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  • As noted previously there are five types of standards — Technology — Data content — Conformance — Network — and Application standards where the other four are brought together to address a specific function Much of what Dr. Koshizuka presented in his HID High Level Requirements paper dealt with data content though to some extent it also addressed technology and applications.
  • I would now like to briefly updated the JCA on the work of the 122/104 JWG - Supply chain applications of RFID
  • Similarly, much has been accomplished in the standardization efforts for electronic container seals.
  • The only tag that is mandatory at this point is the ISO 17712 mechanical seal. But with 23 million containers coming into Singapore each year, 9 million into Rotterdam, and 7 million per year into the Port of Los Angeles, personnel are not available to verify that the seal is intact and to record each seal’s status. Presuming a port is operational 365 days per year, the Port of Los Angeles would need to verify and record over 63,000 tags per day. Consequently, an automated means of identification is required and provided with the ISO 18185 electronic container seal suite. Of further note in TC 104 is the fact that the work item number for ISO 10374 has been changed to ISO 10891 and that CD balloting is underway until the end of the year.
  • I would now like to briefly updated the JCA on the work of the 122/104 JWG - Supply chain applications of RFID
  • As can be seen since last we met three of the JWG’s standards have been approved and are about to be published, while two (17364 and 17365) have been registered for their final ISO balloting.
  • I would now like to briefly updated the JCA on the work of the 122/104 JWG - Supply chain applications of RFID
  • This is a recent example of RFID Safety and Health recommendations that will soon be included in all SC 31 standards, and hopefully other standards of RF emitting equipment.
  • Also of interest to this group is the IEEE committee
  • . . . and specifically that of IEEE 1451, who have completed or nearly completed seven sensor standards and have begun working on 1451.7 for RFID sensors.
  • Much cooperation is already in place between JTC 1/SC 31 and IEEE, with coordination of software and air interface standards and the definition of the physical interface between sensors and RF tags. Additionally, there is much synergy in place between the these sensor efforts and ubiquitous sensor networks.
  • Also of interest to this group is the IEEE committee
  • Historically, there has been limited attention paid to the world of mobile RFID though numerous organizations, including this one, have expressed an interest in expanding the scope beyond what is currently defined by the NFC Forum. Let me now explain some of the work going on within SC 31 in this area.
  • The first meeting of the ad hoc will take place in Seoul on October 30th and 31st. By the end of this meeting I will hopefully be able to provide to you a draft agenda.
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • We believe that we are attempting to actualize what JCA-NID has been recommending in the areas of mobile RFID, optically readable web based services, and sensor networks We will also be recommending the formation of a Joint Working Group (JWG) between JTC 1/SC 31, JTC 1/SC 6, and ITU-T for areas of overlapping scopes
  • Before I go further, I need to underscore that the areas of work and potential work items have been neither approved or submitted, but are offered as illustrations of what we envision. We see the formation of at least four separate sub-groups within this mobile item management effort, the first for “Common Services for AIDC technologies and Mobile Telephony to deliver web content”
  • Transcript

    1. Supply Chain RFID, Bar Code, and MIIM International Standards Efforts by: Craig K. Harmon President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems
    2. Craig K. Harmon • President & CEO Q.E.D. Systems <ul><li>Chair, ISO TC 122/104 JWG - Supply Chain Applications of RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Chair, RFID Experts Group (REG) </li></ul><ul><li>Founder, JTC 1/SC 31 </li></ul><ul><li>Ad Hoc Chair & Chair-designate, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6 (Mobile Item Identification and Management) </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Project Editor ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Chair, ISO TC 122/WG 4 (Shipping Labels) & ISO TC 122/WG 7 (Product Packaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-chair, ASC MH 10 and U.S. TAG to ISO TC 122 (Packaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Editor, ISO 18185-5 (Electronic Container Seal - Physical Layer) </li></ul><ul><li>AIAG Bar Code, Applications, 2D, Tire, Returnables, & RFID Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Member, EPCglobal HAG (UHFGen2), FMCG BAG, HLS BAG, SAG, TLS, TDS, AIWG, SBAC </li></ul><ul><li>JTC 1 & TC 104 Liaison Officer to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU-R & ITU-T) </li></ul><ul><li>Past Chair, U.S. TAG to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Past Chair, ASC INCITS T6 (RFID) - ANS INCITS 256:1999, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor and Member of USPS Strategic Technology Council </li></ul><ul><li>ISO TC 104 & 122 (Freight Containers / Packaging) Liaison Officer to JTC 1/SC 31 </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman & Project Editor, ANS MH10.8.2 (Data Application Identifiers) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Editor, EIA Shipping Label, Product, Product Package, & Component Marking </li></ul><ul><li>Original Project Editor, NATO STANAG 2233 (RFID for NATO Asset Tracking) </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Rapporteur to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, ISO/IEC 19762 - Harmonized vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>CompTIA RFID Subject Matter Expert and RFID Certified Professional (CRCP) - RFID+ </li></ul><ul><li>Recipient of the 2004 Richard Dilling Award </li></ul>This presentation posted at: http:// www.autoid.org/presentations/presentations.htm
