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  • RFID AN IDEA WHO’s TIME HAS COME RICHARD HUFFMAN
  • ScanOnline Company Overview 8 Year Old Company $6.5 Million Dollars in 2006 Revenue Management with over 37 years of combined ADC experience. Head Quarters in North Carolina Motorola Premier Business Partner Zebra Premier Business Partner Certified Microsoft ISV Over 5 years experience in RFID www.ScanOnline.com
  • RFID – Radio Frequency Identification Energy and data transmission via electromagnetic fields 1940’s Radar Refined and used in WWII. In 1948 the IFOF (Identify Friend or Foe) system Invented 1950’s Early adoption of RFID technology, laboratory experiments 1960’s Development of the theory of RFID. Start of application field trials 1970’s Explosion of RFID development. Patent 3144645 – Transponder apparatus and system 1980’s Commercial applications of RFID enter the mainstream 1990’s Emergence of Standards, wide system deployments, consumer uses deployed 2000’s Open system mandates, approval of the EPC format and EPC System standards
  • Advantages of RFID in an Application Can read through many materials No line of sight required Writing of data is possible Long range, Passive up to 30 feet – Active 300’ plus Multiple Items can be scanned at one time Readers do not need to be positioned precisely relative to the scanner
  • Where you have to be careful with RFID! Metals • Detuning of antenna • Metal offset • Use of reflection Fluids • Absorption of radio waves • Object penetration
  • DEFINITIONS UCC – Uniform Code Council EAN – European Article Number UPC – Universal Product Code - Barcode EPC Global - not-for-profit joint venture set up by the Uniform Code Council www.epcglobalinc.org EPC – Electronic Product Code
  • How does it work?
  • Types of RFID Technologies Active RFID Passive RFID Tag Power Source Internal to tag Energy transferred using RF from reader Internal Battery Yes No Availability of power Continuous Only in field of reader Required RF signal strength None Very High Range Up to 40 feet plus Up to 30 feet Tag Density 1000’s of tags recognized by a single Few hundred within short range of reader reader Reader Density Small with broad coverage Small & large with limited coverage RF Interference Vulnerability Limited depending on frequency Highly vulnerable Tag Size Small – match box size or larger Extremely small, pencil erase size
  • Passive RFID 1. Readers radiates the tag 2. Tag Powers up and receives the message 3. Tag responds to reader 4. Reader sends data to Host Computer
  • Generation 2 - Improvements FEATURE Class 1 - Gen 2 Class 1 - Gen 1 Read Speed Up to 880 (US FCC) Up to 230 (US FCC) (Reads per sec) Write Speed (96-bit EPC) 5 tags per second minimum 3 tags per second Rewriteable many times Rewriteable many times Tag Data Verification 16-bit CRC for reads and writes 16-bit CRC for reads Multiple reader operations Four reader “sessions” allowing parallel communication by multiple readers with one tag Security 32-bit lock and kill passwords 8-bit kill password Extensibility Up to 512 bit item ID Up to 96 bit item ID Unlimited user memory Anticipates Class 2 & 3 systems
  • Active RFID (1 Way) 1. Tag (with battery) Transmits data packet 2. Receiver(s) collects signal and record time and/or signal strength 3. Host computer calculates tag location
  • When to use PASSIVE vs ACTIVE ?
