http://www.youtube.com/watch?featurDon’t forget you can use YeoValley as an example of organicfarming and diversification
Why do farms diversify?Why do farms diversify?• Supermarkets now paying farmers verylow prices• 40% of UK food now being importedcheaply from overseas• Cannot now make a profit from foodproduction alone because of this
How do farms diversify?How do farms diversify?New Products New Outlets Tourism Leisure andRecreationDevelopment Energy•Organiccrops•Herbs•Bees•Goats•Ducks•Ostriches•Red Deer•Llamas•Cheese•Bottledwater•Pick YourOwn•Farm Shop•Farmers’market•B&B•Caravan orcampingsite•Café•Shooting•Off roaddriving•Mountainbiking•Convertingbarns intohousing•Industrialunits•Telecentres•Windturbines
Hazel Brow FarmHazel Brow Farm• Location of farm is in accessible countrysidewhich makes it possible for it to be used as atourist attraction• Visitors centre where people can learn aboutfarming• Chance to handle the animals• Nature trails though the farm• Heritage project and discovery rooms• Also a café and a farm shop where organicproduce from the farm is on sale.
Drip IrrigationDrip Irrigation• Best way to get water and fertilizer aroundcrops• Computerized control system• Water is minimised but system costly tocontrol
Arable RotationArable Rotation• Swapping fields of vegetables and peasand beans around to ensure nitrogen inthe soil• Reduced the amount of fertilizer needed• Helps break disease and pest cycles
HedgerowsHedgerows• Help prevent soil erosion and water runoff• Provide shelter, control livestock andprotect crops from the wind• Important habitat for wildlife
Retailing of locally sourcesRetailing of locally sourcesproductsproducts• Rising fuel prices, concerns about globalwarming and ‘food miles’ have forced this.• Supermarkets have realised that peopleare concerned about food from LICs• There are currently over 2000 farmersmarkets in the UK• Supply chain is very short and food pricesare competitive.
Growing BiofuelsGrowing Biofuels• Refers to ethanol or diesel made fromcrops of corn, sugarcane or rapeseed.• Important as oil prices rise• A way of reducing GHG emissions• Switching to these will reduce the growingof food crops and push up food prices.• Reduces biodiversity
Organic FarmingOrganic Farming• A form of farming that relies on crop rotation,green manure, compost and biological pestcontrol• Does not use chemical fertilizers, herbicides andpest control• Yields are 20% smaller than those from normalfarms• Link between this type of food and good health• Retail sales are worth 1.2 billion per year
Exam Questions…Exam Questions…• Using examples of a farm you havestudied, explain how farms diversify (6marks)• What are the disadvantages of growingbiofuels? (4 marks)• What are the advantages of growingorganic produce? (4 marks)