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PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA
 

PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA

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Sisi Liang's presentation from the...

Sisi Liang's presentation from the

Penn Urban Doctoral Symposium

May 13, 2011

Co-sponsored with Penn’s Urban Studies program, this symposium celebrates the work of graduating urban-focused doctoral candidates. Graduates present and discuss their dissertation findings. Luncheon attended by the students, their families and their committees follows.

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    PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES  of  NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL  DEVELOPMENT ZONES  in  CHINA PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES of NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES in CHINA Presentation Transcript

    • Penn's 8th Annual Urban Doctoral Symposium
      PHYSICAL PLANNING STRATEGIES
      of
      NATIONAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES
      in
      CHINA
      Sisi Liang
      Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania
      5.13.2011
    • China’s High-Tech Zones
      High-Technology Industrial Development Zone (HIDZ),
      An Increasing Dominant Form
      2010s
      Close linkage with rapid urbanization
      Large Scale Site
      Trend toward New Township or Science City
      Economic Contribution
      Japan
      Tsukuba
      Japan
      Tsukuba
      10% of China GDP
      Annual Growth Rate 36.5%
      In 2008, 663,000 jobs = 1.5 Silicon Valley
      In 2009, Total Area = 10 San Francisco
      UK Cambridge
      UK Cambridge
      Belgium
      UK
      Belgium
      UK
      France Sophia
      France Sophia
      Silicon Valley
      Route 128 US
      Silicon Valley
      Route 128 US
      RTP U.S.
      RTP U.S.
      Netherland
      Netherland
      1980s
      Novosibirsk
      Novosibirsk
      Finland
      Spain
      Finland
      Spain
      Moscow State
      Moscow State
      China
      China
      Sweden
      Sweden
      Korea Daedeok
      Korea Daedeok
      India Bangalore
      India Bangalore
      Australia ATP
      Australia ATP
      Singapore 
      Singapore 
      1950s
      America
      Europe
      Asia
      Australia
      Beijing Birdview Source: NASA
      Wuhan Eastlake HIDZ in 1990s
      Suzhou Industrial Park in 2010
    • QUESTION:
      How and to what extent do planning and management strategies impact the outcomes of China’s High-Technology Industrial Development Zones?
      ARCHITECTURE
      Urban
      Design
      PLANNING STRATEGIES
      CHINA’S PLANNING
      HIGH-TECH ZONES
      Industrial
      Development
      Districts
      US vs. China
      Comparative
      L-S Development Districts
      CHINA AS BACKGROUND
    • A Typology
      LOCATION
      Integrated
      TYPE 1
      TYPE 2
      13 HIDZs
      e.g. Beijing, Chengdu, Xi’an
      • Rich resources
      • Existing framework
      18 HIDZs
      e.g. Shanghai, Wuhan, Qingdao
      • R&D industry domain
      • Based on small town
      MISSION,
      LAND USE
      Mixed-use Oriented
      Single Use (R&D) Oriented
      TYPE 3
      TYPE 4
      8 HIDZs
      e.g. Suzhou, Tianjin
      • Self-sufficient
      • Newly planned framework
      18 HIDZs
      e.g. Shenzhen, Ningbo, Zibo
      • R&D Base
      • Isolated district
      Isolated
      Case Studies
      Criteria
      Selected Cases
      PlanningStrategies
      AssessDimensions
      • Across Variations
      • Across Types
      • Plenty of Activities
      • Exemplars
      • Beijing ZGC Park
      • Shanghai ZJ Park
      • Suzhou SIP
      • Shenzhen SHIP
      • Planning System
      • Site Selection
      • Land Development
      • Infrastructure
      • Land Use
      • Transit Program
      • Open Space Design
      • Effect on action and outcome
      • Net Benefit: worth cost
      • Internal Validity: Proper Mission
      • External Validity: Social Impact
    • TYPE 1: Beijing ZGC Park
      TYPE 2: Shanghai ZJ Park
      Mixed + Integrated
      Clusters of Universities
      Innovation Center
      Single-Use + Integrated
      Governmental Guidance
      Innovation Base
      Lujiazui Financial Trade Zone
      PUDONG NEW AREA
      Zhangjiang High-Tech Park
    • TYPE 3: Suzhou Industrial Park
      TYPE 4: Shenzhen High-Tech Park
      Sustainable Planning System: China and Singapore
      Mixed + Self-sufficient New Township
      Tool for Attracting International Firms
      Single-Use + Isolated
      Economic Anchor
      Virtual University Park
      Nanshan District
      Toward Center City
      Shenzhen University
      Toward HONG
      KONG
      Residential Area
      South Sea
    • Comparative Discussion
      Outcomes:
      Diverse and sometimes competing purposes of national HIDZs;
      Importance of adopting a sustainable strategy for development of HIDZs;
      Versatility of planning approaches;
      A series of key factors that shape planning strategies
      Suggestions for tailoring the approach to planning to local resources and conditions
      Address Local Contexts
      Transit & Environment
      Type 1 Beijing
      Type 2 Shanghai
      Nature of Plan
      Type 3 Suzhou
      Type 4 Shenzhen
      Management
      Role of Planning
    • Next Steps
      Publications
      (Journal Articles+ Book + Conferences)
      Academic career in Tsinghua University
      • Research on planning and management strategies in other development projects
      • Practices of urban design projects