Penn's 8th Annual Urban Doctoral Symposium<br />PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES <br />of <br />NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUS...
China’s High-Tech Zones<br />High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ),<br />An Increasing Dominant Form<br />201...
QUESTION:<br />How and to what extent do planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of China’s High-Technology...
A Typology<br />LOCATION<br />Integrated<br /> TYPE 1<br />TYPE 2<br />13 HIDZs<br />e.g. Beijing, Chengdu, Xi’an<br /><ul...
Existing framework </li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shanghai, Wuhan, Qingdao<br /><ul><li>R&D industry domain
Based on small town</li></ul>MISSION,<br />LAND USE<br />Mixed-use Oriented<br />Single Use (R&D) Oriented<br /> TYPE 3<br...
Newly planned framework</li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shenzhen, Ningbo, Zibo<br /><ul><li>R&D Base
Isolated district</li></ul>Isolated<br />Case Studies<br />Criteria<br />Selected Cases<br />PlanningStrategies<br />Asses...
Across Types
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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA

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Sisi Liang's presentation from the

Penn Urban Doctoral Symposium

May 13, 2011

Co-sponsored with Penn’s Urban Studies program, this symposium celebrates the work of graduating urban-focused doctoral candidates. Graduates present and discuss their dissertation findings. Luncheon attended by the students, their families and their committees follows.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA

  1. 1. Penn's 8th Annual Urban Doctoral Symposium<br />PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES <br />of <br />NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES <br />in <br />CHINA<br />Sisi Liang<br />Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania<br />5.13.2011<br />
  2. 2. China’s High-Tech Zones<br />High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ),<br />An Increasing Dominant Form<br />2010s<br />Close linkage with rapid urbanization<br />Large Scale Site<br />Trend toward New Township or Science City<br />Economic Contribution<br />Japan<br />Tsukuba<br />Japan<br />Tsukuba<br />10% of China GDP<br />Annual Growth Rate 36.5%<br />In 2008, 663,000 jobs = 1.5 Silicon Valley<br />In 2009, Total Area = 10 San Francisco<br />UK Cambridge <br />UK Cambridge <br />Belgium<br />UK<br />Belgium<br />UK<br />France Sophia<br />France Sophia<br />Silicon Valley<br />Route 128 US<br />Silicon Valley<br />Route 128 US<br />RTP U.S.<br />RTP U.S.<br />Netherland<br />Netherland<br />1980s<br />Novosibirsk<br />Novosibirsk<br />Finland<br />Spain<br />Finland<br />Spain<br />Moscow State<br />Moscow State<br />China<br />China<br />Sweden<br />Sweden<br />Korea Daedeok<br />Korea Daedeok<br />India Bangalore<br />India Bangalore<br />Australia ATP<br />Australia ATP<br />Singapore <br />Singapore <br />1950s<br />America<br />Europe<br />Asia<br />Australia<br />Beijing Birdview Source: NASA<br />Wuhan Eastlake HIDZ in 1990s<br />Suzhou Industrial Park in 2010<br />
  3. 3. QUESTION:<br />How and to what extent do planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of China’s High-Technology Industrial Development Zones?<br />ARCHITECTURE<br />Urban <br />Design<br />PLANNING STRATEGIES<br />CHINA’S PLANNING<br />HIGH-TECH ZONES<br />Industrial <br />Development <br />Districts<br />US vs. China<br />Comparative<br />L-S Development Districts<br />CHINA AS BACKGROUND<br />
  4. 4. A Typology<br />LOCATION<br />Integrated<br /> TYPE 1<br />TYPE 2<br />13 HIDZs<br />e.g. Beijing, Chengdu, Xi’an<br /><ul><li>Rich resources
  5. 5. Existing framework </li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shanghai, Wuhan, Qingdao<br /><ul><li>R&D industry domain
  6. 6. Based on small town</li></ul>MISSION,<br />LAND USE<br />Mixed-use Oriented<br />Single Use (R&D) Oriented<br /> TYPE 3<br />TYPE 4<br />8 HIDZs<br />e.g. Suzhou, Tianjin<br /><ul><li>Self-sufficient
  7. 7. Newly planned framework</li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shenzhen, Ningbo, Zibo<br /><ul><li>R&D Base
  8. 8. Isolated district</li></ul>Isolated<br />Case Studies<br />Criteria<br />Selected Cases<br />PlanningStrategies<br />AssessDimensions<br /><ul><li>Across Variations
  9. 9. Across Types
  10. 10. Plenty of Activities
  11. 11. Exemplars
  12. 12. Beijing ZGC Park
  13. 13. Shanghai ZJ Park
  14. 14. Suzhou SIP
  15. 15. Shenzhen SHIP
  16. 16. Planning System
  17. 17. Site Selection
  18. 18. Land Development
  19. 19. Infrastructure
  20. 20. Land Use
  21. 21. Transit Program
  22. 22. Open Space Design
  23. 23. Effect on action and outcome
  24. 24. Net Benefit: worth cost
  25. 25. Internal Validity: Proper Mission
  26. 26. External Validity: Social Impact</li></li></ul><li>TYPE 1: Beijing ZGC Park<br />TYPE 2: Shanghai ZJ Park<br />Mixed + Integrated<br />Clusters of Universities<br />Innovation Center<br />Single-Use + Integrated<br />Governmental Guidance<br />Innovation Base<br />Lujiazui Financial Trade Zone<br />PUDONG NEW AREA<br />Zhangjiang High-Tech Park<br />
  27. 27. TYPE 3: Suzhou Industrial Park<br />TYPE 4: Shenzhen High-Tech Park<br />Sustainable Planning System: China and Singapore<br />Mixed + Self-sufficient New Township<br />Tool for Attracting International Firms<br />Single-Use + Isolated<br />Economic Anchor<br />Virtual University Park<br />Nanshan District<br />Toward Center City<br />Shenzhen University<br />Toward HONG <br />KONG<br />Residential Area<br />South Sea<br />
  28. 28. Comparative Discussion<br />Outcomes:<br />Diverse and sometimes competing purposes of national HIDZs;<br />Importance of adopting a sustainable strategy for development of HIDZs;<br />Versatility of planning approaches;<br />A series of key factors that shape planning strategies<br />Suggestions for tailoring the approach to planning to local resources and conditions<br />Address Local Contexts<br />Transit & Environment<br />Type 1 Beijing<br />Type 2 Shanghai<br />Nature of Plan<br />Type 3 Suzhou<br />Type 4 Shenzhen<br />Management<br />Role of Planning<br />
  29. 29. Next Steps<br />Publications<br />(Journal Articles+ Book + Conferences)<br />Academic career in Tsinghua University<br /><ul><li>Research on planning and management strategies in other development projects
  30. 30. Practices of urban design projects</li></li></ul><li>
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