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Information Security Research Division Information Security Research Division Dec. 18, 2007 Byung Gil Lee Privacy Management for Medical Service Application using Mobile Phone collaborated with RFID Reader
Privacy intrusion situation example : On the department store, bar, hotel, train etc, a malicious person sitting/standing next to you can read your belongings (with unprotected tags) informatio n to know how much you carry in your wallet, the credit card number, the size and the brand name of your underwear, the medicine you are taking and what kind of disease you have , etc. without being known to you [Information-Privacy] plus, adversary also trace you everywhere you go .[Location-Privacy]
Several approaches to RFID security and anonymity have been reported,
but privacy-aware security and user centric privacy control mechanism is not clearly defined.
In privacy aspect, unless these systems are properly designed and constructed, they can cause massive collateral damage to user’s privacy.
So, we propose a structure of protecting the privacy breach using by a profile based privacy management and customizing privacy preference in real-time.
As a useful application, we applied our system to the medical service in the hospital and related area by using privacy aware security system and privacy management mechanism.
For user’s specific and interactive RFID service and user centric sensor network service, we also include a mobile terminal, integrated with RFID reader which is read RFID tag and perform the linked service.
Users can get the information resolve it by inquiring to a network through mobile network.
In the platform, WIPI(a kind of Korea’s mobile standard platform. It is based on Java platform) is used as a RFID and sensor platform.
Introduction Local ODS National ODS Mobile RFID Service Discovery Gateway (Service Adaptation) Secure Mobile RFID Portal Information Service Secure M/W Security Lib RFID Reader Secure Tag Sensor Network Networked mobile RFID System and Sensor Network User ID CDMA WLAN WiBro Connected to networked Mobile RFID middleware
. Notifying : Patient’s emergency condition to doctor, patient’s 1 st aid information to 1 st aid staff
patient’s medical history information to 1 st aid or other hospital patient or asset Location to doctor,
results of the audit and user’s obligation to user(patient)
. Controlling : heating or air conditioning device, lighting device etc.
Information Security Research Division Proposed Customizing Ubiquitous Hospital Model EMR PACS ERP CRM HL7 Information System Intra-Hospital App. Networked Emergency App. Networked Inter-Hospital App. Registration IS Consent by Patient Decision by doctor as a urgent patient Issue Tagged Card Patient Identification Privacy Profile Configure Access Control and Authorization RPS(RFID Privacy Service Manager) (for example : heart disease, cerebral hemorrhage) Service Architecture(Registration)
And back-end medical information server receive the query information and then analyzes the data received from the requester and provides information in accordance with the privacy level set previously in policy manager.
Networ k Check Tag Identification Medical Examination & Treatment Tag Recipient for comprehensive medical examination Proposed Customizing Ubiquitous Hospital Model Service Architecture 1(Comprehensive Medical Examination) Notify next examination room User : 1. Compare previous examination history 2. Check the next examination information 3. Check the related medical information
Information Security Research Division Service Architecture 2(1 st aid) Proposed Customizing Ubiquitous Hospital Model
Registered urgent patient tag captured by authorized emergency transportation staff ‘s reader .
Medical history based 1 st aid service is provided in the emergency situation
② Using the bio-sensor and RFID, patient’s medical real-time information is transfer to hospital and the doctor’s message is transfer to EV( transportation staff).
③ Using the RFID patient Tag, patient is verified for protection of medical error in treatment
④ The chartless service is performed by mobile RFID treatment terminal (Reader) in history in health inspection, ER/OR, word in hospital
Network Patient Hospital (IS) Notification Service (GPS) MSDG Request Emergency Vehicular Location is displayed ! First 1 st aid message 2nd Medical History 3th Doctor ’ s Message CDMA SMS Privacy SMS Location Arrival to ER First aid service for emergency situation Medical Treatment Chartless Service By Mobile RFID Treatment Terminal Auth Check Coming in and out Transfer EV ’ s Location Emergency Room Medical Kiosk
The target of this model is for successful emergency rescue service by making use of the patient tag and mobile RFID reader
Major Function of the RPS - Real-time notification - Profile and policy management - Registration and authentication - Obligation management - Audit Management
<Architecture of the RPS> Design and Implementation of the System
Information Security Research Division Mobile RFID Network Configuration Mobile Terminal Gateway Directory Hospital Emergency Transportation system(911) Privacy Management
- IS(OIS) : (Object) Information Server
- ODS : Object Directory Service
MSDG : Medical Service Discovery Gateway
ET : Emergency Transportation - DI : Diagnosis and Inspection
ER : Emergency Room
PG : Payment Gateway
M/W : RFID middleware
Fixed Terminal Fixed M/W System RFID (RPS)
Consist of 6 parts
Design and Implementation of the System
Ubiquitous Network Registration Hospital A Hospital B / Emergency agecy Medical Privacy Manager CERTIFICATE Audit : Policy and Result Setup Obligation 2. General Medical Privacy Manager Hospital CERTIFICATE Hospital CERTIFICATE Medical Privacy Manager CERTIFICATE Public Key /Private key 3. Medical Service Discovery Gateway 4. PKI Certificate Service Manager 1. RFID and Sensor based Ubiquitous Medical Service Broker (Audit, User Policy etc.) (Result etc.) (Result etc.) (Audit, User Policy etc.) Hospital CERTIFICATE (Request shared Medical Record) Hospital CERTIFICATE (Result) Security Association Model
Compatibility and scalability in medical application may cause problems
Context aware Model Design and Implementation of the System
Information Security Research Division <Management System of Emergency Room> <Auto Identification and Alarm> RFID Reader is installed in the Entrance of the ER. Check the Patient’s coming in and out and movement Design and Implementation of the System Patient’s Location, Discovered by LBS by Mobile Phone <Emergency Transportation IS> <Patient’s Medical Information for 1 st aid> Privacy Information Controlled by User’s Policy Caution Information in the 1 st aid Service for Special Patient ER and ET systems
Patient management in ER
Query of patient’s information in ET
Information Security Research Division <Kiosk> <Monitoring System> <Privacy Management System> Design and Implementation of the System Kiosk and RPS
Kiosk for issue /kill of tag
Monitoring system and Privacy management
Information Security Research Division Conclusion
We designed an intelligent medical application service by using privacy aware RFID and Sensor network system .
The advantages of this system are as follows : first, we provide privacy protection for personal data in medical environment.
And, user centric privacy management scheme can be achieved.
Second, advanced automatic identification processing in emergency situation can save the life of patient .
Third, medical working conditions are improved by utilizing the auto-identification of patient.
The suggested mechanism and system are effective solution for medical service in the ubiquitous environment .
Information Security Research Division Reference material