    3. Types of Standards <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbology, RFID, I.C. Card, Sensors, RTLS, GPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantics (DIs or AIs), Syntax </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conformance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print Quality, Test Specifications, Conformance to Air Interface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object-to-object communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freight container, RTI, Ship Label, Product Package, Product Mark/Tag, eSeal </li></ul></ul>
    4. ISO TC 122 Packaging
    5. The Layers of Logistic Units (Optically Readable Media - ORM) Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Transport Unit Transport Unit Transport Unit Transport Unit Unit Load “ Pallet” Unit Load “ Pallet” Container (e.g., 40 foot Sea Container) Movement Vehicle (truck, airplane, ship, train) Layer 5 ISO TC 204 (None) ISO TC 8 (None) AIAG B-15 Layer 4 ISO 6346 (OCR) (Freight containers) Layer 3 ISO 15394 (Returnable transport items) ANS MH10.8.1 GS1 Gen Spec (GRAI) Layer 2 ISO 15394 (Transport units) ANS MH10.8.1 GS1 Gen Spec (SSCC) Layer 1 ISO 22742 (Product packaging) ANS MH10.8.6 GS1 Gen Spec (GTIN) Layer 0 ISO 28219 (Product tagging) ANS MH10.8.7 GS1 Gen Spec (GTIN)
    6. ISO TC 122 Project Status <ul><li>ISO 21067, Packaging — Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Published 2007-06-28 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 15394, Packaging — Bar code and two-dimensional symbols for shipping, transport and receiving labels (Revision of ISO 15394:2000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DIS ballot approved 2007-08-09, no negatives, recommended to publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 22742, Packaging — Linear bar code and two-dimensional symbols for product packaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Published 2004-12-05 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 28219, Packaging — Labelling and direct product marking with linear bar code and two-dimensional symbols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDIS Registered 2007-06-20 </li></ul></ul>
    7. ISO TC 104/SC 4/WG 2 Electronic Container Seals
    8. Three tags - different purposes Electronic Seal - ISO 18185 Container ID Tag - ISO 10891 (nee ISO 10374.2) Supply Chain Tag - ISO 17363
    9. ISO TC 104 project status <ul><li>ISO 830, Freight containers — Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD passed, approved for DIS registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revision of ISO 830:1999, ISO 830:1999/Cor 1:2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 17712 , Freight containers — Mechanical seals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicly Available Specification (PAS) published 2006-07-25 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft International Standards (DIS) approved 2007-05-03 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Draft International Standards (FDIS) expected 2007-07-31 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 18185, Freight containers — Electronic container seals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 1, Communication protocol, IS Published 2007-04-26 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 2, Environmental characteristics, IS Published 2007-04-16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 3, Application requirements, IS Published 2006-05-22 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 4, Data protection, IS Published 2007-04-24 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 5, Physical layer, IS Published 2006-05-04 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensors (original Part 5) and Message sets (original part 6) withdrawn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 10891 , Freight containers — RF automatic identification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renumbered from ISO 10374.2 (Resolution 307) with DIS due October 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10374 IS Issued 1991, Amd 1 1995 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO/CD 10891, Balloting 2007-07-01 through 2007-12-31 </li></ul></ul>
    10. ISO TC 122/104 Joint Working Group (JWG) (Supply chain applications of RFID)
    11. The Layers of Logistic Units (Radio Frequency Identification - RFID) Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Item Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Pkg Transport Unit Transport Unit Transport Unit Transport Unit Unit Load “ Pallet” Unit Load “ Pallet” Container (e.g., 40 foot Sea Container) Movement Vehicle (truck, airplane, ship, train) Layer 5 Layer 4 (433 MHz) ISO 17363 (Freight containers) Layer 3 (860-960 MHz) (Other 18000 with TPA) ISO 17364 (Returnable transport items) Layer 2 (860-960 MHz) (Other 18000 with TPA) ISO 17365 (Transport units) Layer 1 (860-960 MHz with TPA) (13.56 MHz with TPA) ISO 17366 (Product packaging) Layer 0 (860-960 MHz with TPA) (13.56 MHz with TPA) ISO 17367 (Product tagging) “ TPA” - Trading Partner Agreement Concept Source: Akira Shibata, DENSO-Wave Corporation
