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Wikipedia: a model for using the Internet for good
 

Wikipedia: a model for using the Internet for good

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Wikipedia slide deck used at the first Good Internet conference, UC Berkeley, April 2011. Original content is licensed CC-BY 3.0.

Wikipedia slide deck used at the first Good Internet conference, UC Berkeley, April 2011. Original content is licensed CC-BY 3.0.

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  • http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zb9eAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WzEMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3129,4160196&dq=wikipedia&hl=en
  • http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zb9eAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WzEMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3129,4160196&dq=wikipedia&hl=en
  • http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zb9eAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WzEMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3129,4160196&dq=wikipedia&hl=en
  • Wikipedia traffic in relation to other news / information resources - public or private.
  • http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zb9eAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WzEMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3129,4160196&dq=wikipedia&hl=en
  • 4,500 word article Disambiguates titles of songs, books Cites dozens of references

Wikipedia: a model for using the Internet for good Wikipedia: a model for using the Internet for good Presentation Transcript

  • 2001 news story bit.ly/AP-commercial-net
  • 2011 site rankings source: comScore Top 25 sites worldwide: GooMicroFaceYippee AmazAOLeBay……
  • 2011 site rankings source: comScore Top 25 sites worldwide: 1-4: GooMicroFaceYippee #5: Wikimedia sites 6-25: AmazAOLeBay……
  • Wikipedia Audience Compared With Other Information Sites Measured using unique visitors. Data from comScore MediaMetrix. (Global Unique Visitors, in millions of users) 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • Wikipedia and wiki collaboration: a model for inclusive media production Collaborative peer production has exploded onto the scene.
    • How does it work?
        • Technical core: wiki software
        • Legal core: free licenses
    • Why is it important?
  • Five features that make Wikipedia work
    • Editing an article
    • User profile pages
    • Discussion/talk/project pages
    • Editing history view
    • Recent Changes, watch lists, user contributions
  •  
  • Wikipedia markup codes
      '''Arthur Herbert Fonzarelli''' (also '''Fonzie''', '''The Fonz''', or '''Fonz''') is a [[fictional character]] played by [[Henry Winkler]] in the [[United States|American]] [[situation comedy|sitcom]] ''[[Happy Days]]'' …
  • HTML code
      <p><b>Arthur Herbert Fonzarelli</b> (also <b>Fonzie</b>, <b>The Fonz</b>, or <b>Fonz</b>) is a <a href=&quot;/wiki/Fictional_character&quot; class=&quot;mw-redirect&quot; title=&quot;Fictional character&quot;>fictional character</a> played by <a href=&quot;/wiki/Henry_Winkler&quot;>Henry Winkler</a> in the <a href=&quot;/wiki/United_States&quot; title=&quot;United States&quot;>American</a> <a href=&quot;/wiki/Situation_comedy&quot; title=&quot;Situation comedy&quot; class=&quot;mw-redirect&quot;>sitcom</a> <i><a href=&quot;/wiki/Happy_Days&quot;>Happy Days</a></i> …
  •  
  •  
  • Recent items from Libya talk page
    • Culture
    • Feb 2011 unrest in Libya
    • Foreign Relations
    • Presently on-going (edit)-war
    • Flag and coat of arms
    • Religious / political bias?
    • History does not mention the Gulf of Sidra incidents.
    • Augment/integrate Fist Crushing a U.S. Fighter Plane statue?
  •  
  • Five things that make Wikipedia work
    • Editing an article
    • User profile pages
    • Discussion/talk/project pages
    • Editing history view
    • Recent Changes, watch lists, user contributions
  • Open Source/free licenses Permission to build on others’ work … if I like a program…I must share it… Software sellers want to divide the users and conquer them, making each user agree not to share with others. I refuse to break solidarity with other users in this way. — Richard Stallman, GNU Manifesto, 1985
  • Three things that make Wikipedia work
    • Perceive what your fellow humans have done
    • Permission to build on that work (free license)
    • Software that supports collaborative building
  • How does the rest of media work? What other efforts have been made to hold special or corporate interests at bay?
    • The Fairness Doctrine
    • U.S. government policy, 1949–1987
    • Required holders of broadcast licenses to present controversial issues of public importance
