Forces of Change and Scriptural Interpretation (PerSpectives 12)
CHANGE FORCES Van de Ven & Poole, 1995
Overview of Change ForcesUpon viewing scriptural events from the perspective ofchange forces that transpired during a time period, you gain adeeper understanding of Scripture by peeling back everydaycircumstances. Theorists Van de Ven and Poole, say thatIt is the interplay between different perspectives that helps one gain a more comprehensive understanding of organizational life, because any one theoretical perspective invariably offers only a partial account of a complex phenomenon (1995).
Imagine looking at fibers through a microscope to identify thecontents of a particular sample. Without a system ofclassification, you see a conglomeration of materials – amishmash. On the other hand, if you have a way to sortthrough the materials or markers to guide recognition, thenpatterns emerge that lead to interpretation. Along these lines,Van de Ven and Poole present four basic types of changeforce models that help explain historical development of anorganization: life-cycle, teleological, dialectical, andevolutionary.
Summary Timeline• Cycle of events that move • Startup through stages • Grow • Harvest • Termination Life CycleEntities Characteristics• Institution or program • Linear influences change • Sequential
Summary Timeline• Change results from • Change is a natural state conflict between two • Tied to contrast parties DialecticalEntities Characteristics• Two parties in conflict • Change produces stability with each other
Summary Timeline• Change occurs as a result • Planned and systematic of planned actions TeleologicalEntities Characteristics• Goals drive movement • Organization adapts to toward change change• Constituents devise goals • Constituents work through consensus together
Summary Timeline• Change results from an • Time ordered, cyclical, accumulation of events continuous • Short or long periods of time EvolutionaryEntities Characteristics• Accumulation of evolved • Continuous cycle of events variation, selection, and retention
References• Newbigin, L. (1991). Truth or tell: The Gospel as public truth. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing.• Van de Ven, A. & Poole, M. (1995). Explaining development and change in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 3 (20) 510-540.• Van de Ven, A. & Poole, M. (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of organizational change and innovation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.• Whitesel, B. (2010, April). The fantastic four. Leadership. Retrieved on October, 2010 from http://churchexecutive.com/archives/understanding-the-four- forces-that-control-church-change