    12. ISO TC 122/104 JWG project status (Revised 2007-07-10) <ul><li>ISO 17363, Supply chain applications of RFID - Freight containers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Standard published </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 17364, Supply chain applications of RFID - Returnable transport items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DIS registered for FDIS ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 17365, Supply chain applications of RFID - Transport units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DIS registered for FDIS ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 17366.2, Supply chain applications of RFID - Product packaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Standard under publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 17367.2, Supply chain applications of RFID - Product tagging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Standard under publication </li></ul></ul>ISO/IEC 18000-3m3 - EPCglobal interference in ISO process 18000-6C - EPCglobal assignment of bit indication of HazMat Issues
    13. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 (Automatic Identification & Data Capture Techniques)
    14. Terms & Definitions <ul><li>ISO/IEC 19762-1, Information technology, Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized vocabulary — Part 1: General terms relating to AIDC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard published. FDIS ballot for 1st revision registered 2007-10-25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 19762-2, Information technology, Automatic Identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized Vocabulary — Part 2: Optically readable media (ORM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard published. FDIS ballot for 1st revision registered 2007-10-25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 19762-3, Information technology, Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized vocabulary — Part 3: Radio frequency identification (RFID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard published. FDIS ballot for 1st revision registered 2007-10-25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 19762-4, Information technology, Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized vocabulary — Part 4: General terms relating to radio communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard published. FDIS ballot for 1st revision registered 2007-10-25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 19762-5, Information technology, Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques — Harmonized vocabulary — Part 5: Locating systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard published. FDIS ballot for 1st revision registered 2007-10-25 </li></ul></ul>
    15. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 RFID for Item Management
    16. Technical Standards Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) <ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4/SG 3 </li></ul><ul><li>RFID for Item Management Air Interface (ISO 18000) </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-1 - Generic parameters - Air interface </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-2 - Parameters for air interface below 135 kHz </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-3 - Parameters for air interface at 13.56 MHz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>includes Mode 1 (15693) and Mode 2 (PJM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>draft includes Mode 3 (13,56 physical - Gen 2 logical) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-4 - Parameters for air interface at 2.45 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-6 - Parameters for air interface at 860-960 MHz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>includes Type A and Type B (INCITS 256) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>includes Type C (EPCglobal Gen2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>draft includes battery-assist (PowerPaper and Intelleflex) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC 18000-7 - Parameters for active air interface at 433.92 MHz </li></ul>
    17. New SC 31 Work of Interest <ul><li>24753 - Sensors and battery assist </li></ul><ul><li>24791 - Software systems infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>18000, 3m3 - 13.56 MHz with Gen2 Logical Layer </li></ul><ul><li>New proposed work area on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile item management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study group on sensor networks </li></ul></ul>
    18. Dual Frequency for ILT? <ul><li>There are applications where UHF works best and others where HF works best and the industry should resist attempts to force a one-size-fits-all solution. </li></ul><ul><li>The choice of technologies should not be based upon the product type submitted to the reader, not by application; the same receiving line will most likely not receive both pharmaceuticals (HF) and tires (UHF). </li></ul><ul><li>Dual tagging of items is NOT an option! </li></ul><ul><li>Novel antenna concepts, e.g. fractal antennas, may permit multi-frequency tags </li></ul>People have a tendency to overestimate technology in the short term and underestimate it in the long term - W. Gates