  • Bill Ferguson RFID System Engineer MOTOROLA Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Motorola and Enterprise Mobility Advanced Mobile Wireless Management Global Data Capture Computing RFID Infrastructure Software Services Founded: 1928 Employees: 66,000+ globally 2006 Revenue: $42.9B Corp HQ: Schaumburg, IL NYSE: MOT Mobility HQ: Holtsville, NY Retail Wholesale Transportation Manufacturing Healthcare Government Field Distribution & Travel Mobility Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Leading An Industry With Innovation 2003 Motorola AR400 2004 2006 Ushers in Multi-Protocol Motorola Ushers Systems Turn the Lights On - Fixed Reader Phase Phase with First Turnkey, RFID Portal Pervasive, Mobile RFID 2006 As Motorola has done previously with Highest Gartner Magic Quadrant fixed readers and portals. . . Ranking . . . Motorola Ushers in the Mobility Phase of RFID Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • A Systems Approach to RFID RFID - Enables Greater Enterprise Accessibility and Visibility RFID Tags Reader Reader Reader Platforms Platforms Systems Services Platform Secure Network Battery RF Signal Capture Move Manage Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • To Deliver the Goal of Asset Visibility MSS/MAG Wireless switch Everywhere Security Closet and readers 1 Label applicators place tags tags, program an EPC number and pass data to the enterprise system. 6 As pallets are broken down, individual cases are read with 7 near 100 percent accuracy. Outbound pallet is placed onto a shrink-wrap machine, which reads all Management cartons before shipment. appliance and software 2 Outbound tags are read at door. An ASN is generated. 8 Outbound shipments are verified a final time at the dock door, where single pallet reads will occur. 3 9 Large volumes of inbound data Receiving door reader checks are detected. COS/QOS levels inbound pallets. for the wireless network are adjusted. Cameras are turned on. 12 The system registers the inventory in the proper 4 location. Tags are read and matched to the 5 10 11 shipper’s ASN. If the ASN doesn’t Software checks inventory A reader tracks items moving match, a person with a handheld Forklift readers detect outbound to determine what is needed between the store room and reader is sent to investigate. cartons on pallets. Stocking on the shelves. the floor. levels are determined. Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Manufacturing & Distribution Paper Supplier Boeing Raytheon Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • RFID Today: Industrial Warehouse Inventory Tracking ISSUE Tags on floor track forklift location • Labor/time intensive inventory process • Errors causing sunk costs and lost & aged products SOLUTION • RFID at dock doors, conveyers & forklifts • Location visibility with RFID tags on the floor RESULTS • Processing time reduced 2x- 60x for shipping, receiving and verification Reading shelf tag to • Potential 20% operational validate correct savings in DC Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number placement of palette Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Warehousing Appliance Retailer BUSINESS ISSUE • High turnover in clamp truck drivers • Excessive clamp truck pressures and crashes causing over $100 million in damages SOLUTION Partner • Items tagged with RFID labels upon receipt • Clamp trucks equipped with Motorola RFID readers • Reduce # of touches through better visibility • Improved staging and cross docking BENEFITS • 20% reduction in repair costs • Better inventory accuracy Motorola VRC 5090 • Recalls are easier to track Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Boeing BUSINESS ISSUE • Inbound receipt of parts at large facility was inefficient • No visibility of key components through the manufacturing process installing a Motorola RFID SOLUTION antenna • RFID tags attached to parts and paper travelers. Readers installed at various “choke points.” Parts are scanned as they are driven past an antenna BENEFITS • System reduced receiving time from 4 days to 4 hours Parts are • Improvement of inventory accuracy scanned into • Reduction in operating costs and out of processing areas Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Raytheon BUSINESS ISSUE • Improve process efficiency to reduce inventory loses • Control costs – Lost inventory in Dallas facility totals over $2 million annually SOLUTION • Tags on all parts over $500 • Motorola Readers at all exits and important choke points • Motorola Readers on parts carousels for regular inventories BENEFITS • Inventory accuracy improved to 98.7% • Inventories taken daily versus annually • Cost accounting improvements Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Transportation & Logistics KPN Exel Logistics Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Exel Logistics BUSINESS ISSUE • Increase operational efficiencies of yard management of incoming and outgoing trucks/freight • Control costs of manual tracking and management of trucks and freight SOLUTION • Exel’s guardhouse equipped with Symbol XR400 Fixed Reader and AN400 high performance antennas on entrance and exit points • Motorola Cargo Tags affixed to trailers for automatic identification and location assignment upon arrival in the yard BENEFITS • Improved efficiencies in yard management processes – Daily yard inventory counts done in 7 minutes vs. previous time-consuming, labor-intensive counts • Improved inventory management when checking equipment in and out of the gatehouse (drive-by validation) Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • KPN – Tellitrace Project Dutch