Active RFID Standards – Why, Issues and Solutions   Fraser Jennings VP Standards & Regulatory Savi Technology, Inc., A Loc...
Why Standards???
Active / Passive Comparison Passive RFID Can Be Like Shining A Light At A Mirror On A Dark Night Eventually The Mirror Is ...
Active RFID Tower of Babel,  circa 2006 Many Proprietary Active RFID Systems Flat Overall Industry Growth <ul><li>Impact: ...
How Standards Impacted  Similar Information Technologies Adoption of  Group 3  Fax Standard (1984) DoD LOGMARS Code 39 Req...
Standards & The Technology Hype Cycle Hype Level Time Unrealistic Expectation Peak Market Stability RFID Today! Initial St...
Standardization Benefits <ul><li>Increases confidence in new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>World-wide acceptance and tech...
Active RFID Today Multiple Standards Ratified, Providing a Global Standard for Interoperability DoD specifies ISO 18000-7 ...
Issues !!!
Issue’s <ul><li>Multiple Standards Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Standards development lead time  </li></ul><ul><li>Many catego...
Standards Organizations International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) IEEE INCITS International Organization for  Standa...
Overview of ISO Standards JTC 1 Information Technology SG 1 RFID  Conformance  18046-1 18046-2 18046-3 18047-7 SG 1 Transf...
ISO Standard Development Process <ul><li>Accept NP </li></ul><ul><li>Voting: 3  </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul><ul><li...
EPCglobal Standard Development Process Collect Biz & Tech. Requests Form JRG Tech. Def With End  Users Develop  Req. In JR...
Different Types of Standards <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbology, RFID, I.C. Card </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Da...
??? 433 MHz 315 MHz 915 MHz 2.45 GHz 5.8 GHz Source: Q.E.D. Systems
Solutions
International Harmonization Is Key <ul><li>ISO Committees have liaisons to share information </li></ul><ul><li>ISO Applica...
Active RFID Standards Status <ul><li>Technology Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Questions ??????? Contact: Fraser Jennings [email_address]
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  • Jackie Fenn noted that there was an inverse relationship between the publicity a technology receives and its level of usage. When a technology is new, it is exciting and by definition novel, and there is a lot of interest in it. It gets a lot of exposure. The press write about it, the analysts pontificate on it, the consultants start practices based on it. Gartner&apos;s hype cycle is actually a five-part sequence: Technology trigger. A breakthrough, public demonstration, product launch or other event that generates significant press and industry interest. Peak of inflated expectations. A phase of overenthusiasm and unrealistic projections during which a flurry of publicized activity by technology leaders results in some successes but more failures as the technology is pushed to its limits. The only enterprises making money at this stage are conference organizers and magazine publishers. Trough of disillusionment. The point at which the technology becomes unfashionable and the press abandons the topic, because the technology did not live up to its overinflated expectations. Slope of enlightenment. Focused experimentation and solid hard work by an increasingly diverse range of organizations lead to a true understanding of the technology&apos;s applicability, risks and benefits. Commercial off-the-shelf methodologies and tools become available to ease the development process. Plateau of productivity. The real-world benefits of the technology are demonstrated and accepted. Tools and methodologies are increasingly stable as they enter their second and third generation. The final height of the plateau varies according to whether the technology is broadly applicable or only benefits a niche market.
  • UCC.QED.I.10
  • RFID_USN_20071101_fjennings_ckh.ppt

    1. 1. Active RFID Standards – Why, Issues and Solutions Fraser Jennings VP Standards & Regulatory Savi Technology, Inc., A Lockheed Martin Company RFID/USN Korea 2007
    2. 2. Why Standards???