    19. Related Work on Optically Readable Media
    20. Direct Part Marking <ul><li>AIM DPM-1-2006 - Direct Part Mark (DPM) Quality Guideline - Published 2006-12-12 </li></ul><ul><li>MIL-STD-130N, Identification Marking of U.S. Military Property - Approved 2007-12-17 </li></ul><ul><li>AIAG B-4, Part Identification and Tracking Application Standard - Under revision to update Direct Part Marking and RFID </li></ul>
    21. EPCglobal
    22. 18000 - 6c & -3m3 Tag Memory
    23. 18000-6C MB “01” PC CRC Length Reserved /AFI UII Tag Encoding Zero fill to the word boundary NSI always “0” for EPC Toggle - always “0” for EPC / “1” for ISO AFIs XPC x00 x0F x10 x15 x17 x14 x16 x18 x1F x20 MB 11 is present HazMat Indicator for EPC
    24. Application Family Identifiers (AFIs) AFI (Hex) Assignment Requested ISO Standard A1 17367_Non-EPC_AFI Product tagging A2 17365_Non-EPC_AFI Transport unit A3 17364_Non-EPC_AFI Returnable transport item A4 17367_HazMat_AFI Product tagging A5 17366_Non-EPC_AFI Product packaging A6 17366_HazMat_AFI Product packaging A7 17365_HazMat_AFI Transport unit A8 17364_HazMat_AFI Returnable transport item A9 17363_Non-EPC_AFI Freight container AA 17363_HazMat_AFI Freight container
    25. New EPCglobal Activities of Interest <ul><li>UHF Air Interface Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>HF Air Interface Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>Item Level Tagging JRG, Phase 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Tag Data JRG </li></ul><ul><li>Active Tagging JRG </li></ul><ul><li>Sensors and Battery-Assist JRG </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer Electronics IAG </li></ul>
    26. ITU-T International Telecommunications Union - Technology
    27. The standardization work of ITU-T is carried out by the technical Study Groups (SGs) in which representatives of the ITU-T membership develop Recommendations (standards) for the various fields of international telecommunications. The SGs drive their work primarily in the form of study Questions. Each of these addresses technical studies in a particular area of telecommunication standardization. Each SG has a SG Chairman and a number of vice-chairmen appointed by the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA ). <ul><li>Study Group 2 - Operational aspects of service provision, networks and performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Service definition, Numbering and Routing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group for Telecommunication for Disaster Relief/Early Warning . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 3 - Tariff and accounting principles including related telecommunication economic and policy issues </li></ul><ul><li>Study Group 4 - Telecommunication management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Management . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 5 - Protection against electromagnetic environment effects </li></ul><ul><li>Study Group 6 - Outside plant and related indoor installations </li></ul><ul><li>Study Group 9 - Integrated broadband cable networks and television and sound transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on integrated broadband cable and television networks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 11 - Signalling requirements and protocols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on signalling and protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on intelligent networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 12 - Performance and quality of service </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Quality of Service and performance </li></ul><ul><li>Study Group 13 - Next Generation Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead study group for NGN and satellite matters. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 15 - Optical and other transport network infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Access Network Transport and on Optical Technology . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 16 - Multimedia terminals, systems and applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on multimedia terminals, systems and applications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on ubiquitous applications (“e-everything”, such as e-health and e-business ). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 17 - Security, languages and telecommunication software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Security. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on Languages and Description Techniques. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Group 19 - Mobile telecommunication networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Study Group on mobile telecommunication networks and for mobility. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group (TSAG) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TSAG reviews priorities, programmes, operations, financial matters and strategies for the Sector, follows up on the accomplishment of the work programme, restructures and establishes ITU-T Study Groups, provides guidelines to the Study Groups, advises the Director of TSB, elaborates A-seriesRecommendations on organization and working procedures . </li></ul></ul>ITU-T
