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Guidelines to Standards
The Challenges
Introduction of animal welfare standards

• Public and consumer pressure for animal welfare
assurances
• Wide range of pub...
OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code

OIE Code is the reference document for:
• Technical standards - The „Checklist‟
• Stan...
Standard and guideline definitions
• Standards contain “MUST” clauses
•
•
•
•

„must‟
„shall‟
„It is essential that…‟
„It ...
Australian Animal Welfare Strategy

Development of nationally consistent legal
arrangements, including standards for regul...
OIE animal welfare standards
• Details specific provisions for restraining animals:
•

Provision of a non-slippery floor

...
OIE animal welfare standards

Restraining methods that immobilise by electro-immobilisation or
by injury - such as breakin...
An effective animal welfare standard
An effective animal welfare standard should fulfil the
following:
• Improve animal we...
The challenges

• Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
Welfare outcome

Is the animal healthy and producing well? Is the animal happy or
is it suffering from pain or undesirable...
Resource-based measures

Describe the animal‟s environment. Easy to develop and
audit. Compliance is not necessarily indic...
Animal-based measures

Describe the welfare state of the animal. Can be difficult to
develop and audit. The best standards...
The challenges

• Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
• Technically correct and based on sound sc...
Based on sound science and technically correct

Acceptability of a procedure depends as much on ethical
decisions as on sc...
Based on sound science and technically correct
The challenges

• Necessary - sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
• Technically correct and based on sound sc...
Applied universally

It is important that the standards applied in-market are
consistently achieved in our own farms, feed...
Consistency with regulation

Animal welfare standards must recognise and if
necessary, integrate regulatory requirements -...
The challenges

• Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
• Technically correct and based on sound sc...
Verifiable

Auditing is challenging if animal welfare standards are poorly
written. Standards must be not be open to indiv...
Audit consistency
Audit consistency

The audit must follow a structured, consistent protocol and
involve the expert evaluation of the eviden...
The challenges

• Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
• Technically correct and based on sound sc...
Severity
MINOR
0-3

4-7

8-15

15+

GREEN

AMBER

RED

MAJOR
BLUE
(with BDP)
0
GREEN

1-3

AMBER

AMBER

AMBER

RED

4+

R...
The challenges
• Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare
outcome
• Technically correct and based on sound sci...
Corrective and preventive action

Reference to acceptable corrective and preventive action
should a welfare issue arise
The future
• The influx of welfare standards is only going to
increase
• Stakeholders need to be involved in the developme...
Dr Leisha Hewitt
Murdoch University
Leisha.hewitt@gmail.com
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LiveXChange Conference 2013 Animal Welfare Session Dr Leisha Hewitt- Guidelines to standards – the challenges

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Transcript of "LiveXChange Conference 2013 Animal Welfare Session Dr Leisha Hewitt- Guidelines to standards – the challenges"

  1. 1. Guidelines to Standards The Challenges
  2. 2. Introduction of animal welfare standards • Public and consumer pressure for animal welfare assurances • Wide range of public and private standards • Legislation – Time consuming, minimum welfare standards, variation • Private standards – retailers and producers
  3. 3. OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code OIE Code is the reference document for: • Technical standards - The „Checklist‟ • Standard Operating Procedures • Work Instructions
  4. 4. Standard and guideline definitions • Standards contain “MUST” clauses • • • • „must‟ „shall‟ „It is essential that…‟ „It is prohibited to…‟ • Guidelines contain “SHOULD” clauses • „should‟ • „It is recommended that…‟
  5. 5. Australian Animal Welfare Strategy Development of nationally consistent legal arrangements, including standards for regulation, which will be a part of future animal welfare legislation
  6. 6. OIE animal welfare standards • Details specific provisions for restraining animals: • Provision of a non-slippery floor • Avoidance of the application of excessive pressure • Engineered to reduce noise (hissing/clanging metal) • Absence of sharp edges • Avoidance of jerking or sudden movement • “under no circumstances should animal handlers resort to violent acts to move animals, such as” • Crushing and breaking tails • Grasping their eyes • Pulling by the ears
  7. 7. OIE animal welfare standards Restraining methods that immobilise by electro-immobilisation or by injury - such as breaking legs, cutting leg tendons or severing the spinal cord must never be used.
  8. 8. An effective animal welfare standard An effective animal welfare standard should fulfil the following: • Improve animal welfare • Include requirements that must be met • Include recommendations to encourage continuous improvement • Be practical • Be focused on outcomes rather than prescriptive requirements
  9. 9. The challenges • Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome
  10. 10. Welfare outcome Is the animal healthy and producing well? Is the animal happy or is it suffering from pain or undesirable emotions? Is the animal able to perform its normal behaviour and thus live a relatively natural life?
  11. 11. Resource-based measures Describe the animal‟s environment. Easy to develop and audit. Compliance is not necessarily indicative of good animal welfare. Used to identify risk factors.
  12. 12. Animal-based measures Describe the welfare state of the animal. Can be difficult to develop and audit. The best standards include measures that refer to both the input and the animal welfare outcome.
  13. 13. The challenges • Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome • Technically correct and based on sound science
  14. 14. Based on sound science and technically correct Acceptability of a procedure depends as much on ethical decisions as on scientific evidence.
  15. 15. Based on sound science and technically correct
  16. 16. The challenges • Necessary - sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome • Technically correct and based on sound science • Applied universally - cost bases and throughout chain
  17. 17. Applied universally It is important that the standards applied in-market are consistently achieved in our own farms, feedlots, transport systems and abattoirs.
  18. 18. Consistency with regulation Animal welfare standards must recognise and if necessary, integrate regulatory requirements - Consideration overseas
  19. 19. The challenges • Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome • Technically correct and based on sound science • Applied universally – cost bases and throughout chain • Practical and verifiable
  20. 20. Verifiable Auditing is challenging if animal welfare standards are poorly written. Standards must be not be open to individual interpretation.
  21. 21. Audit consistency
  22. 22. Audit consistency The audit must follow a structured, consistent protocol and involve the expert evaluation of the evidence.
  23. 23. The challenges • Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome • Technically correct and based on sound science • Applied universally – cost bases and throughout chain • Practical and verifiable • Indicate severity and prevalence of an issue
  24. 24. Severity MINOR 0-3 4-7 8-15 15+ GREEN AMBER RED MAJOR BLUE (with BDP) 0 GREEN 1-3 AMBER AMBER AMBER RED 4+ RED RED RED RED
  25. 25. The challenges • Necessary – sound welfare reason with a real welfare outcome • Technically correct and based on sound science • Applied universally – cost bases and throughout chain • Practical and verifiable • Indicate severity and prevalence of an issue • Provide opportunity for implementation of effective corrective and preventive action
  26. 26. Corrective and preventive action Reference to acceptable corrective and preventive action should a welfare issue arise
  27. 27. The future • The influx of welfare standards is only going to increase • Stakeholders need to be involved in the development and implementation Compliance with animal welfare standards is not optional – you will not receive more money for being part of the process. It is the key to staying in business
  28. 28. Dr Leisha Hewitt Murdoch University Leisha.hewitt@gmail.com
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