Monitoring intermodal flows at the Port of Trieste: an UHF ...Presentation Transcript
Monitoring Intermodal Flows at the Port of Trieste: an UHF RFID Application Giovanni Grieco, CAEN RFID Paolo Paganelli, Insiel 5th PROMIT Workshop on Intermodal Transport Across Borders Bologna, 20-21 November 2007
Monitoring the flow of goods in real time: who is (should be) interested and why Goods on the move
Supply chain visibility
Accidents and congestion prevention
Security and public safety
Main obstacles to technical feasibility appear as removed (or close to)
Technologies for identification (RFID), positioning (GNSS) and ubiquitous wireless connectivity.
Service Oriented Architectures and interoperability platforms, supporting data interchange and collaboration processes between actors in the supply chain.
Standards such as GS1 EPC Global, providing the necessary reference and support for RFID-based goods identification, as well as a reference architecture (the EPC Global Network) for tracking and managing information on RFID-tagged items on a global scale.
Monitoring goods on the move: still a patchwork exercise Transport Detail level Warehouse Route Territory Shipment Package Item Extension Area not covered by current solutions Track & Trace Fleet mgmt, Traffic control ERP, SCM
Focus on a specific supply-chain nodes (company plants, warehouses).
Limited visibility on transport and logistic operations.
Very limited contribution of information from SMEs.
Logistic service providers:
Focus on an individual route.
Lack of integrated information across operators for multimodal door-to-door transport.
Lack of item details.
Infrastructures and authorities:
Focus on a specific area or infrastructure, for traffic management and security purposes.
Transit monitoring and certification seen as “yet another e-Government platform” (why not sharing fine-grained data with industry and logistic service providers?)
The main obstacles are not technical
Data protection concerns
Shared platforms have failed in the past for lack of data committed by the commercial parties involved (e.g., web based centralized reservation systems).
Unclear cost and benefit allocation
RFID and wireless technology investments are easy to evaluate locally, much less in distributed contexts
Standard adoption is not an attractive investment “per se”
RFID tagging responsibility tends to be up to no-one (typically transferred upwards in the supply chain).
Result: Localized systems that work, Shared platforms that fail to achieve critical mass.
An example of multi-stakeholder approach: The SEC project in Friuli Venezia Giulia
Tracking of trailers at a Regional level:
RFID tagging of trailers for automatic identification through EPC global information standards.
Sharing of vehicle IDs, driver and cargo information through integration with relevant players in the transport chain (shippers, terminals, motorways, ..).
Monitoring of relevant events (transit, load, unload, ..) through RFID readers positioned at gates and in the terminal areas.
Real-time integration with shippers and carriers systems to synchronize vehicle movements with terminal and ship operations.
Sharing of vehicle, cargo and driver information with customs and public authorities for security control.
Real-time monitoring of flows and terminal operations.
Speed-up of administrative, security and healthcare controls.
(potential) tracking support for end users.
Operation of the SEC regional platform Port terminals (Samer ROROl) Land Terminal (Fernetti) Motorway gates (Lisert) Security control data Port entrance Data on carrier, shipper, container, goods Movements in real time Availability for pre-booking Embark or park instructions Pre-booking, priority reservation Real-time data (transit, entrance, exit, load, unload) Railways Regional server Terminal operators Carriers Port Authority, Customs (SVAD), GDF
The RFID application in SEC
RFID tags can be passive, active or semi-active. Passive tags are the less expensive and easy to install. Since they have no battery, they do not need to be replaced over time.
An RFID tag will be applied on the trailers and road-tractors that need to be tracked. The tag includes a microchip holding various data, including a code (ID) that univocally identifies the trailer, tractor or container.
The Tag or Transponder
What is RFID?
RFID means: R adio F requency ID entification
RFID is an Analog to Digital Converter technology that uses Radio-Frequency waves to transfer data between a reader and a movable item to identify, categorize, track...
RFID is fast, reliable, and does not require physical sight or contact between reader/scanner and the tagged item
A little bit of history
RFID technology was used for the first time from RAF during the Second World War with IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) purposes
Late 60’s – Personnel identification in nuclear areas
1977 – Los Alamos laboratories disclose the technology to the public
80’s – First passive Tags and commercial applications
2000 – First Standards and interests from the big corporations
Components of an RFID system
An RFID system includes at least four components:
The TAG or TRANSPONDER located on the object to be identified
The READER or INTERROGATOR which can read/write the transponder
The physical environment
The IT infrastructure
Server/ Enterprise Resource Planner Edgeware Environment IT Infrastructure
What is a Reader?
A reader is a device that is used to communicate with a RFID Tag
The reader has two basic components:
A scanning antenna
A transceiver with a decoder to interpret the data
Can implement anti-collision algorithms
What is a Tag?
A Tag is a transponder which receives a radio signal and in response to it sends out another radio signal
Tag contains an antenna and a chip that can store data
Metal-Mount Tag Temperature Logger
Tag transmits radio signal
Internally powered memory, radio & circuitry
High Read Range (up to 100 meters)
Tag reflects radio signal from reader
Medium Read Range (up to 10 meters)
Power Source used to keep alive some circuitry
RF circuit is not powered by this source
Why so much interest in RFID?
After September 11th the Security/Access control sector of the RFID has been growing in an exponential way
UHF solves distance issues previously unsolved with LF/HF RFID
Wal-Mart, DoD, Metro have been pushing their top 100 suppliers to adopt RFID at the pallet/case level
The RFID market belongs to the fastest growing sector in radio technology industry
Analysts believe that RFID will be the 3rd IT Revolution after the Personal Computer and the Mobile Phones
What are the most important benefits of RFID?
Flow Process Efficiency
Improved inventory management
Freight Traceability (Government Regulations)
Data Sharing between players
Shifting the focus from the “platform” to the cargo itself: The EURIDICE project
Large scale integrated project (IP) approved in the 1st call of the 7th EU Framework Program FP, “ICT for Transport” area.
22 partners from 9 countries, coordinated by Insiel.
EURIDICE aims at providing information services centered on the individual cargo item and on its current interaction with the surrounding environment and the user.
The project is planned for start on January 2008, has a duration of three years and a budget of 14 millions euro.
Eur opean I nter- D isciplinary Research on I ntelligent C argo for Efficient, Safe and E nvironment-friendly Logistics
The EURIDICE consortium
Supporting the interaction of individual cargo items with the surrounding environment and users on the field, through “on the fly” combination of services from multiple stakeholders (shippers, carriers, infrastructures).
Improving logistic performances through the application of intelligent cargo concepts and technologies in the working practices of operators and industrial users.
Developing collaborative business models for an intelligent cargo infrastructure to be established, sustained and fed with appropriate information.
Realizing more secure and environment friendly transport chains through the adoption of intelligent cargo to support modal shift and door-to-door intermodal services.