telecom carrier, KPN, worked BUSINESS ISSUE with Motorola and TNT Logistics to test an RFID solution to track KPN • Improve operational efficiency of mobile phone distribution and returns phones as they leave their distribution center and as they reenter as return • Cost Control items (reverse logistics). • Replace additional security measures required to track phones • Reduce timely and expensive process of handling returned merchandise Partner SOLUTION • Mobile phone packages tagged with EPC Class 1 Gen2 UHF RFID tags • Tags read on entrance and exit by installed Symbol XR480 UHF RFID Readers • Returned phones tagged with special “return” RFID tag including all return data BENEFITS • Improved operational efficiency – Replaced dual logistics process with one uniform process • Reduced costs by eliminating need for costly security cameras and separate storage space RFID Breakthrough Award Winner 2006 • Reduced labor costs by simplifying return process Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • Canadian National Railway BUSINESS ISSUE • Operational Efficiency – Movement of incoming and outgoing truck chassis tracked with inefficient manual process • Cost Savings – Lack of visibility into asset status leads to asset loss Partner SOLUTION • Motorola’s cargo tags installed on all incoming and outgoing chassis • XR400 fixed RFID readers and MC9060-G rugged mobile RFID computers were used to wirelessly track chassis locations • RFID data wirelessly transmitted to CN Railways database for easy tracking BENEFITS • Improved, real-time inventory management of chassis • Enhanced operational efficiency – The solution has Increased CN Railways’ supply chain efficiency and productivity, resulting in real cost savings • Scalable solution – Motorola solution is fully scalable to grow with CN Railway’s needs Motorola Document Classification, File Name, Rev Number Add additional legal text here if required by your local Legal Counsel. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2005
  • ACTIVE RFID
  • 802 RTLS Industry Solutions Healthcare Manufacturing • Safety - improved employee safety; better accountability in emergency situation • Staff monitoring & guidance - improved efficiency and accountability • Asset & event management - decreased inventory needs and improved response times • Information delivery - improved efficiency & reduced errors • Workflow management - more efficient staff utilization Logistics Government
  • EXAMPLE - 433 Active Tag 433 & 303 MHz Active RFID Tags: • Small Size & Low Cost • Smart Tag Options: • Motion Detection • Tamper Switch • Panic Switch • Room Location Detection • Multiple beacon rates available • Multiple mounting and enclosure options • Battery life up to 3 to 5 yrs (depending on options) • 6-digit group code for thousands of possible group codes • 8-digit tag id for millions of unique tag ids
  • Mobile Deployment Example Deploy RF Code tags on assets Configure a handheld computer with mobile reader and software. Simply walk through the room or building with the handheld computer. Person With Instantly collect inventory details, or Mobile Reader search for a specific asset. Inventory information collected by the handheld can be uploaded or synchronized into company asset tracking database or back office application.
  • Finished Goods Mobile Reader Example Blackberry Handheld ss ir ele W h o ot et B lu Windows Mobile 433 MHz RF Bluetooth Wireless Handheld Blu eto oth Wi rel es s Windows Laptop or Tablet RF Code RF Code M220 Active RFID Tags Mobile Reader
  • 802.11 B/G TAG – Examples of Wide Deployment
  • Triangulation
  • Solution for Rooms • Wall-mountable infrared emitting device • Works in concert with 433MHz infrared enabled tags • Provides specific room location information • Range is approximately 20 feet linear or 400 sq ft room • Only requires power • Low cost and simple to deploy IP Network ed Room Locator RF rar Reader Inf Tag
  • Room Deployment Example Attach tags to assets Deploy one Room Locator per room. Deploy one reader per multiple room zone utilizing different antenna configurations to control zone size, direction and read ranges. Each Room Locator emits an infrared signal with a unique ID indicating its room assignment Infrared enabled tags receive the infrared signal The tags periodically transmit both their individual ID (assigned to asset) and the unique ID from the Room Locator (representing its room) to the reader Understand in real-time, which room an asset is currently located for quick access and inventory purposes Hallway Room 1 Room 2 Room 3 Room 4
  • Devices and interfaces that are now - or soon will be - used by active RFID, or combined with it, in small portable devices.
  • RFID System Design Not every project is an RFID project Identify problem areas Understand the process in that problem area today Consider how it could work “if” Does it save Money / Time / Labor Material / Waste Quality / Profits If ROI is defined – Examine all solutions System Design, Barcode, Wireless, Passive RFID, Active RFID
  • RFID - ROI Cost Reduction Labor Reduction Inventory Reduction Data Accuracy Compliance/Regulatory Recall Tracking Process Quality Control Process Improvement
  • POSSIBLE RFID FURNITUE APPLICATIONS Distribution – Receive, Put Away, and Inventory Parts Routing – Put Away and Inventory, Labor/Time Fabric – Put Away and Inventory, Weighing Frame – Movement, Finish, Repair Work in Process Tracking – Gathering of actual labor Co-ordination – Frame, Fabric Bundle, and Poly Bundle Finished Goods Logistics and Storage Employee Access Fixed Asset Tracking Law Labels
  • OUR VENDOR PARTNERS Motorola