Lyme Disease


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Symptoms of chronic Lyme Disease can include headaches, joint pains, neck stiffness, photophobia (sensitivity to light), stomach problems, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), visual disturbances, palpitations, dizziness, impairedmemory and concentration, seizures, severe fatigue, mood disturbances, and pins and needles in the hands and feet.

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Lyme Disease

  1. 1. Lyme Disease Dr. Peter Dobie
  2. 2. Introduction  Lyme disease was named in 1977 when arthritis was observed in a cluster of children in and around Lyme, CN  Conditions suggested that this was an infectious disease probably transmitted by an arthropod  Further investigation revealed that Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium
  3. 3. Causative Organism  Borrelia burgdorferi  Loosely coiled spirochete  8-20 micrometers
  4. 4. Ticks that cause Lyme disease Lone Star Tick Black-legged Tick Rocky Mountain Tick
  5. 5. Three Stages of Disease  Localized rash – erythema chronicum migrans  Dissemination to multiple organ systems  Chronic disseminated stage often with arthritic symptoms
  6. 6. Localized Rash
  7. 7. Dissemination  Signs of early disseminated infection usually occur days to weeks after the appearance of a solitary erythema migrans lesion  Neurologic – Bell’s Palsy  Musculoskeletal manifestations migratory joint and muscle pains  Late disseminated Lyme disease is intermittent swelling and pain of one or a few joints. may include
  8. 8. Chronic Disseminated  Chronic arthritis  Chronic axonal polyneuropathy  Lyme disease morbidity severe, chronic, and disabling.  Rarely, if ever, fatal may be
  9. 9. Diagnosis  Diagnosed clinically, confirmed serologically.  Often appropriate to treat patients with early disease solely on the basis of objective signs and a known exposure.  CDC recommends testing initially with a sensitive first test, ELISA or an IFA test, followed by testing with the more specific Western immunoblot (WB) test to corroborate equivocal or positive results obtained with the first test.
  10. 10. Serology  Patients with early disseminated or late-stage disease usually have strong serological reactivity  Antibodies often persist for months or years following successfully treated or untreated infection.  Seroreactivity alone cannot be used as a marker of active disease
  11. 11. Problems with Serology  IFA false positive may occur if patient has syphilis, relapsing fever or RA.  IFA interpretation highly subjective  EIA lacks sensitivity in early disease.  EIA false positives with syphilis, other treponemes, IM and autoimmune disease.
  12. 12. Western Blot  Must be used if the Lyme IgG/IgM antibody serology is equivocal or positive  "Osp" refers to outer surface protein of the bacteria.  "kDa" is the abbreviation for "kilodalton," which is used for molecular weight designations.  Lyme antibodies of importance are against the following molecular weights of the B. burgdorferi antigens: 23-25 kDa (Osp C); 31 kDa (Osp A); 34 kDa (Osp B); 39 kDa; 41 kDa; and 83-93 kDa7.
  13. 13. Treatment  Single dose doxycycline shortly after tick bite.  Lyme disease give doxycycline followed by amoxacillin  Neuroborreliosis requires IV antibiotic therapy.
  14. 14. Address: SUITE 3A, EDGECLIFF COURT, 2 NEW McLean ST, EDGECLIFF, NSW 2027 Email: Telephone: 02 9362 0493 Fax: 02 9363 0767 Dr. Peter Dobie Thank You