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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA

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Sisi Liang's presentation from the …

Sisi Liang's presentation from the

Penn Urban Doctoral Symposium

May 13, 2011

Co-sponsored with Penn’s Urban Studies program, this symposium celebrates the work of graduating urban-focused doctoral candidates. Graduates present and discuss their dissertation findings. Luncheon attended by the students, their families and their committees follows.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Penn&apos;s 8th Annual Urban Doctoral Symposium<br />PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES <br />of <br />NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES <br />in <br />CHINA<br />Sisi Liang<br />Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania<br />5.13.2011<br />
  • 2. China’s High-Tech Zones<br />High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ),<br />An Increasing Dominant Form<br />2010s<br />Close linkage with rapid urbanization<br />Large Scale Site<br />Trend toward New Township or Science City<br />Economic Contribution<br />Japan<br />Tsukuba<br />Japan<br />Tsukuba<br />10% of China GDP<br />Annual Growth Rate 36.5%<br />In 2008, 663,000 jobs = 1.5 Silicon Valley<br />In 2009, Total Area = 10 San Francisco<br />UK Cambridge <br />UK Cambridge <br />Belgium<br />UK<br />Belgium<br />UK<br />France Sophia<br />France Sophia<br />Silicon Valley<br />Route 128 US<br />Silicon Valley<br />Route 128 US<br />RTP U.S.<br />RTP U.S.<br />Netherland<br />Netherland<br />1980s<br />Novosibirsk<br />Novosibirsk<br />Finland<br />Spain<br />Finland<br />Spain<br />Moscow State<br />Moscow State<br />China<br />China<br />Sweden<br />Sweden<br />Korea Daedeok<br />Korea Daedeok<br />India Bangalore<br />India Bangalore<br />Australia ATP<br />Australia ATP<br />Singapore <br />Singapore <br />1950s<br />America<br />Europe<br />Asia<br />Australia<br />Beijing Birdview Source: NASA<br />Wuhan Eastlake HIDZ in 1990s<br />Suzhou Industrial Park in 2010<br />
  • 3. QUESTION:<br />How and to what extent do planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of China’s High-Technology Industrial Development Zones?<br />ARCHITECTURE<br />Urban <br />Design<br />PLANNING STRATEGIES<br />CHINA’S PLANNING<br />HIGH-TECH ZONES<br />Industrial <br />Development <br />Districts<br />US vs. China<br />Comparative<br />L-S Development Districts<br />CHINA AS BACKGROUND<br />
  • 4. A Typology<br />LOCATION<br />Integrated<br /> TYPE 1<br />TYPE 2<br />13 HIDZs<br />e.g. Beijing, Chengdu, Xi’an<br /><ul><li>Rich resources
  • 5. Existing framework </li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shanghai, Wuhan, Qingdao<br /><ul><li>R&amp;D industry domain
  • 6. Based on small town</li></ul>MISSION,<br />LAND USE<br />Mixed-use Oriented<br />Single Use (R&amp;D) Oriented<br /> TYPE 3<br />TYPE 4<br />8 HIDZs<br />e.g. Suzhou, Tianjin<br /><ul><li>Self-sufficient
  • 7. Newly planned framework</li></ul>18 HIDZs<br />e.g. Shenzhen, Ningbo, Zibo<br /><ul><li>R&amp;D Base
  • 8. Isolated district</li></ul>Isolated<br />Case Studies<br />Criteria<br />Selected Cases<br />PlanningStrategies<br />AssessDimensions<br /><ul><li>Across Variations
  • 9. Across Types
  • 10. Plenty of Activities
  • 11. Exemplars
  • 12. Beijing ZGC Park
  • 13. Shanghai ZJ Park
  • 14. Suzhou SIP
  • 15. Shenzhen SHIP
  • 16. Planning System
  • 17. Site Selection
  • 18. Land Development
  • 19. Infrastructure
  • 20. Land Use
  • 21. Transit Program
  • 22. Open Space Design
  • 23. Effect on action and outcome
  • 24. Net Benefit: worth cost
  • 25. Internal Validity: Proper Mission
  • 26. External Validity: Social Impact</li></li></ul><li>TYPE 1: Beijing ZGC Park<br />TYPE 2: Shanghai ZJ Park<br />Mixed + Integrated<br />Clusters of Universities<br />Innovation Center<br />Single-Use + Integrated<br />Governmental Guidance<br />Innovation Base<br />Lujiazui Financial Trade Zone<br />PUDONG NEW AREA<br />Zhangjiang High-Tech Park<br />
  • 27. TYPE 3: Suzhou Industrial Park<br />TYPE 4: Shenzhen High-Tech Park<br />Sustainable Planning System: China and Singapore<br />Mixed + Self-sufficient New Township<br />Tool for Attracting International Firms<br />Single-Use + Isolated<br />Economic Anchor<br />Virtual University Park<br />Nanshan District<br />Toward Center City<br />Shenzhen University<br />Toward HONG <br />KONG<br />Residential Area<br />South Sea<br />
  • 28. Comparative Discussion<br />Outcomes:<br />Diverse and sometimes competing purposes of national HIDZs;<br />Importance of adopting a sustainable strategy for development of HIDZs;<br />Versatility of planning approaches;<br />A series of key factors that shape planning strategies<br />Suggestions for tailoring the approach to planning to local resources and conditions<br />Address Local Contexts<br />Transit &amp; Environment<br />Type 1 Beijing<br />Type 2 Shanghai<br />Nature of Plan<br />Type 3 Suzhou<br />Type 4 Shenzhen<br />Management<br />Role of Planning<br />
  • 29. Next Steps<br />Publications<br />(Journal Articles+ Book + Conferences)<br />Academic career in Tsinghua University<br /><ul><li>Research on planning and management strategies in other development projects
  • 30. Practices of urban design projects</li></li></ul><li>

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