Farm diversification

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Farm diversification

  1. 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?featurDon’t forget you can use YeoValley as an example of organicfarming and diversification
  2. 2. Why do farms diversify?Why do farms diversify?• Supermarkets now paying farmers verylow prices• 40% of UK food now being importedcheaply from overseas• Cannot now make a profit from foodproduction alone because of this
  3. 3. How do farms diversify?How do farms diversify?New Products New Outlets Tourism Leisure andRecreationDevelopment Energy•Organiccrops•Herbs•Bees•Goats•Ducks•Ostriches•Red Deer•Llamas•Cheese•Bottledwater•Pick YourOwn•Farm Shop•Farmers’market•B&B•Caravan orcampingsite•Café•Shooting•Off roaddriving•Mountainbiking•Convertingbarns intohousing•Industrialunits•Telecentres•Windturbines
  4. 4. Hazel Brow FarmHazel Brow Farm• Location of farm is in accessible countrysidewhich makes it possible for it to be used as atourist attraction• Visitors centre where people can learn aboutfarming• Chance to handle the animals• Nature trails though the farm• Heritage project and discovery rooms• Also a café and a farm shop where organicproduce from the farm is on sale.
  5. 5. Changes to 21stCenturyFarming
  6. 6. Drip IrrigationDrip Irrigation• Best way to get water and fertilizer aroundcrops• Computerized control system• Water is minimised but system costly tocontrol
  7. 7. Arable RotationArable Rotation• Swapping fields of vegetables and peasand beans around to ensure nitrogen inthe soil• Reduced the amount of fertilizer needed• Helps break disease and pest cycles
  8. 8. HedgerowsHedgerows• Help prevent soil erosion and water runoff• Provide shelter, control livestock andprotect crops from the wind• Important habitat for wildlife
  9. 9. Retailing of locally sourcesRetailing of locally sourcesproductsproducts• Rising fuel prices, concerns about globalwarming and ‘food miles’ have forced this.• Supermarkets have realised that peopleare concerned about food from LICs• There are currently over 2000 farmersmarkets in the UK• Supply chain is very short and food pricesare competitive.
  10. 10. Growing BiofuelsGrowing Biofuels• Refers to ethanol or diesel made fromcrops of corn, sugarcane or rapeseed.• Important as oil prices rise• A way of reducing GHG emissions• Switching to these will reduce the growingof food crops and push up food prices.• Reduces biodiversity
  11. 11. Organic FarmingOrganic Farming• A form of farming that relies on crop rotation,green manure, compost and biological pestcontrol• Does not use chemical fertilizers, herbicides andpest control• Yields are 20% smaller than those from normalfarms• Link between this type of food and good health• Retail sales are worth 1.2 billion per year
  12. 12. Exam Questions…Exam Questions…• Using examples of a farm you havestudied, explain how farms diversify (6marks)• What are the disadvantages of growingbiofuels? (4 marks)• What are the advantages of growingorganic produce? (4 marks)

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