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New Urban Forms and Strategies: Regional Urban Design

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Tridib Banerjee's presentation for the Penn IUR conference …

Tridib Banerjee's presentation for the Penn IUR conference

"Re-Imagining Cities: Urban Design After the Age of Oil"

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  • 1. New Urban Forms and Strategies: Regional Urban Design TRIDIB BANERJEE JAMES IRVINE CHAIR IN URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES, CA [with help from Felicity Chen, Sunita Kalsaryia, Jesus Lara, and PPD245 students] 7 November 2008 Re-imagining Cities: Urban Design after the Age of Oil School of Policy Planning and Development
  • 2. TWO REGIONAL SCENARIOS: LOS ANGELES AND NEW DELHI
    • Mature metropolis (LA) and Transitional Metropolis (New Delhi)
    • End of the internal combustion engines
    • Alternative technologies – electric, fuel cell, even solar powered (the first nano)
    • Availability of cheap cars (the Tata Nano)
    • The automobile will remain the predominant mode of private transportation
    • Cars will shrink in size and perhaps in numbers per capita, will be driven less, and for shorter distances
    • Smart technology will increase capacity and efficiency of existing infrastructure creating surplus space
    • The bulk of goods movement will shrink
    • Regional economies will diversify to service local consumer needs – locally grown food, locally assembled and produced durable goods
    • Information and Communication technology innovations will continue to minimize travel demand
    School of Policy Planning and Development
  • 3. School of Policy Planning and Development
    • Mosaics
    • (Cities, Counties, Unincorporated
    • urban places)
    REGIONS AS SYSTEMS OF PLACES Nets (Infrastructure, Transportation, Communication)
  • 4. From Grid to Galaxy School of Policy Planning and Development LOS ANGELES SCENARIO GALAXY-MOSAIC
    • Shrinking of built area footprint
    • New green spaces and green corridors to replace excess and infrastructure capacity, reclaimed land, etc.
  • 5. Olmsted’s Plan School of Policy Planning and Development LOS ANGELES SCENARIO II
  • 6. School of Policy Planning and Development LOS ANGELES SCENARIO III courtesy Jesus Lara
  • 7. School of Policy Planning and Development
    • India (14.5 percent) could surpass China (8 Percent) as the world’s fastest growing market for new cars in the next 5 years.
    • India has the highest traffic fatalities in the world (more than 90,000 deaths a year).
    • 65 million scooter owners are target group of new buyers. But if the list price of a car reduces to $3,000, there will be 300 million buyers by 2020.
  • 8. School of Policy Planning and Development SCENARIO TATA NANO http://www.mytatanano.co.in/Images/tata-nano.gif ?
    • If Tata Motors sells all the Tatas it
    • produces:
    • there will be 250,000 cars added annually.
    • there will not be enough space on the roads or for parking.
    • increase in fuel demand
    • emissions may be higher if Tata is used to carry less than the passenger a two-wheeler carries
    • need for new infrastructure (roads, parking spaces, service stations, manufacturing plants)
    • pressure on government for better public transportation and public infrastructure
  • 9. School of Policy Planning and Development NEW REGIONAL FORMS
    • Nanos adapting to post-oil technology as small electric vehicles
    • Existing capacity may only increase by separation of modes of travel, extensive networks of bikeways and pedestrian paths intersecting public transportation routes (including BRT’s and the Metro)
    • System of Places are likely to be replaced by a network of regional centers
    • Planned decentralization as envisioned in the NCR plan – existing system of places absorbing new growth
    • Commuter rails leading to radial “beads on a string” pattern
    • Historical city-center may become auto-free zones serviced by pedi-cabs, return of rickshaws (?)
    • Neighborhood parking structures, car-share,
    =
  • 10. School of Policy Planning and Development
  • 11. School of Policy Planning and Development TOWARDS A MANIFESTO
    • Designers of urban areas should have:
    • An understanding of regional ecology.
    • An understanding of regions as systems of places, as networks of economic activities and communication and as ecosystems.
    • Skills to develop scenarios of growth and change, regional landscape and form based on technological possibilities, demographic futures, and economic forecasts.
    • Knowledge of models of ecological footprint, performance characteristics for urban form in a post-oil scenario.
    • An approach that emphasize social inclusion and global pluralism, the role of civil society, gender empowerment and active living.
    • Participation in ongoing dialogues of best practices collaborative workshops and charrettes.