PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA

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Sisi Liang's presentation from the...

Sisi Liang's presentation from the

Penn Urban Doctoral Symposium

May 13, 2011

Co-sponsored with Penn’s Urban Studies program, this symposium celebrates the work of graduating urban-focused doctoral candidates. Graduates present and discuss their dissertation findings. Luncheon attended by the students, their families and their committees follows.

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  • 1. Penn's 8th Annual Urban Doctoral Symposium
    PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES
    of
    NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES
    in
    CHINA
    Sisi Liang
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania
    5.13.2011
  • 2. China’s High-Tech Zones
    High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ),
    An Increasing Dominant Form
    2010s
    Close linkage with rapid urbanization
    Large Scale Site
    Trend toward New Township or Science City
    Economic Contribution
    Japan
    Tsukuba
    Japan
    Tsukuba
    10% of China GDP
    Annual Growth Rate 36.5%
    In 2008, 663,000 jobs = 1.5 Silicon Valley
    In 2009, Total Area = 10 San Francisco
    UK Cambridge
    UK Cambridge
    Belgium
    UK
    Belgium
    UK
    France Sophia
    France Sophia
    Silicon Valley
    Route 128 US
    Silicon Valley
    Route 128 US
    RTP U.S.
    RTP U.S.
    Netherland
    Netherland
    1980s
    Novosibirsk
    Novosibirsk
    Finland
    Spain
    Finland
    Spain
    Moscow State
    Moscow State
    China
    China
    Sweden
    Sweden
    Korea Daedeok
    Korea Daedeok
    India Bangalore
    India Bangalore
    Australia ATP
    Australia ATP
    Singapore 
    Singapore 
    1950s
    America
    Europe
    Asia
    Australia
    Beijing Birdview Source: NASA
    Wuhan Eastlake HIDZ in 1990s
    Suzhou Industrial Park in 2010
  • 3. QUESTION:
    How and to what extent do planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of China’s High-Technology Industrial Development Zones?
    ARCHITECTURE
    Urban
    Design
    PLANNING STRATEGIES
    CHINA’S PLANNING
    HIGH-TECH ZONES
    Industrial
    Development
    Districts
    US vs. China
    Comparative
    L-S Development Districts
    CHINA AS BACKGROUND
  • 4. A Typology
    LOCATION
    Integrated
    TYPE 1
    TYPE 2
    13 HIDZs
    e.g. Beijing, Chengdu, Xi’an
    • Rich resources
    • 5. Existing framework
    18 HIDZs
    e.g. Shanghai, Wuhan, Qingdao
    • R&D industry domain
    • 6. Based on small town
    MISSION,
    LAND USE
    Mixed-use Oriented
    Single Use (R&D) Oriented
    TYPE 3
    TYPE 4
    8 HIDZs
    e.g. Suzhou, Tianjin
    • Self-sufficient
    • 7. Newly planned framework
    18 HIDZs
    e.g. Shenzhen, Ningbo, Zibo
    • R&D Base
    • 8. Isolated district
    Isolated
    Case Studies
    Criteria
    Selected Cases
    PlanningStrategies
    AssessDimensions
  • TYPE 1: Beijing ZGC Park
    TYPE 2: Shanghai ZJ Park
    Mixed + Integrated
    Clusters of Universities
    Innovation Center
    Single-Use + Integrated
    Governmental Guidance
    Innovation Base
    Lujiazui Financial Trade Zone
    PUDONG NEW AREA
    Zhangjiang High-Tech Park
  • 27. TYPE 3: Suzhou Industrial Park
    TYPE 4: Shenzhen High-Tech Park
    Sustainable Planning System: China and Singapore
    Mixed + Self-sufficient New Township
    Tool for Attracting International Firms
    Single-Use + Isolated
    Economic Anchor
    Virtual University Park
    Nanshan District
    Toward Center City
    Shenzhen University
    Toward HONG
    KONG
    Residential Area
    South Sea
  • 28. Comparative Discussion
    Outcomes:
    Diverse and sometimes competing purposes of national HIDZs;
    Importance of adopting a sustainable strategy for development of HIDZs;
    Versatility of planning approaches;
    A series of key factors that shape planning strategies
    Suggestions for tailoring the approach to planning to local resources and conditions
    Address Local Contexts
    Transit & Environment
    Type 1 Beijing
    Type 2 Shanghai
    Nature of Plan
    Type 3 Suzhou
    Type 4 Shenzhen
    Management
    Role of Planning
  • 29. Next Steps
    Publications
    (Journal Articles+ Book + Conferences)
    Academic career in Tsinghua University
    • Research on planning and management strategies in other development projects
    • 30. Practices of urban design projects