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RFID

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  • 1. RFID & Traceability Related Activities in Hitachi April 6, 2005 Tetsuo Tanaka Systems Development Laboratory Hitachi, Ltd. Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved
  • 2. 1. RFID 2. Traceability Systems 3. Standardization Effort Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved
  • 3. 1 RFID 1.1 µ-Chip 1.2 R&D Project Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved
  • 4. Brief Introduction to µ-Chip µ-chip -The World’s Smallest RFID chip- (Original Target : Anti-counterfeit of Banknote / Directly embedded into Paper media) Basic Features: Read only memory, battery less (Chip Size: 0.4mm x 0.4mm) Data Capacity: 128-bits unique ROM-ID (written in product) (Low Cost Chip: Network based information management) Maximum Communication Distance: 30cm (Radio Frequency: 2.45 GHz) External antenna µ-chip(0.4×0.4mm) µ-chip is packaged here Inlet (µ-chip with external antenna) Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 3
  • 5. Comparison of Inlet Shape & Size Relative size comparison Inlet Sample 13.56MHz /UHF [Sample] Small & Thin µ-chip Inlet Feasible to 2.45GHz Twist, Bend... [COA Inlet] etc COA:Coil on Aluminum 1cm Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 4
  • 6. Compact Handy Reader Prototype New Reader Module Example of New Reader New Reader Module CF slot Compatible Reader 10*15(mm) MU Prototype RF functionality 50mW PA + One chip RF circuit in One Chip Read Distance 2cm Hardware/Software trigger switch CF Reader Hitachi NetPDA WindowsCE.NET Internal Wireless LAN Current Reader Module Software 78*69*28(mm) Device Driver ID management software Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 5
  • 7. Admission Solution for Aichi World EXPO 2005 - Preliminary Personal Reservation through µ-ID - Smooth Entry and Exit at the Site - Prevent Ticket counterfeit Preliminary Reservation Smooth in/out -Pavilion, Events…. Gate by µ-ID Mobile/PC Site Terminal Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 6
  • 8. R&D Project Industries in Japan (or other countries) would like to make high-quality & low cost products using RFID. Case/Pallet Item Parts ∨ N/A function Case/ Material Pallet HDD ∨ Item Parts Special Purpose IC Tag ( 100~2000 Parts/Item ) price/cost Not only SCM but also ・・・ ・Parts quality management (TQC)  ・Products / Lifecycle management R&D Project   ・Ecology management Low price RFID Tag with fundamental feature is essential for making the market bigger and for its prevalence. Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 7
  • 9. R&D Project ♦Goal • Development of low price IC-tag Inlet technology • Ramp-up of stable volume production • Establishment of global standard for SCM ♦Scope(2 years later) • Start up and drive the IC-tag into the market • 5-yen/inlet, 100Munit/month • Establishment of interoperability to international standard • Stable supply to the market ♦Period • 2004/8 – 2006/7 ♦Project leader • Hitachi Ltd. Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 8
  • 10. R&D Project 1. Technology development relating material, design and manufacturing process to realize for 5 yen Inlet*1. *1: Inlet = IC-Chip + Antenna + Substrate IC-chip Inlet IC-chip for RW 2. Air Protocol    - Frequency: UHF(860~960MHz) - Achieve interoperability with forthcoming international standards 3. Target specifications (a)memory size: 512bit (b)Re-writable (c)Reading speed: 10ms/unique ID and faster (d)Read range: 3m+, Write range: 1m + *The specification above may be changed according to the definition progress of international standards, and the radio regulations. Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 9
  • 11. 2 Traceability Systems Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved
  • 12. Concept for Traceability Traceability ・Trace back operation for compliance ・Trace forward operation for more effective supply chain management Trace Forward Who produced Who manufactured Who purchased Who scrapped when and where? when and where? when and where? when and where? Manufactured Consumer Purchased Materials Parts Cargos Scrappages Goods Products Goods Who sold when Who transported and where? when and where? Trace Back Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 11
  • 13. Traceability and Supply Chain Innovation Traceability First Target: Meat Traceability Meat-Packing Meat-Packing Meat-Packing Meat-Packing MeatPacking MeatPacking Company A Company A Company B Company B Company C Company C Traceability data Traceability data Traceability Traceability Traceability of goods can be of goods can be Data A Data B Data C acquired acquired Traceability Data Center Arrival-of-goods Arrival-of-goods Traceability Data Center information can information can Traceability Data be acquired be acquired Traceability data can Traceability data can be registered through be registered through Web Web Wholesaler Wholesaler Retailer Retailer A Warehouse Warehouse A Farm Farm Meat Packer Meat Packer Company Company Producer Producer A B A B B C C B C C Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 12
  • 14. RFID Field Trial at the Supply Chain management Traceability Cost Reduction Misoperation reduction, Automatic Inspection Labor cost reduction Product Visibility Improvement Prevention of Shortage, Shared inventory information Inventory optimization Inventory Check Shared DB Inventory Check Manufacturer Retailer Factory Warehouse Delivery Center Store Data Data ・Sales side Receiving Shipping Receiving Shipping ・Order side ・Product manager Reading Reading Reading Reading Consumer products Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 13
  • 15. Fresh Fish Traceability Traceability ・Combination of RFID and sensor nodes brings about more accurate supply chain inspection and control 5W + Temperature Humidity ・・・ Transport Transport Untagging Receiving Receiving Shipping Tagging Storage Shipping Storage Sale Mass Market Retailer Local Market (Mass Retailer A) (Mass Retailer B) Sensor Node RF Battery Controller Antenna Sensor Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 14
  • 16. RFID field tests in Japan 2003-2004 Traceability    Many industry has raised their hands up to do the RFID testing, assuming they will adopt the system within a few years of time. 1. Agricultural track and trace of beef meat origin 2. Track and traceability tests based on process food supply chain 3. Pharmaceutical testing focused on infectious disease 4. Book retail market established consortium including publishers, wholesaler, retailer and second hand book store 5. Home appliance manufacturing process and SCM 6. Construct machinery tagging for real time spot location 7. Rental CD/DVD tagging 8. Apparel tagging for shoes and clothing inside department store Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 15
  • 17. 3 Standardization Efforts Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved
  • 18. Standardization Efforts Standardization • Low level interfaces are being standardized in a number of bodies. • ITU-T SG chairmen's meeting agreed that networking aspects of RFIDs should be high priority topic for ITU-T. (TD44 of last TSAG meeting) • Standardization at Application/data level will become necessary as the use of RFID gets widespread. Application Area Specific Standards Application Area Specific Standards Application Area Specific Standards e.g. Traceability DB Schema ? e.g. Traceability DB Schema e.g. Traceability DB Schema Code translation, EPC, ucode Information Retrieval interface Security/ ISO, EPC Physical Specification, Air Interface Privacy Code Structure/Format ISO, EPC, ucode Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved 17
  • 19. Thank you Hitachi, Ltd  Systems Development Laboratory Copyright © Hitachi,Ltd.2005 All rights reserved