    3. 3. Active / Passive Comparison Passive RFID Can Be Like Shining A Light At A Mirror On A Dark Night Eventually The Mirror Is Too Far Away To Reflect The Light Back Active RFID Is More Like Two Lamps Shining A Light At Each Other Eventually The Lights May Be Too Far Away To See But It Will Be Much Farther Than A Mirror
    4. 4. Active RFID Tower of Babel, circa 2006 Many Proprietary Active RFID Systems Flat Overall Industry Growth <ul><li>Impact: </li></ul><ul><li>Limited or no device interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>High device and support costs </li></ul><ul><li>Slow customer adoption </li></ul>
    5. 5. How Standards Impacted Similar Information Technologies Adoption of Group 3 Fax Standard (1984) DoD LOGMARS Code 39 Requirement (1981) Barcode Business Fax Large number of proprietary Systems = Anemic Industry growth
    6. 6. Standards & The Technology Hype Cycle Hype Level Time Unrealistic Expectation Peak Market Stability RFID Today! Initial Standards Published Interest in Standards Starts Standards Improved Gaps Identified
    7. 7. Standardization Benefits <ul><li>Increases confidence in new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>World-wide acceptance and technology advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Broadens markets, encourages global competition, and reduces price for end users </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates growth in applications by encouraging </li></ul><ul><li>interoperability and by reducing customization </li></ul><ul><li>Provides development platform for complementary </li></ul><ul><li>products (software, translators, hardware accessories) </li></ul><ul><li>Standards: Making the most of any new technology </li></ul>
    8. 8. Active RFID Today Multiple Standards Ratified, Providing a Global Standard for Interoperability DoD specifies ISO 18000-7 RFI for RFID III Allied military RFP’s for ISO 18000-7 infrastructure Multiple international companies including some in Korea developing ISO 18000-7 products Remaining Proprietary Active RFID Systems No major customer RFPs No international adoption Limited opportunities to create new market footholds Group 1 Group 2 Numerous ISO 18000 Licensees
    9. 9. Issues !!!
    10. 10. Issue’s <ul><li>Multiple Standards Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Standards development lead time </li></ul><ul><li>Many categories of standards </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency Allocation </li></ul>
    11. 11. Standards Organizations International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) IEEE INCITS International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Telecommunications Union (ITU) (United Nations) TC 122/104 JWG SC Apps RFID TC 8 Ships & Marine Tech SC 31 Automatic Data Capture ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) ITU-T (fka CCITT) Telecommunications ITU-R (fka CCIR & IFBR) Radio-frequency Issues ITU-D (fka BDT) Telecommunications Development ECMA Comité Européen Normalisation (CEN) Comité Européen Normalisation Electrotechnique (CENELEC) Comité Européen Postal & Telegraph (CEPT) TC 104 Freight Containers International Regional National Standards Assoc of China (SAC) AFNOR Deutches Institut fur Normung (DIN) JISC ANSI British Standards Institution (BSI) AIM MHI GS 1 CEA Industry Other DoD ATA CEA AIA HIBCC AIAG GS 1 Other WG 1 - Symbology WG 2 - Data Content WG 3 - Conformance WG 4 - RFID Universal Postal Union (UPU) (United Nations) T6 B10 SC 17 IC Cards VDA ODETTE WG 5 - RTLS TC 122 Packaging SC 6 Telcom & info exch btwn systems EPCglobal Source: Q.E.D. Systems
    12. 12. Overview of ISO Standards JTC 1 Information Technology SG 1 RFID Conformance 18046-1 18046-2 18046-3 18047-7 SG 1 Transfer Syntax 15961-1  4 15962 15963 24753 24791-1  6 TC 104 Freight Container E-Seal 18185-1 18185-2 18185-3 18185-4 18185-5 TC 122 Packaging SC 31 AIDC Techniques SG 3 Air Interface 18000-1 18000-2 18000-3 18000-4 18000-6 18000-7 WG 1 Data Carrier WG 2 Data Structure WG 3 Conform- ance WG 4 RFID for Item MGT WG 5 RTLS 24730-1 24730-2 24730-5 SC 4 Identification & Comm. WG 2 AEI for Containers 17363 17364 17365 17366 17367 WG 7 Supply Chain App of RFID Source: Q.E.D. Systems
    13. 13. ISO Standard Development Process <ul><li>Accept NP </li></ul><ul><li>Voting: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare WD </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: 6-12 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul><ul><li>Produce </li></ul><ul><li>& Accept CD </li></ul><ul><li>Voting: 3-6 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul><ul><li>Accept FCD </li></ul><ul><li>Voting: 4-6 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul>Proposal Publish Standard Preparatory Committee Draft Enquiry Approval <ul><li>Approve </li></ul><ul><li>FDIS </li></ul><ul><li>Voting: 2 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul>
