sensor - RFID Architecture Logical Diagram I
  • 24. SDO cooperation
    • Air interface protocol for Mobile RFID
    • Application interface for Mobile RFID services
    • Data Interface between phone and interrogator for Mobile RFID
    • ID scheme and encoding format for Mobile RFID services
    • Application data format for Mobile RFID services
    • Security and privacy protection for Mobile RFID services
    • RFID ODS (object directory service) for Mobile RFID services
    • Service broker for Mobile RFID services
    • Multiple ID resolution service
    • Conformance and test standards
    Service broker    Internet, etc.  Info. server ID directory ODS    ISO ITU-T IETF or ISO ITU-T or ISO 
  • 25. Yesterday in ISO
    • Establishment of new work area for mobile item identification
    • Includes mobile RFID, optically readable media, web based services, and sensors
  • 26. Tomorrow in ISO
    • Cooperation between ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6, JTC 1/SC 6, ITU-T, & IETF
    • Comprehensive standards for Sensors, Sensor Networks, Mobile RFID, and Mobile ORM
    • Enabling the vision of RFID/USN
  • 27. Thank you!!! Craig K. Harmon (V): +1 319/364-0212 (E): [email_address] (U): http://www.autoid.org
  • 28.