Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
State of U.S. Space Policy: Implications for Land Management Markets
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

State of U.S. Space Policy: Implications for Land Management Markets

205
views

Published on

A presentation by John Cullen from the Penn Institute for Urban Research's "Earth from Space" conference.

A presentation by John Cullen from the Penn Institute for Urban Research's "Earth from Space" conference.


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
205
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. State of U.S. Space Policy: Implications for Land Management Markets Senior Policy Analyst Space, Science & Technology Washington D.C. March 28, 2007
  • 2. Driving Factors in Space Systems Design
    • U.S. Space Policy is defined by 3 Objectives
      • Human Presence – Massive, Habitable Systems @ Hi Reliability & Safety
      • Planetary Exploration and Astronomy – Extreme, Automated Performance using Intelligent Design
      • Earth Applications – Specialized Economic Form & Function with emphasis on Low Cost Operations
    • “ Operationalization” of Space Technology occurs when Mission Risk is balanced with User Satisfaction
    • Managing the Cost of Space Flight is directly related to Managing Risk in Technological Advancement
    • Advances in Space Flight are inherently limited by Cost
  • 3. Stages of Development in Earth Applications
    • Rapid Translation from Testbed to Application
      • Military Surveillance
      • Telecommunications
      • Weather Forecasting
      • Land Observation
      • Position, Navigation, and Timing
    • Applications Growth
    • Privatization and Commercialization
    • Commoditization and Systems Ubiquity
    • R&D Capitalization or Technological Stagnation
  • 4. Moderate-Resolution Land Imaging (5-120km)
    • Rapid Translation from Testbed to Application
    • Applications Growth
    • Privatization and Commercialization
    • Commoditization and Systems Ubiquity
    • R&D Capitalization or Technological Stagnation
    • Landsat 1 launched in 1972
    • Early Studies Presaged Prolific Use
    • Commercialization Attempted in 1980 and 2003
    • High Public Value, but Limited Commercial Utility limited Growth
    • Capital Market never Materialized
  • 5. Policy Transition: 2004-2007
    • Landsat had little policy support even though essential in climate science and in some imagery markets
    • In 2004, the U.S. first attempted to merge weather and land satellites
    • In 2005, this decision was reversed and Landsat 8 begun
    • A White House “Future of Land Imaging” report is pending – it recommends a National Land Imaging Program at the U.S. Department of the Interior
    • NLIP will have broad responsibility for Civil Operational Land Imaging to meet U.S. Public and Private Needs
      • Requirements Setting
      • Satellite R&D, Data Acquisition, and Data Distribution
      • Applications Demonstration
  • 6. National Land Imaging Objectives
    • U.S. satellites will be developed to meet “core U.S. operational needs”
    • All needs will be considered -- Federal, State, Local, and Commercial
    • New technologies will be considered – radar, lidar, and hyperspectral
    • U.S. Public-Private and International Agreements will augment U.S. capabilities
    • Implementation will occur within Group on Earth Observation (GEO) objectives
      • Fulfillment of Global Sustainable Development Goals
      • Emphasis on Health and Climate
      • Global Support for Disaster Management
  • 7. Implications for Imagery Markets
    • Market supply of land imagery will grow dramatically
      • Global satellite capability in Earth Observation is becoming more common
      • Europe, India, Japan, and China are taking market leadership positions in Earth Observation
      • All nations, including Less Developed Nations, are accelerating participation in Earth Observation and Satellite Communications
    • Launch technology will be the only remaining hurdle separating Space Haves from Have-Nots
    • New Economic Partnerships will develop independent of historic relationships, with uncertain geopolitical implications
    • The substitution value of satellite imagery will increase significantly
      • Pressure on commercial aerial and high-resolution satellite operators
      • Global competition to service emerging markets
    • Competition among imagery suppliers will take many forms
      • “ Niche” versus large national concerns
      • Market versus Social Democratic economies
      • Competition for “Control of Distribution”
      • Traditional evolution of vertical versus horizontal integration
  • 8. Implications for Land Management Markets
    • More and better source data at “close-to-daily” intervals
      • More types of imagery
      • Low-to-No Cost imagery
      • System Capacity and Imagery Quality “sized” to meet the problem
    • More emphasis on operational management of resource wealth, infrastructure security, and disaster response
      • Pressure to increase productivity yield
      • Heightened public security expectations
    • More and better climate impact assessment
    • Broader and more effective regulation of public and private land use
    • Market reconsideration of the value of satellite information
  • 9.
    • Commerce and Earth Resource Management
      • -- Agriculture, Forestry, and Sustainable Development
      • -- Water Resource Assessment and Management
      • -- Energy Resource and Mineral Wealth Assessment and Management
      • -- Foreign Agricultural Assessment
      • -- Insurance Risk Management
    • Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
      • -- Land Use Change
      • -- Climate Variability and Change
      • -- Habitat and Wetlands Management and Ecological Forecasting
      • -- Sea Ice, Glaciation, and Snow Pack Assessment
      • -- Erosion Control and Hydrological Assessment
      • -- Deforestation, Desertification, and Salinization
      • -- Urban and Rural Geography and Human Ecology
    • Civil Operations and Applications
      • -- Land Use Planning and Management
      • -- Resource Conservation and Management
      • -- Wildfire, Coastal Zone, and Flood Plain Assessment
      • -- Natural Disasters Mitigation and Response
      • -- Human Health and Well-Being
      • -- Physical Infrastructure Assessment and Operation
      • -- Navigation and Transportation Planning and Management
      • -- Property Valuation and Assessment
    • National Security
      • -- Intelligence and Information Gathering
      • -- Homeland Security
      • -- U.S. Military Operations
      • -- Health and Productivity of the U.S. Aerospace Industry
    • Treaty and Legal Compliance
      • -- Boundary Control
      • -- Property Rights and Assessment
      • -- International Conventions and Treaty Management
      • -- Tax Base Assessment
      • -- Land Use Regulation
    Societal Management Human and Natural System Interaction Security and Compliance