    14. 14. EPCglobal Standard Development Process Collect Biz & Tech. Requests Form JRG Tech. Def With End Users Develop Req. In JRG BSC & TSC Approve JRG Req. Time Deliverable On going 4 Weeks 5 Weeks 10 Weeks 1 Week <ul><li>Accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Request </li></ul><ul><li>Create JRG </li></ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul><ul><li>Approve </li></ul><ul><li>JRG Charter </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint JRG </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Complete </li></ul><ul><li>Op-in </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A & </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Material </li></ul><ul><li>Educate </li></ul><ul><li>Users on </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Req. for </li></ul><ul><li>IAG </li></ul><ul><li>LCWD of </li></ul><ul><li>Req. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribute </li></ul><ul><li>to other IAGs </li></ul><ul><li>Approve </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Req. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign to </li></ul><ul><li>existing or </li></ul><ul><li>new TAG WG </li></ul>Submission Track Process (22 weeks) Standard Track Form WG Standard Development AG Review & Approve Prototype Test & Spec BSC & TSC Review Board Ratification IPs Review IPs Review <ul><li>WG </li></ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul><ul><li>LCWD Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>WG </li></ul><ul><li>Review on IP for Candidate Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed </li></ul><ul><li>Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>Conformance </li></ul><ul><li>Req. </li></ul><ul><li>WG </li></ul><ul><li>Review on IP for Candidate Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended </li></ul><ul><li>Spec. </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified Standard </li></ul><ul><li>Submit to </li></ul><ul><li>other </li></ul><ul><li>Standard. </li></ul>Deliverable Time Submission Track 4 Weeks 16 Weeks 6 Weeks 12 Weeks 30 days 30 days 4 Weeks 4 Weeks Standard Track Process (54 weeks)
    15. 15. Different Types of Standards <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbology, RFID, I.C. Card </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantics (DIs or AIs), Syntax </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conformance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print Quality, Test Specifications, Conformance to Air Interface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object-to-object communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freight container, RTI, Ship Label, Product Package, Product Mark/Tag, eSeal </li></ul></ul>Source: Q.E.D. Systems
    16. 16. ??? 433 MHz 315 MHz 915 MHz 2.45 GHz 5.8 GHz Source: Q.E.D. Systems
    17. 17. Solutions
    18. 18. International Harmonization Is Key <ul><li>ISO Committees have liaisons to share information </li></ul><ul><li>ISO Application standards reference ISO technical standards for Air Interface specifications </li></ul><ul><li>International regulations have allowed for harmonization of 433 MHz for Supply Chain Active RFID and 2.4 GHz for RTLS Active RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Only minor adjustments can be done to the standards development timeline </li></ul>
    19. 19. Active RFID Standards Status <ul><li>Technology Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-7 — Parameters for active air interface at 433.92 MHz- Published </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 24730-2 — Information technology automatic identification and data capture techniques — Real Time Locating Systems (RTLS) – Published </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 24730-5 - Information technology automatic identification and data capture techniques — Real Time Locating Systems (RTLS) — Part 5: Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS) at 2.4 GHz – Committee Draft </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE 802.15 — Wireless Personal Area Networks – Emerging as a technology useable for RFID – Published but no action underway on RFID application standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO TC 104/TC122 Joint Working Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 17363 — Supply chain applications of RFID - Freight containers (Based on ISO 18000-7) - Published </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO TC 104 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 18185 — Freight containers — Electronic container seals (Based on ISO 18000-7 and 24730-2 – Published </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>EPCglobal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking at member requirements for Active RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most likely will look to establish standards to meet requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently identified five tag types </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Questions ??????? Contact: Fraser Jennings [email_address]
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