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Born August 29, 1809 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. To Abiel Holmes and Sarah Wendell Holmes.
The fourth of five children
His father was an orthodox Calvanist minister.
He was brought up a strict Calvanist, but later rejected much of what he was taught.
Leaned toward independence and rebellion.
Graduated from Harvard in 1829
Oliver often had his poems published in Harvard's Collegian
Studied law, then traveled to Europe to study medicine. He graduated from Cambridge in 1836 with a doctorate in medicine.
After studying medicine in college and in Paris, he wrote two essays on new approaches to medicine. For his writing, he was awarded the Boylston Prize from Harvard.
He was encouraged to write poetry by Ralph Waldo Emerson.
In 1838, he became the chair of Anatomy and Physiology at Dartmouth College. He later worked a similar position at Harvard. Holmes excelled at keeping the students’ attention during his lectures.
Holmes married Amelia Lee Jackson in 1840. They had three children.
He died at the age of 85 in his home in Boston, Massachusetts.
Prose-ordinary speech or writing, without metrical structure.
Many poems present his view of human nature and its improvement.
Often wrote against Calvanism
Touches on many psychological issues.
Poetry Writing Style
Metaphor - a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance Ex. A mighty fortress is our God Extended Metaphor – a metaphor extended over several sentences, lines, paragraphs, or even pages Terms to Know
Apostrophe - a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea Ex. O Death, where art thou? Alliteration - repetition of the leading consonant sound in each word throughout a sentence or a phrase Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Terms to Know
Allusion - the repetition of the leading consonant sound in each word throughout a sentence or a phrase Tone - a particular style or manner, as of writing or speech; the implications of the diction used Terms to Know
Verbal Irony - a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant Symbolism - the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character Terms to Know