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RFID and IoT
 

RFID and IoT

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    RFID and IoT RFID and IoT Presentation Transcript

    • CASAGRAS Open Seminar 1 th December 2008, Shanghai The role of RFID within the Internet of Things Eldor Walk, FEIG Electronic GmbH
    • RFID and the Internet of Things
      • Introduction and Definitions
      • Applications
      • RFID Key Characteristics
      • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Standards and Regulations
      • Summary
    • Introduction and Definitions
      • Radio Frequency Identification
          • Radio frequency or wireless communication used for
          • identification purposes
      • Internet of Things
      • refers to a network of real world or real world related objects
      • RFID connects the real world to the Internet
    • Applications
      • CE RFID, a project funded by the European Commission, developed the RFID Reference Model
      • The RFID Reference Model
      • Designed to structure RFID applications
      • Differentiates RFID application fields as “mainly object tagging” and “tagging with reference or potential reference to individuals”
      • Model defines 40 RFID applications (called “subcategories”) summed up to 8 “Application Fields”
    • The RFID Reference Model A. Logistical Tracking & Tracing G. Sport, Leisure, Household B. Production, Monitoring, Maintencance H. Public Services F. eHealth Care E. Loyalty, Membership, Payment C. Product Safety, Quality, Information D. Access Control, Tracking & Tracing
    • RFID Reference Model http://www.rfid-in-action.eu/internal/documents/copy_of_rfid-reference-model/ce-rfid-brochure-reference-model RFID-Application Fields Description A. Logistical Tracking & Tracing
      • Solely identification and location of goods and returnable assets (e.g. pallets or containers)
      B. Production, Monitoring and Maintenance
      • Smart systems in combination with RFID-Technology to support production, monitoring, and maintenance of goods and processes
      C. Product Safety, Quality and Information
      • Applications to insure quality (e.g. sensors to monitor temperature) and product safety (e.g. fight against counterfeiting)
      D. Access Control and Tracking & Tracing of Individuals
      • Single function tags for identification and authorisation applications for entries and ticketing
      E. Loyalty, Membership and Payment
      • Smart Card based identification and authorisation systems for multi-functional applications (e.g. loyalty, payment, and banking systems)
      F. eHealth Care
      • Systems for hospital administration and smart systems to support and monitor health status
      G. Sport, Leisure and Household
      • Sports applications, rental systems (e.g. cars or books), smart home
      H. Public Services
      • Systems mandated by law or to fulfill public duties (e.g. ID-Cards, Health Insurance Cards, Road Tolling Systems)
    • Applications
      • Library
      • Inventory management
      • Self checkout and return of books and media
      • Remote check of availability
    • Applications
      • Logistics
      • Tracking and tracing
      • Inventory management
      • Automated goods receiving and shipment
    • Applications
      • Health care
      • Real-time inventory management
      • Monitoring of equipment
      • Patient safety
    • Applications
      • Public transport
      • Electronic fare management
      • Toll collection
      • Airline baggage tracking
    • RFID and the Internet of Things
      • Introduction and Definitions
      • Applications
      • RFID Key Characteristics
      • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Standards and Regulations
      • Summary
    • RFID Key Characteristics related to the Internet of Things
          • Wireless connection
          • Object-connected data
    • Wireless connection
      • Information exchange by electromagnetic radio link
      • Allows mobility of connected objects
      • Basically no line of sight is necessary to be connected
      • Multiple simultaneous connections
      • Different frequency bands, UHF and HF, offer different properties
    • System Characteristics and Environmental Effects
        • Communication zones
        • Reflection
        • Penetration
        • Multiple reading
        • Basic layout of communication zones
      Communication zones
        • Antenna
        • Electromagnetic system, e.g. UHF
        • Inductive system, e.g. 13.56 MHz
        • Communication zone
        • of an UHF system
        • without reflections
        • Reflections
        • Communication zone
        • with ground reflections
        • top view
        • side view
        • No necessity of line-of-sight
        • Limited by absorption effects
      Penetration Multiple Reading
    • Object-connected data
      • Simple RFID tags carry only an identification code
      • More sophisticated tags can carry any kind of digital data and content.
    • Object-connected data
      • support the management or processing of any kind of a variety of entities
        • Raw material
        • Components
        • Sub-assemblies
        • Products
        • Packages
        • Pallets
        • Containers
        • Animals and human beings
    • RFID and the Internet of Things
      • Introduction and Definitions
      • Applications
      • RFID Key Characteristics
      • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Standards and Regulations
      • Summary
    • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Passive RFID tags
      • Active RFID tags
      • Sensor tags
      • Sensor nodes
      • Combination of RFID and other technologies
    • Passive RFID tags
      • Two main components
      • Fixed or variable data memory
      • Radio frontend
    • Active RFID tags
      • Additional components
      • Battery
      • Processing Unit
    • Sensor tags
      • Important components
      • Sensor
      • A/D converter
    • Sensor nodes
      • Sensor tag plus a microcontroller
      • Communication links to other sensor nodes and readers
    • Combination of RFID and other technologies
      • Mobile RFID applications
      • Information services
      • Mobile payment
    • RFID and the Internet of Things
      • Introduction and Definitions
      • Applications
      • RFID Key Characteristics
      • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Standards and Regulations
      • Summary
    • Standards and Regulations
      • Categories
      • Important IoT related standards and regulations
      • Challenges
    • Categories of Standards and Regulations
      • Regulation
      • Regional or national regulations, directives, decisions
      • Standards
      • Air interface protocols
      • Data standards
      • Network standards
      • Application standards
    • Important IoT related Standards
      • Frequency specifications and air interface protocols
      • Tag data standards such as identifiers and codes
      • Network standards (naming, addressing and querying the real world)
    • Challenges
      • Adequate frequency spectrum for passive and active tags, sensor tags and sensor networks
      • Interoperability between different edge technologies like RFID and barcode
      • Interoperability between data structure and network standards of different formal and industry standardisation organisations
      • Suitable security standards and guidelines. Different application areas need a different level of security.
    • RFID and the Internet of Things
      • Introduction and Definitions
      • Applications
      • RFID Key Characteristics
      • Categories of RFID Systems
      • Standards and Regulations
      • Summary
    • The role of RFID within the Internet of Things
      • Enabling technology for the “Internet of Things”
      • RFID connects the Internet to the real world
      • RFID makes items “smart” and able to communicate with their environment
      • RFID is a framework for a wide range of applications
    • Eldor Walk [email_address] Feig Electronic GmbH www.feig.de