    28. JCA-NID <ul><li>Joint Coordinating Activity - Network ID, including RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing liaisons with numerous other TCs and SCs </li></ul><ul><li>Last meeting 2008-01-23 </li></ul><ul><li>Next meeting 2008-05-16 </li></ul>
    29. RFID Experts Group (REG)
    30. AIM Global RFID Experts Group (REG) Guidelines <ul><li>WG 5-I: Interrogator System Implementation & Operations </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-B: Back-up </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-L: Enabled Labels & Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-R: Recyclability </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-Q: Tag Quality † </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-E: Education & Certification </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-G: Global Operation (Regulatory Database) </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-P: Privacy (Public Policy) </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-F: Safety (Public Policy) </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-C: Security (Public Policy) </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-T: Sensors and Transducers </li></ul><ul><li>WG 5-S: Technology Selection </li></ul><ul><li>WG 7-M: Software & Middleware </li></ul><ul><li>AIM Global RFID Emblem </li></ul><ul><li>New work on ISO/IEC 18000 series </li></ul><ul><li>Legend: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-going </li></ul></ul>† Note: 5-Q is incorporated into ISO 17367, but is being recommended as a standalone document
    31. ISO/IEC Implementation TRs to SC 31/WG 4/SG 5 <ul><li>ISO/IEC TR 24729-1 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Implementation guidelines – Part 1: RFID-enabled labels and packaging supporting ISO/IEC 18000-6C </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-L & 5-B </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC TR 24729-2 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Implementation guidelines – Part 2: Recyclability of RF tags </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-R </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC TR 24729-3 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Implementation guidelines – Part 3: Implementation and operation of UHF RFID Interrogator systems in logistics applications </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-I </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC TR 24729-4 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Implementation guidelines – Part 4:   RFID guideline on tag data security </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-C </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. ISO/IEC RFID Tag Quality <ul><li>ISO/IEC xxxxx-1 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Conformance – Part 1: Qualification of Design and Manufacture for RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-Q </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC xxxxx-2 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — Conformance – Part 2: Verification of RFID tag quality </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: REG WG 5-Q </li></ul></ul></ul>ISO 17367 — Supply chain applications of RFID — Product tagging, Annex A: Proposed guidelines for the verification and qualification of design and manufacture for RFID chips and transponders for tires To be proposed to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3/SG 1 for new multi-part RFID tag quality standard
    33. ISO/IEC RFID Emblem <ul><li>ISO/IEC xxxxx-1 , Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management — RFID Emblem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AIM Global’s REG to serve as Registration Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Under consideration by the European Commission as a requirement on all RFID tagged items, “RFID Inside” </li></ul>Identifies compatible readers/encoders for each type. For use on labels, inlets, tags: indicates frequency, coding authority, and data content/structure Generic Emblem
    34. RFID Emblem 2-Character Printed Code Transponder Frequency Air Interface Protocol Data Structure Defining Agency Data Structure A* 433 MHz ISO 18000-7 ISO JWG Indicates compatible readers/encoders A0 433 MHz ISO 18000-7 (RFU) Reserved for future use A1 433 MHz ISO 18000-7 ISO 17363 License plate ID plus optional application data A2 433 MHz ISO 18000-7 (RFU) Reserved for future use A3 433 MHz ISO 18000-7 (RFU) Reserved for future use B* 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO JWG Indicates compatible readers/encoders B0 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C (RFU) Reserved for future use B1 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO 17364 License plate ID plus optional application data B2 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C (RFU) Reserved for future use B3 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO 17365 License plate ID plus optional application data B4 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C (RFU) Reserved for future use B5 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO 17366 License plate ID plus optional application data B6 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C (RFU) Reserved for future use B7 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO 17367 License plate ID plus optional application data B8 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C ISO 17363 License plate ID plus optional application data E* 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † Indicates compatible readers/encoders E0 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † GID General Identifier E1 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † SGTIN Serialized GTIN E2 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † SSCC Serial Shipping Container Code E3 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † SGLN Serialized Global Location Number E4 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † GRAI Global Returnable Asset Identifier E5 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6 C EPCglobal † GIAI Global Individual Asset Identifier
