Introduce Yourself. CIU- Afghanistan The aim of this section is to give you a general overview on Afghanistan, CA in Afghanistan and the amazing work that RAADA are doing with the wind well and the benefits that it is providing for communities in Baz Girha. We are also going to consider some of the tricky questions which might arise when talking about Afghanistan and how we might answer these. Just to let you know, I am so pleased that Afghanistan has been chosen for the Harvest appeal. The RAADA wind well programme is fantastic and has made a real impact on people’s lives. Afghanistan is in the news everyday. Unfortunately this news is often very bleak. (Quote from the day, or the week if possible). Whilst this is often the reality within Afghanistan, I hope today to show you some alternative narratives. But firstly, I am going to give you a brief overview of Afghanistan today to put the partners and projects in context.
As you are probably aware Afghanistan has been involved in conflict or internal strife for 3 decades. I realised the other day that Afghanistan has effectively been at war my entire life. I was born the same year that President Brezhnev (of Russia) sent Soviet troops into Afghanistan (in 1979), fearing the overthrow of the communist government there. (This sparked a national uprising against the government and the Soviet troops supporting it, a Russian-Afghan war that would last for ten years . The USA supported the Afghan resistance financially, not wishing to see communism take hold in the east) . This left 1.4 million Afghans dead, 5 million disabled, 5 million refugees – and a power vacuum. When the Soviets withdrew, the country descended into a civil war from which one group, the Taliban emerged triumphant. The Taliban is practically synonymous in the West with brutality, particularly towards women and girls who they forbade to leave the home alone or to access education. The allied invasion of 2001 deposed the Taliban from power in Kabul but corruption and inefficiency has plagued the new government. These 30 years of war and insecurity has meant a chronic lack of investment in critical services e.g. in health and education. The result of this is that Afghanistan has some of the most shocking development indicators in the world. It is the poorest country in the world outside of Africa, half the population live below the poverty line and 40% do not get enough food to eat on a daily basis. A quarter of children die before their fifth birthday, and it has the second-highest maternal mortality rate in the world.
Harvest appeal 2010
Afghanistan in context <ul><li>• Conflict or internal strife for more than 3 decades </li></ul><ul><li>• Shocking development indicators </li></ul><ul><li>• Poverty and conflict </li></ul><ul><li>• Military vs. political solutions </li></ul>
Christian Aid in Afghanistan <ul><li>• 3 decades, 4 regimes- We are there for the long term </li></ul><ul><li>• Long-term local partners </li></ul><ul><li>• Aid and military solutions remain separate </li></ul><ul><li>• Three key strategic areas </li></ul>