Internet and social movements in association football
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Internet and social movements in association football

on

  • 184 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
184
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
184
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Internet and social movements in association football Internet and social movements in association football Presentation Transcript

    • Internet and Social Movements inAssociation Football: Exploring Spirit ofShankly and Liverpool F.C.Peter Millward, Durham University Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk
    • Reasons why recent football fan protests are a good area to study social movements• M ucci (1996) - pr er equi si t es of col l ect i ve act i on el ar e t o have a gr oup of peopl e w w d r egul ar l y ho oul com t oget her , w t h si m l ar pur poses and r enew t hei r e i i bel i ef s /i dent i f i cat i ons w t h a m i ovem .ent• C ossl ey (2002: 7) - ‘t her e ar e doubt l ess m r any r easons’ w soci al m hy ovem s shoul d be a cor e ent soci ol ogi cal i ssue, but pr ot est s and m l i sat i ons obi ar e i m t ant com por posi t es of t he dai l y news. – Engl i sh Pr em er League m ches ar e annual l y br oadcast t o a i at cum at i ve gl obal t el evi si on audi ence of t hr ee bi l l i on ul peopl e acr oss 211 nat i ons.• Al t hough Byr ne (1997: 62-63) not ed t hat t he si ze of col l ect i ve act i on i s of t en di f f i cul t t o measur e, r ecent pr ot est s cont ai ned pr ot est er s t hat
    • Context• Tom Hicks and George Gillett Club bought for £175m, taking on £80m of debt i n Febr uar y 2007• Var i ous i nt er est over t he year s, par t i cul ar l y i n t he Pr em er i League’s post -Abr am ch er a ovi• Made t hr ee pr om ses: i 1. M easur ed i nvest ment i n t he pl ayi ng t eam 2. R egener at i on of Anf i el d di st r i ct - ‘Spade i n t he G ound’ i n 60 days r 3. N doi ng ‘a G azer ’: acqui si t i on debt ot l• Fans i ni t i al l y w com – and t hen a el ed gr ow ng num i ber di dn’t ! Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk
    • Spirit of Shankly – Supporters’ Union (SOS)• ‘Sons of Shankl y’ f or m i n back r oom of ed The Sandon pub on 1 Feb 2008• ‘Shor t ’, ‘m ddl e’, ‘l ong’ and ‘ul t i m e’ ai m i at s – none of t hem expl i ci t l y st at ed t he r em oval of H cks and G l l et t i i• R s i n ‘Keep Fl ags Scouse’ and ‘R ai m oot ecl t he Kop’ – l ocal i sed ‘r eal ’ f ans• ‘D r ect Act i on’/Bi l l boar ds i• Spl i nt er gr oups• M e gl obal i sed act i on or Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk
    • Football Club For Sale: Two not-so- careful owners!• June 2010 -second l oan r ef i nance, r evi ew 12 ed m hs l at er ont• Boar d of Tom H cks, G ge G l l et t , M t i n i eor i ar Br ought on, C i st i an Pur sl ow and I an Ayr e hr• April 2010 – Sale price initially rumoured to be £800m, later rumoured to be £500m• R r educe exposur e and Bar cl ays Bank hi r ed BS t o f i nd pur chaser• Sum er 2010, G l l et t def aul t s on r epaym m i ent t o M l l Fi nanci al (U hedge f under s) i S• October 2010- sold to NESV for £300m, with £200m goi ng t o pay of f debt s Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk
    • The pr ocess [of sel l i ng t he cl ub] w as cont i nual l y f r ust r at ed by t hi s chat t er about f i nanci al di st r ess com ng out of R so t he i nt er est ed i BS, buyer s t hat w knew w d be t he e oul r i ght t ype of buyer s f or t hi s cl ub - l ook w s happened t o M hat anchest er C t y now w t h t hei r new ow shi p - i i ner t hat s t he ki nd of buyer w w e e er t r yi ng t o f i nd f or Li ver pool , and t hose peopl e w e scar ed of f by t he er di st r ess chat t er , and by t he m l i t ant , or gani sed i nt er net t er r or i sm i cam gns t hat w e di r ect ed agai nst pai er peopl e t hat w d get i nvol ved. oul Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk Tom H cks, i nt er vi ew br oadcast by Sky i
    • The Role of the Internet in Mobilisations• M essageboar ds, Tw t t er , Facebook. i• ‘R and W t e Kop’ m ed hi essageboar d has been a pl ace w e act i on f or SO has been her S di scussed and or gani sed.• SaveLi ver pool FC – R ‘H oy endo’ H ender son• Kop Fai t hf ul – Al an Kayal l /The Li ver pool Way f anzi ne• Tw t t er i –What r ol e?• C el l s (2009: 4) ar gues t hat f or a pr ot est ast onl i ne, i t s ‘ar t i cul at i on over t he I nt er net ’ becom ‘bot h i t s or gani zat i onal f or m and i t s es Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk mode of act i on’.
    • Internet as a site for Repertoires of Action• Body of w k t hat expl or es t he I nt er net as a or t ool f or soci al m ovem s (i .e. Li ebr ouw 2011) ent• The separ at i on of t he I nt er net and I nt er net assi st ed act i on• The I nt er net di d not cause t he sal e of t he cl ub• I nt er net assi st ed act i on m have hel ped t o ay m pul at e t he m cr o – but not t he m o – ani i acr condi t i ons t hat caused t he sal e• I nt er net as of f er i ng new oppor t uni t i es t o r ei nf or ce pr e-exi st i ng f an pr act i ces• I nt er net t er r or i st s? Peter.Millward2@durham.ac.uk