    35. RFID Emblem (continued) 2-Character Printed Code Transponder Frequency Air Interface Protocol Data Structure Defining Agency Data Structure H* 13.56 MHz 18000-3 M3 ISO JWG Indicates compatible readers/encoders H0 13.56 MHz 18000-3 M3 ISO 17364 License plate ID plus optional application data H1 13.56 MHz 18000-3 M3 ISO 17365 License plate ID plus optional application data H2 13.56 MHz 18000-3 M3 ISO 17366 License plate ID plus optional application data H3 13.56 MHz 18000-3 M3 ISO 17367 License plate ID plus optional application data L* 125/134,4 kHz ISO 18000-2 ISO JWG Indicates compatible readers/encoders L0 125/134,4 kHz ISO 18000-2 ISO 17364 License plate identification only L1 125/134,4 kHz ISO 18000-2 (RFU) Reserved for future use L2 125/134,4 kHz ISO 18000-2 ISO 17367 License plate identification only L3 125/134,4 kHz ISO 18000-2 (RFU) Reserved for future use M* 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6C US DoD Indicates compatible readers/encoders M0 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6C (RFU) Reserved for future use M1 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6C US DoD CAGE plus serial number M2 860-960 MHz ISO 18000-6C (RFU) Reserved for future use N* 13.56 MHz ISO 14443-2,3,4 ISO 7816-5 Indicates compatible readers/encoders N0 13.56 MHz ISO 14443-2,3,4 - - - Application specific
    36. REG Chapters <ul><li>AIM Global - Coordinator, Craig K. Harmon, Q.E.D. Systems, Chair </li></ul><ul><li>JAISA - Japan, Akira Shibata, DENSO Wave, Chair </li></ul><ul><li>AIM Global EMEA - Europe, Middle East, & Africa, Eldor Walk, FEIG, Chair </li></ul><ul><li>KARUS - Korea (in cooperation with AIM Korea), Im Joohwan, Chair </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching out to China </li></ul>
    37. Activities of JAPAN REG 4 Medical WG Experiments 2007-03-13 ・ Continuous wave from RFID R/W antenna ( not affect normal operation of pacemaker / ICD) ・ By moving antenna or pulsed modulated wave : affect ・ Affected Rate : 14% (107 / 768 Pacemaker operating modes) Example of detailed experimental estimation (125 kHz R/W) Tested RFID R/W 125 kHz : 4 13.56 MHz: 2 950 MHz : 2 2.45 GHz :2 Total 10 R/Ws Obtained results so far DENSO WAVE Maximum interference distance : 15 cm
    38. RFID Safety & Health Care Recommendations <ul><li>Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions do not exceed the maximum permitted exposure limits recommended by either IEEE C95.1:2005 or ICNIRP according to IEC 62369-1. If a device manufacturer is unsure as to which recommendation to be cited for compliance the manufacturer shall self-certify to ICNIRP limits.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conformance clause in all standards for devices emitting RF (both electrical and magnetic) in a health care setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Device manufacturers claiming conformance to this standard shall self-certify that RF emissions and susceptibility comply with IEC 60601-1-2.” </li></ul></ul>
    39. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    40. IEEE Sensor Standards (IEEE 1451) <ul><li>IEEE Draft 1451.0, Draft Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators – Functions, Communications Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Std 1451.1-1999, Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) Information Model </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Std 1451.2-1997, Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - Transducer to Microprocessor Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Std 1451.3-2003, IEEE Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators—Digital Communication and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats for Distributed Multidrop Systems </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Std 1451.4-2004, IEEE Standard for A Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators — Mixed-Mode Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Draft 1451.5, Draft Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators – Wireless Communication Protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Draft 1451.6, Draft Standard for A Smart Transducer Interface for Sensors and Actuators - A High-speed CANopen-based Transducer Network Interface for Intrinsically Safe and Non-intrinsically Safe Applications </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Draft 1451.7, Draft IEEE Standard: Sensors for RFID </li></ul>
    41. IEEE Sensor Coordination (IEEE 1451.7) <ul><li>Co-chairs - SC 31 & IEEE </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with 24753 - Sensors and battery assist and 18000 standards </li></ul><ul><li>Interfaces under consideration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I 2 C (I Squared C) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One-wire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UART (RS232/RS485) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential synergy with ubiquitous sensor networks (USN) </li></ul>
