Case studies are used to articulate the twin processes of neoliberal urban political development: neoliberalism by default and neoliberalism by design.
it added over 100,000 voters. African American percentage of voters increased from 32 percent to 38 percent.
Transcript of "Tim Weaver"
Neoliberalism in the Trenches: UrbanPolitics and Policy in the United States and Britain, 1976-2000 Tim Weaver Political Science
From the age of consensus… Nixon: “I am now a Keynesian on economics” (1971)
…to the Age of FractureCallaghan: “We used to think that you could spend yourway out of a recession…by cutting taxes and boostinggovernment spending. I tell you in all candour that thatoption no longer exists” (1976)
ArgumentThe neoliberal turn: radically undermined cities’ governing capacity and authority; launched a new trajectory of neoliberal political development; proceeded according to two different logics-- neoliberalization by default and by design
Neoliberalism definedA political-economic theory and rhetorical framework thatrests on the notion that freedom, justice, and well-being arebest guaranteed by a political economic system thatpromotes private property, open markets, and free trade andwhich privileges the interests of financial capital. Capital privileged over labor; private over public; market over welfare state. Enterprise zones; empowerment zones; privatization etc.
Docklands Neoliberalism by design: • Process by which national or local elites harness the power of state institutions to impose a neoliberal blueprint. • Flagship enterprise zone—tax reduction and deregulation. • Site of the London Docklands Development Corporation— land and power stripped from local authorities and given to unelected board. • Central government as neoliberal activist; the state is reoriented rather than replaced.