    • Required honest, equitable and balanced presentation
  • Corporation for Public Broadcasting
    • non-profit corporation
    • promotes public broadcasting
    • created by act of Congress (1967)
    • funded by the Federal Government
  • Independent (?) commentator Jon Stewart Image credit: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Adam M. Stump
  • Innovative (?) entrepreneur Arianna Huffington Image credit: World Economic Forum
  • Wikipedia puts YOU in charge.
  • An opportunity A responsibility
  • Wikipedia is broadly empowering
      Values:
    • Written without bias
    • Verifiable information
    • Comprehensive
    • Available free of charge
    • Open to remixing and republication
  • Non-commercial core
    • No advertisements
    • Personal information collection very limited
    • Content evaluated purely on its quality
  •  
  • By the numbers
    • Wikipedia and sister projects comprise the world’s 5 th most popular web property
    • 400 million people view its pages each month
    • 90,000 active contributors
    • Sustained by non-profit organization
    • Over $16 million raised in 2010 from small donations
  • Over 450 tenth birthday parties
  • Wikipedia has its own problems
    • Experts are sometimes marginalized
    • Difficult for reader to discern good/bad content
    • Clashing values: anonymity, accountability
    • System can be “gamed”
    • (but what system can’t?)
  • From a history of Russian Wikipedia “ The increasing acceptance of Wikipedia’s reliability and legitimacy had attracted many national, political, and religious minorities to the project, who were tempted by the ability to finally tell their side of the story, or, more dangerously, to rewrite history in their favor .” — Victoria Doronina & Maryana Pinchuk, 2011 http://enwp.org/m:RuWiki_History/English
  • Number of active contributors declining
  • The next step: going mainstream
    • Editor diversity
    • Expertise in different subject areas
    • Global reach (editors and readers)
    • A welcoming and productive environment
  • Becoming indispensible “ But in 2009, the Russian Wikipedia was no longer a small, intimate online community; it was a legitimate source of information for the Russian-speaking world.” — Doronina & Pinchuk, 2011
  • Strategic plan “ Wikimedia projects are among the most-visited sites in the world, however Wikimedia does not yet have a technological, operational and financial infrastructure commensurate with people’s reliance upon it.” — Wikimedia’s five year strategic plan
  • Wikimedia theory of change (from strategic plan)
  • Evolving culture “When I left [Wikipedia], it was a big village where everyone knew one another, and when I came back it was already a bustling city with its own central administration, rules, policies, law enforcement, judges, maniacs, not to mention the countless masses of honest workers.” —Dodonov, programmer from St. Petersburg
  • Engaging established institutions
    • Academia
    • Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums
    • Journalism
    • Government
  • Wikipedia Public Policy Initiative
    • Wikipedians support professors in using Wikipedia as a teaching tool
    • More than 30 schools, 40 classes
    • More than 100 volunteer “ambassadors”
  • Wikipedians in Residence
    • British Museum
    • Children’s Museum of Indianapolis
    • Palace of Versailles
  • Tools for journalists
    • Watch list
    • Article history pages
    • Discussion/talk pages
    • WikiProjects (look at top of talk pages)
  • Essential ingredients
    • Flexible software platform for collaboration
    • A dedicated volunteer community
    • Free license: clarifies how content may be used
      • CC-BY-SA: Any reuse is permissible (even commercial)
      • Original author(s) must be credited (e.g. with a link)
      • Derivative works must also be CC-BY-SA
  • Three things we can do:
  • Three things we can do:
    • Commit to release some of our work under a free license .
  • Three things we can do:
    • Commit to release some of our work under a free license .
    • Commit to “ tinkering ” in public, sharing knowledge, building on others’ work, and seeking input.
  • Three things we can do:
    • Commit to release some of our work under a free license .
    • Commit to “ tinkering ” in public, sharing knowledge, building on others’ work, and seeking input.
    • Commit to helping those around us (people, organizations) understand resources like Wikipedia.
  • Questions?
    • Pete Forsyth: [email_address] or [[User:Peteforsyth]]
    • Organization: http://wikimediafoundation.org
    • Ambassador program: http://enwp.org/WP:AMBASSADOR
    • Russian Wikipedia study: http://enwp.org/m:RuWiki_History