    42. Mobile Item Identification and Management (JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6)
    43. Today (Mobile RFID) <ul><li>Mobile RFID has been standardized within the Near Field Communications (NFC) Forum at 13.56 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous organizations have expressed expanding the scope of mobile RFID, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NFC Forum/ECMA (ISO/IEC 18092, 22536, 21481, 28361) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITU-T (Joint Coordinating Activity - Network ID, including RFID) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SC 31/WG 6) </li></ul></ul>
    44. Resolution 1 of the MIIM Ad Hoc 30-31 October 2007 <ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>The work on Mobile item identification and management should be conducted within a new Working Group of JTC 1/SC 31, entitled ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6 – Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM). </li></ul><ul><li>The scope of SC 31/WG 6 should be “Standardization of automatic identification and data collection techniques that are anticipated to be connected to wired or wireless networks. Excluded is the work of JTC 1/SC 31/WG 1, JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4, JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5, JTC 1/SC 6, and JTC 1/SC 17. </li></ul><ul><li>Liaisons </li></ul><ul><li>SC 31/WG 6 seeks liaisons with </li></ul><ul><li>JTC 1/SC 31/WG 1 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 2 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3 </li></ul><ul><li>JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5 JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3/SG 1 </li></ul><ul><li>JTC 1/SC 6 JTC 1/SC 27 ITU-T JCA-NID </li></ul><ul><li>ITU-T SG 16 ITU-T SG 17 ITU-R </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE IETF ETSI </li></ul><ul><li>Convener </li></ul><ul><li>The JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc on MIIM recommends Mr. Craig K. Harmon as convener of SC 31/WG 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary </li></ul><ul><li>The JTC 1/SC 31 Ad Hoc on MIIM recommends Mr. Se Won Oh as secretary of SC 31/WG 6 </li></ul>Note: Above recommendations approved by JTC 1/SC 31 (31n2362/31n2423 – 2008-02-05)
    45. Work Items <ul><li>Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Air interface specification for Mobile RFID interrogator (31n2336) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting the maximum EIRP and alleviating the spectrum mask of ISO/IEC 18000-6C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air interface for Mobile RFID interrogators, including data rates, modulation/demodulation format, data encoding/decoding, spectrum mask, and commands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May include basic requirements and technical norms for air-interface physical specifications for a Mobile RFID. Analysis and guidelines for Mobile RFID environment will be informed in this work item including channel spacing, channel access schemes. </li></ul></ul>
    46. Work Items - Mobile RFID <ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Data interface protocol between phone and interrogator </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Application interface standard for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - RFID ODS (Object Directory Service) for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - ID scheme and encoding format for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Application data types and format for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Multiple ID resolution service </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Service broker for Mobile Item Identifier (MII) services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Security and privacy protection for Mobile RFID services </li></ul>Work items not yet approved
    47. Work Items - Mobile ORM <ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) - Implementation guidance for Optically Readable Media (ORM) reader </li></ul>Work items not yet approved
    48. Work Items - Sensors <ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Common Functions, Communication Protocols, and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) Formats </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) information model </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Transducer to microprocessor communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Digital communication and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats for distributed multi-drop systems </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Mixed-mode communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) — Interface for sensors and actuators — Wireless communication protocols and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats </li></ul>Work items not yet approved
    49. Sensor - RFID Architecture Logical Diagram I
    50. SDO cooperation <ul><li>Air interface protocol for Mobile RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Application interface for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Data Interface between phone and interrogator for Mobile RFID </li></ul><ul><li>ID scheme and encoding format for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Application data format for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Security and privacy protection for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>RFID ODS (object directory service) for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Service broker for Mobile RFID services </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple ID resolution service </li></ul><ul><li>Conformance and test standards </li></ul>Service broker    Internet, etc.  Info. server ID directory ODS    ISO ITU-T IETF or ISO ITU-T or ISO 
    51. Yesterday in ISO <ul><li>Establishment of new work area for mobile item identification </li></ul><ul><li>Includes mobile RFID, optically readable media, web based services, and sensors </li></ul>
    52. Tomorrow in ISO <ul><li>Cooperation between ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6, JTC 1/SC 6, ITU-T, & IETF </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive standards for Sensors, Sensor Networks, Mobile RFID, and Mobile ORM </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling the vision of RFID/USN </li></ul>
    53. C oordination a nd S upport A ction (CSA) for G lobal R FID-related Activities and S tandardisation CASAGRAS
    54. Objectives Objective Indicators Results and Potential Impact 1. Platform 1. International collaboration 2. Framework for standardisation with respect to the Internet of Things 3. Basis for international collaboration on product development and commercialisation A collaborative platform for considering and influencing the use and development of standards and regulations with respect to RFID and the Internet of Things. Impact can be expected in respect of the focused attention to standards leading to faster, more incisive, attention to standards and regulatory requirements for the Internet of Things and commercial exploitation of associated developments. 2. Standards framework 1. Repository for standards with associated guidelines 2. Repository for regulations with associated guidelines 3. Guidelines for the Internet of Things 4. Recommendations on standards and regulatory requirements with respect to RFID and the Internet of Things Tangible standards and regulatory resource with specific focus upon RFID and the Internet of Things. Impact can be expected on the use of the resource in providing a more effective foundation for considering standards in RFID applications and in integrated, networked solutions, including the Internet of Things. 3. Foundation framework for global numbering 1. Framework proposal for global numbering 2. Proposal for governance, maintenance and development of a global numbering system to meet the needs of the Internet of Things. Considered proposals for dealing with the key numbering (coding) requirements to satisfy the needs for a truly global system that can embrace legacy systems and provide the basis for migration to the global Internet of Things. Impact can be expected through the platform it will provide for international engagement in moving towards the Internet of things. 4. Guidelines on areas of application 1. Tangible guidelines to areas of application and potential for enterprise and potential international collaboration on enterprise developments including new products, processes and services. 2. Guidelines with respect to applications methodologies Guidelines to areas of application with respect to RFID, integrated technology solutions, network integration and the Internet of Things. Impact can be expected through the platform that these guidelines will provide for process, product and service development and for enterprise, including potential for international collaboration with respect to global applications. 5. Guidelines and recommendations for encouraging participation of SMEs 1. Tangible guidelines 2. Promotion of guidelines to SME associations and agencies that support SME business development. Guidelines and promotional platform for engaging with the SME business communities with respect to RFID usage and enterprise opportunities with respect to network developments and the Internet of Things. Impact can be expected through the engagement with SME associations and agencies supporting SME business development. 6. Future research and development and international collaboration 1. European research opportunities 2. Linkage with current research 3. Platforms for research collaboration. The identification of research opportunities is seen as the principal outcome with indications on how they would link to existing European projects and to international bodies for collaboration. Impact can be expected through the opportunities identified.
    55. Participants Participant name Participant short name Country AIM UK Ltd (coordinator) AIM UK YRP Ubiquitous Networking Laboratory YRP Japan Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation SCIC China (People’s Republic of) AIDC UK Ltd ECFAIDC UK Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute ETRI Korea (Republic of) FEIG Electronic GmbH FEIG Germany ETSI ETSI France Q.E.D. Systems Q.E.D. USA
    56. Meeting schedule <ul><li>January 28, 29, & 30, 2008 - Tokyo, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>July, 2008 - United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>July, 2008 - Interim report </li></ul><ul><li>January, 2009 - United States </li></ul><ul><li>January, 2009 - Interim report for EU </li></ul><ul><li>July, 2009 - Brussels, Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>July, 2009 - Final report - Open symposium </li></ul>
    57. Thank you!!! Craig K. Harmon (V): +1 319/364-0212 (E): [email_address] (U): http://www.autoid.org

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